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LIVING SKETCHES OF ITALY-NO.7.

The Jesuits in Rome.
By one of their late Pupils ]

The Jesuits were designated by Pope Paul III., “ Brachium sanctæ Sedis fortissimum," and are considered still as “the strongest arm of the holy See.” The present pope is their most devoted friend, and has given them great privileges, so that loud murmurs have been raised against him. He has given them several institutions. They have now in that city the Roman College, the House of the Professed, Sant Eusebio, the College of Propaganda, San Carlo Borromeo, La Vigna, and the institution of the ladies of the Sacred Heart, &c.

1. The Roman College. This has probably 4000 students or more. The students of divinity alone, we believe, amount to about 1200. Ciocci mentions one of the professors, Father Pernet. Our information fully confirms what Ciocci says in that place. He has told only the truth.

2. The House of the Professed is the head quarters of the General of the Jesuits, and also of the Gros Bonnets, as they are called in French. These are the Vicars, who represent different nations among which the Jesuits operale, in short, nearly the whole world. There are 12 or 13 of them, who form the General's Council.

3. Sant' Eusebio is the house of spiritual exercise. It is under the charge of Father Rossini, of the house of the princes of that name, and a connection of the Governor of Rome, whose palace is the Capitol, and who on public occasions, appears on the right hand of ihe pope. To this house of spiritual exerciscs, all the young men attending the Jesuit institutions are usually sent once in three weeks to spend a number of days in reading, meditation, and reflection. I have attended more than once. They have Loyola's book placed in their hands, in which they read a passage on some subject, written for the purpose of working strongly on the imagination and the fears or hopes of the young, after which they meditate in the soliiude and silence of their gloomy cells, with a human skull beside them, and then confess to, or con. verse with a Jesuit, who sifts them to the bottom, using all his arts to ascertain their thoughts, opinions, and inclinations, that he may decide what use to make of each. Afier confession they are left again alone, and usually find some gloomy or terrific picture on the table, calculated to deepen the impres. siops already made on their minds: as a per. son in hell for not following his vocalion, (ihat is, his call to be a Jesuii,) a man eaten by worms, with an inscription : "you will soon be like me ;" &c. &c. Ciocci says ihar be, on opening his bed one night by moonlight to go 10 rest, found a skeleton in it. I never found a skeleton in my bed, but I had frighiful pic. 3 tur. left on my table, &c., &c. At the closes

of the exercises, and before returning to the College, the young men are sometimes taken to the Church to hear a sermon on death, where they find a skeleton laid out before their eyes. This I have witnessed.

There is no uniformity in the private deal. ings of the Jesuits with their victims. They suit their enquiries, instructions, threats, and promises to the cases before them. They use ihe institution for the purpose of gaining an acquaintance with the youth, and a permanent and entire control over them for life. It is the place where they try their tools, and they show great skill in their management.Jesuits are like fish : you cannot catch them with hands.

The institution of Sant'Eusebio is only a distinct department of the Jesuit system. On account of the great number of their pupils in Rome, they find it convenient to have one large edifice, at a distance from the colleges, appropriated to the business above detailed. In other places they generally include this department under the same roof with the others. Each pupil pays about 62 cents a day for the interesting, pleasing, and sensible spiritual exercises at Sant'Eusebio. Monks attending have their expenses paid by their convents: for the Jesuits have such extensive connecuons and influence with other orders, that Sant'Eusebio is the general place of delivery for all young men receiving their education in the city of Rome, who ask counsel of any priest, show any disposition to doubt the doctrines they are taught, or to exercise a spirit of independence in any other form. They are despatched at once to the house of the spiritual exercises, and rarely if ever leave it, without being brought to real or apparent submission by deceit, or terror. The experience of the monk Ciocci, whose narrative, written since his esca pe to England, has produced so much excitement, corresponds so well with , facts within my own knowledge, that I have the fullest confidence in its accuracy.

The four great orders of Monks and priests of the present day, are the Dominicans, the Jesuits, the Franciscans, and the Augustinians. Each of these has a general, who siis near the pope. The Jesuits are priests—the others are monks.

The Franciscan order includes the Capuchins, whose founder was John de Capistrano.

