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s of the worst men who sailed the ocean, and
whose criminal acts have been recenily in ? part exposed by the publications of the Eng. ? lish “Society for the Protection of Aborigines.” Al length great numbers of the people revolted against their bloody rulers, and a great batile gave them a triumph, which they used with humanity towards their surviving enemies, while they threw their false gods into the sea. The first band of American missionaries arrived just after these events, and were astonished 10 find themselves received with open arms. From that day to this, Christianity and civilization have been faithfully taught, and extensively embraced. As several attempts have been made, at different times, to give unfavorable impressions of the character of the missionaries, or of their influence, we have seen, with a pleasure which we wish to participate with our readers, the following impartial testimony in their favor, from Lieut. Wilkes's Report of the “Exploring Expedition."
By way of introduction, however, we would remark that the preceding print represents one of the principal school-houses in the Sandwich Islands, viz. that built for a Charity School in 1833, in the town of Honolulu. We have before mentioned it, in No. 7 of the Penny Magazine, p. 104, as it is seen on the right hand side of the fine view of the town, on that page. We now proceed to our ex• tracts from the report of Lieut. Wilkes.
SCHOOL FOR Chiefs' CHILDREN. The house which I occupied was in the eastern suburbs of Honolulu, near the resi. dience of the missionaries, and in connection with the school of Mr. and Mrs. Cooke for the chiefs' children. The latter I had the pleasure of visiting at an early day after my arrival, and was much delighted with the order and cleanliness of the whole establish. ment. Mr. and Mrs. Cooke superintend the amusements as well as the studies of the children, and impress upon them the neces. sity of application. Much astention is paid to them, and being removed from all contagion from without, they have many advantages over the other natives. This was the best regulated school I saw in the islands : the pupils, consisting of eleven boys and girls, were under good management and control. The object of this school is exclusively the education of the royal family-to form their characters, teach them, and watch over their morals. Much good, it is thought, will accrue from this system of education. I am not, however, satisfied it will have the full effect that is hoped for, or that the impress sions given them are those that are proper in
the education of princes. The system pur. sued rather tends to republican forms; a good, practical, religious education, however, may be the result. How far it is intended to carry it, I did not learn. I have seldom seen belter behaved children than those who attend this school.
Connected with Mr. and Mrs. Cooke, I must not omit to mention John Ii, who is their guardian and protector. During my stay I saw them frequently. The Saturday after my arrival, I had them on board the ship, with their tutors. They were hardly to be distinguished from well-bred children of our own country, were equally well dressed, and are nearly as light in color.
THE MISSIONARIES. I also had the pleasure of visiting the missionaries; and as many misrepresentations have been published, and much misunderstanding exists, relative to their domiciles, I trust I may be excused if I give a short description of their interior, to set the matter at rest. It will, I think, be sufficient to satisfy any one that they are not as luxurious in their furniture as has been sometimes represented. Their houses are generaliy one story and a half high, situated fifteen or twenty paces within an unpretending gate, and the garden is surrounded by adobe walls about seven or eight feet high. Some of the houses are of stone, but most of them are of wood; they are from twenty to thirty feet square, twenty feet high, and have the appearance of having been added to as the prosperity of the mission increased. The front door opens into the principal room, which is covered with a mat or common ingrain carpeting, and furnished with a table, a few windsor chairs, a rocking. chair, and sofa, all of wood. There is a very high mantel, but no fire-place, the latter not being needed. On the mantel are placed four glass lamps, each with one burner, and in the centre a small china vase, with a bunch of flowers in it. Several colored scriptural prints hang on the walls about a foot below the ceiling; on the table were a few devotional books.
The eating-room adjoins the principal room, and in one corner stands a cupboard, or an old sideboard, very much the worse for wear. This contained the common earthenware used at meals. A native girl, or woman, is all the “ help;” and both the master and mistress take a part in many of the domestic duties. As to their fare, it is plain, simple, and wholesome, and always accompanied with a hearty welcome, and cheerful, contented faces; at least, I found it so.
