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How the stocking ever got there we are 2 unable to say; but ihere it certainly was ; and such a laugh as followed, we hav'nt heard for many a day. Our friend, we know, has told the joke himself, and must pardon us for doing so.—Though this is all about a stocking, we assure our readers its is no “yarn."—N. 0. Picayune.

Large M ss of Native Copper and Silver.

While the rich ores of Lake Superior are s almost daily freighted to Boston, a rock of Metallic Copper and pure native Silver, weighing more than 1600 pounds, has found its way to New Haven. This specimen, is said far to surpass, in beauty of form and rich display of silver on its surface, the one removed from the west fork of Ontonogon ? River a few years since, by Mr. Eldred, at an expense of $5,000. It was discovered by an Indian, pamed 'Tousant Piquet, in the employ of Major J. B. Cambell, a few miles eastward of Elm River, on the Lake shore. Il bas, no doubt, for many years buffered the waves of this inland ocean. Notwithstanding it was found loose amidst an as. S semblage of porphyritic avd granite bowl. ders, lodged upon the sirala of red sand stone, dipping under the lake, still the adhesion of a portion of vein stone shows, evidently, that it was origina ly an inhabilant of the adjacent Elm River hills, where regular veins, exhibiting native copper in

place, may be seen, on lands secured by ? Messrs. Kinzie & Green. We are inform

ed by a gentleman, who has carefully ex-
plored the copper region, that these loose
masses of copper may be traced to their
parent veins of calcareous spar and anal.
cime in the conglomerate and red sand stone,
and of Prebnite, Laumonite, and Datholite
in the Trap. In this way, they become
leaders or guides to the mineral contenis of
this region, which promises soon to be the
United States what ihe Ural is to Russia-
the seat of prodigious industry, and the
source of inexhaustible mineral treasures.
-New Hampshire paper.

AN IMMENSE HORSE.-- Carter, the Lion
King, “ has purchased the largest horse in
England. He has named him General
Washington.'" He is twenty hands high,
and looks as large as an elephant. He is
beautifully dappled-his mane is nearly

four feet long; bis lail sweeps the ground; she is perfectly formed, and is regarded as

one of the finest specimens of the horse ever
seen in Great Britain. He is only six years
old; he will be exhibited shortly in London,
and then sent to the United States.



In the following article, taken from The
Gardiner's Chronicle, the writer contends
that the autumn season is best in England ;
yet we doubt whether his reasons will hold
good in the drier climate and more frosty
winters of this country; and we are still
of opinion that the months of May and June
are the best here for pruning peach as well
as all other trees. .

“ It is a well known fact that just before or just as the leaves are falling in autumn, when sufficient sap is in motion, and in its downward course, a more speedy and per. fect cicatrization will be effected than in spring. Those who have been in the habit of making cu'tings of shrubs, &c., well know that if the culings are put in early in autumn, success is beyond a doubt, but if s they are delavid until late in the season, or unuil spring, that failure is as certain. In the former case a callosiry is formed by the descending sap, and roots are eventually sent out, and a plant is established; in the latier, no cailosily is formed, and the cuving dies. It may be inferred from this, that the wounds are healed by the desce ding saps before the approach of winter; so much so, } that no moisture can enter from withoui, S and hence no injury can result from frost.

There is another important consideration which must not be overlooked in favor of autumn pruning. In many parts of Eng. land the young wood of the peach does not ripen 10 the extremities, more particularly in wet seasons, and the consequence is that early frosts rend the bark in all directions, the sap escapes, and the unripened part of the shoot dies. This is of common occur. rence. Were their shoots shortened in / autumn instead of in spring, just while there is action enough left to heal the wounds perfectly, the declining energy of the tree would be economised, for instead of being uselessly expended in assisting to repair ihe extremities of the shoots which are ultimately to be cut off, it would be husbanded in the paits left, which would of course be greatly strengthened. and the buds would also assume a prominent, healihy and vigorous appearance. I am strongly of opinion that autumn is decidedly the best time for pruning every kind of stone fruit. for the reasons I have advanced." --Selected.

The bones of birds are hollow, and filled with air instead of marrow.




This is one of the ingenious swallow tribe, numbers of which are not less remarkable for the singularity of the places they choose for their nesis, than for the peculiarity of the materials and forms of their nidification. Our bank swallows, the barn swallows and chimney swallows, are familiar to us from our childhood. In some other countries, varieties of the species present no less striking singularities. The following description of the bird and nests above depicted, wo borrow from Bona parle's American Ornithology, vol. 1. page 67.