From what has already been said of the Jesuiis in Rome, it may be presumed to be particularly important ibat we know someibing of their leaders. The Prefect of the Propaganda is Cardinal Prince Franzoni ; and be may with propriety be denominated the Pope of all anticaíholic countries. If an Englishman or a Norih American should go to Rome, expecting to find in the Vatican the man who directs and controls the operations of Rome in his country, he would be greatly mistaken. If he would find the head which plaus, and the band that moves the agents employed for Rome and Austria, he must go

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to the Propaganda, and be introduced to Car. dinal Franzoni, a Genoese prince, and brother of the Archbishop of Turin. He nominates all the bishops for the "uncatholic countries," and exercises an extensive sway over the largest part of the world. Of his disposition, some opinion may be formed from the fact, that an ecclesiastic lost his favor about the time of my residence in Rome, merely in consequence of expressing an interest in Bishop Rézé. His chaplain, Don Felippo, imitated the example of the Cardinal, and so did Ca. dolini, Archbishop of Edesse, late Archbishop of Spoletto.

The Jesuits have ariscn high and rapidly to power under the reign of the present pope, Gregory XVI. He has been so friendly to them, as to grant them extraordinary privileges, one of the chief of which is the entire control of the Propaganda, heretofore a kind of Union Seminary, directed by all the orders combined. This change, which was made in 1837, has excited remonstrances. The other institutions now under the Jesuits have al. ready been mentioned, as well as the fact that they have a control over all the institutions for education in Rome. But their pow. er is not limited there. So far have they insinuated themselves, that now it is quite in vain for any man to pretend to any public charge, office or employment without the recommendation of the Jesuits.

How far their influence is extended by their connection with the youth it would be diffi. cult to tell, and even to imagine. They resort to every mode to become thoroughly ac

quainted with the children, and through them s with their families. They will play childish

games, even marbles, with them, and having
gained the confidence and affection of their
ingenuous hearts, with the art and duplicity of
the old Serpent, they will draw facts from
their unsuspecting lips, which often criminate
their parents, and involve their families and
themselves in misery or suin. “My little boy,"
says the subtle, smiling disciple of Loyola,
while he stoops to mingle in some juvenile
game, "do you say pour prayers ?" "No sir,
not very often.” “Oh, you ought to pray to
the Virgin Mary, she is so amiable, such a
friend of children. Begin to-night.” Thus
he begins 10 make a young idolater, as the
first step towards making him a dupe and a
tool. “My dear litile boy, do you read any
pretty books at home?" Oh no sir; but my
father has some large ones he lets me look
at. They are French books, and I cant read
French." "Ah," says the Jesuit to himself
_"A-h! There is something to be enquired
into-write me down sometime the titles of
those books." “My dear little boy, do you
like to be in company? Do you love to have
strangers come to your house ?” “Sometimes
-we often have visitors." "Do you ? ltal.
ians I suppose.” “Yes sir, and sometimes
foreigners too.” “What people are they ?"
“Frenchman.” From that moment the fami.

ly is watched by spies ; for of all men in the sworid Rome is most apprehensive of French

men, whose liveliness, affability and independence of opinion are perhaps overrated, and certainly held in great dread by her agents.

An American gentleman once said to me: “I nad prejudices against the Jesuits ; but I have lalely seen some, and they are very mild, modest, courteous men, particularly fond of children. Why sir, they actually played marbles with the boys." "Ah, sir," replied I, "I have had too much opportunity to know them, and I have abundant reason for saying what I now tell you. Their fingers play ; but their heads and their hearts, you may rely upon it, are not playing. They are hard at work."

The Jesuits in their schools and colleges, make their pupils spies upon each oiher.While I was under their care they endeavored to make me a spy, and I soon found that another boy was a spy over me. When I became a student of divinity, I was morally forced to become a spy, as they taught me it . was a Christian duty to be one.

One of their greatest triumphs in Rome was gained by the Jesuits when they got possession of the Roman College of Santo Appollinari, from Cardinal Prince Odescalchi. He was then Vicar of Rome; when, by their machinations, they induced him to give up to them all his property, abandon his Cardinal's hat, and join their society, under the simple title of Father Charles. He left Rome, spent a year as novitiate in Ravenna, where is one of their two Italian novitiate institutions, (the other being in Rome,) and then went to Asia. I think he may be now in Armenia. .

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Characteristics of New England. I never visit New-England without meeting with confirmatory evidence of the practicals good sense of her people. This evidence exists in their industry, iheir frugality and their common sense virtues. It is evinced in their adherence, in a great degree, to their primitive habits and even their puritan princles.

