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rebellion of 1569; but I know of no record of our Sir Thomas among those implicated. Two daughters of Sir Thomas are recorded in the Visitation of Essex of 1558: Frances, married to Edmund Lucas, and afterwards successively to Bingham and Adames; and married to Sir Humphrey Wingfield, of Brantham (she is called Elizabeth in the Suffolk Visitation of 1561). Both are described as daughters and heiresses.
No mention is any where made of the Thomas who was nine in 1545, so that he probably died early.
By a deed in Close Rolls, 2 Eliz, part xii. No. 16 (1559), Sir Thomas made over to Edmund Lucas all his property, including a leasehold house he had bought in Holborn and an estate he had bought at Clifton Reynes, in Bedfordshire. This was for various considerations and in settlement of all claims in dispute According to Morant, Pigott's Ardley was in the hands of the Cardinall family in 1568. It is possible that Sir Thomas meditated taking part with Norton, and took the usual steps to secure his property.
I have not been able to trace his further career, except that he died, aged seventynine, on 2 May, 1582, and was buried at Grantchester, Cambridge, on 14 May; the entry in the register records his descent. By his will (P.C.C. Tirwhite 26) he leaves everything to his wife Isabel, but there is no mention of any property. Dame Isabel by will (P.C.C. 2 Windsor, 1585) leaves various estates, that she had bought, to the children of her former husband Edward Weldon.
Sir Thomas is certain to have followed the custom of the time and married quickly after the death of Maria Tey; it seems certain that Isabel was a wife of his old age, and probably the third wife. It is quite possible that Sir Thomas may have had a family by a second wife, and that the Thomas, ancestor of the Ridgewell family, may have been a son of this marriage.
There did appear in the neighbourhood of Halstead about this time several Nevills who made marriages of some importance, and whom I cannot yet connect with other Essex Nevills, unless in the manner already suggested, which might, indeed, be part of the pedigree from Hugh of the Lion mentioned under the heading of Cromwell Fleetwood already referred to.
The existence of a second family of Sir Thomas, who would have no interest in the Tey estates and little inheritance from their father, would very well account for the Halstead family. As the Ridgewell family had,
rightly or wrongly, already established a connexion with Hugh Nevill of the Lion, and had used his arms, there was no great temptation to discard that in favour of an unfounded claim from a well known man who had only been dead a little over a hundred years. Holman, on whose researches Morant's history is largely founded, was rector of Halstead about 1710 to 1730, and may have, at this time, made the discovery that induced John of Ridgewell to throw over the pedigree and arms assumed by his great-uncle George of Berkhampstead, and carved upon his monument. I have notes of several generations of other descendants of John Nevill of Halstead, the ancestor of the Ridgewell family; from them it does not seem likely that these branches died out, as stated in Harl. MS. 3882. I shall be thankful for any further light upon the subject. RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A.
"THE EPICURE'S ALMANACK.' IN MR. W. P. COURTNEY'S article on the career of Benson Earle Hill (10th S. iii. 162) the above-mentioned work is quoted among "the works of his [Hill's] composition which are entered under his name in the British edited the Almanack' for the years 1841, Museum Catalogue." I apprehend that Hill 1842, and 1843; at any rate, the work was not first issued in 1841.
'The Epicure's Almanack; or, Calendar of Good Living: containing A Directory to the Taverns, Coffee - Houses, Inns, Eatinghouses, and other Places of Alimentary Resort in the British Metropolis and its Environs: a Review of Artists who administer to the Wants and Enjoyments of the Table; a survey of the Markets; and a Calendar of the Meats in Season during each Month of the Year,' was first published in 1815. The words "To be continued Annually" occur upon the title-page. The author's name does not appear in any part of the work in my copy; however, written indistinctly in pencil are the words, so far as I can decipher them, "By R. Rylance." The preface states:
"The manual here offered to the public is formed on the Model of a Work published annually at Paris, under the title of Almanach des Gourmands....... It lays great claim to that indulgence which the Public are ever disposed to afford to a new Work on a vast and important subject......Had the Editor been gifted with the eyes of Argus, and the palate of Apicius Celius; had his organs of vision and taste been multiplied an hundred fold, he must have failed to accomplish the undertaking in a single attempt."