To several of the missionaries I feel indebted for unsolicited kindness, and I spent many agreeable hours in their society. I must bear testimony that I saw nothing but a truly charitable and Christian bearing 10wards others throughout my intercourse with them, and heard none but the most chariiable expressions towards their assailants. Heedless of the tongue of scandal, they pur
sued their duties with evenness of temper, s veniences for a school-room, and with a handand highly laudable good will.
some desk for the accommodation of the ser
vices which it was expected might be held THE SABBATH AT HONOLULU. Sunday is ushered in with a decorum and
there on the Sabbath, in the English lanquietness that would satisfy the most scrupu.
guage. The cupola is provided with a bell, lous Puritan. I have often had occasion to
presented by John C. Jones, Esq., U. S. con
sul. The whole expense of the building was speak of the strict observance of the Sabbath among the Polynesian islands; and this strict.
about $1800.” ness is no less remarkable here. Such is the force of example, that even the least orderly
JUVENILE DEPARTMENT. of the foreigners are prevented from indulg. ing in any excesses; which, considering the worthless population the town of Honolulu
EDWARD AND HIS FRIENDS.. con:ains, is a proof of the excellence of the
Story about Woodchucks. ; police regulations, and the watchfulness of
One day, when James called to see his the guardians of the law. To the preceding extracts we will add a
friend Edward, he was met by him with a
smiling face and an animated air. “0, who brief account of the Oahu Charity School, re
do you think has come ?” said he. “A young presented in the print at the head of this ar
gentleman from the country. He is very kind, ticle, from the Hawaiian Quarterly Spectator
and likes children. He will play with us, I of 1833.
can tell you." "A circumstance, trifling in itself, led to the establishment of the “Oahu Charity
It was well for the boys that this was a School.” Mr. Andrew Johnstone and his young man of good taste, and well able to tell lady were mernbers of the reinforcement to
them some things of importance. He was the mission of the American board, which
son of a gentleman who lived in a very please arrived in the Spring of that year. No chaplain to seamen was then stationed at Hono
ant place in the country, among fields, and lulu, and Mr. Johnstone devoted a part of his groves, and hills, and streams of water. He time to the distribution of Bibles and tracts liked to work, and was used to ploughing, among them. During one of these visits on
planting, cutting down trees, reaping, and ·board vessels, he fell in with an interesting lad, the son of Capt. Carter, of an English
mowing; and the exercise he took, while vessel, then in the port. On offering him doing such useful things, made him strong some books, the little fellow observed that and healthy, good natured and kind. Besides, they had a library of such books on board his
he drank nothing but water, and ate none of father's vessel, furnished by the Sunday school
the rich, high-seasoned food, which makes so in Dr. Raffles' church in Liverpool, of which he had been a member. Mr. Johnstone in many people ill-tempered and sickly. vited the lad to his house. In a day or two James felt bashful when he came into the afterwards he came, accompanied by another house. Edward's father was so familiar with lad, a son of one of the foreign residents, who
him, that he called him John; but James asked Mr. J. if he would teach him to read; to which he readily assented. Very soon an
bowed, and only answered his questions reother boy presented himself, asking the same spectfully. He was invited to sing ; but he favor; and the exercise soon became a stated I felt diffident, and said he would rather not. one, Mr. Johnstone devoting a part of every
In the afternoon he went to see Edward day to the instruction of the boys who came to his house for the purpose. A new interest
again ; and found John sitting down, with was thus awakened in the subject. The re Edward by his side, and one of his little sissidents became deeply interested ; and, as ters on his lap, playing and talking with her. suitable accommodations were needed for a
Edward's father said he thought James would school, a proposition was made by the foreign
like to hear a story about some of the ani. residents to erect a school-house. The king granted a lot of land, and a general subscrip. mals which John was acquainted with in the tion was made by the residents, as well as by country, and asked him if he would please to the shipmasters then in port, including a
tell one about the woodchucks. large donation from the officers and seamen of the U. S. ship Potomac, then on a visit to
"Woodchuck !” said James, “what is that? the islands. In the month of September,
Is it a bird ? I have heard so." 1832, the subscribers to the funds organized “Woodcock, you are thinking of,” said one a board of trustees, and the house was erect.
of them; “no, a woodchuck is a small foursed, and dedicated by appropriate services on
footed animal which lives in the ground. It January 10th, 1833. It is a neat, substantial building of stone, 36 feet long and 26 feet
is about as large as a cat, with shorter legs; wide, fitted up with benches and other con- s and has very mischievous habits, for it will
come out in the night, and eat pumpkins and other vegetables in the fields and gardens. You catch them sometimes, John, don't you ?”