In riding yesterday sixty miles through the Valley of the Connecticut River, I had an op- } portunity of seeing nature in all its loveliness. This Valley, eminently attractive in itself, bas been greatly adorned by art. Not as the nobleman adorns his domain or as the nabob embellishes his grounds, by splendid castles or towering mansions; but with richly cultivated fields, and neat, tasteful, comfort-imparting cottages, painted snow-white with green venetian blinds, shaded by honey-suckle or woodbine.

A New-England farmer brings up a family reputably, giving his children a good common school education, from land upon which a Western New-Yorker would starve. This is the result of the primitive habits and puritan principles to which I have referred. But New-England is not content with a mere competency. She is rapidly accumulazing wealth. The tariff of 1812 is showering gold into the lap of New-England. Every where, and in all aspects, their prosperity is apparent. Ten years of such enormous gains

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tion of many farmers, and must form a very considerable item in our list of exports. The eastern merchants, who have turned their attention to the development of the resources of this great valley, have seen that the time is at hand when the chief supply of this article must come from the west. The west must and will, at no distant day, supply all that is needed, either for the United States Navy or for American shipping. We have the soil, climate, labor, and every thing requisite to its production; the only thing in which we are deficient is the manner of handling and preparing it for market, and the condition in which it is sent to market. In this particu. lar there is much to be learned, and until those who have the preparation of it learn this, the hemp of the west will not occupy that position in the market, or bring the price which it should.

Below we give a circular from a large mercantile house in New York to their correspondent in this city, which embodies many suggestions which are worthy the attention of our farmers.-Mo. Repub.

the legitimate gains of capital, enterprise and s industry, with government protection-would enable our East to vie in riches with that ancient East of whose splendor we read. These “large profits,” these “ enormons divi. dends," which were shared, heretofore, in Sheffield, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, &c., are now divided in Lowell, Waltham and a thousand other American towns. The millions that went to England to make the rich of that country richer, and its poor poorer, now remain here to construct railroads, endow colleges, support asylums, build up cit. ies and villages, furnish employment and confer blessings and scalier bounties throughout our land. Is this wrong? Can sach a policy be bad ?

The village of Cabotville, four miles from Springfield, was a farm in 1832. It is now a large, well built, thriving village, with between two and three hundred brick factories, stores and mansions, and a population of 3,000. And all this is the result of regular business. Nothing has been forced. There are no speculative fancy men there.

Mouni Holyoke Female Academy, of which we have heard so much, is very charmingly situated in the town of South Hadley. The academy is an immense building, in which the pupils all reside. There were 280 young ladies at this academy during the last term.

Amherst college is also very pleasantly situated just where one might look for a seat of learning. But the towns which I admired most, in this day's ride, were Northampton on the west, and Northfield on the east side of the Connecticut. Each is beautiful in its way. The former is gently elevated-the latter upon a plain at the foot of a mountain, of unbroken surface, reaching for more than a mile through the broadest Avenue I ever saw, over which nature has spread a carpet of deep and most invitingly luxuriant green. The whole Avenue is shaded by noble elms. The foliage of both villages is rich and abundant.

Brattleborough is the southeasternmost town in Vermont. It is compactly built and surrounded by bold scenery. “It is a place of considerable manufacturing, and does a fair business in merchandise. Just now it is at. tracting visitors and patients to the “ WaterCure" Establishment. This place was selected on account of the pure and wholesome quality of its spring water. From our friend G. F. L., who is trying this remedy, I learned something of the ireatment. The establishment is conducted upon the Grafenberg plan. It is under the direction of Professor Wessel. hæft, a German, who is a highly educated man. There are about fifty patients here. They occupy two houses which join, the females being in one and the males in the other.

The most successful mode of preparing dew rotted hemp, would prove to be by "Thoroughly clearing it from tow and shives,” by hackling, and, for the past two years, his mode of preparation has been adopted to some extent in Kentucky and Missouri, and with success.

In the selection of hemp for hackling, we would advise taking good quality only; the first requisite being a fine clean staple, which is much more valuable for this purpose than coarse rough hemp; a bright fair color is also preferable when equal in other respects.

The result of hackling depends very much upon the selection of hemp, as, if the staple is coarse, or inferior, imperfectly rotted and cleaned, it will require a greater amount of labor, will suffer more loss in tow and shives, and when ready for market, will also be inferior in value. A good quality of hemp may be reduced in the process of hackling, advan. tageously, say 25 to 35 per cent., depending, however, entirely upon the order and condi. > tion of the hemp.

