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creatures in finding their homes from the disrance of 25 miles at the rate of about a mile per minute. And not many weeks ago an account appeared in the papers of a bird arriving from Ichaboe, the lamed Guano depot on the coast of Africa, at the enor. mous distance of 4600 miles. The account sent us by Mr. Peacock is interesting, in so far as it gives a practical proof of the a . proach of a vessel beiny accidentally announced at the very port of her destination nine days before she arrived there, and from a distance of about 2,000 miles. The amusement of ihus sending off birds with such notices may be productive of benefit to trade; but while we point it out for the adoption of our nautical readers, we hope that we shall not be the means of bringing down acts of cruelly on the birds, whose powers of usefulness alone entitle ihem to kind treatment. Pacific Steam Navigation Co's Vessel

Chili, Arica, June 23d, 1845. On the 25th of May last, Capt. Farley, of the Ann Baldwin, lying the port of Iquique, (105 miles to the south ward of this,) observed a Cape pigeon flying about the bay with a piece of wood dangling from its neck, and sent the mate after it, who succeeded in capturing it by a blow with an oar without kil ing it, and having taken off the piece of wood, of which the fol. lowing is a copy. the bird was set at liberty again in conformity with the request written on the billet

BRIG

C A MANA,
I. HOODLESS, COMdr.,
Lat. 50 S., Long. 68 W.

? and afterwards inked over so that they had

not suffered in the least from exposure to the weather.

I should strongly recommend to all commanders of vessels this practice of billering Cape pigeons"; from the parallels of 25 to 60 degrees south they abound, and may be caught at any hour of the day or night required, by siinply towing a piece of twine with a cork at the end of it, in which they

entangle their wings, and it would only be S

an amusement to dispatch one every day at noon, with the ship's position, &c., as by this simple means vessels could be reporied;

for the birds, although encumbered still fol. 3

low in the tracks or wakes of vessels they meet with. I have seen more than one with a frill of red fannel round its neck, following the vessel I was on board of, al' though it had not been put on by any of our crew.

In a calm they may be caught by hand, by sprinkling a little fat over the side; in fact, by this mode you may single ont any 3 particular bird: for unlike any other of the feathered tribe, except the booby or pen. guin on shore, (or the former when roosting on the yards or rigging at night,) they will al:ow themselves to be captured two or three times consecutively, if not ill treated. I re. member an instance of this kind on board this steamer in the port of Copiapo ; a number of them had followed the vessel from off Valparaiso, and whilst at anchor some } of the passengers amused themselves by > catching these birds by hand, off the accom. 3 modation ladder, pulling a piece of cloth like a poncho over their heads, and letting them go again ; but, on sprinkling more fat over the side they still came back, and were caught a second time. They appear to have no fear, and on being taken, merely 3 utter a croaking sound like a young raven, and discharge from their beaks about a 3 teaspoonful of clear oil.

The Cape Pigeon is a very pretty bird ; it is mottled, black and white in the bends, the black spot being oval, all under the belly and wings it is white, the head and legs black. There is another variety of an ashr color without spots. They much resemble the common pigeon, but are not so large; they fly very swifily, without any apparent exertion, and seem never to rire ; for what. ever rate a vessel is sailing or steaming at, they fly across and across the wake, and follow day and night for hundreds of Jeagues. I have never met them north of the line.

Geo. PEACOCK, 1 (See No. 1. page 4th, of this Magazine.) {

ON THE REVERSE SIDE

" Allow the bearer to pass. May 1845.”

Capt. Farley on writing to his consignees at this port mentioned the circumstance, not knowing that the Camana was actually bound to Arica, and Capt. Hoodless, as may be supposed, was much astonished to find on his arrival nine days after the pigeon, that the messenger had taken so happy a direction in its flight. The piece of wood was given to me in Iquique to take down to Arica, and Capt. H. immediately recog. nized it as the same which he had fastened to the neck of a Cape pigeon off Cape Horn on the 5th of May, an entry of the circumstance having been made in the ship's log on that day by the mate. The inscriptions were etched in with a fork to the soft fir,

MISCELLANEOUS.

