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are now likely to be successful. The cost of construction, in this country, is estimated at $130 per mile. We shall soon have Boston bound to New Orleans, and New York to the great West. Another line is in contemplation, to be called the Atlantic and Mississippi route; it will commence at Philadelphia, (connecting with the lines from New York and Washington,) and run so as to touch all the State Capitals and large towns that can conveniently be reached on the route to St. Louis. Branch lines will run southwardly from this main route to the capitals of Kentucky and Tennessee, and to the cities below Pittsburg, on the Ohio river, so as to include

Wheel ing, Cincinnati, and Louisville : and other branch lines will run northwardly from the main route, so as to include the principal places along the Lakes, between Buffalo, Detroit, Chicago, Milwaukie, &c. The arrangements for completing this great central line as entrusted by Mr. Kendall to Henry O'Reilly, and it is understood ihat enough of the work will be finished with despaich for transmitting to Harrisburg (if not to Wheeling, via Pittsburg, or even to Columbus, Ohio,) an abstract of the President's Message at the commencement of the next session of Congress.--New York Tribune.

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JUVENILE DEPARTMENT.

SUGAR MAKING. Edward and his father had many con. versations about sugar making. It seemed very curious to him, that any thing so sweet, and which can be made into so many shapes by the confectioners, and colored so varionsly, should come from the juice of a plant. How does it get into the juice? Is the ground sweet where it grows?

To such questions and many others he got answers-not all at once, nor all in the same way. One day his father brought home a round stick, sat down, and called all the children together. Then, taking his knife, he cut off a piece, and put it into the baby's mouth. She smiled ; and the

others tasted pieces as fast as they got } them, and said they were very sweet. “It

is sugar cane," said Edward, “it is not ?" sonrannanoram

? " Yes; there are different sorts—this is

beautifully striped, red and white, and is called Riband Cane. We have begun to cultivate much of it, within a few years, in our most Southern States, and make excellent sugar and molasses, most of which is called here New Orleans. They cut the canes, press them, and boil the juice in large kettles, till most of the water has gone off in steam. Then they cool it, and it turns to brown sugar. The remaining water slowly drains off, and that makes molasses.

Steam machines are now often used in { pressing cane, and other improvements

have been introduced in some countries. The picture above shows a windmill where it is ground, and a house where it is pressed with screws. The palm trees in sight show that the place is in some tropical

country where they grow, and the ne. } groes at work appear to be slaves. There

Sare many curious parts to wind wills, and much useful labor is done by them in some countries where are no waterfalls, especially in Holland. The long pole reach. ing to the ground, is used to turn round the top of the mill, with the fans, when the wind changes.

Sugar is made in the northern parts of our country from maple trees, and has been made from chestnut trees and several other kinds. But we have not room to-day to say more about it.

S JHS appear on the wall. An arm of the ?

main cavern has also been discovered, and S has been explored some 200 yards, the writer says:

“ The walls and ceiling of this extraor. dinary cave are pretty much the same as in the other rooms. The walls have a peculiar and extraordinary brilliancy, occasioned i discovered from the fact that instead of stone as we first believed, we found them to be of a metal, very much resembling sulphate of iron, but more of a silvery appearance. We had not proceeded very far before we heard a rumbling noise that occasionally broke upon our ears in notes the most thrilling and melodious I ever heard. We stood for a considerable time in breathless silence to catch the most enchanting sounds that ever greeted the ear of man, and it was only at an interval ihat we could summon courage to explore its source, which we did, and were much surprised to find it proceeded from a gushing spring in the side of the wall. The sounds we heard we found to be produced by the fall of the water, and varied by the current of air before alluded to, which we then found to be very strong. We each took a hearty draught of the limpid water of this gushing spring, and alier surveying the diamond walls of the greatest natural curiosity in the world, we commenced retracing our steps to its mouth, when we found it to be quite dark and eight o'clock at night."- Missouri Statesman.

Wonderful Cave. A most extraordinary cave was recently discovered in Howard county, between Glas sgow and Cooper's bottom. One of the farin

ers of the neighborhood, wanting stones, to build, we believe a chimney, went to an adjacent hill side for the purpose of quarrying them. In striking the earth with a hoe, or

some similar implement, a sound was emitted, ş plainly indicating that the hill side was hol.

low beneath; and proceeding to remove the dirt covering the surface, he discovered a wall built of stone, and built evidently by human hands. This wall he displaced, and it gave him entrance to the mouth of a cave, which upon subsequent examination, he found a most extraordinary natural curiosity. The cave has been explored to the distance of 300 yards. Twenty-five or thirty yards from the entrance is a sort of room, the sides of which, according to the account we see in the “ Glasgow Pilot," present a most bright and bril. liant and wonderful appearance. The writer who entered a cave with a lantern, says:

“I had not proceeded far,.before I entered the principal chamber, that by a single light s presented the most magnificent scene that I

ever bebeld. The ceiling of this splendid

cavern is eighteen or twenty feet high, and of Sa hectagon form, the whole ceiling presented

a shining surface as though it was set with

diamonds." 3 Very near the mouth, another writer says,

there is a stone shaped like a horse, but not so large, being only about three feet high:

« The head, neck and body are entirely fin. ished, and part of one hind leg and all the rest is solid stone. The neck is made of three pieces, and stuck or fastened together, sone. thing as cabinet makers put the corners of drawers together, (dovetailed,) the rest is all solid."

