The Fujimori Legacy: The Rise of Electoral Authoritarianism in Peru

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Penn State Press, 2006 - History - 362 pages

President Alberto Fujimori's sudden resignation in November 2000 brought an end to a highly controversial period in Peruvian history. His meteoric rise to power in 1990 fueled by widespread popular support, followed by his decision to dissolve Congress and rule by decree in 1992, has made his regime a focus of special attention by scholars trying to understand this complex and contradictory presidency.

This book offers a comprehensive assessment of Fujimori's regime in the context of Latin America's struggle to consolidate democracy after years of authoritarian rule. Setting the regime conceptually in a discussion of alternative forms of government—delegative democracy, neopopulism, and electoral authoritarianism—the essays study it from two different perspectives: external (in its relations with political parties, Lima's mayors, public opinion, women, the U.S. government) and internal (examining economic policies as determined by governing coalitions, networks of corruption, and Fujimori's unsavory relationship with his security advisor Vladimiro Montesinos). Overall, The Fujimori Legacy helps illuminate the persistent obstacles that Latin American countries face in establishing democracy.

In addition to the editor, contributors are Robert Barr, Maxwell Cameron, Catherine Conaghan, Henry Dietz, Philip Mauceri, Cynthia McClintock, David Scott Palmer, Kenneth Roberts, Gregory Schmidt, John Sheahan, Kurt Weyland, and Carol Wise.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 The Rise and Decline of Fujimoris Neopopulist Leadership
13
How and Why Did Presidental Power Run Amok in Fujimoris Peru?
39
The Impact and Legacy of Neopopulist Rule
61
4 Do Parties Matter? Lessons from the Fujimori Experience
81
5 The Immoral Economy of Fujimorismo
102
6 Public Opinion Market Reforms and Democracy in Fujimoris Peru
126
Fujimori and Gender Equity in Peruvian Politics
150
United StatesPeru Relations in the 1990s
227
The Case of the Fujimori Government and the 2000 Elections
242
The Vladivideo and the Fall of Perus Fujimori
268
The Rise and Fall of Electoral Authoritarianism in Peru
294
Bibliography
319
Peru 19902000 A Basic Chronology
341
List of Contributors
345
Index
349

Gains Losses and Clues for the Future
178
The Paradoxes of Perus Economic Recovery in the 1990s
201
Back Cover
363
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Julio F. Carrio n is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Delaware.

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