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fligate boatmen who were appointed to rows round the vessels and watch the communication with the shore, first fell under bis ban, and he picked their characiers in pieces, as if he had been a vulture, or a competitor at an election for hog-herd or Senator of the Union.

They were always selected, he said, because they had been already proved good for nothing honest ; they never could get preferment to that station, until they had gone through a regular course of iniquity, and fallen where good men would stand "Oh, to come among wretches like these! the worst of all Naples, the off-casters of her gaminghouses and wine-shops!

“ There is one of those fellows whose family I knew when they lived in rags, beg. ged of the strangers I used to conduct to see the ruins near Bauli, and now talks their barbarous dialect. He got to be a billiard boy, and then by cheating more honest people, and myself among the rest, got to keeping a shop, till he became disgraced, and now here he is in the employment of the police. The other, whom I used to know for a blackguard in Pozzuoli, dug a whole day for me with his hands, to find something he hoped to get a Grano for in the ruins of the Tempio d'Iside, and ran bare-headed, bare-footed and almost naked afier me, to get the money for nothing, to the Villa de Cicerone. For this great distinction I suppose, for this education, he set up as a Cicerone himself, and has beguiled many an English traveller in his time. He is not so bad, however, as a cousin of his who is now in the same business; for he did not know enough ever to be sure that what he told for a lie, might not, by some accident, prove true.

"Oh, my friends!” exclaimed the old man, “ To be insulted and overborne by such vile trash of this world, is the hardest part of my lot. Look at me! an old man, respected and bowed to in my time ; once with money to spend and money to lend, money to lose and money to abuse,-bowed 10, complimented, petitioned, supplicated for assis. tance by the ancestors of these rabble-tags, now obliged to turn this way or that for fear of them, while they go kulking about these waters, landing at the mole, snoring in the watch-house, insulting strangers on board the

vessels they have 10 guard ; eating, drink 3 ing, and sleeping like all the other villains they herd with !”

Here followed a list of appellatives; simple, compound and mixed, which it would have been in vain for the readiest writer to attempt to record, as they fell from the lips of the old man, or the most accomplished lexicographer to explain, if once written down. The torrent Nowed on as if never to stop; and the readiness with which the hard epithets came out in uninterrupted succession, seemed to choke the ear of the

listener. Wit, keen and broad, direct and ironical by turns, oaths, indecent, impious and tremendous, followed each other as if the tongue had prepared the whole beforehand. A sudden pause and a single puff at his pipe, would now and then change ihe whole course of his thoughts; and what was more shocking would instantly give way to a light and humorous kind of raillery, that was irresistibly ludicrous, but no less severe.

" They are very jolly, these rogues at our expense; well may ihey be content in a boat; it is a better, and a cleaner, and a more respectable bed than that they were born or bred in. It is better than their fathers or brothers have got this moment. Bauli is degraded, and Pozzuoli has got poor folks ; but there can be no wretches, and certainly no rogues worthy of the names, while this boat's crew keeps the water. You may ask the beggars what they like better than money, and they will tell the scarcity of fleas. You may ask them, when they ever knew such a phenomenon, and they will say when Antonio and Luigi take leave of their friends.

"O my American !” suddenly exclaimed the old man, interrupting himself in the middle of his discourse, “ You have come to Naples so see its autiquities, its famous sites, and to trace out scenes rendered illustrious by the great. Is it not gratifying to find those places occupied by such worthy successors? The greatest navigators of ancient times, have sailed in this beautiful bay. I doubt whether the crew of the largest galley could have been as numerous as the party that accompanies these modern heroes; and I am sure they could not have been more active or bloody. The desire of glory that impelled the greatest warrior, never kept him in such a state of restlessness, as the fieas keep ihese low-bred scoundrels. If there were any hope of escape, if there were any medicine provided to cure such a fever, a man might travel, my dear friend, to America itself, and risk his life among the Span. iards, to get the privilege of a little respite from these felonious insects.

"Sink such wretches in Vesuvius ; drowning is too good for them. Brimstone, brimstone, is the stuff 10 exterminate such scoundrels and such tribes of vermin."

