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First entered a very beautiful lady magnific 5 cently dressed in cluih of gold, adorned with s jewels, and a crown on her head, singing her speech with a charming voice and agreeable motion of the body, playing with her hands, in one of which she held a fan. The prologue thus performed, the play followed, ihe story of which turned upon a Chinese emperor long since dead, who had behaved himself well towards his country, and in honor of whose memory the play was written. Sometimes he appeared in royal robes, with a flat ivory sceptre in his hand, and sometimes his ofli. cers showed themselves with ensigns, arms, and drums, &c.

Some of their stage pieces are no doubt of a vulgar and indecent description ; but these

in general constitute the amusement of a par} ticular class of society, and are generally adapŞted to the taste of those who call for ihem at

private entertainments, as already noticed.-
A list of the plays which the company of ac-
tors is prepared to represent, is handed to the
principal guest, who makes his selection in
the way most likely to be agreeable to the
audience.

The first specimen of a play was translated
into French by the Jesuit Premare, who al.
though actually residing at Peking, and a
most accomplished Chinese scholar, (as ap.
pears from his Nolitia Lingua Sinicæ,) did
not give more than the prose parts, leaving
out ihe lyrical portions, or those which are
sung to music, because, as he observes, they
are full of allusions to things un familiar to us,
and figures of speech very difficult for us to
observe." Voltaire made Prèmare's transla-
tion of the Orphan of Chaou the grouodwork
of one of his best tragedies, L'Orphelin de la
Chine : it is founded on an event which oc-
curred about a hundred years before the birth
of Confucius. In this plot, Dr. Hurd remarked
a near resemblance in many points to that of
the Electra of Sophocles, where the young
Orestes is reared by his pædagogus, or tutor,
until he is old enough io enact summary jus.
tice on the murderers of his father Agamemn-
non.

It would be easy to point out a number of instances in which the management of the Chinese plays assimilares them very remarkably to ihai of the Greek drama; and they may both be considered as originals, while the theatres of most other nations are copies. The first person who enters, generally intro. duces himself to the audience exacıly in the same way, and states briefly the opening circumstances of the action. The occasional, though not very frequent or outrageous violation of the unities in the Chinese drama, may easily be matched in most other languages, and examples of the same occur even in some of ihe thiriy-three Greek tragedies that remain to us; for the unity of action is not observed in the Hercules furens of Euripides ;-nor ibat of lime in the Agamemnon of Æschylus, Trachynians of Sophocles, and the Sup. } pliants of Euripides; nor that of place in the

Eumenides of Æschylus. The unimportance however, of a rigid attention to these famous unities has long since been determined, and it is admitted that even Aristotle, to whom they have all been attributed, mentions only that of action at length, merely hints at that of time, and of place says nothing what. ever.

Prèmare's specimen of the Chinese stage was followed, at the distance of about a century, by the translation of the “Heir in Old Age,” which is in fact a comedy from the ? same collection (the Hundred plays of Yuen)? that had afforded the former sample. In this the translator supplied, for the first time, the lyrical or operatic portions which are sung to music, as well as the prose dialogue, having endeavored, as he observes in the introduc-> tion, “10 render both into English in such a manner as would best convey the spirit of the original, without departing far from its literal meaning.” The “Heir in old Age” serves to illustrate some very important points connected with ihe Chinese character and cus. toms. It shows the consequence which they attach to the due performance of the oblations at the tombs of departed ancestors, as well as to the leaving male representatives, who may conținue them; and at the same time describes the ceremonies at the tombs very exactly in detail. The play shows the handmaid is merely a domestic slave, and that both her. self and offspring belong to the wife, properly so called, of which a man can legally have } only one.

We have given these remarks on the Chinese theatre, not for the purpose of commending the stage as it exists, or ever has existed in that or any other country. In our own view, notwithstanding the apologies and the defence often made in its favor, it is one of those modes of self-delusion by which the ? mind of man, when dissatisfied with his own character and prospects, or with the allotments of Providence designed for his correction and improvement, seeks to withdraws from them to regions of fancy where he may lose his buriben for a time. “If man were happy, revellings would cease.”