France. - The French papers contain

despatches from several General officers s Eruption of H LA-The Kjøbenhavn

co omanding in Algeria, which confirm the post, a Danish journal, gives the Elbwing

account previ usly published, that a detach. account of the new eruption of Mount

inent of 20 men had been compelled to sur. Hecla :--- llecla, afier reposing 80 years,

render to the troops f Abu-el. Kader. Those threatens, according 10 private letters, 10

despatches show that the writers were acravage leeland. In the night of the Ist of

tively engaged wih the Kabyles and A rabs, September, a frightful subterranean groan

but that shey were proceeding satisfacioing filled the inhabitants around it with ter

rily. Government was said to be in posBror. This continued till mid-day on the 21, }

session of letters from General Cavignac, when the mountain burst in two places with s

affirming that the insurrection was contined Š a horrible crash, and vomitied masses of 3

to the province of Oran, and that he had no Ş fire. In former times these explosions cames

alarm for the consequenc s. 3 from the summit, where Hecla has no regu

France has only about 200,000 persons <larly formed crater ; but this time orients S of lava flowed down two gorges on the

possessing ihe elective franchise; yet, ex.

clusive of the army and navy she has 376, { flanlis of the mountain.- Letters from Reik. jayfk ofthe 131h states that up to that day

483 employes paid by the budget. No coun

try in ihe world, with the exception per. no great damage had been done in the Sys

s sels of Rangervalla

haps of Spain, has so many persons em and Arnds, situated close to the mountain, inasmuch as the

ployed in the different departments of the openings whence the ignited masses issue

Government; bnt they are for the most

part wretchedly paid. 3 are fortunately on the north and north-west { sides, and consequently, took that direction, A letter from Madrid, in the Times of 3 in which there is nothing but barren hea. the 191h, dated October 7, affirms that the

ther. Besides, the wind having consequent. British Cabinet has formally notified those 3 ly blown from the south and south-west, of France and Spain that the Queen's sister

has driven the ashes and dust towards the cannot be allowed to marry the Duke de

opposite points. From the clouds of smoke Montpensier, the youngest son of Louis 3 and vapour the top of the volcano could not Phillipe. The Cabinets of Russia, Prus

be seen. The sheep on the heaihs were sja, Austria, and Portugal are declared 10 driven down on the plains, but not vill seve. be alike opposed to the marriage. Oudly ral of them were burnt. The waters of the enough, the same letter asserts that the al. neighboring rivers near the eruption be. liance was agreed on between Quecn Viccame so hot that the fish were killed, and it toria and King Louis Phillipe, during the was impossible for anyone to ford them last visit of the former at Fu. { even on horseback. Although the lava and

The Vintage IN PORTUGAL.–The Douashes took a northern direction, the erup

ro vintage is reported to be almost a com. {tion was not known on that side of the island 3 ill after the 11th, and even as late as the

plete failure this year, the grapes are rot

ten in some parts, and quite green in others, 151h the people of the Sysells of Mule in

owing to the variable weather during the the norih east were ignorant of it. In the

summer, and the late heavy rains. western parts, the noise accompanying the Seruption was distinctly heard, like the roll.

A vessel called the George Palmer, ar. ing of distant thunder. Nothing was heard )

į rived at Liverpool with a cargo of 200 tons at Beikiavik.

of guano, and 100 tons of substance which, Accounts from Copenhagen appear in ?

{ it is believed, is chrystalyzed ammonia. some degree to corroborate the statement The present Ho'ise of Commons may which is mentioned in the English papers, continue in being until the autumn of 1847, of the probability that a severe volcanic and from actual appearance, there is no reaeruption had occurred in Iceland. -Vessels son 10 suppose that it will be dissolved much recently arrived in Danish ports from the before that time. vicinity of that northern island appear at

The Hamburg Gazette states, from Riga, different periods to have been visited by

that the cholera has appeared in Livonia, showers of combustible matter, which can

and caused many deaths. in no other way be aocounted for; and di

Mrs. Fry, who for so many years devo. rect arrivals from Iceland are anxiously looked for.

ed her time and her purse 10 meliorate

the miseries of the innates of various Gold may be beat into leaves so thin that

prisons, died last month, afier a protracted 280,000 will be only an inch thick.

illness.

we

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JUVENILE DEPARTMENT.