Here the old man burst out once more into a most violent fit, which, if I had been a better judge I should have looked upon as a pretty certain sign of the breaking up of the storm The truth was, he had nearly wearied himself; and, having no opponent to stimulate him, he began to stop his invective when, under more favorable, and more common circumstances, he would have looked upon himself as at the exordium of his dis. course. So rare a place is Naples for wordy brawls, for the abuse of time, language and one another; so naturally does the drawling dialect of the vicinity flow into scurrility and curses; so unnumbered, unrecorded, and for

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Overlooking One's Neighbors.

gotten, pass daily by the jests and jibes, which the passionate but bloodless ouicasts of the city daily exhaust upon each other.

“ When I get back to my hermitage," said the old man, “these scoundrels will come 10 me on a hot, lazy day, to beg a cup of wine, or a bit of bread. I have given better men than they ever were or will be, of the products of my garden. And they know it. They, who in spite of their imprudence, if they were to see the white walls of my Casino a league off on the side of Vesuvius, among the vineyards that surround it, if they thought there was the least chance of getting anything from me, would row one half the way against the Levante, and walk the rest with their bare legs, to come and bend their backs like an old rope, and call me “ Padrone, and ask an poco de vino-caremba! And they would know I could not refuse it. They know I would not; they know they would get it, and that they would abuse me again whenever I wanied next to go to see a friend, it they had wine and I none. O the vile Baulian and Pozzuolite!

"American ! you have no idea ; you have done, what they are. One is a thief, the other is an assassin. If you meet a man in Naples, in a dark corner, with a head that never had a hat on, a foot never acquainted with a shoe, trousers shorter than any body's else—there, there, so far do Antonio's comesix inches above his knee. ( the galley. slave! Not a grano in his pocket, and never was and never shall be; nay, no pocket, Caremba ! not such a waste would the fool be guilty of, who made his clothes and got nothing for his labor,-pot a pocket has he to catch the dust in ; mind and keep away from him ; he carries an old rusty poniard, and he would kill a man, a stranger, to brighten it, sooner than pay the expense of grinding, at half a carlino a day.

BY AN OFFICER'S WIDOW. “ Here lies my Aunt Charily, who died of a French.

man.”- WASHINGTON IRVING. Overlooking one's neighbors is a very bad habit ; it is unjustifiable as well as unprofit. able : and I therefore wish every one io understand, that this specimen is a solitary exception to my general rule of conduct, and that the peculiar circumsiances of the case rendered this offence against good neighbour. hood almost unavoidable. My room was a back one in the second story, and my windows commanded a view of our own yard and se. veral others adjacent. An alley, of less than four feet in width, divided us from our neighbors on the right side, and led to a building of two stories, which was direcưly in the rear of the front one. Their yard was quite large for a city, and, wonderful to relate, and hard to be believed, there was a sufficient space beyond it, enclosed by a dilapidated fence, to entitle it to the name of a garden ; though the only crop its surface bore, was a plentiful one of rags, old shoes, brimless hats, bones, and stray pieces of Anthracite coal.

On the morning of that eventful day, the Ist of May, as I sat reading, I was somewhats annoyed, by a grand “ turn out,” in view from my window. Scarcely had the occupants of the rear building commenced emptying the old straw out of their “bed sacks, as they would be called in the army, and set out three-legged tables, and backless chairs, preparatory to carrying them through the nar. row alley to some piher abode, when an inva. sion of new tenants took place through the confined passage-way. The “inward bound," it could be seen at one glance, were not like the “outward bound," Hibernians ;" but, judging from the little dogs, and bird and squirrel cages, were unquestionably “from the vine.covered hills, and gay regions of France."

A scene of confusion ensued, which cans happen in no part of the United States but New York, where, in strict conformity with the usages of Holland, all leases are dated from the 1st of May. Of course, all who wish to change their residence must move out of their houses while other families are moving in, and take possession of their new ones while the late occupants are moving out. How each contrives to secure all his own goods and chattels, without adding to his stock from his neighbor's, and vice versa, is inconceivable to one uninitiated in ihe mysteries of May-day.