"We try, sometimes, sir, but we do not very often succeed. They are sly, very sly indeed-especially the old ones; they often wander off to a distance from their holes, in the nighi, and get back again before the farmers go out. As you go about the fields, you here and there find a hole in the ground, and sometimes two or three or more holes near the same spot. Sometimes you will see an old fellow sitting at the mouth of a hole; and when you go near him, he will run in.”
“Why don't you dig after him with a spade ?" asked Edward's father, for he wished him 10 go on and tell stories for the amusement and instruction of the boys.
“That you may do, if you please," said he; “ but you are not certain of finding him. The woodchuck generally has at least two holes; so, while you are digging in one, he will steal out of the other, and run off without making any noise. The only way is, to stop up one hole with stones, and then find as many others as you can, and have thein filled up, or closely watched; and then dig, and perhaps you may catch him. Yet he may have one hole in a secret place which you can't find, and then you have all your work for nothing.
" The best way is to drown them out, or to set a trap. They commonly get near the water to make their holes; and then, if you stop all the holes but one, and fill that with water, you will drown him. Setting traps is to be done with great care. Oh, they are the most cunning creatures you ever heard of. An old woodchuck you can hardly get into a trap.
“Where the ground has been ploughed, the s woodchucks often walk in some particular
furrows, and sometimes they tread paths in the grass, which you can plainly see. The way is to dig a hole in the path, and bury the trap there, covering it up with dirt or grass, so that the place shall look exactly as it did before. Go there the next morning, and probably you will not find a woodchuck in the trap. Oh, they are so suspicious and cautious! Why, I once set a trap so, in com
pany with a man who had had a good deal < of experience; and no person, I am sure, could
have told there was anything buried there, or 3 that the earth had been removed ; yet, in the
3 morning, I traced tbe foot-prints of an old } woodchuck along the path, almost to the s spot; and then I could see where he stepped
out of the path, walked round it, and then back again. I tried it again, and put it in another part of the woodchuck's walk; but he went round it, and so he did every day, so that it
was impossible to catch him." ?
MINERALS-N0. 8. Slate. There is no difficulty in knowing common slate, to anybody who has been to school. It is dark colored, dull, soft enough to be scratched with a pin, and breaks in flat pieces.
When ground or scraped fine, it makes a 3
light-colored dust, which is sticky when wet, and smells like clay.
Some slate is coarse, and good for nothing but rough building stone. When it splits thin and is strong, it is used for covering houses. The finer kinds, such as that found at Easton, in Pennsylvania, are shaped and framed for school slates; and the soft parts are cut up for pencils. Until a few years ago, all our slates and pencils were brought from England and Germany
Slate contains a good-deal of clay, or alumine, which is an earth that makes mud when wel. It contains also much flint-earth, or silex, which, you remember, is harder than steel. Perhaps now you can tell why a piece of slate makes a good hone, to sharpen a knife on.
There are a great many rocks and hills in the world made of slate; and some of them contain a little potash, which is dissolved by rain, springs and streams of water, and then the slate crumbles, and is carried down to the low grounds, where it is left, and forms beds of clay, which is made into bricks.
Slate is sometimes black, bluish, brown, reddish, and of other colors. Sometimes it contains limestone, bitumen and other substances, and then is named accordingly: lime stone slate, bituminous slate, &c. Common slate is, therefore, often called clay slate, to distinguish it.
sign my name and hope its publication will not be withheld on that account.
A SUBSCRIBER. As a general thing, people do not pay much if any attention to the study of Insects. The study of Entomology is very interesting to a contemplative mind: but it is not pursued with as much interest as could be wished, and is perhaps the most neglected of all branches of Natural History, although it furnishes more materials for investigation than any other branch. People do not consider of how much importance the life of an insect is. They do not seem to think * Each shell, each crawling insect, holds a rank,
Important in the plan of him who framed
As an instance of the carelessness with which a person is apt to observe an insect, suppose the following: a person sees a fly, and, perhaps thinking its life of no consequence to any one, kills it to get it out of his way. He does not think how many changes the little insect has gone through ; having been first enclosed in an egg, without any feeling or perceptible life; then, at the ap. pointed time, emerging, in the form of a worm, (larva,) and living on the flesh of some animal, for a few days ; soon to turn to a chrysalis, (pupa,) and all this before its perfect imago) state. The fly is so common,
it is, notwithstanding, a very curious insect.