When hackled, it should be put up in hands, say of 8 to 12 lbs., tied firmly, at or near the root end, at full length, and in that order baled.

It is not so liable to damage in transportation, is exhibited to much better advantage when opened for sale, and it is the order in which Russia hemp is packed, which in all respects is taken as the standard. When hackled, or water rotled, the expense will be well repaid by covering the sides with wrappers, and allowing the ends lo remain open.

During the past two years we have very rega ularly obtained for dew rotted hemp 6c. à 6&c. per 1b. ; say $134 48 a $145 60 per ton, That these, or very nearly these rates may be obtained hereafter, we have much confidence, and unless a more generally successful method should in future be adopted, in water rotting,

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EXTENT OF THE OREGON TERRITORY.-On the east it skirts S00 miles along the Rocky Mountains, on the south 300 miles along the Snowy Mountains, on the west 700 miles along the Pacific Ocean, on the north 250 miles along the North American possessions of Russia and England. This area or immense valley contains 360,000 square miles

capable undoubtedly of forming seven states { as large as New York, or forty states of the

dimensions of Massachusetts. Some of the islands on the coast are very large-sufficient to form a state by themselves. These are situate north of the parallel of 48. Vancouver's Island, 260 miles in length and 50 in breadth, contains 12,000 square miles-an area larger than Massachusetts and Connecticut. Queen Charlotte's or rather Washing. ton Island, too, 150 miles in length and 30 in breadth, contains 4,000 square miles. On both of these immense islands, though they lie between the high parallels of 48 and 54 degrees, the soil is said to be well adapted to agriculture. The strails and circumjacent waters abound in fish of the finest quality. Coal of good quality, and other veins of min. erals, have been found.-Globe.

the district turned out to meet them in procession, with banners, presents, &c.

As they approached the pilgrims, they all chaunted, “0 pilgrims to the chamber of God! Have you seen the prophet of God ?" To which the pilgrims chaunted, in reply, “ We have seen him, and we have lef: him at Mecca. He prays, fasts, makes his ablutions, and reads ihe holy book of God!" The pilgrims were then embraced by their countrymen, and presents and hospitality were pressed upon them. The pilgrimage to Mecca occupies fifteen months, and is peculiarly dangerous from the great number of robbers on the route.

CHINESE RANSOM Money.-A fresh instalment of the Chinese Ransom money, which was brought to England by the Cambrian, arrived in London on the 4th of August.

The Emperor of Russia has given permission for the importation of corn, free of duty, during the whole of this year, in the ports of Riga, Pernau and Revel, in the Baltic.

RATHER LENGTHY.-It has been estimated that a quantity of spider's web, weighing a quarter of an ounce, would reach from London to Edinburgh, a distance of four hundred miles.

Attraction. If a dozen small pieces of cork be placed in a vessel of water, near the centre but a little distance apart, they will be seen to approach each other with constantly increased motion, until they meel, after which the whole will move towards the nearest side of the vessel.

From EUROPE.-By the steamer Caledonia, 3 which arrived at Boston, we have advices s from Liverpool to the 19th of August, and later advices from all parts of the world.

The prospect of a good harvest had improved.

The amount of specie in the Bank of Eng. land is no less than £16,000,000, an unusually large quantity.

Mr. McLane has delivered his credentials to the Queen, and Mr. Everett his letters of recall.

Parliament was prorogued on the 9th of August by the Queen in person.

The London Gazette of the 12th inst., contains an order of council-agreeably to the

act of 1844, for admitting sugar the growth 3 of free labor at a reduced rate of duty.

SYRIA.— A letter from Bey rout of July 12 says:- Although an armistice has been concluded, the Druses and the Christians still remain with arms in their hands, and occupy all the fortified points."