THE SOLAN GOOSE, From Martin's Voyage to St. Kilda. The Solan go se equals a common goose in bigness. It is by measure from the tip of the bill to the extremity of the foot, thirtyfuur inches long, and io the end of the tail thirty-nine ; the wings extend very far, there being seventy-two inches distance belween the extreme tips; its bill is long, straight, of a dark color, a linile crooked at the point; behind the eyes the skin at the side of the head is bare of feathers, the ears small, the eyes hazel-colored ; il has four toes, the feet and legs black as far as they are bare; the plumage is that of a goose. The color of ihe old ones is white all over, excepring ihe extreme tip of the wings which are black, and the top of the head, which is yellow, as some think the effect of age. The young ones are of a dark brown color, turning while after they are a year old ; its egg is somewhat less than that of a land goose, small at each end, and casts a thick scarf, and has lillle or no yolk ; the inhabitants are accustomed to drink is raw, having from experience found it very pectoral and cephalic.

The Solan geese hatch by turns. When it returns from fishing il carries five or six her. rings in its gorgel, all entire and undigesied: upon its arrival at the nest, the hatching fowl put its head in the fisher's throai, and pulls out ihe fish with its bill as with a pin. cer, and that with a very great noise, which I had occasion frequently io observe. They contrue to pluck grass for their nests from their coming in March till the young fowl is

, Solan geese, though none of these kind are
{ used nearer than the isles twenty leagues
s

distant; this may happen either from the fish
pulling away the houks from those isles, and
ihen going to St. Kilda, or by their being car.

ried thither by the old geese.
s The Solan geese have always some of

their number keeping centry in the night, and
if they are surprised, as it often happens,
all the Hock are taken one after another; but
if the centinel be awake at the approach of >
the creeping fowlers, and hear a noise, it
cries sofily grog, grog, at which the Hocks
move noi; but in the centinel sees or hears
the fowler approaching, he cries bir, bir,
which should seem to import danger, since
immediately after the whole tribe lakes wing,
leaving the fowler alone on the rock, 10 re-
turn home, all his labor for that night being
spent in vain. Besides this way of stealing
upon them in the night time, ihey are also
catched in common gins of horse-hair, from
which they struggle less to extricate them-
selves than any other fowl, notwithstanding
their size and strength, they are also caught
in the herring loches with a board set on
purpose to Hoat above water, upon it a her-
ring is fixed, which the goose perceiving,
flies up to a competent heighi, iill finding
himself in a straight line above the fish, bends
his course perpendicularly, piercing the air
as an arrow from a bow, hits the board, intos
which he runs his bill with all his force, and
is irrecoverably taken.
Receipt No. 1 of the cook of the late Sir

Joseph Banks.

BOSTON PUDDING. Peel 1: dozen good apples, y take out the cores, cut them small, put them into a slew. pan, which will just hold them, with a lille water, and a lile cinnamon and cloves, and the peel of a lemon; slew over a slow lire

till quite soft, then sweeten with moist sugar, ?

and pass it through a hair sieve; a pound of
good butler, half a vulneg, the peel of a
lemon grated, and the juice of one lemon,
beat all well together; line the inside of thes
pie dish with good puff paste. Bake it half
an hour.

ASTKONOMICAL.-All the planets, except mercury, are now above our horizon at 7 in the evening, and four can be seen with the naked eye: Jupiter in the east, Mars in the Southeast, Saturn a few degrees farther west, and Venus in the Southwest. Between Jupiter and Mars, Herschel holds its course, but is not distinguishable without telescopic assistance.- Selected.

ing as the inhabitants take or leave the first or second eggs.

It is remarkable they never pluck grass but on a windy day; the reason the inhabitants give for this is, that a windy day is their vacation from fishing, and they bestow it upon this employment, which proves faial to many of them; sor afier their favjgue, they often fall asleep, and the inhabitants, taking the opportunity, are ready at band to knock them on the head. Their food is chiefly her. ring and mackarel. English hooks are often found in the stomachs of both young and old

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POETRY.

sympathies, her love and affeciions, these

Thoughts may seemn idle and visionary ; but For the American Penny Magazine.

they are sad, sober truths, and in a mourning When seated at life's banquet feast,

brother, one who has been brought to feel 100 Pleasures before us spread,

keenly the pangs of sundered ties of sisterly How oft intrudes that quiet guest,

affection, cannot doubt their reality. The mem'ry of ibe dead!

-Selected.) The dead, our long lost sleeping dead,

LAKE SUPERIOR MINES-A correspondent

of the Cleveland Herald wriles from the Sault
Dear friends once from us torn;
How rises each cold pillow'd head,

St. Marie as follows:-
With looks which once were worn!