The cliff-swallow (Hirundo fulva, ViilLOT,)is strikingly characterized by having an even and not a forked tail, like iis congeners. Instead of a white rump, like our windowswallow, it has an iron-brown one, and the same color, but of a darker shade, under the chin, where our chimney-swallow is red. The upper part of the body, however, has the same glossy violet black, and the wings the same deep brown as the former. “This active little bird,” says Bonaparie, “is, like its congeners, almost continually on the wing, and feeds on flies and other insects while per.

forming its ærial evolutions. Iis nole is dif3 ferent from that of other swallows, and may

be well imitated by rubbing a moistened cork around the neck of a bolile. The species arrive in the west, from the south, early in April, and immediately begin to consiruct

their symmetrical nests, which are perfected 3 by their united and industrious efforts. At

the dawn of day they conimence their labors

by collecting the necessary mud from the bor. ? ders of ihe rivers and ponds adjacent, and

they persevere in their work until near midday, when they relinquish it for some hours, and amuse themselves by sporting in the air, pursuing insects, &c. As soon as the nesi acquires the requisite firmness, it is completed, and the female begins to deposite her eggs, four in number, which are white spotted with dusky brown. The nesis are extremely friable, and will readily crumble to pieces;

they are assembled in communities, as repre. sented in the engraving.

In unsettled countries, these birds select a sheltered situation, under a projecting ledge of rock; but in civilized districts, they have already evinced a predilection for the abodes of man, by building against the walls of houses, immediately under tbe eaves of the roof, though they have not in the least changed their style of architecture. Anest from the latter situation is now before me: it is hemispherical, five inches wide at its truncated place of attachment to the wall, from which il projects six inches, and consists exclusively of a mixture of sand and clay, lined on the joside with straw and dried grass, negligently disposed for the reception of eggs. The whole external surface is roughened by the projection of the variou, lille pellets of earih which compose the substance. The entrance is near the top, rounded, projecting, and turning downward, so that the nest may be comjared 10 a camist's retori, flattened on the side applied to the wall, and with the principal part of the neck broken off. So great is the industry of these interesting little architects, that this massive and commodious struciure, is sometimes compleled in the course of three days.

While, of Selborne, thus describes the building process of the window-swallow, or martin (Hirundo urbica). “ About the middle of May," he says, " is the weather be fine, the martin begins to think in earnest of providing a mansion for iis family. The crust or shell of this nest seems to be formed of such dirt or loam as comes most readily 10 hand, and is tempered and wrought together with little bits of straws, to render it tough and tenacious. As this bird often builds against a perpendicular wall without any projecting ledge under, it requires its utmost efforts to get the first foundation firmly fixed, so that it may safely carry the superstructure. On this occasion, ihe bird not only clings with its claws, but parily supports itself by strongly incliving its tail against the wall, making thai a fulcrum ; and, thus steadied, it works and plasters ihe materials into the face of the brick or stone. But then, that this work may not, while it is soft anl green, pull itself down by its own weighi, the pro vident architect has prudence and forbearance enough not to advance her work too fast; S but, building only in the morning, and by de? dicating the rest of the day to food and amusement, gives it sufficient time to dry and harden. About half an inch seems to be a sufficient layer for a day. Thus. carelul workmen, when they build mud walls, (informed at first, perhaps, by ibis little bird,) raise but a moderate layer at a time, and then desisi, lest the work should become top-heavy, and so be ruined by its own weight. By this method, in about ten or twelve days, is form. ed a hemispheric nest with a small aperiute towards the top, strong, compact, and warm, and perlectly filled for all the purposes for which it was intended."

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'The Monument to Sir Walter Scott. A morument, of which the preceding is a fine picture, was founded in Edinburgh, in the Spring of the year 19!., in memory of Sir Walter Scott The site is on the south side of Prince's street, on a commanding eminence in the splendid New Town, among whose elegant structures, and from whose numerous points of view, it will make a conspicuous figure. The New Town is as celebrated for its beauty and stricking picturesque effect, as Old Edinburgh, (Auld Reekie, that is, Old Smoky,) has ever been for its close and crooked streets, and the inconveniences arising from the height and crowded condition of the dwellings.

The monument is of the Gothic style, whose intricale ornaments, antique appearance, and religious and policical associations, this cele. brated author has probably done more than any other to commend to public taste. On that account this order (or as il might with more propriely be called, this disorder) of architeciure may be called upon to hold up a memorial of his superior literary superiority, in the capital of his country, and in the midst of scenes which he has rendered conspicuous by his extraordinary pen.

The height of the monument is to be one hundred and eighty feet. From its base numerous objects are in view, which are no less strongly associated with Scoich history ihan with his prose and poetry. Opposite slands the commanding eminence called David's Height. Beginning on the left, the following edifices are seen in tbe order mentioned. The

rear of the Royal Exchange, built in 1783; 3 St. Giles's Cathedral, founded in 866, and

erected into a collegiate church in 1753. In front of the high building stood the old prison, so impuriant in the civil wars: the Heart of Mid-Lotbian, built in the period of the Reformation, in 1561. It no longer exists, having been demolished in the year 1817. This brings the eye of a spectator, standing at the point from which our view is taken, up to the monument.

