Bilharzia: A History of Imperial Tropical Medicine
The advent of tropical medicine was a direct consequence of European and American imperialism, when military personnel, colonial administrators, businessmen, and settlers encountered a new set of diseases endemic to the tropics. Professor Farley describes how governments and organizations in Britain, the British colonies, the United States, Central and South America, South Africa, China, and the World Health Organization faced one particular tropical disease, bilharzia or schistosomiasis. Bilharzia is caused by a species of blood vessel-inhabiting parasitic worms and today afflicts over 200 million people in seventy-four countries. Author Farley demonstrates that British and American imperial policies and attitudes largely determined the nature of tropical medicine. Western medical practitioners defined the type of medical system that was imposed on the indigenous populations; they dictated which diseases were important and worthy of study, which diseases were to be controlled, and which control methods were to be used. Historians, historians of medicine, parasitologists, and experts in tropical medicine will find this a fascinating study.
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African Medical Journal American Journal American Society areas argued Barlow Papers bilharzia bilharziasis British medical campaign canals cercariae China College Colonial Development Colonial Medical Colonial Office Commission Committee copper sulfate drug economic eggs Egypt Egyptian endemic Faust Figure Folder Government haematobium helminth History hookworm hospital human Ibid imperial infected Institute intermediate host International Health Board irrigation japonicum Johns Hopkins Khalil laboratory Leiper Leyte litde Liverpool London School Looss malaria mansoni Medical Association Medical Research Medical School Miscellaneous Papers molluscicides native noted parasite parasitology percent Philippines physicians population prevalence problem Public Health Puerto Rico Rockefeller Foundation Archives Sambon sanitary sanitation schistosome schistosomiasis japonica School of Hygiene School of Tropical scientific Series snail host snails Society of Tropical South Africa South African Medical species survey treatment tropical diseases Tropical Medicine U.S. Army United Fruit Company villages Weir World worms wrote