As I said before, the study of Natural History is very interesting; and I advise young persons, when they have leisure, to pursue this study, as they will find it both useful and interesting. In some works they will find how to class insects. The fly belongs to the order Dyoptera, or two-winged insects. (Dyo, in Greek, means two, and ptera, wings.) See Harper's Family or School Library, “Insects.”
s ses, and dispose of them by will or otherwise.
An amendment, proposed by Count Beugnot, was also carried, by which an enfranchised negro slave is permitted to choose the employer for whom he is to labor for hire, during five years after his emancipation.
Letters from Algiers intimate that Abd-elKader was again on the frontiers of Morocco. He was known to have placed himself at the head of a rebellion, the object of which is to dethrone Abd-er-Rahman. The emperor found it difficult to get his soldiers to aci, in consequence of the influence exercised by Abd-elKader, as head of tbe Marabouts, over the Mussulman population.
SwitzERLAND.-Batlle of Lucerne and Defeat of the Free Corps.- The most important news is the increasing quarrel between the Protestants and Roman Catholics in Switzerland. A battle has been fought, and much blood shed. These ruptures, if continued, will probably lead to the dismemberment of the Swiss Cantons, and its partition among the adjacent powers of Europe. It seems that the people of the Basle Champagne, and the more disorderly in Berne, formed a free corps with which to attack Lucerne, while the Canton of Argau summoned by the tocsin all good Protestants to arms. A force of 5000 men was accordingly assembled, and passed the frontier of Lucerne on the 29th of March. Meanwhile that town was hastily fortified, and troops marched to the number of from 10 to 20,000, prepared for the defence of the city.
The invaders appear to have been deficient in military skill. They suffered their troops to be divided aud drawn in detail into an am. buscade. They fought, however, with much spirit and courage, but were defeated, leaving 600 men dead on the field. They returned subsequently in great disorder, and were harassed by their enemies to such a degree, from every quarter, that only one thousand of the five thousand returned.
The invaders were treated with such fierceness in all quarters, that it is said that out of 4000 or 5000 men, not more than 2000 had escaped massacre.
GERMANY. - Frankfort. -- The discussions which are now going on in the Diet of the Confederation, respecting the affairs of the German Catholic Church, have taken a turn, which, it is feared, must soon decide the fate of this new movement.
The booksellers of Cologne have recently concluded an engagement among themselves pot to publish or sell any writings against Rome, or in favor of the present religious movement in Germany.
Inundarions in Germany. - The Revenue de Paris slates that the greatest inundations of which Germany has during the last two centuries preserved the recollection, were those of 1655 and 1784: nevertheless, neither of those events were so disastrous as the in
undations of the present year. The entire ) Germanic confederation, a part of Austria, and
FOREIGN NEWS. · FRANCE.-On the 12th ult. the Chamber of Peers passed the Colonial Administration Bill, by a majority of 103 to 56. This bill, though defective, is the first blow struck at slavery in the French colonies. The committee on the bill admits, in its report, that slavery is to be abolished, and that the only question
now is, how that object is to be carried into ? effect. In virtue of the fourth paragraph,
slaves will be legally entitled to whatever
property they may be in possession of at the ? date of the promulgation of the new law, as
also to that which they may in future acquire, * provided they can prove that they have obtained it by legitimate means. They are pot, however, permitted to possess either arms or boats. They are, moreover, qualified to inherit every description of property from free persons or slaves, to purchase lands and hou
of Poland, have been literally under water since the 30th of March. The Rhine, the Maine, the Neckar, the Danube, the Elbe, and the Vistula, have in succession overilowed their banks-not in a day, but in an hour. Frankfort, Meiz, Cologne, Dresden, Prague, and a number of the other towns, and several thousand villages were covered with water. The magnificent bridge of Dresden has been carried away, and many edifices have been destroyed.