THE PILGRIMAGE AT MECCA.-From Africa s the news is of the usual character-crops Ş have been destroyed, flocks seized, tribes put ? to fight; but Abd-el Kader is as far from § being taken, and Algiers as far from being

tranquillised, as they were fifteen years ago. 3 A recent letter describes the return of a troop s of pilgrims from Mecca. All the people of

[MMENSE LOCOMOTIVE ESTABLISHMENT.-The London Mining Journal gives a brief descrip. tion of the gigantic locomotive establishment at St. Petersburgh, Russia, organized and directed by Messrs. Harrison & Eastwick, formerly of Philadelphia, in conjunction, we be. lieve, with Mr Winans of Baltimore. It characterizes it as "the most extraordinary, as well as gigantic establishment." It was called into operation to supply the large number of locomotives required for the great chain of railroads which the Emperor of Rus. sia has directed to be constructed, Major Whistler, a Bostonian, being chief engineer,) and it is so huge in dimensions that 3,500 operatives are employed in it. To keep order in this inixed mass of Americans, English, Scotch, Irish, Germans, and Russians, a company of soldiers is kept on duty in conjunction with a police force, whose duties are confined to the works. If the operatives are refracto. ry they are discharged, unless there happen to be Russians among them, and when any of these offend against the discipline of the place they are immmediately tied up to the triangles, soundly Hogsed, and sent to work again.--Philadelphia paper

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PO BTRY.

THE HAPPY FARMER. .

BY MRS. L. II. SIGOU'RNET.
Saw ye the farmer at his plough

As you were riding by ?
Or wearied 'neath his noon-day toil,

When summer suns were high?
And thought you that his lot was hard ?

And did you thank your God, That you, and yours, were not condemned

Thus like a slave to plod ?

Saxony, having rendered himself odious by liis proceedings against certain Reformed villages, the people having assenibled at liis palace, and sung Luther's favorite Psalm.

“Ein fester burg ist unser Gott," to the old Reformer's air, they were fired upon by the soldiers, and nine persons were killed, including two students of the Uni. versity. The students took arms, and the Duke lled.

In Prussia, the government have forbid. den the publication of anything relating to this whole subject.

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A SNAKE STORY.—The Clermont (Ohio) Courier gives an account of a very large snake in Hartman's mill-pond, on the east fork of the Little Miami, a short distance above Williamsburg. It has been frequently seen on rocks and in the water, and is 15 or 20 feet long, and as larges round as a common sized man. Jacob Sarber makes affidavit that he was fishing in the pond and heard dogs bark on the op. posite side, and immediately after saw some. thing swimming towards him, and when within twenty-five feet of him, it stopped and raised up two and a half feet out of water, the belly towards him. He then saw it was a snake, of gray appearance, ten or twelve inches through. It soon drew down its head, and in its motions ex. hibited about sixteen feet of its body from the head back! The Courier says that, with the evidence before it, it does not feel at liberty to regard this as any other than a well-established fact.

The Harvest-Giver is their friend,

The Maker of the soil, And earth, ihe mother, gives them bread,

And cheers their patient toil.
Come, join them round their wintry hearth,

Their heartfelt pleasures see,
And you can better judge how blest

The farmer's life may be.

RELIGIOUS DISTURBANCES IN GER

MANY.
At Posen, one of the leaders of the new
Anti-Romish party, was to preach, and the

Romanists held a grand procession. Se3 rious disturbances occurred, and the mili.

tary were called out. At Magdebur h, a church has been consecrated for the Reformers; and at Leipsic, they are so numerous, that they are obliged to meet in the open air.

At Halberstadt, on the 9th of August, a riot occurred after public service, and John Ronge, the leader of the new Reformation, addressed the populace from a balcony, con. cluding with these words: “Rome and her supremacy must fall-- Amen.” A man replied : “Not so soon as you," when he was assaulted, as well as his house. A band of cuirassiers cut down the populace, but some of them were dragged from their borses and wounded.

At Leipsic, on the 15th, Prince John of

THE AMERICAN PENNY MAGAZINE

AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER,

Edited by Theodore Dwight, Jr. Is published weekly, at the office of the New York Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 3 cents a number, (16 pagos large octavo,) or, to subscribers receiving it by mail, and paying in advance, $1 a year. The postage is now Free for this city, Brooklyn, Harlem, Newark, and all other places within 30 miles; only one cent a copy for other parts of the State, and other places within 100 miles ; and 1 1-2 cents for other parts of the Union. Persons forwarding the money for five copies, will receive a sixih gratis. The first half-yearly volume, of 416 pages, will soon be ready, b: und in muslin price $1-10 regular subscribers, 75 cents The work will foun a volume of 832 pages annually. Postmasters are authorized to remit money.

Enclose a One Dollar Bil', without payment of pog. tage, and the work will be sent for the year.

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