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356; and the will of the Na-
tion, 384; under Lord Lynd-
hurst, 385; influence of, on
Acts passed by the House of
Commons, 393.
Louis the Fifteenth, 175.
Louis Philippe, government of
France under, 110.
Lyndhurst, Lord, the House of
Lords under, 385.


MACAULAY quoted, on the Li-
censing Act, 275.
Macclesfield, Lord, 368.
Magistrates, position of, as to
public meetings, 286.
Magna Carta, the, 219.

Mansfield, Lord, on the liberty of
the Press, 260.
Martial law, 294–301.
Melville, Lord, 368.
Merchant Shipping Act, 1876,
powers of the Board of Trade
under, 201.

Military Courts, power of, under

the French Republic, 300.
Militia, the, formation of, 313;

law of embodiment of, 314.
Ministerial responsibility, its
meaning, 329-332.
Ministers, understandings regu-

lating the action of, 345, 347-
Ministry, the, dismissal of, by

the King, 358; resignation
under vote of censure, 374
Montesquieu's Esprit des Lois,
referred to, 186.

Moral law, Acts of Parliament in
relation to, 58.
Morley's Life of Diderot, referred
to, 175.

Mutiny Act, the, 303; of 1689
in comparison with the Army
Act of 1881, 305; preamble
of the first, 305; in relation
to the Annual meeting of Par-
liament, 372.


NATIONAL Debt Act, 320.
Naturalization Act, 1870, power

of the Secretary of State under,

Newcastle, the Duke of, 383.
Newspaper press, French law with
regard to, 269.
Non-sovereign law-making bodies,
80; Railway companies as, 86;
limit of powers of, 96.
Non-sovereignlegislature, Foreign,



ODGERS, Libel and Slander,quoted,


PALMERSTON, Lord, action of,
under dissolution of Parlia-
ment, 364.
Parliament, the Imperial, and legal
authority, 21; sovereignty of,
35; legislative authority of,
37; the Resolutions of, 50;
power of the Houses of, 51;
Mr. Justice Stephen on the
power of, 51; power of in
changing laws, 81; repeal of
Acts of, 84; subjection of non-
sovereign law-making bodies to,
87; the Victorian Parliament
in relation to, 99; supremacy
of, 104; veto of on Colonial
Acts, 107; policy of towards
Colonial legislatures, 108; the
Judges in relation to, 142;
necessary action of, for em-
bodiment of the Militia, 314;
Acts of in relation to the Reve-
nue, 320; and Crown servants,
335; rules as to the dissolution
of, 357; dissolutions of 1784
and 1834, 358; dissolution of
1885, 358, note; the Annual
meeting of, 371, 374-

Parliament, Acts of, in relation to
Moral and International Law,
58; in relation to preceding
Acts, 60.
Parliament (Victorian), the, 95;
in relation to the Imperial
Parliament, 99; struggle be-
tween the upper and lower
Houses of, 1878 and 1879,
Parliamentary electors, not part
of sovereign power, 55.
Parliamentary power, exemplified
by Acts of Indemnity, 47.
Parliamentary sovereignty, the
principle of, 36; examples of,
38; in relation to private
rights, 44, 62; Austin on, 65;
limitation of, 65; political and
legal, 66; external and internal
limits of, 73; characteristics of,
80; De Tocqueville on, 81;
and Federalism, 126; and the
Rule of Law, 291, 332; char-
acteristics of, 333; and ad-
ministrative law, 335-
Peel, and the Dissolution of 1834,
Personal freedom, the right to,
218-250; meaning of the term,


Pitt, and the Dissolution of 1784,

358; and the Coalition, 378.
Plouard's Les Constitutions Fran-

çaises, quoted, 113.
Pollock's, Prof., Essays on Juris-
prudence and Ethics, note, 37;
Science of Case Law, 56.
Prerogative, the Royal, 59, 391,
Prerogative, and privilege, 352.
President of the United States,

election of, 29; power of, 139;
position of the Federal Ju-
diciary in connection with,
143; in contrast with the
English Cabinet, 143.
Press, the Belgian law as to liberty

of, 250, 251; position of Eng
lish writers in, 262; offences,
263, 273; causes of the liberty
of, 264; under the French laws,
265; contrast of France and
England in relation to, 273,
277; the Licensing Act, 274.
Prevention of Crime (Ireland)
of the exe-
Act, 1882, powers
cutive under, 244.
Priestley, on Septennial Parlia

ments, 43.