In another part of the cave the walls on one side are very smooth. On these walls numerous letters, figures and hieroglyphics appear, most of which are so delated as to reader them intelligible. Nevertheless the figures 1, 2, 6, and 7, are quite plain. Just above these figures the letters DON & CA RL O are legible. Further on, the letters

CORRECTION.-In speaking last week of the “History of St. Ann's church, Brooklyn," lately issued, we erroneously stated that the work was from the pen of the Rev. Dr. Cutler, the present Rector of the Church.” It originated with, and was written and published by “A Sunday School Teacher,” con, nected with St. Ann's, Dr. C. furnishing nothing except the two letters which purport to have been written by him in the account of the Schools.

Salicene.-A writer in the Washington Union says, it is understood to be the de. sign of the medical department of the army, to have this medicine tried on a large scale, at one or two of the most un. healthy military posts on our south wes. tern frontier, with the view of determining its precise value. Salicene, as its name imports, is obtained from the bark of the willow. It is prepared in France, and appears in the form of a clear white powder. It possesses many of the properties of quinine, and in cases of extreme debility, is preferred to it by many judicious phy. sicians.

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POETRY.

A Lesson of I.ife. By a Teacher to a Listluss Student. Up and on, nor sit despairing

O'er the common ills of time ; Life, though dull to thy comparing,

Has a meaning most sublime.

How fain is my fancy,
To launch on the brine;
In the bark swiftly gliding
To enter thy shade,
In thy deepest recesses
To pillow her head!

Such art and such beauty
His hand has display'd,
The Architect holy
Thy columns that made;
Such majesty written
On roof, wall and stone,
I long to contemplate,
And worship alone.

Grope not through the world supinely,

Wasting manhood by the way ; But arise, and act divinely,

Working with the shining day. Think of those who went before you,

Who have flourished and have died, And let great men's lives conjure you

Still to struggle and confide. Be deceived not, nor misguided,

But in youth for age prepare ; And avoid a mind divided

Indecision breeds despair. Who is he that shines in story,

And is numbered with the wise,
That has won his way to glory,

But by toil and sacrifice ?
Every spark from action beaming,

Makes the path of duty clear ;
Every moment lost in dreaming,

Brings remorse of spirit near. Live not abject or beholden,

But among the strivers strive ; Making every moment golden,

Brings its honey to the hive. Thought and labor are demanded

of the heritors of earth; Think, and keep thy soul expanded

Work, and know the joy of worth. Up and onward to the battle,

While the heart is young and brave, Where the drums of duty ratile,

Where the flags of promise wave. Eyes are round you, looking, waiting,

To record each earnest deedBe not then in hope abating,

When to strive is to succeed.

On one occasion General Washington invited a number of his fellow officers to dine with him. While at table one of them uttered an oath. The General dropped his knife and fork in a moment, and in his deep under tone, and characteristic dignity and deliberation, said, “I thought we all considered ourselves gentlemen. He then resumed his knife and fork, and went on as before. The remark struck like an electric shock, and, as he intended, did execution, as his remarks, in such cases, were very apt to do. No person swore at the table after that ; and after dinner, the officer referred to, remarked to his companions, that if the General had struck him over the head with his sword, he could have borne it; but the home thrust which he gave him was too much, it was too much for A GINTLEMAN.

Two negro kings, on the coast of Africa, salute by snapping the finger three times.

* Editors receiving this paper in exchange, are invited to reinsert the following advertisement : THE AMERICAN PENNY MAGAZINE

AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER,

Edited by Theodore Dwight, Jr. Is published weekly, at the office of the New York Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 3 cents a number, (16 pages large octavo,) or, to subscribers receiving it by mail, and paying in advance, $1 a year. The postage from July onwards will be Free for this city, Brooklyn, Harleni, Newark, and all other places within 30 miles; and only one cent a copy for other parts of the United States. Persons forwarding the money for five copies, will receive a sixth gratis. Editors known to have published this advertisement, with an editorial notice of the work, will be supplied with it for one year. By the quantity, $2 a hundred. The work will form a volume of 832 pages annually.