The theatre always strikes us like a splendid quack shop, full of false medicines, and thronged with dupes, deluded to their ruin. The scene is the more sad io an intelligents and philanthropic eye, because something more imporiant than the healih is involved. ?

Unparalled Mental Operations. The following unparalled mental operations in Arithmetic, by Mr. Abram Hagaman of s Brighton, Monoe County, N, Y., have been so exiraordinary and remarkable that the wri. ter would mosi respectfully solicit a place for them in the Tribune. The following are the

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{ multiplications mentally performed by Mr. H.

or in his head, as the common phrase is, se lected with much care and attention, with particular reference to the time of performing

each : s 1st-987654 X345678=341,410,259,412.

2d-9753214 > 2345679 = 22,877,899,509,092.

3d-46375619 54625125=2,533,273,984,827,375.

416–123456789 ~ 123456789=15,241,578,750,190,521.

51h-9615324516 4256484144 = 40,927,3 476,341,768,474,204.

6b_82527613529 49243126216= 4,063,< 917,606,736,202,647,264. 3 71h-951427523675 181324256141=460,799,427.678,822,324,209,200.

816831532463519 043234375246 = 534,3 870,264,669411,251,650.674.

9h-648728418968 * 421875625125=273,682,706,444,726,657,121,000.

The first, second, third and fourth examples he accomplished in from one and a half to iwo hours ; fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth exam. ples from two to three hours. The ninth examples he actually accomplished in less than one hour, owing to the favorable nature of the multiplier (421675625125). Here it will be seen Mr. H. has multiplied twelve places of figures by twelve places, showing a most powerful strength of memory, to carry out and retain a result of such vast magniiude “in the head" alone. This, we believe, is the greatest mental accomplishment in numbers on re. cord. Colburn, it is said, in his best days, could multiply but five or six. Mr. H. has given his attention mostly to mathematical studies for more than thirty years, in solving abiruse and difficult questions in the various branches of mathematics, though it was hut very recently that he commenced his mental operations. Mr. H. has been an invalid for the last fourteen years of his life, during which time he has been confined to his room

-yet so strong is his attachment to mathemalical studies, that his friends can scarcely prevail upon him to forego it even for one day. -N. Y. Tribune.

integrity ; to science the most enlightened minds; 10 literature the purest and lofliest devotion; and diffused over our whole country an influence so extensive in its ramifications, and so stupendous in their moral, social, political and religious results, that they are beyond the reach of human computation.

What has the “ North Carolina " battleship achieved, and what is it proposed she shall accomplish ? A proud monument of human skill, she lies upon the bosom of the waters a useless enginc of modern warfare. Garrisoned by nearly eight handred men and officers, the cost for her support, in addition to the original outlay of half a million, is enor. mous. Well, when put to her legitimate uses, does she spread knowledge instead of diffusing ignorance; cultivate peace instead of discord; carry over the bosom of the ocean the blessings of civilization: or is her path stained with blood? These are mere briet suggestions, which if amplified would fill vol. umes ; but they may afford copious reflection for intelligent readers, who choose to run out the parallel.

Some months since a Paixhan shell exploded accidentally in one of the streets of New York. It instantly kiiled two or three indi. viduals, dreadfully mutilated others, and spread horror and consternation over a populous neighborhood. The newspapers were full of lamentations, and the pulpii depreca. ted the awful consequences of such a terrific explosion. But this desiructive engine of war only accomplished the purpose for which it was designed, and slaughiered only a fractional part of the number it was intended to kill! Ships of war, Paixhau guns, and ex. plosive shells are designed to murder men by wholesale, but when one is accidentally slaughiered by these terrific implements, how long and loud are public lamentations. War is the device of corrupt and perfidious men -Peace the attribute of God.