The work was designed
"to direct any man with a delicate stomach and a full purse, or any man with a keen strong stomach and a lean purse, where he may dine well, and to the best advantage, in London."
The itinerary commences with London on its highest ground, in Pannier Court, between Paternoster Row and Newgate Street."
In Queen's Head Passage, close to Pannier Court, the reader is directed to "Dolly's Chop House," in which
"that native dish, the beef steak, so much envied by the French, and classed by them among their assiettes volantes......is dressed in the best style...... At this house the ingenious anatomist and chemical lecturer, Dr. George Fordyce, dined every day, for more than twenty years......At four o'clock, his accustomed hour of dining, he entered, and took his seat at a table always reserved for him, on which was instantly placed a silver tankard full of strong ale; a bottle of port wine, and a measure containing a quarter of a pint of brandy. The moment the waiter announced him, the cook put a pound and a half of rump steak on the gridiron, and on the table some delicate trifle as a bonne bouche, to serve until the steak was ready. This morsel was some times half a broiled chicken, sometimes a plate of fish when he had eaten this, he took one glass of his brandy, and then proceeded to devour his steak. We say devour, because he always ate so rapidly that one might imagine he was hurrying away to a patient, to deprive death of a dinner......He thus daily spent an hour and a half of his time, and then returned to his house in Essex Street, to give his six-o-clock lecture on chemistry. He made no other meal until his return next day at four o'clock to Dolly's."
When St. Paul's Churchyard is reached, there is a description of "that well-known and long-established house the Chapter Coffee House." This place, described as situated "in a passage which looks into Paternoster Row," appears to have been well supplied with files of all the British news papers, also magazines, reviews, &c., "together with all the most popular pamphlets." There were compartments or boxes, and two of these appear to have been whimsically denominated "Hell," owing, probably, to reports as to the conversation sometimes heard within them :
Upon our arrival at Threadneedle Street we are told that
"The Bank of England seems to be the magna parens of coffee houses and taverns......Let them [our enemies] send some spy to inspect the Bank of England and the avenues about it; John Bull may there be seen daily, waddling out of the front gate, and into one of the nearest places of replenishment, there to convert his paper into solid supplies for the service of the current day. Thus, while each new tax adds another feather to his load, he continues to widen and strengthen his shoulders to bear it, and now he looks like the fat alderman, on the back of whose coat a wag pinned a ticket, copied from the inscription at the corner of Old Jewry, Widened at the expense of the Corporation of London.""
The few extracts I have made from 'The Epicure's Almanack' will, I think, justify Mr. Courtney's opinion to the effect that "these volumes are still worth turning over.' G. E. WEARE.
AN EARLIER CHARLES LAMB.-An American correspondent has directed my attention to a most curious reference to a Charles Lamb, as presumably a champion of chimneysweepers, a hundred years and more before the Charles Lamb whom we know came forward to write those black imps' praise. The book is The Scourge: in Vindication of the Church of England,' by T. L. (Thomas Lewis), first published in 1717, and again in 1720. On p. 271 of the 1717 edition, and on P. 205 of the 1720 edition, as a corroborative search at the British Museum reveals, is this sentence in a letter dated "Button's, Sunday, September 1":
"In this house the magnificent and munificent booksellers of London hold their conclave. Whether or not there be also a board of grey-bearded reviewers, we have not hitherto discovered."
"Let us not pass Alderman Birch's unique refectory......without a tribute to the talents, literary as well as culinary, of the worthy Alderman, who, having written and published on the theory of National Defence, has here illustrated his system practically, by providing a variety of superior soups, wherewith to fortify the stomachs, and stimulate the courage of all his Majesty's' liege
'Well, I shall live to be reveng'd of all the Lamb, I do love that dear Fellow, I did not care if Chimney Sweepers in England, and only for Charles they were all hang'd and damn'd."