India.--Sir C. Napier means to force three robber tribes to surrender, and then to place them on the northern side of the Indus, and make them labor uniil they erect houses and form farms sufficient for iheir own subsistence and dwellings-hen to offer these pro. ducts of their labor lo them, if they will be peaceable ; if they refuse, he will continue to make them work as convicts. In pursuance of this plan, he has blockaded them in their mountains; and they had, on the 14th of February, agreed to surrender.
The Italian Scientific Congress have called their meeting at Naples.
Dr. Wolff has arrived in England; and, in a letter to Capi. Grover, which is published in the papers, bas given a graphic sketch of his “hair breadth 'scapes" in the mission from which he has returned.
Mr. Everett, the American Minister, entertained a distinguished pariy of the nobility on Thursday. Lord Brougham was among the number.
Receipts. From " Every Lady's Book" a little volume just pub.
lished by a Lady of New York. (Amended) Fruit Cake.—Make a cake of one pound of four, one pound of sugar, three-quarters of a pound of buiter, and ten eggs.
First beat the yolks and sugar together; then add the flour and butter, beaten to a cream; and, lastly, mix in lightly the whites of the eggs, beaten to a high froih.
Then have a round and a half of raisius stoned and chopped ; two pounds of currants, well washed, picked clean and dried ; one pound of citron cut in slips; mace and nutmeg, each half an ounce; and do not add alcohol in any form.
Strew half a pound of flour over the cur. rants and raisins, and then stir them well into the cake.
Line tin basins with buttered paper, fill thern two inches deep, and bake in a moderate oven for three or four hours.
Tea Rusk.-One pint of warm milk; put one gill of yeast; make it a dough with flour; let ii stand to rise ; when light, add a cup of buller and a teaspoonful of salæratus, dissolved in water; (or, in the place of salæraralus, use a bit of sal volatile, the size of a small nutmeg, and a piece of alum of the same size, finely ground.)
Flour your bands well, and make the dough into cakes the size of an egg, and lay them close in a buttered basin; bake in a hoi oven; when nearly done, wet them over with milk in which some sugar is dissolved, then return them to the oven to finish baking: doing them over with milk, gives them a fine color.
BEAUTIFUL COINCIDENCE.-During the morning service, yesterday, at Christ's Church, Salem street, an incident occurred which would have been interpreted, by the ancients, as a signal of Divine approbation. The Rev. Mr. Marcus, of Nantucket, the officiating minister, gave out to be sung, the 84th Psalm, in which is the following stanza:
The birds, more happy far than I,
Around thiy temple throng,
Securely hatch their young. While he was reading this Psalm, a dove flew in at one of the windows, and alighied on the capital of one of the pilasters, near the altar, and nearly over the head of the reader. A note of the Psalm and Hymn to be sung had been previously given, as is customary, to the choir; oiherwise, it might have been supposed that there was design in the selection; for the winister announced, for the second singing, the 75th Hymn, commencing,
Come Holy Spirit, heavenly dove,
With all thy quickning powers;
In these cold hearts of ours.
Reported for the N. Y. Express. Meeting of the Historical Society, May 7th.
The early part of the evening was occupied with the reading of various letters relating to the business or purposes of the Society; also a number from societies, as well as individuals, whose opinions had been solicited concerning the new and distinctive name for the United States. The replies were almost invariably in opposition to this change, and to all change, especially those of Chancellor Kent, Mr. Van Buren, and Mr. H. Bleecker.
Rev. Rufus W. Griswold, of Philadelphia, read his paper on the growth and cbaracterislics of American literature.
Among the donations reported to the Historical Society, in the early part of the evening, was a medal struck in commemoration of the Naval Victories of Admiral Van Tromp in 1653, presented by William C. Rhinelan. der, Esg.
(The medal is of silver, about 3} inches in diameter, with an inscription round the borders, in old Dutch letters, beginning : “ William doet muller Tromp door kunst von geut," with the date. Within are scen, in high relief, the two principal ships engaged, and the fleets in low relief in the distance. Ons the reverse, in very bold relief, is the bust of ?