[New Haven Paper.

COST OF WAR AND ITS INHUMANITY.

The line-of-battle-ship North Carolina, which lies at anchor in the harbor of New York, doubtless has cost more money ihan all the donations made to Yale College, and the entire lunds invested in its erection, since the instirution was founded. What a fruitful topic of reflection is War-iis demoralizing in. fluences, its flagrant waste of human life, and its enormous expenditure of money, a direct tax upon the toil of the people!

What has Yale College accomplished ?-It has filled the land with educated men and scholars; spread over every portion of this vas: Union learned divines, lawyers, physicians, scholars, statesmen. It has given to the rising generation its instructors; to com. merce and the aris, men of intelligence and

Gaming for Amusement, Mr. Green, in his remarks upon the socalled “gaming for amusement," tells an incident, the substance of which we will try to give:

In 1836, Mr. G. went down the Mississippi, on his way to New Orleans. The boal the Mediterranean) was a splendid one, and had a large number of passengers, among whom were many gamblers. They entertained themselves by playing, but the pigeons were scarce. The boat arrived at Memphis, and rounded 10, touched at the wharf boat.Among those who stepped aboard was a young man apparently of about eighteen> years. Green saw him enter the cabin, and noied the genieel stranger; the flash of his eye, and the elegance of his exterior, told him that he was full of fire and enthusiasm, fond? of excitement and perhaps fond of play. He approached him and asked him if he played.? “I have occasionally played whist, and a few other games, nierely for amusement at home and in the rooms of the college." " Will you take a hand with us at whist?"The other assented and sat down with three “ sporting genis," whom he did not suspect to be gamisters. They shuffled, dealt and played, and soon concluded io stake a quarter a corner, and make the play more interesting. They increased the bets : They ran from the insignificant quarter to five dollars a piece. The young collegian became excited and played wiih great warmth. They changed ihe game; whist was too long and dull. Brag was the game. This furnished a fine field for doubling bets. The young man was now playing high, but he lost more than he won. He had taken his pocket book out and from time to time lost from it, already about two thousand dollars. It was empiy. He repaired to his staleroom, took a package of several thousands, and broughi to the table. Brag was resumed ; the passion for the game was now at its food in the young man. His excitement was intense. The blue veins of his temple throbbed and swelled almost 10 bursting. His spirited eyes flashed and his cheeks were flushed and hot. Yet he did not retrieve a single dollar, he lost, ever lost:

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The victim was drunk with excitement; he played without reason, and was almost blooded with madness at his losses. The pigeon was getting well plucked. He had laid four hun. dred upon the table ; 'twas bis bet upon his hand. The clerk entered the cabin, and annonnced their arrival at Helena, where the stranger was to land, and advised him 10 step to the lower guard if he would be ready. He jumped up, left his bet upon the cloth, and repaired to the lower guard.

He changed his mind. He had a faint hope of retrieving; he would go back and play on. He returned, the boat resumed her course, and he sat down to play. Before morning he had not a cent of money; every dollar lost. They arrived at New Orleans, and the three gamsters left the boat and divided the spoils. They amounted 10 $1,500 a piece. Mr. Green met the young man three days after in the street. He was an altered man. His eye was sickly, bis cheek was thin, haggard and very pale; he looked like a man who had not slept for three days and nights. His gold watch was absent, and the diamond pin he had sported before. “You have not left the city yet?" said Mr. G. No, I am unable 10 do so for want of money. My watch and diamond pin I have pledged for a trifle to the pawn-broker, I would go if I could bor. row the nieans. Can you let me have two hundred and fifiy ?"- Mr. G.-saw he was under an impulse he could not account for ; the horrid change in his appearance, the ut. ier desolation which his loss had worked upon the young man siruck him, but the gambler bkes not to look upon the poor victim of his devilish arts. He gave him the money to rid himself of the face that would haunt him.