One can simply rub one's eyes in the presence of so odd an anticipation.
E. V. LUCAS.
ZOUAVE UNIFORM. What M. P. says of German duelling (10th S. iv. 388) reminds me of the military uniform of the Zouaves-the light infantry in the French army. They wore baggy trousers, which were drawn in at and tied about the ankles; and at the bottom they were joined together so near the ankles that they did not allow a man to occurred to the new man that he must slit take the regimental stride. It immediately them up a bit so that he could walk properly. His older comrades told him he would get "huit jours" if he did. On the other hand, if he wanted to walk there was nothing to be done but slit them up a few inches, which he accordingly did. The officer came along
for the usual inspection, and at once detected what he knew must take place. Nevertheless the usual question was asked, What have you done this for? and the usual reply was given, but without avail. The expected sentence was pronounced, "huit jours de prison." Having served his term, the man was not required to sew the parts up again, but was allowed to keep his bags in walkable condition. I was told this many years ago by a Zouave who had won 4,000l. in a State lottery, and had consequently given up soldiering. Perhaps the authorities are more reasonable RALPH THOMAS.
"PRETTY MAIDS' MONEY."-The following extract from The Cornish and Devon Post (Launceston) of 15 July, 1905, records a ceremony which seems worth noting :
"This money, amounting to 2. 10s., which, left by the Rev. Mr. Meyrick, is known as the 'Pretty Maids' Money,' and which is given to a pretty maid of good character and regular attendance at Church, on the first day of the Fair each year, was on Tuesday received by Miss Elsie Back. The legacy was left to promote peace on earth and goodwill among men.' There was a good attendance at the church porch on the occasion, among them being the rector, Rev. T. S. Kendall, Mr. Horace Higgs, C.C., Mrs. Kendall, sen., Mrs. Kendall, jun., and other ladies and gentlemen. As soon as the clock struck twelve, Mr. Higgs handed Miss Back the money, heartily congratulating her. Miss Back returned thanks, after which she received the congratulations of those present." DUNHEVED.
after this portion of the line had been opened.
Evidently the "privilege of walking about"
BIRDS OF EAST FINMARK.-It may be of
CECIL FAMILY. (See 6th S. vii. 384; viii. 69; xi. 69; 7th S. xii. 144.)-At the above places the descent of the great Lord Burghley from the Sitsilts of Alterynnys, believed in by himself-see the document reproduced in Nares's Memoirs,' vol. i. p. 8-is disputed, and it is suggested that he was descended "HOOSHTAH."-This word seems to be one from a Yorkshire family named Cecill. of the most recent importations into English. Stress is laid (6th S. vii. 384) on the use of A friend who has lately returned from the spelling "Cecill" by Lord Burghley and Westralia uses it upon every possible occahis father and grandfather. I think some sion, both as interjection and verb. He tells light is thrown on the question by the will me it is really a cry of the Afghan camel-(P.C.C. 13 Adeane) of Sir David Philipp, Knt., drivers, of whom there are many on the gold-dated 25 September, and proved 10 December, fields. I have just come upon the following 1506. The testator is buried at Stamford, quotation in an Australian novel, True Eyes,' by Randolph Bedford, 1903, p. 295: "So the camel was 'hooshtahed' down and strapped, after she had ground the dust under her chest pad into the shape of comfort, and so left to the enjoyment of the quandong." JAS. PLATT, Jun.
THE METROPOLITAN RAILWAY.-The recent important changes on this much - abused railway afford a pleasant contrast with its many years of perennial grime and smokesaturated tunnels. There is an excellent description of its earliest years in a little collection of papers on London subjects, entitled 'Trifles,' by Edwin Utley, London,
The writer on 18 June travelled from
but he mentions "Dewles," to the rood of
the godchild, then the latter was probably born there, for Sir David Philipp's connexion with Stamford seems to have been due to marriage, and David Cecill, senior, must have been thirty to forty years old in 1506.
