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Representative Government, 76 ; | Seals, the, of Office, 330.
of English Colonies, 95-

Secretary of State, the, and the
Republican Constitution of France, Naturalization Act, 348.

Seditious intention, defined, 256.
Resolutions, of Parliament, 50. Septennial Act, the, 41; Hallam
Revenue, the, laws regarding, 316; and Lord Stanhope on, 42;

the source of Parliamentary, constitutional importance of,
316; the authority for ex- 42 ; the objections to, 43 ;
pending, 318, 320; the receipt Priestley's view of, 43.
of, 319; security for legal Slavery, abolition of, in the United
expenditure, 321; position of States, 76.
the Comptroller General in re- Soldiers, position of, 304; position
gard to, 322; mode of payments of as citizens, 306; criminal
from, 323; action of Lord liability of, 306 ; civil liability,
Grenville in relation to, 326 ; 307; under trial, 308 ; in re-
summary of principles as to lation to Officers, 309; Mr.
receipt and expenditure of, 328, Justice Stephen on the position

of, in relation to their Officers,
Riot Act, the, mistake as to the 310; military position of, 312;
meaning of, 297.

the Civil Courts and, 313.
Riots, the Reform, of 1831, 297; Sovereign power, Hume on, 71;
Gordon, 1780, 297.

limits to, in case of absolute
Royal Prerogative, the, 59.

rulers, 71, 76.
Royal Proclamations, in relation Standing Army, the, of England,
to law, 50.

Royal supremacy, and sovereignty Stanhope, Lord, on the Septennial

of Parliament, 167.
Rule of Law, the, its nature, 166– Star Chamber, the, control of, over

216; De Tocqueville on, 168; printing-presses, 273; abolition
meaning of, 172; England and of, 281.
France, contrasted as to, 179, Statute, and Common law, 28.
191; summary of meanings Statute, of Proclamations, 47.
of, 215; applications, 217; Stephen, Mr. Justice, on the
and Parliamentary Sovereignty,

resolutions of Parliament, 51;
291, 332; absence of support on the obedience of soldiers to
to, in foreign assemblies, 336; the commands of their officers,
abeyance of, in case of tumult

or invasion, 339 ; development Stephen, Leslie, on actual limits
of, in the United States, 398.

to sovereign power, 75.

Story, Commentaries of, 4.

Stubbs, Dr. (Bishop of Chester),

SALISBURY, Lord, and the disso- Supreme Court, of the United
lation of 1885, 358.

States, formation and power
Science of Case Law, Prof. Pollock, of, 146, 149; case of Varbury

v. Vallison, decided by, 152 ;
Scotland, the Act of Union with, dangers of its position, 161.
61, 133.

Swiss Confederation, the, an ex-

Act, 42.

ample of Federalism, 126, 128;
'guaranteed' rights of, 141;
Federal Court (Bundesgericht)
of, 155, 161; the executive

of, 158, 161.
Switzerland, the electorate of, 55;

compared with England as re-
gards respect for law, 168.

in, 124; the feederalism of

, 131,
132, 135; the Federal Court
of, 142; authority of the Carts
of, 144, 145, 160, 161; the rule
of law in, 213; development of

the rule of law in, 398.
University printing-presses, 213-
Uri, the Landesgemeimlen of, 15.



Taxes, Parliament in relation to,
317; permanent Acts relating

VETO, the right of, in connection

with Colonial legislation, 105,
to, 318.
Thiers, on position of constitu-

106, 107.
tional King, 388.

Victoria, Queen, 388; the per
Treaties, sanction of Parliament

sonal influence of, 389.
not necessary to, 391; the

Victoria (Colony), the Parliament
treaty - making power under

of, 95; see Parliament (Vic.
Constitution of United States,


Vivien, Études Ailministratives,
Tribunal des Conflits, 191.

reference to, 189.
Voltaire, 168; his impression of

England, 174

Vote of Censure, action of the
UNCONSTITUTIONAL law, meaning Ministry under, 37+

of the expression, 165, note.
Unconstitutional legislation, safe-

guards against, 119, 124.
Union, the Acts of, 61.

War of Secession, the, and alo-
Unitarianism, in contrast with lition of slavery, 76.
Federalism, 143.

Wellington, and the Dissolution
United States, the, Constitution of, of 1834, 359

in comparison with the English, Wilkes, John, 361.
4,5; legal power of the govern- | William III, 389.
ment subject to the law of the

William IV, and the Dissolution
constitution, 29; the Presiden- of 1834, 361.
tial electors in, 30; limited Witenagemót, the, no necessity for
powers of the legislative bodies study of by the lawyer, 14.