The young man turned upon his heel, and never saw him again. Two years after, Mr. G. was sitting in the Louisville Hotel. An old man entered and asked him if his name was Green. “It is." He then recounted to Mr. G. the circumstances of that night, and asked him if he had met the young man since. “No sir !” “Don't tell me, no," said the old man, “ don't tell me, no; tell me where he is.” “I assure you, sir, I have never seen him since," said Mr. G. The old man burst inio tears. “He was my son, sir. That was the last we've heard of him ever since, for two long years, not a word can I hear, not a single trace of him throughout the land ! Tell me where, or how I can find word of him." The old man's grief was overpower. ing and Green could not give him a single hope.

The subject did not recur to his mind till 3 years afier; not will aller he had reformed. Mr. Green was a passenger on a boat bound from Cincinnati to Maysville. He there tell 3 into conversation with a lady, whom he found to have great aversion 10 gaming. She told him thai during the younger years of her boys, they had been in ine habit of playing whist at home with their parents for amusement. That in '36 her husband went to Arkansas to buy land. Her oldest son had just > returned from college. Wishing to transmit a large sum of nopey to her husband he was despatched with it; ihat be fell among gamblers on the river and was feeced out of every dollar. 'I hey had never heard of him. It has broken ihe heart of every member of the family. The young man's oldest sister had died a lunatic, another was an inmate of the Insane Asylum at Maysville. His brother had lost bis reason, and was dragging out a poor lunatic's existence. The facher, after two or three years travel through the United Staies and Texas in search of his abandoned boy, had finally dissipaled his property, and died a drunkard's deaih.

Her own grey hairs were also nearly brought with sorrow to the grave. She was dependent upon charity for support. All:the wreck of mind and happiness, the loss of her dear boy, the death of her husband, the insanity of her children, she attribuied entirely lo ihese first parlor games for amusement.

Verily, it is true, that there is a fascination in this gaming, that if one but wet the soles of his shoes in the margin of the stream, he will be drawn into iis irresistible current, and be carried away to irrevocable ruin.- Western paper.

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Senate. A graphic account of this hazardous exploit, from the pen of Dr. Caruthers, has been long before ihe world. Nevertheless, many persons who have visited the Bridge, have regarded the story as fabulous, deeming the achievement absolutely impossible. lt will be seen, however, by the following brief narrative, with which we have been kindly furnished from an authentic source, that the ascent has been a second time successfully achieved. Ceriainly he must have steady nerves and indomitable self-reliance who puts life and limb in such imminent peril:

REMARKABLE FEAT.-On Saturday, the 26th of July, there being besides myself, several guests at the tavern of Mr. Luster at the Na. Tural Bridge, we concluded to walk up and view that stupendous prodigy of nature, with wliich “nought made by tuman hands can vie," and accordingly, several of us repaired thither, and after being lost in enchantment for some considerable time in gazing upon the far famed attractions, we returned to a small house on the road side, between the bridge and the tavern, where we were favored with an old paper containing an account of the as. cension of the bridge by Mr. Piper, many years ago, from the pen of Dr. Caruthers. While some of us, entirely incredulous, were warmly discussing its title to credibility, we were suddenly interrupted by the cry, "Some one is climbing the bridge!" With the avid. ity of men anxious to maintain their opinion, until convinced of its falsity by occular demonstration, we immediately rushed en masse to the top of the bridge, still in wardly doubt. ing the possibility of what the next moment met our astonished sight; the ascension of the bridge! When we arrived there, we found two gentlemen on the bridge, who pointed us to Mr. Shaver, the hero of the occasion, standing at the distance of 170 feet from the ground, on a bench (as it is termed) apparently loo narrow to stand upon even without motion. From the tesumony of the gentlemen present, we learned that Mr. Sha. ver, passing by there in the morning, conclu. ded to attempt the ascension, merely (I sup. pose) to gratify his own curiosity or that of others. Without any preparation, he immediately commenced climbing directly under the well-known cedar stump, about ten or fifteen paces higher up the stream than the place from whence Mr. Piper is said to have started, and withal a nuch more difficult place to ascend, as any one may ascertain by examination. After going perpendicular about 30 feet, he came to a clump of bushes, where he rested a little, and proceeded on to another ledge protruding a little from the main body of rock ; thence directly up the steep and rugged ridge lying between the deep ravines on each side of the cedar swamp uniil he came to the bench where I first saw him.