L. W. H. BEN JONSON'S WORKS, 1616.-Old errors die hard, and among them is the belief that the 1616 folio of Ben Jonson contained the portrait of the poet by Vaughan. I am reminded of this by the words "no portrait" added to the record of a sale of this volume, together with the posthumous second volume, in The Athenæum of 9 December. On this subject the late Mr. George Bullen, of the British Museum, wrote to me in 1879 as follows:"We have two copies of Ben Jonson, 1616, fol.: one in the General Library, and one in the Grenville. The former has no portrait: the latter has one by Vaughan, the same that appears in the 1640 edition. Mr. Grenville in a note states 'I have added to my copy the head by Vaughan.' Now Vaughan, according to Nagler, 'Künstler Lexikon,' was born in 1600, so that it is scarcely probable he could have done this portrait in 1616.'
H. A. EVANS.
WE must request correspondents desiring in. formation on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that answers may be sent to them direct.
CARDINALS' PILLARS.-In Nares's 'Glos-. sary,' edited by Halliwell and Wright, occurs the statement :
"Ornamented pillars were formerly carried before a cardinal, and Wolsey was remarkable for keeping up this piece of state. In the stage directions for his solemn entry in the play of Henry VIII,' it is said, then two gentlemen bearing two great silver pillars.' This was from authentic history. He is so described by Holingshed and other historians. Cavendish, his biographer, speaks of these silver pillars, and of his cross-bearers and pillar-bearers. Skelton satirically describes him as going preceded by two cross-bearers :
After them followe two laye-men secular And eche of theym holdyng a pillar In their handes, steade of a mace. These pillars were supposed to be emblematical of the support given by the cardinals to the Church." This account of Nares is responsible for a sense of the word pillar introduced in some modern dictionaries (chiefly of American authorship), "a portable ornamental column formerly carried before cardinals, as emblematic of his support to the Church."
No authority, however, is cited for this general use, nor have I as yet found any reference to pillars borne before cardinals, except in this case of Wolsey. Can any reader of
N. & Q'direct me to any other source in which the alleged practice is referred to or described? A historical student to whom I have applied is unable to answer the question, but says that it is the practice at Rome (in "correct" or Black households) for a cardinal to be received by two manservants bearing torches, and to be preceded by them to the reception-room. He suggests that the two pillars borne before Wolsey were merely two silver candlesticks. But this would evidently be quite at variance with the notion of Nares as to what the "pillars" symbolized. I should be very glad of any communications bearing upon the subject, and if writers will, to save time, send them to me direct (address Dr. Murray, Oxford), I will forward them to the Editor of 'N. & Q.' J. A. H. MURRAY.
[Is it possibly derived from the lictors?] N. & Q' help me to cases of animals which ENNOBLED ANIMALS.-Can any readers of have been ennobled in a similar way to Caligula's horse, which was made Consul of Rome? If any artist has treated the subject, I shall be very grateful for information about the picture. RUDOLPH DE CORDOVA. 2, Pump Court, Middle Temple, E.C.
Can any reader remind me where Sir W. Scott SCOTT AND CAREY: SCOTT IN IRELAND.— quotes the first two lines of Carey's play :
That he was familiar with the play we know Where left you Chrononhononthologos? of "The Antiquary,' and by his nicknames from the motto prefixed to the first chapter for the two Ballantynes (Lockhart, vol. ii. chap. vi., near beginning). But I think he also somewhere quotes the above lines.
play the above lines are spoken by RigdumI have a further question to ask. In Carey's Funnidos (so spelt by Carey), and the pompous gentleman, whom for shortness we may call Ald., thus replies :
Fatigu'd with the tremendous toils of war, Within his tent, on downy couch succumbent, Himself he unfatigues with gentlé slumbers. Scott's early friends John and Alexander Now, in a family closely connected with Irving, the following lines have been handed down orally :
Fatigued in his tent by the toils of war,
While the prince lay dozing.