After many colloquies in diverse languages, S in which the national oaths of La Belle France, and the Emerald Isle predominated, after two or three little Paddies had got prettv soundly cutred, and roared; “ Och, murder! you kilt me entirely;" alter the dogs were tired of barking, and kept qui t except an occasional yelp, when some heavy-heeled

"And then there is his companion, him you may see about the Piazza del Castello. He lies in the smallest shade, most distant from the one hundred and 6fty beggars who usually live there, where a chamelion would die for want of air, and a salamander from excess of heat; there he lies day by day, and week by week, shunned by the others, as they by us. Avoid him as you would a pesulence. If the plague is on one side of the street and he on the other, pass to the former, and die if you must. Genilemen and honest people have died of the plague-nobody but Antonio is born to be killed by fleas. Oh the starved lizard! He never was seen with a mouthful of food, nor an ounce of flesh on his bones. He is a lean, sour, hate

ful, despicable, creeping wretch-the sun şbakes bim, the rain soaks him, the thunder

sours him like milk, and then the fieas, oh, the fleas! But pazienza! they take vengeance on him for me.”.

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nation, though among them, was very apparent. He was seated on the lower step, and continued, in spite of the numbers which constantly passed him, to sing, in a loud voice, one New England psalm-iune after another, beating time most indefatigably with his right hand, in the most approved singingschool style. Some of the young gentlemen, who were our fellow-boarders, amused by his appearance, commenced a conversation with him, by which they ascertained that he was a Connecticut orphan, had been “bound out" to a hard master, and, not liking his si. tuation, had run away. He had made for New York, and been picked up, nearly starving, hy the Frenchmen, and employed in their shop ; but he said he should not stay, for “they danced Sundays, and smelt too strong of onions for him.” He accordingly disa p. peared a day or two after.

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Irish woman trod on their tails; after the par. rots had screeched “Down with the Lillies!" to their heart's content, the tumult began to subside; the channel of communication became sufficiently.cleared to admit of the exit of the “ould residenters," as the Irish called themselves, and their movables ; the last basket of potatoes had been carried out, and the last bunch of onions brought in, and the yard echoed exclusively, the language of « La Grande Nation." "Mon Dieu," and “ Sacre !” succeeded to “ Och Botheration !" and “ Come out of that you little tormint !" long noses usurped the place of hanging un. der lips; and, before night, the French colony had setiled themselves, somewhat after the manner of bees that have swarmed; though, from the incessant chattering which accompa

nied all their movements, they might be more 3 apıly compared to a convention of monkies.

There were two families in the front house. One consisted of a coarse-looking man of nearly fifty; with a very handsome wife of nineteen or twenty ; The other was a bachelor's establishment of several young men, with an aged West India negress as a servant

of all work. On the lower floor of the wing s nestled a man, his wife and several small

children; and above them were stowed away,

a paralytic man of middle age, his mother of 3 seventy, or upwards, a litle daughter of ten,

and a mahogany-faced female domestic. ? Fatigued with the labors of the day, they s all retired early to rest; the noise as of many magpies ceased, and nothing was heard from them until early the next morning. The first

object that struck my attention on rising, was > the palsied man, at ihe almost hopeless task s of clearing his portion of the enclosed piece

of ground; while the rest of his family were 3 laughing and singing as merrily as birds in a s spring morning. Before I went down to my

breakfast, he had taken his frugal one with 3 his family, at their open windows, so that I

could not avoid seeing them. A slice of

bread and a cup of coffee for each, a small 3 raw onion for the three older ones, and the

stalks for the little girl, was their simple fare. After it was over, the poor cripple resumed his labors in the garden ; and so industriously did he employ his feeble energies, that, to my astonishment, by sun-set, not only had he re. moved all the rubbish from its surface, but it was laid out neatly in beds, and they were green with the tops of transplanted onions, giving a promise, which was afterwards fulfilled, of a fine supply of his favorite vege. table.