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Indemnity, Act of, an instance of tinction between written and

Parliamentary power, 46; in unwritten, 28.
connection with suspension of Litwyer, the, history as a secondary
Ilabeas Corpus Act, 245; of study to, 15; legal rules, the
1801, 249.

important study of, 31.
Inland Revenue Office, the, receipt | Legal equality, 177; examples of,
of Taxes through, 319:

Ireland, the Act of Union with, Legislative Assembly of France,

the, i12.
Irish Church Act, 1869, 160. Legislative authority, of Parlia-
Irish Coercion Acts, 243, 244, ment, 37.

Legislative Council, of British
Irish Land Act, 160.

India, powers of, 91; in relation

to Parliament, 92, 94.

Legislature, non-soi ereign, 109.

Libel, on indiviiluals, 253, 254 ;
JUDGES, English, in relation to the on government, 255; blaspbe-
Imperial Parliament, 142 ; of

mous or immoral, 257; juros
the United States, in relation

in cases of, 258.
to the Constitution, 145: under Liberty of the Press

, 251; Lird
droit administratif, 198; Bacon's

Mansfield and Lad Ellen-
opposition to, 206; position

borough on, 260; causes of, 264;
of, in 17th century, 240; and

England and France compared
Parliamentary Bills in progress,

as to, 265.
333; in relation to dissolution Licensing Act, of the Press, Jac-
of Parliament, 364.

aulay quoted on, 275-
Limitations on Sovereigntr' Les-

lie Stephen's Science of Ethics

quoted, 75; alleged, on pre-

reignty of Parliament, 56;
Kent, Commentaries of, 4.

actual, on sovereiguty of Par

liament, 70.

Literature, English, laws relating

to, in contrast with those of
LANDESGEMEINDEN, the, of Uri, France, 273;l'niversity Presses,

273; powers of the Stationers'
Law Courts, the, 56. See Courts. Company, 273
Law-making bodies, character. Literature of France, laws the

istics of, 85; meaning of the lating to, under the Ancien
term, 85; subordinate, 86 ; gime, 266, 267; and the lhe
corporations, 86; Council of claration of Rights, 268;
British India, 91; Colonial French laws in regard to litera-
Parliaments, 95; as non-sove- ture in contrast with English,
reign legislatures, 109; Federal 272.
Assemblies as, 137; Congress, Local and Pricrise Acts, referred

to, 46.
Laws, contrast with conventions Lords, the House of, in relation
of constitution, 24, 28; disa ! to the House of Coinmons, 353,

356 ; and the will of the Na-

tion, 384 ; under Lord Lynd-

National Debt Act, 320.
hurst, 385; influence of, on

Naturalization Act, 1870, power
Acts passed by the House of

of the Secretary of State under,
Commons, 393

Louis the Fifteenth, 175.
Louis Philippe, government of

Newcastle, the Duke of, 383.
France under, 110.

Newspaper press, French law with

regard to, 269.
Lyndhurst, Lord, the House of
Lords under, 385.

Non-sovereign law-making bodies,

80; Railway companies as, 86;

limit of powers of, 96.
MACAULAY quoted, on the Li-

Non-sovereignlegislature, Foreign,
censing Act, 275.

Dlacclesfield, Lord, 368.

Magistrates, position of, as to
public meetings, 286.

ODGERS, Libel and Slander,quoted,
Magna Carta, the, 219.

Mansfield, Lord, on the liberty of

the Press, 260.
Martial law, 294-301.

PALMERSTON, Lord, action of,
Melville, Lord, 368.

under dissolution of Parlia-
Merchant Shipping Act, 1876, ment, 364.

powers of the Board of Trade Parliament, the Imperial, and legal
under, 201.

authority, 21; sovereignty of,
Military Courts, power of, under 35; legislative authority of,
the French Republic, 300.

37; the Resolutions of, 50;
Militia, the, formation of, 313; power of the Houses of, 51;
law of embodiment of, 314.

Mr. Justice Stephen on the
Ministerial responsibility, its power of, 51; power of in
meaning, 329-332.

changing laws, 81; repeal of
Ministers, understandings regu- Acts of, 84; subjection of non-

lating the action of, 345, 347. sovereign law-making bodies to,
Ministry, the, dismissal of, by 87; the Victorian Parliament

the King, 358; resignation in relation to, 99; supremacy
under vote of censure, 374.

of, 104; veto of on Colonial
Montesquieu's Esprit des Lois, Acts, 107; policy of towards
referred to, 186.

Colonial legislatures, 108; the
Moral law, Acts of Parliament in Judges in relation to, 142;
relation to, 58.

necessary action of, for em-
Morley's Life of Diderot, referred bodiment of the Militia, 314;
to, 175

Acts of in relation to the Reve-
Mutiny Act, the, 303; of 1689 nue, 320; and Crown servants,

in comparison with the Army 335; rules as to the dissolution
Act of 1881, 305; preamble of, 357; dissolutions of 1784
of the first, 305; in relation and 1834, 358; dissolution of
to the Annual meeting of Par. 1885, 358, no!e; the Annual
liament, 372.

meeting of, 371, 374.

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