Prime Minister, the, position of in
relation to the State, 9; popu
lar errors as to the power of,
11; position of in relation to
law courts, 21.
Private Rights, Parliament in

relation to, 44.
Privilege, and prerogative, 352.
Proclamations, the Statute of,
47; Royal, in relation
50; modern use of, 50.
Public Meeting, the Right of, 282-
290; the Belgian law of, 283;
English law as to, 283; position
of Magistrates as to, 286.
Public opinion, in regard to the
conventions of the Constitution,
Public Rights, Parliament in re-
lation to, 35.


QUEEN, the, popular errors as to
the power of, 11.


RAILWAY Companies as non-
sovereign law-making-bodies,
86; subject to Acts of Parlia
ment, 87; the Courts and bye-
laws of, 88, 89, 91, 138.
Reeves, author of History of Eng

lish Law, trial of, 349.
Religion, offences against, 257

Representative Government, 76;
of English Colonies, 95.
Republican Constitution of France,


Resolutions, of Parliament, 50.
Revenue, the, laws regarding, 316;
the source of Parliamentary,
316; the authority for ex-
pending, 318, 320; the receipt
of, 319; security for legal
expenditure, 321; position of
the Comptroller General in re-
gard to, 322; mode of payments
from, 323; action of Lord
Grenville in relation to, 326;
summary of principles as to
receipt and expenditure of, 328,


Riot Act, the, mistake as to the

meaning of, 297.

Riots, the Reform, of 1831, 297;
Gordon, 1780, 297-
Royal Prerogative, the, 59.
Royal Proclamations, in relation
to law, 50.

Royal supremacy, and sovereignty
of Parliament, 167.
Rule of Law, the, its nature, 166–
216; De Tocqueville on, 168;
meaning of, 172; England and
France, contrasted as to, 179,
191; summary of meanings
of, 215; applications, 217;
and Parliamentary Sovereignty,
291, 332; absence of support
to, in foreign assemblies, 336;
abeyance of, in case of tumult
or invasion, 339; development
of, in the United States, 398.


SALISBURY, Lord, and the disso-
lation of 1885, 358.
Science of Case Law, Prof. Pollock,

Scotland, the Act of Union with,

61, 133.

Seals, the, of Office, 330.
Secretary of State, the, and the
Naturalization Act, 348.
Seditious intention, defined, 256.
Septennial Act, the, 41; Hallam
and Lord Stanhope on, 42;
constitutional importance of,
42; the objections to, 43;
Priestley's view of, 43.
Slavery, abolition of, in the United
States, 76.

Soldiers, position of, 304; position
of as citizens, 306; criminal
liability of, 306; civil liability,
307; under trial, 308; in re-
lation to Officers, 309; Mr.
Justice Stephen on the position
of, in relation to their Officers,
310; military position of, 312;
the Civil Courts and, 313.
Sovereign power, Hume on, 71;

limits to, in case of absolute
rulers, 71, 76.

Standing Army, the, of England,
Stanhope, Lord, on the Septennial
Act, 42.

Star Chamber, the, control of, over
printing-presses, 273; abolition
of, 281.

Statute, and Common law, 28.
Statute, of Proclamations, 47.
Stephen, Mr. Justice, on the

resolutions of Parliament, 51;
on the obedience of soldiers to
the commands of their officers,
Stephen, Leslie, on actual limits
to sovereign power, 75.
Story, Commentaries of, 4.
Stubbs, Dr. (Bishop of Chester),
Supreme Court, of the United

States, formation and power
of, 146, 149; case of Marbury
v. Madison, decided by, 152;
dangers of its position, 161.
Swiss Confederation, the, an ex-

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