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that this simple device conveyed the only encouraging idea connected with a future state, which I saw among all the relics of heathen Rome. We, who have something in the word of God more direct and certain than the mere analogy of nature, may yet do well to allow those striking phenomina in the inferior tribes, to direct our attention more frequently to the important truths of which they seem the shadows, and to the more full and authenticated testimonials with which we are fur. nished.

Whatever be the form of a chrysalis, it is usually covered with a thin, but horny skin, and contains the parts of the winged insect to which it is soon to give birth. On close ex. amination, at some stage of its existence, the eyes, wings, legs and form of the butterfly may be perceived, with more or less distinctDess, through the covering ; but the members are packed away in a constrained posi. tion, though even some of the tinges of color may be discovered. Swammerdam proved more than this-viz, that the butterfly exists in the caterpillar itself; and there its form may be observed, especially about the time when the laiter changes its skin, though so delicate are the outlines of the wings and other parts, that they cannot be separated without the greatest care. He wrote a long memoir on this subject, entitled “ An animal within an animal.”

A few facts relating to chrysalides, may be easily remembered, and should be familiar to us all :

Ist. The place which they hold in the reg. ular series of insect transformations, spoken of before.

2d. The general distinction between the chrysalides of the butterflies (or day-flyers) and the millers and sphinxes, (or evening and night-flyers,)-viz. that the former are angular and the latter smoothly rounded.The chrysalis above given is angular, and that of a butterfly.

3d. That each species has something pecu. liar in the form, color, position or fastening of its chrysalis, by which a scientific eye may detect it. Some hang by a slender thread, some are fastened in a leaning position to a twig, by a band strangely passed around ih m both-a process, like all others of the class performed without hands, and apparently by an animal un provided with the necessary means, although delicate as is the operation, and performed but once by each individual, it is always perfectly performed.

From the contemplation of such facts, who can turn without a new feeling of admiration of the Creator, or a new tribute of praise to his incomprehensible greatness and wisdom ?

and considerable decrease in the number of ships visiting that port-a falling off which they cannot account for, except that it be caused through the interference of Government.-- This notion having got possession of their minds, they have declared war against the British flag, and a chief of the name of Heki, a ringleader, prior to the 11th March, had iwice succeeded in cutting down the flagstaff, which was a third time ordered to be erected again by the Government, and fifiy soldiers, accompanied by her Majesty's ship Hazard, of eighteen.guns, sent to protect it ; these forces were assisted by the inhabitants enrolled as special constables. The town was allacked by the natives at daylight on the morning of the 11th, who succeeded in driving the whole European population from the settlement, and compelling them to take refuge on board the ships in the harbor, making their escape with but little more than what they had on their backs. The town, being entirely in the hands of the natives, was plundered of every thing, and property amounting to £30,000, has fallen into the bands of the savages. The loss of life on tbe part of Europeans was not great-ten in number killed, and fifteen wounded. Amongst the latter is Capt. Robertson, of the ship Hazard, who is dangerously wounded, having four musket balls in his legs and arm. This gallant officer, with about thirty men, most nobly, and with the most exemplary courage, resisted the combined attack of about 400 well armed savages, and had actually repulsed and beaten them back, when he got severely wounded, and fell: The fate of ihe day was decided against the Europeans, by a body of natives, with Heki at their head, having sur. prised and taken a muskel-proof block house, which stood close by the flagstaff. The gov. ernor, (Capt. Fitzroy,) anticipating native disturbances, wrote to Sydney for troops about two months ago, but, unfortunately, they did not arrive here until the 23d. At present there is not a sufficient force in the colony to retake the settlement at the Bay.

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CHIMES OF THE TRINITY CHURCH.-- There are to be nine bells, three of them are old ones, belonging to the Church. The remainder are to be cast in England, for a full peal, tuned and tunable for chiming. The True S Sun says:

" Forks have been received from there, { which are voiced, or pitched to these bellsand those to be sent are to be tuned 10 :he forks, to accord with those here. Dr. Hodg. es, an English organist and music doctor, is training sixteen boys in singing, for the Trinity churches, eight for Trinity and four each for St. Paul's and St. John's-10 sing sopra. no and alio, men, of course, singing the bass and tenor. Female singers are to be entirely dispensed with. This is in imitation of the Cathedrals of the Church of England.”

