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Use over flowed. A river does not fly over
anything Discriminate in the use of PARTICIPLES. Don't
say, “The making the book-case was troublesome"; say, “The making of," etc. “The using the mucilage was an annoyance"; say,
using of." Discriminate between PARTY and PERSON.
Don't say, “That party is always present
when not wanted." Use person. Discriminate in the use of PATRON, PATRON
IZE, and PATRONAGE. Don't say, “I solicit your patronage," "I give my patrons good measure,” “Mr. Brown patronizes me.” Use custom, customers, favors me with his custom. A man who has patrons is under obligations to them as a kind of a protégé. A prince
may patronize a tradesman where princes are to be found.
Discriminate in the use of PER.
before Latin nouns only; as, per cent, per diem, per annum. Before English words use a; as, a dollar a day, ten dollars a ton,
ten cents a pound. Discriminate in the use of PERFORM. Don't
say, “He performs on the organ exquisitely."
Use plays. Discriminate between PERPETUALLY and
CONTINUALLY. Don't say, “He is perpetually talking about himself.” Use continually. Perpetual means never ceasing; continual, that which is constantly renewed, with, perhaps, frequent stops and interruptions.
Discriminate in the use of the forms of PLEAD.
“He plead (plěd) guilty,” “The lawyer should have plead (plěd) more ear
nestly"; say, pleaded. Discriminate between PLENTIFUL and PLENTY.
Don't say, “Money is plenty”; say, plentiful. Plenty in such cases is condemned by the best critics.
Discriminate in the use of POLITE and KIND.
“Your polite invitation was received ”; “You are very polite in being so obliging;” “They gave us a polite recep
tion." Use kind. Discriminate between PORTION and PART.
“ A large portion of the street was obstructed by the crowd”; say, “a large part." A portion is a part set aside
for a special purpose, or to be considered by itself.
Discriminate between POSTED and INFORMED.
Don't say, “He posted me up in the matter." “I ought to have been better posted”; say,
Informed me as to the matter," “ have been better informed.” Discriminate in the use of PREDICATE. Don't
say, “I predicate my opinion on his statement." Use base. Predicate is used in the sense of assumed, or believed to be the consequence of. For example, “Success may be predicated of business sagacity and perseverance."
Discriminate in the use of PREJUDICE and
PREPOSSESS. Don't say, “I am prejudiced in his favor." Use prepossessed. Prejudice is
used in an unfavorable sense, as, “He was prejudiced against him.” Discriminate between PRESENT' and INTRO
DUCE. Richard Grant White affirms that the use of present for introduce is an affectation. Persons of a certain rank are presented at court. We present foreign ministers to the President; we introduce, or should introduce, our friends to each other.
Discriminate in the use of PREVIOUS and PRE
VIOUSLY. Don't say, “ Previous to his going, he left a present.” Use previously. Previous
is an adjective, not an adverb. Discriminate between PROMISE and ASSURE.
Don't say, “I promise you we had a good time." Use assure.