While upon that bench which is about forty feet from the top, Mr. Shaver inscribed his name in very legible characters, which may be seen by any one from the top of the bridge.

S He then advanced up the stream, along the

very edge of the awful precipice that over. hangs the ravine, until he came around on the opposite side of the stump from where he started. He then came to the last ascent of any danger, and it was truly awful to see a $ man attempting to climb an overhanging cliff! at the distance of iso feet from the bottom of the dreadful abyss that yawned beneath him, while in ascending his back was in some measure downward, and he had moreover frequently to remove loose stones, in order to secure a hold for his hand. In making the first effort either his strengih or resolution failed him, and he returned to the bench and rested. My feelings at this moment were truly inde. scribable. To see a fellow being poised, as it were, between heaven and earth, with bare. ly a possibility of ascent or desceni, clinging? to the precarious shrubbery on the side of a lofty precipice, at the base of which I expec. ted every moment to see him dashed to atoms, produced a sensation I cannot describe. Some of the more cautious and prudent of the company proposed sending for ropes by which to draw him up; which was hardly possible under existing circumstances, as perhaps none of us had courage sufficient to venture down the ravine far enough to see him on the side where he then was. We were fearful even to speak to him. Nevertheless, afier divesi. ing himself of his boots, and swinging them around his neck with his handkerchief, he made the second effort, in which he happily succeeded amid our happiest congratulations. He was very pale, and in a perfect tremor when he arrived at the top, from which he had not entirely recovered before I took my leave.

The gentlemen present were Messrs. Ben. jamin A. Holmes, James Campbell, John G. Jefferson, Capt. James A. Gibson, Capt. Joel > Lackland, Claudius Tompkins, Jonn Luster, Albert H. Luster, S. H. Luster, and S. H. Carter--who will corroborate :he statement.

A fool-hardy and vain-glorious risk.-Ed. P. Magazine.

Manner of Threshing in Greece. It was now the middle of July, and the weather was becoming very hoi, so that I ? could not stir out in the middle of the day without my umberella ; but in the morning its was my practice to get up at five o'clock, and > stroll with Demotropolos to the columns of the Temple of Jupiter, where, seated on a cool pedestal, on the shady side of the colo? umns, I used to be much entertained at the industry of the Athenians; for all around the base of the columns, for at least one hundred yards, the Athenians have paved it with large stones, and they make use of it as a threshing floor.

Their mode of threshing is peculiar. They fix in the ground a large pott, which rises about five feet out of the ground, and to

this they fasten a long rope, nailed on at the S bottom. To this rope is attached twelve

John.

horses abreast; the rope leading to the hal. s ery, discharged a bomb and some rockets in ter of the nearest is about twenty feet, and the air, and surprised and astonished the Inanother shorter rope communicates to the dians exceedingly. halter of another horse, and so on, will all the Col. Kearney intended to go to the Chimney, horses are fastened in this manner, four feet thence to the South-pass, and from that point from each other, and all abreast.

to Fort William on the Arkansas. The driver then smacks his whip, and off

Whilst the traders were waiting at the Cethey bound over the corn strewed over their

dar Bluffs, 550 wagons of Oregon emigrants feet; the further horse being obliged to gal

passed them. They had gotten along very lop, while the nearer horse merely goes at a

well; the Pawnees had shot a few of their genile trot. In five or six minutes the nearest

caitle, and caught a few of their men strag. horse, by the coils of the rope round the post,

gling from camp, and had stripped them, but is drawn close to it; and no more rope re.