INSURRECTION IN New ZEALAND.-Accounts have been received from Auckland to the 27th March. The aborigines about the Bay of ls.

lands have larterly been getting discontented, s in consequence of the falling off in trades

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SE AMEN'S CHAPEL, HONOLULU. The American Seamen's Friend Society erected this chapel in the s purchased, in part, in the United States, in the summer of 1831, and year 1833; and have a chaplain stationed there, whose attration is were freighted to the island, free of expense, through the liberality devoted to the class of visitants.

of several ship.owners and ship-masters in New-London and The materials for this building, says the Sailor's Magazine, were 3 Norwich.

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THE AMERICAN PENNY MAGAZINE.

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THE HUMAN EYE. The Parts of the Human Eye.

CASE. a Cornea 6 Sclerotic. REGULATORS. c Curtain d Ad: Muscles f Ad: Leaves MAGNIFIERS. g Principal Magnifier

The Cornea, a, is the hard, convex, transparent covering of the middle part of the eye seen in front. It covers the iris and the pupil. It is the first magnifier, being a perfect lens. Behind it is a bag of water, shaped nearly like it, which is the 2d. magni

The Selerotic coat, b, is the white, tough and smooth skin which covers the entire eye. ball, except the cornea. We see the forepart of it, and call it the white of the eye.

The adjusting muscles, d, ff, act for the same purpose as those of animals described on pages 356, 394 and 408.

g is the principal magnifier, or crystalline lens, composed of numerous coats, formed of fibres, which are niore compact towards the centre.

Behind this is another collection of water, which serves as the fourth magnifier, but divided by numerous skins.

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Having, in the six last numbers of this magazine, given drawings and descriptions of some parts of the mechanism of eyes in certain brules, we have reason to presume that some of our readers must feel prepared to at: tend with more interest than before to the curious, delicate, and complex organs of sight which they bear in their own heads, which they use with such frequency and efficiency, which are so essential to their happiness and usefulness, by means of which, alone, they have obtained every idea they ever possessed of color, and almost all their conceptions of form, size, and distance, which now enables them to read this page. Let it not be said of us, that we never shall learn properly to value our eyes, or to be grateful for their possession until we are deprived of their use.

We find in Dr. Wallis's treatise on the eye, the above view of the parts of the human eye, each being represented as if separate, turned upward, and viewed sidewise.

- For the American Penny Magazine.

WILLIAM, THE CONQUERER.

The following sketch of the personal appearance and character of William of Normandy, who conquered England in the year 1066, is taken from Sir William Temple's Introduction to the History of England, a rare old book, published in 1695 :

"WILLIAM, surnamed the Conquerer, was of the tallest statute among those common in his age and country; his size large, and his body strong built, but well proportioned ; his strength such as few of his Court could draw his bow. His health was great and constant, which made him very active in his business and his pleasures, till about the decline of his age, he grew something corpulent ; from all which, I suppose, came the story in some Norman writers that he was eight feet high, or the size of Hercules.

As he was of goodly personage, so his face was lovely, but of a masculine beauty, the loins being strong rather than delicate, his eyes were quick and lively, but when moved, something fierce; his complexion sanguine, his countenance very pleasant, when he was gay and familiar; when he was serious something severe.

His pastimes were chiefly hunting and feasting; in the first, he spent much time, used great exercise, and yet much modera. tion of diet ; in his feasts, which were de. signed for magnificence or conversation, to know or to be known among his nobles, and not for luxury; he was courteous, affable, familiar, and often pleasant, and which made him the more so to his company, was easy at those times in granting suits and pardons.

It is by all agreed, that he was chaste and temperate, which, with a happy constitution and much exercise preserved not only biss health, but vigor to the last decline of his age.

He was of sound natural sense, and showed

3 it not only in his own conduct and reasoning

upon all great occasions, but also in the choice of his ministers and friends, wherein no prince was happier or wiser than he.

He talked little, never vaunted, observed much, was very secret, and used only Sanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, with an universal confidence, both as a counsellor and a friend, to whom he was ever meek and gentle, though to others something austere, as if this conqueror had been himself subdued by the wisdom and virtue of that excellent man.