“I have seen heading towards this mineral

region ex-Cabinet Ministers and Governors, How life-like are those pleasing smiles, Congressmen and Professors, Bankers and Those brilliant eyes, that seem

Capitalists, Adventurers, Woodmen and To pierce the heart that now beguiles

Miners; and I have seen them on their re'ts sorrows in the dream!

turn with their pockets full of rocks.'

That this region abounds in copper ore to an We turn with open arms to clasp;

inexhaustable extent, and of a quality vastly But effort breaks the charm;

superior to any elsewhere discovered, are not Oh God! eludes our searching grasp

maliers of conjecture. This is now positively That dear returning form!

known, and ibat gold and silver also abound,

recent explorations abundantly establish. In In vain we stifle tears that blind,

this greedy scramble for sudden wealth, in In vain we turn away,

which all inen are more or less inclined to 'Tis truth, 'tis mournful truth we find

engage, some will obtain it and others will In solemn stern array.

be disappointed. But the existence and lo

cality of this mineral wealth are no new dis. Ah thus we dream and thus we grieve, covery. In 16-0, Father Allouez beard of And thus we backward tread,

the existence of a “mass of pure copper' on As often comes, without our leave,

the Southern shore of Lake Superior, and The mem'ry of the dead.

searched for it.-And as early as 1721, says J. M. Charlevoix, the bracelets of the lodians, the

candlesticks, crosses and censors were inade A Home Without a Sister.

for the use of the Church, by a goldsmith at Who, that has been deprived of a sister,

the “ Sault," from the masses of pure copper can reflect upon the closing scenes of her

found on the shore of Lake Superior." mortal existence, without the deepest sorrow

SENDING ICE TO CHINA.— The ship Areatus, and sadness of heart ? A month, perhaps a

from Boston, for Hong Kong, carries out a short week since, and she was among the

cargo of ice, the first regular cargo, we beliving; there was the same cheerful counte

lieve, which has ever gone from this country nance; the same joyous spirit; the same care

to China. Ice honses have been set up at and thought for the interest of those whose

Hong-Kong, and arrangements made for the bappy lot it was to enjoy her society. But

reception and sale of American ice in the she is gone, and how sad the change! The

Celestial Empire. She Areatus takes out returning brother will meet no more her wel.

about 600 tons—all of it" Wenham Lake" ice. come smile. He visits the home of his child. hood with a heavy heart. He approaches the MANUFACTURES IN GEORGIA.—The Chalathreshold, and looks upon a stranger's coun hoochie has now in the course of erection on tenance; he listens, and a stranger's voice its banks several fine establishments. The falls upon his ear. He fancies, for once that Columbus Enquirer says :--The mannfacit is all a dream ; he passes from chamber 10 turing excitement is rather on the increase. chamber, seeking in vain for the departed one. She is not there! Oh! what agony tills his breast! what melancholy is resting upon his

THE AMERICAN PENNY MAGAZINE spirit! His once happy home has now no

AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER, charms, no conforts, no allurements for him.

With numerous Engravings.
" This is the desert, this the solitude :

Edited by Theodore Dwight, Jr.
The vale funeral, the sad cypress gloom."

i (s published weekly, at the office of the New York

Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 3 cents a number, (16 It may be an index of a weak mind in the

pagos large octavo,) or, to subscribers receiving it by opinion of some) to weep on such an occasion ;

mail, and paying in advance, $1 a year. but weeping is the readiest relief to a heart

6 sets for $5. S too full for utterance.

Back numbers supplied. No. 2 will be sent to sub“Flow forth afresh my tears."

scribers not yet furnished with it.

Postmasters are authorized to remit money.
To him who is still the recipient of a sis-3

Enclo e a One Dollar Bill, without payment of poss ster's kindness and attention; a sharer in het s tage, and the work will be sent for the year.

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FAMILY NEWSPAPER

AND

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THE CHINESE IMPERIAL CANAL.
This fine, spirited, and, we believe, correct view s into a city, under one of the handsome bridges
of the Grand Canal of China, presents an assemblage here and ihere to be met with in that country, and
of objects pleasing and useful as a study. We have s such as we have also described and depicted before,
the smooth surface of the water on the left, with one S (in No. 2, page 21.) The crowd of passengers on
of the boats we have before described, (see the 25th the bridge, pouring from the low arched gateway in
number of this magazine, page 385,) preparing to pass ? the city wall, indicate that it is on one of the great

$1 a Year, in Advance, by mail.

Price 3 CENTS, SINGLE, OR

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