did no further injury. maining, they are all brought to a stand still. The horses are then unyoked, their heads

On the-day of June, the traders started turned the reverse way, and the horse which

from the Cedar Bluff's toward Missouri, with was previously the nearest, and who before 10 wagons, 123 packs of buffalo robes, and 6 only had to trot gently, is now placed farthest

packs of beaver, and came in rapidly without from the post, and forming the extremity of

difficulty. They met with no Indians, sa w the circumference, is, in his turn, obliged 10

plenty of buffalo, and came to the mouth of go full gallop, and in this manner the corn is

Kansas, 175 miles, in 28 days. On a part of threshed.

the route they were straitened for provi. This is certainly a most expeditious mode, sions. and in two or three hours the horses were un

Mr. Cabanne is behind on the Wapello, yoked, the stubble cleared away, and the which is aground.' When they left, there wheat was remaining on the stones. It is were 55 men at Fort Platte, and 35 at Fort afterwards swept together into an heap, and an upright screen is made use of, against

In the Indian country they fell in with Anwhich they dash the corn, the wheat falling

tonio Rubidoux, who had been trading with through, and the husks remaining outside.

the Snakes and Yulaws. He had with him The sitled wheat is then collecied, placed in

40 or fifty horses and mules, and seven or bags, and the horses are laden with it, and

eight thousand dollars worib of peliries. He carry it away wherever it may be desired.

had been successful in trading with the InI went repeatedly, during the latter end of

dians; the Yulaws had once robbed his fort July, to see this operation. There were

when left in the custody of some Spaniards, several large stacks of wheat piled around;

but they were generally very friendly with and one person had the use of each ihresh

him. He stopped with his brother at St. Jo. ing ground one morning, another the next;

seph.-Selecled. but the place was large enough for two or three similar operations to go on at the same time.-Cochran's Wanderings in Greece.)

He Never Speaks Kind 10 Me.-Conversing

the other day with an interesting little girl MOVEMENTS ON THE WESTERN MOUNTAINS between the age of six and seven, I look occaANONG THE FUR TRADERS.-The present, it sion to impress upon her mind the debt of appears, has been a very favorable year for gra:itude that was due from her to her own paobiaining robes and furs ;' the winter was rent whom every body loves. I was perfecta mild and there was very lilile snow. The ly thunderstruck with her answer. Looking company (a part of whom have arrived at St. me full in the face with her soft blue eyes, Louis under Mr. Viunet) had collected about? she replied, “He never speaks kind to me." } six hundred packs of buffalo rohes and a quan Perhaps the Christian failer, harassed with s tity of beaver; they started from Fort Lara. the cares of life, was unconscious that he had mie (the upper fort) with four Mackinaw roughly checked the fond attention of his boats and four hundred packs of buffalo robes, child; but could cares or the interruptions of and descended the Platte river about ninety his child, excuse unkindness or a total want miles, when the water became so low that of tokens of endearment? Will the fathers they were compelled to abandon their voyage; examine their habits on this point ?- Warsaw they landed their pelvies at the Cedar Bluffs,

Visitor. and sent back to the fort for wagons. .

Whilst there, Colonel Kearney with two s ENTERPRISE.-The schooner Francis Amy hundred and fifteen dragoons arrived on the arrived at Balumore on Monday, having on 171h of June. He sent out a deputation to a s board about twenty-five thousand dollars in Sioux village to invite the Indians to a talk. specie, recovered from the wreck of the SpanThe Sioux could not be found; he then went ish ship San Pedro, sunk on the Spanish Main. on to Fort Platte, (the lower fort,) and there This money, the Baltimore American says, is had the Sioux Indiaus assembled, held a talk the property of the “ San Pedro Company," with them, and entered into an agreement, of that ciiy, which a short time ago filied out ? or treaty with them to regulate their conducts an expeditic' to search the sunken ship by with the whites. He at night fired his artill. I means of a dirig bell.

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