They were a very merry set in that part of the house, full of gesticulation and excitability. The four families generally met in the evening, in the lame man's room, or sat on the steps of the front house, which were broad, and amused themselves by looking at the passers-by. One Sunday evening, how. ever, a new member of the fraternity made his appearance. That he was not of their

Occasionally, the little girl, with her hair completely bid by a huge turban of very thick yellow calico, would come into our kitchen, with a lille shovel in her hand, say. ing “feu, feu," to beg some coals to light their fire. The mistress of our house, who had a great taste for fun, dubbed her “Sancho Maria," (Santa Maria,) and used to astonish the child, by running over a long list of words which she pretended were French, but which were equally unintelligible to her and 10 us, and which bore about the same resemblance to the language of France, that Bog Latin does to that of the ancient Romans. The effect of her speeches was uniformly the same. Afier staring until her large black eyes became double their usual size, Sancho Maria made as speedy an exit as possible, and ran through the alley, and up the stairs, to her father's room, for safety. I used often to wish I could know what account she gave her grandmother of these addresses.

One night, our whole neighbourhood, French and American, was thrown into consternation by the breaking out of a fire, in a three-story house directly back of us, in the next street. Such a variety of night dresses was never before seen as our foreign neighbors exhibited ; and Though the fire was 1oo ncar for safety, it was impossible to keep from laughing at the group there gathered. There was a pile of wood about four feet high, and on it several had mounted, apparently for the sake of ob'aining a better view of the conNagration, though why they supposed that would aid them, when there was no obstruc. tion between them and the flames, I could not imagine. But there they were, old grandmother and all, her arms thrown aloft, and her grey hairs literally " streaming to the wind," as she joined her shrill voice in the general chorus of “ Mon Dieu, Mon Dieu ! ) Feu, feu !" &c., and finally in the extremity of her fear, threw her arms around Joseph, the youngest, and handsomest of the young men. He too seemed a good deal alarmed, but whether by the fire, or by the old lady, s

was left in doubt, as he only exclaimed tenance for the intellect, the heart, and the 3 “Diable !"

character ? Often their day closed by a fete in the crip This is not the first time we have taken ple's room. The servant girl, who, afier

the pen to protest against the miserable taste washing all day, with her tub on the ground,

of the day, or at least to indulge in an exand her head bent down until her face almost touched the suds, looking like an immense

pression of the heartfelt regret which daily measuring worm, would join with great de. oppresses us. But so almost universal is s light in a dance, which is, I believe, peculiar the fashion now followed, that there is little to the French. The persons, at intervals,

prospect of producing much effect, or even of 3 strike their hands in measured time on their sides, then together; then crossing them,

obtaining a single reader. Still, there is they strike those of the person opposite. – some relief in lamenting, even if it be to the The grandmother joined too, with as much winds. zeal and activity as the youngest ; and, as females were scarce, she was quite a belle.

An Early Setiler:-The sermon by Rev. On some occasions, when the weather was E. Clark, preached at Middlefield, Ms., on not too warm, she flourished about, in a very the occasion of the death of the late Dea. long-waisted, dark, calico gown, with large David Mack, has been published.-Dea. Mack bright-colored flowers stamped upon it; a was 94 years of age when he died, and had very dressy cap, a la mode de Paris, trimmed been an inhabitant of Middlefield 70 years, with a profusion of gay ribbons. But her having removed to that place in 1775, then usual dress was a Hannel jacket, with sleeves; nearly a wilderness-only eight families res a short, full petticoat of the same: both siding within its boundaries. He commenced meant for white, but by bad washing turned there with 50 acres of land which he purto the color of weak coffee ; a black silk cap chased for a horse, valued at $40. From made tight to her scalp, her grey hair braided this small beginning he accumulated great and brought out below it at the back of her wealth, contributions from which have been head, and carried over to the front, and there made at various times to benevolent objects fastened. In this costume she walized with to more than $18,000. His advantages for Joseph, while her son spun round the room, education, like others, in the early settledragging his paralytic limb, with the servant ments, were very limited; he attended maid, whose complexion, sufficiently burnt by school only six weeks previous to his marworking in the fields at home, was doubly riage, and afterward went to school with his red on wasbing-day evening. After a glass of first child. Hon. David Mack, of Amherst, lemonade, or some substitute, a general kiss. was in the same class, and oftentimes emu

ing, on both cheeks, accompanied the "adieu” lated in the studies pursued by his class-mate. 3 and « bon soir,” in which the mistress and His descendants number upward of 200, and į servant maid shared equally, it being “a s he lived to see eight or ten of the fifth generround game."

ation.-Northampton Courier. To be concluded.