Where do these lines come from? They are evidently a burlesque version of Ald.'s reply (itself a burlesque), couched in a different metre, and certainly forming no
part of the play. Did Scott invent them? who are on the chart as sons of William Family tradition says that the three friends Mawbey? were in the in the habit of making up and GERALD FOTHERGILL. "spouting" queer rimes of all kinds, and I 11, Brussels Road, New Wandsworth, S. W. incline to think that this was one of them. PENN AND MEAD Jury, 1670.—Mr. Horace Unless another origin can be pointed out for J. Smith, of Philadelphia, has started a movethese lines, I shall conclude that we have in ment to provide a memorial commemorating them a trouvaille from Scott's young days, the jury men who in 1670 refused to convict probably made by him, and at any rate often William Penn and William Mead for preachon his lips. ing in Gracechurch Street. As chairinan of the committee I shall be glad if readers of N. & Q.' can supply me with any information about these jury men or their letters or portraits. JOHN HENRY LLOYD. Edgbaston Grove, Birmingham.
I may add that the same family tradition tells that Scott and his two friends, in their college days, made a trip to the north of Ireland, crossing from Galloway; that there Scott usually rode while his companions walked; that the trip was cut short for some unknown reason; and that a riming account of it was preserved by John Irving, though it has long since disappeared. This excursion is not mentioned by Lockhart, nor, so far as I know, by any other chronicler of Scott's life. To many of us every trifle connected with the Great Magician is of value, so I make no apology for mentioning these. T. S. OMOND.
14, Calverley Park, Tunbridge Wells. THOMAS BARRY, the son of Spranger Barry, the famous actor, by his first admitted on the foundation at Westminster wife, was School in 1758. I should be glad to learn the maiden name of his mother, and any particulars of his career.
G. F. R. B. NED: "TO RAISE NED."-Can any one give an explanation of the origin and early meaning of the phrase "to raise Ned"- -a common expression applied to an active fellow who creates disturbances out of a pure love of mischief? That is to say, it was common enough in New England half a century, or more, ago. It signified a sort of harmless, yet provoking disorder in conduct. Is the expression current in England to-day? or has it ever obtained there?
FRANK WARREN HACKETT. 1418, M Street, Washington, D.C. MALTBY: MAWBEY.-Miss Maltby, of 58, Grove Street, New Haven, Connecticut, has asked me to send the following to N. & Q.'
Parentage is wanted of William Maltby, born 1645, and of his brother John; they emigrated to America about 1670. A Robert Maltbye witnesses a deed of land for William in 1673; the relationship of this Robert is unknown, as this is the only time he appears upon the records. In Betham's 'Baronetage,' vol. iii. p. 322, is to be found the pedigree of the Mawbeys of Botleys, Surrey. Can any one tell what became of the John and William
Haines informs us (under Sawbridgeworth) that "a brass of a man in armour, about 1480, is at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire." This probably represents John Chauncy, whose effigy is missing from its matrix.
Cussans, referring to an altar-tomb in the chancel of Sawbridgeworth Church containing matrices of a knight and his two wives kneeling before a representation of the Trinity, states: 66 These brasses are said to have been in the collection of Sir Samuel Meyrick at Goodrich Castle [Court ?]."
I am informed that the Meyrick collection is now entirely dispersed, and no references to these brasses is to be found in the sale catalogues. Is it possible to ascertain their whereabouts at the present time?
W. B. GERISH.
BORN WITH TEETH.-I am presently issuing a work to be called 'Dental Jottings,' and shall be obliged if any readers of 'N. & Q.' can send me the names of any distinguished persons of whom it is undoubtedly on record that they were born with teeth.
CHAS. F. FORSHAW, LL D. Baltimore House, Bradford. [Is it not stated that Richard III. was endowed at birth?]
am anxious to learn if Foster's 'London FRANCIS PRIOR: ANNABELLA BEAUMONT.-I Marriage Licences' records the marriage of Francis Prior and Annabella Beaumont between 1700 and 1720. If it does not, is there any similar publication that does? F. O. HOPKINS.
39, City Councillors Street, Montreal.