0 Postmasters are authorized to remit money without charge.

Not a star that shines i hove you,

But has labor to perform Not a flower whose beauties move you,

But inaction would deform.

mm

Up, then, while the day is glowing,

Rested and refreshed anew ; Till to dust thy form bestowing, All is done that man can do.

Vermont Chronicle.

Lines to Fingal's Cave. For the American Penny Migazine.

Wild cave of the Ocean, What wonders are thine!

H We particularly request the public to remember that no person is authorized to receive money in advance for this paper, except the Editor or Publishers and an Agent in Ohio and the five south-western counties of Pennsylvania, who will show an attested cerlificate, signed by the Editor

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POCAHONTAS. No other Indian female ever rendered such 5 many have lost sight of one circumstance a service to a white man as Pocahontas, un which is calculated to enhance its effect upon der circumstances so well calculated to excite the feelings. We refer to the tender years of admiration. All have read the simple narra the heroine. Pocahontas was a child of only tive of her intercession to save the life of Cap twelve or thirteen years of age. tain Smith, at that critical period when his From the accounts we have of the case, we death would probably have led to the extirpa. 3 see abundant reason to believe, that nothing

tion of his little suffering colony; bur perhaps s could have directed her in the course she pure tomumowe

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sued, but a strong natural dictate of humanity. s Through her intercession an English boy, Yet why she should have been so affected in } named Henry Spilman, was saved from that case, it is difficult to say, as it may be death, and afterwards rendered the colonists presumed that she had witnessed scenes of S much service. So strong was the friendship cruelty, bloodshed and murder, among the of Pocahontas for the whites, that she left savage race, and in the savage family to her home, and resided with the Patamowhich she belonged. Many of the actions of 3 wekes, whose Sachem, Japazas, was a friend Indians, we find, on nearer acquaintance with X of Smith, that she might not witness the them, are dictated by some of their strange death of English prisoners, whom she could superstitious notions. A dream, an unusual no more rescue from the bloody hands of her sight or sound, or some other trifle, they often father. Strange as it may seem, however, believe to be connected with something which she was sold by that Sachem to Captain gives it importance. This is especially true Argall, for a copper ketile, as he thought of the men, whose dreams in their initiatory her father's attachment to her might prevent fasts, decide some important point for life. him from prosecuting his bitter persecutions

We have no particular reason, however, to of the colony. Her father sought to recover assign such a motive to Pocahontas, any more her; but, before any arrangement was made than to the celebrated Indian Princess who

for the return of the interesting captive, she figures so remarkably in the early history of gave her consent to marry an Englishman New England : the wise of Mononotto, the

named Rolfe, who had long before contract.. Pequod Sachem, whose refinement and dig. ed an affection for her. nity, as well as her humanity, excited the ad The character of Powhaian is a very markmiration of Governor Winslow, familiar as ed one. His attachment to his daughter he was with the manners of the English alone would be enough to vindicate the red Court.

race from the charge of being without natuIt was in the gloomy year when the little ral affection. He at first opposed her marcolony at Jamestown, (the first which survived riage, but afterwards gave his consent, desthe trials of the settlement,) was reduced to patched an officer to witness the ceremony, such sufferings by the scarcity of food, that sent a deerskin to Pocahontas and ano. Smith, with the determination of relieving ther to her husband, and maintained therethem, ventured among the Indians in the in after the most friendly terms with the coloterior, and, after proceeding up the James ri. nists. ver in a boat, left it with his companions at

Yet he refused to give his younger daugh the landing, and went on towards the dwel

ter in marriage to Governor Dale, though soling of Powhatan. This would probably

licited by him and her sister, saying to the have appeared only a bold step, if he had

messengermet with no difficulty ; but we are so prone to judge of an act by its consequences, that,

Go back to your Governor, and tell him when we see him falling into a snare, laid

that I value his love and peace, which, while on a rock, and a war club raised to dash out

s I live, I will keep. Tell him that I love my his brains, we are ready to call him inconsi. daughter as my life ; and, though I have derate and rash. He appeared to have re many children, I have none like her. If I tained his presence of mind through all his s could not see her, I would not live; and if dangers, and by happy expedients twice ob. I give her to you, I shall never see her. I tained a short reprieve, viz,: by showing the hold it not a brotherly part to desire to take savages his pocket compass, and by sending

away two children at once." to Jamestown for medicine to cure a sick sa Pocahontas was baptized, and received the vage. These and other circumstances may name of Rebecca. In 1616 she made a voy. have had their influence on the feelings of age to England with her husband, where she the young Princess. But, whatever was the was received with much attention. Her porcause, she behaved like a heroine ; and not in

trait, taken at the time, with the dress of one case only, or towards a single individual. that period, is copied in our print. Her husBy a timely message, sent no doubt with

band had just been appointed to an office in great personal risk, she warned the infant co.

the colony, and was preparing to return lony of the murderous plots of the savages. ? when she died, at the age of twenty two. 3

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