Locusts.--One of those living clouds of

locusts, which was three whole days and Truth and Fiction.—The prevailing taste

nights, without apparent intermission, passof the present day, has often impressed us

ing over Smyrna, must have been according

to accurate observations made at the time, with serious and sad reflections. It pervades three hundred yards in depth, upwards of all classes, and engrosses the leisure time of forty miles in width, and nearly 500 miles millions, occupies much of their attention in

in length. Capt. Basil Hall' calculates

that the least number of locusts in their varied business, and materially affects

this enormous swarm must have exceeded their characters and their lives. It is the 168,608,563,200,000; and in order to assist slove of fiction-a general devotion to the per the imagination, Capt. Beaufort determined usal of writings produced by those whose

that this cloud of locusis, which he saw at

Smyrna, if formed into a heap, would have pens are devoted at once to the subservience

exceeded in magnitude more than a thousand of a perverted taste, and to the work of and thirty times the largest pyramid of perverring it still further. And what a Egypt; or, if they had been placed on the scene does the survey of the literary

ground close together, they would have en

circled the globe with a band a mile and a s habits of our countrymen present! What

furlong wide. Indeed, History tells us that rational, experienced and well balanced mind

when these conquering legions are subdued} can avoid the apprehension of most extensive by tempests, their bodies occasionally overs and wide-spread ill effecis, from the over

spread large tracts of country, even to four

feet in depth, and when driven into the sea, whelming flood of novels by which we are in

have formed a bank against the shore, three undated, and the disa ppearance of those

or four feet in height, and extending for fifty solid works which alone afford real sus

anora real sus. S miles. Bow

m

anaman,

na

THE EYES OF ANIMALS.

(CONTINUED.)

direct vision, for fear of intercepting it, atlaches, with the other end, to the vitreous humour, near the inner edge of the magnifier. When this muscle contracts, the sight is directed forward.

While the exhibition of such parts of an animal's frame affords an astonishing proof of the Maker's wisdom, goodness and power, the development and explanation give gratifying evidence of the patient investigation and careful deductions of human science. “From dissections,” says Dr. Wallace, “I believe it to be established, that the marsupium becomes smaller, in proportion as the direction of the eyes becomes parallel."

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One of the Adjusting Leaves of an Ox's Eye.

Who would think it possible, that, in each eye of every ox, there could be seventy or eighty minute collections of muscles, of so symmetrical a form, and traversed by blood. vessels of both kinds, viz., arteries and veins, and prepared to operate simultaneously, and without the consciousness of the animal, for the adaptation of the magnifier to the various distances necessary to form perfect images on the retina, of all the objects to which its altention may be directed ? Yet such is the fact, although their size is minute, and the parts microscopic.

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3

The Eye of an Eagle. The positions of the eyes of most birds are on the sides of their heads, to enable them to see farther behind than most other animals. But they sometimes wish to look straight forward ; and for this a curious con trivance is found, which is exhibited in this print of a section of an eagle's eye. a is a muscle, like a bit of skin, shaped something like a fan, called the marsupium, which is fastened 10 the back of the eye, passes through the retina, and, avoiding the line of

Eye of a Lynx. The arteries which supply the eyes of most animals with blood, are said to shake the magnifiers a little by their pulsations, so as to cause slight movements of the image on the retina. The eyes of the Lynx, and his congeners, show an extraordinary subdivision of the bloodvessels into many ramifications; and it is concluded, that the object of this is, to prevent the throbbings, and allow the magnifier to remain perfecuy motionless.

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