In his purposes he was steady, but not obstinate, and though constant to his ends, yet applicable to occasions, as appeared by his favoring and trusting the Normans in his troubles of England, and the English in those of

Normandy; and was either very wise or very s happy in the arts of gaining enemies and re

taining friends, having never lost but one,

which was Fitz Auber. S . He was a prince deep in his designs, bold

in his enterprises, firm in his prosecution, excelling in the order and discipline of his ar. mies, and choice in his officers, both of his army and his state; but admirable in expedition and dispatch of civil as well as military affairs; never deferring till to-morrow, what should be done to-day.

Above all, he was careful and prudent in the management of his treasure, proportioning always the expenses of his gifts, his buildings and his enterprises to the treasure he was

master of for defraying them, and thereby } compassing all he seemed to design.

He was religious in frequenting divine service, giving much alms, building abbeys and endowing them, sending presents of crosses of gold, rich vestures and plate to many other churches, and much treasure to Rome.

He was a great lover of learning, and though he despised the loose, ignorant Saxon clergy he found in England, yet he took care and pleasure to fill ecclesiastical dignilies with persons of great worth and learning from abroad, as Sanfranc, Durand, Ansclom, with many more.

He was a lover of virtue in others, and hater of vice, and by the consent of all wri. ters and the most partial or malicious to his memory, as well as others, he is agreed to have ben a prince of great strength, wisdom, courage, clemency, magnificence, wit, cour. tesy, charity, temperance, and piety. This short character, and by all agreed, is enough 10 vindicate the memory of this noble prince and famous conqueror, from the aspersions or detractions of several malicious or partial authors, who have more unfaithfully represent. ed his Reign, than any other period of Eng. lish History."

The above sketch by Sir William Temple, will be considered by many as much too favorable a view of the character of the conqueror, and most Americans, who have Anglo-Saxon blood in their veins, will agree with Mr. Sullivan, who, in his Historical causes and effects, considers William as a barbarian

and tyrant, although, as he remarks, "a very 3 able man for the day in which he appeared, whether as a civil ruler or military chief; no doubt the most capable and successful monarch of that age. So far as can be discerned, in looking back through the obscurity of ages, it was a grievous and unmitigated misfortune to the Saxon race, to England, and to the civilized world, that William, the Conqueror, had not been conquered and slain himself, instead of Harold, at the battle of Hastings.”

To show the descent of Queen Victoria from William, the Conqueror, we have prepared the following table, which furnishes genea. logical information not readily obtained, and we doubt not will be gratifying to the curious as well as interesting to most of our readers. 3 Lineal descent of the present Royal Family of Great Brilain, from WILLIAM, the Con. queror. *

GENERATIONS. 1. William I, the Conqueror, ascended the throne of England in 1066.

2. Heory I, son of William I, succeeded his brother William II, 1100.

3. Matilda, daughter of Henry I, married Geoffrey Plantagenet, a Frenchman.

4. Henry II, son of Matilda by Plantagenet, crowned 1154.

5. John, son of Henry II, crowned 1199.
6. Henry III, son of John, crowned 1216.

7. Edward I, son of Henry III, crowned} 1272.

8. Edward II, son of Edward I, crowned 1307.

9. Edward III, son of Edward II, crowned 1327.

10. Lionel, Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III.

11. Philippa, (daughter of Lionel,) mar. ried Earl of March.

12. Roger Mortimer, (son of Philippa,) Earl of March.

13. Anna Mortimer, (his daughter,) mar. ? ried Richard, Duke of York.

14. Edward IV, (son of the last) crowned 1461.

15. Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV, married Henry VII, of Lancaster, who ascended the throne in 1485.

16. Margaret, daughter of Henry VII and Elizabeth, married James IV, King of Scot- { land.

17. James V, King of Scotland, son of James IV and Margaret.

18. Mary, Queen of Scots, daughter of ? James V, married Darnley, a Scotch noble. man.

19. James I of England and VI of Scotland, son of Mary by Darnley, of the house of Stuart, ascended the throne of England 1603.

20. Elizabeth, daughter of James I, mar-} ried the Elector Palatine of Germany.

21. Sophia, daughter of Elizabeth, married the Elector of Hanover.

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