On the right of it are seen, tirst, Victoria Assernbly Hall, built in 1812; then the Casile Parade, and the Duke of York's monu. ment, erected in 1828, at the expense of the army. Last rises the strong and celebrated Castle of Edinburgh, on a tall, abrupt and

frowning precipice, connected with many > important epochs of history, in all the

changing periods which Scotland has passed { through, since the early date of the founda3 tion of this fortre-s, by the Saxon Prince Edwina, in the year 626.

In the basement is a sitting statue of Waller Scout, in an apartment of considerable size, opien on all sides, and large enough to afford a view of it to a number of spectators.

Few writers ever rose so suddenly and so generally to popular favor as the author to whose honor this expensive monument has been founded. Being a man of pure morals, refined taste, and philanthropic disposition, a sincere admirer of what is beautiful and grand, both in the natural and in the moral world, he was received by the virtuous and discriminating of the public, with the greater pleasure, because of the contrası his writings presented to many of inose of his misanthropic, vicious, and finally selfish and abandoned contemporary, Lord Byron. Some who at firsi anticipated many beneficial resulis, and no evil oncs, to the public, and especially the young, from a general perusal of the writings of Scoit, baving long since changed their opiniou ; for they have had 100 palpable an influence in turning almost the whole aliention of the mass of readers 10 fictitious works. The dress ng up of historical events and per. sonages in the garbs of fancy, proves to have more than one bad tendency; and no man has shown more plainly than this celebrared author, the facility with which, in that mod, the prejudices and discolored conceptions of a writer may be communicated to his admi. ring readers.

One great evil naturally following the po} pularity of a writer of fictions, even of the

least exceptionable kind, and of the purest

intentions, is the preparation of the way for 3 those of a different character. In every mind

over which he gains an ascendancy, in every
heart in which he implants or cultivates his
taste, he opens the way for successors to en.
ter, with lilile or no difficulty. He has bro-
ken down and swept away the great barriers
which our Maker seems to have built up in
every mind--that is, a high regard for truth
(when it is not our enemy) over what is false
or unreal. This a,pears to be born with us.
but miseducation can lead us to prefer fiction.

We are among those who never read or S recommend anything except the trulh; and 3 we have made these remarks that our readers ) may know the objections to fictitious books

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OBITURY-WILLIAM C. WOODBRIDGE. Of this o d mud higv valued personal triend, the ne so w e dealn has receutlarri eu, I pt roeive no ess restohli upaketch of his lit, as an examp, Than in private o

.1'p on his wortb, to mour aver bis less, and to contemplate his guin in leving a world in which he has known an unusu al share of oil, sickuess and pain.

Mr. Vooubruge early devoted himself to a life of arrive benevolence, having become, in cuin, deeply and unc. angeab viinpressed with a sense or the du

ties he owed to his fellow mnen. arising out of the S character he prosessed as a servant of God. Few men. I think, have made active benevolence the tixed and regular business of lite in a grealer de. gren. After gr duating at Ya e College, il believe in 1811.) he purnud a course of theological study, hut was preventer, hy congiitutional ill health, from devoling himsell permanently to the min stry of the Gospel Suon atier the instruction of llie Dear and Duub was commenced in America, he joined Mr. Gallandet and M. Le Clero as a fellow le cher in the first in unuliol, in Hariturd, Con., and rendereu great service in the eorly stages of 10n operation.From abou that time we date the coininencement of his attention to the improveinent of education, in its different bra ches, 10 which he devoted his subsequent lite, alnost without exception, so far as a dis. easrdan i leeb'e frame allowed him to engage in any business whatever.

Abont that period we first heard him speak of his views respecting the defects of the means and modes of education in use, and the ways in which they might be corrected. A beller plan for leaching geography parurularly, engaged his allentun, which he allerwards presented to the world in his first improved school geography, of which many educators have approved and whose ouilines and much of whose contents have been extensively embodied in later works of tre same class Of all those who have published geogiaphics in this country, he is the only author who has devoted years to travel and study, in collecuing the materials for publication, Wi odbridge & Willard'-Geography, for higher institutions, was formed on a plan simulianeously devised by himselt, and Mrs. Emma Willard, found. ress of the Troy Se ninary, uuki.own 10 each other. The arrangement 18 scientific, in departments, corresponding with that alterwards published, by Malle Brun and others,

Twenty-five years ago this month, Mr Woodbridge first sailed tor Europe, for the improvement of his healih, in company with the writer of this notice : and, n the inlei vals of a severe and depressing dygTulic disorder, he displayed his devoli n lo tive copscientious and philanthropic course which he alterwarels (ellerately adopted in the spiral of a missionary, olten directing conversation to subjects which he silhsequently prosecuted to a great degree. He also was one of the first passengers then known who ever attempted to practice religious services at sea, Among other of his experiments that might be men. tioned, on crossing from Gibraltar 10 Algesiras, be Orce engaged a motlev company of Spaniards, Moors. &c. into an animated and Toleresting conversation in the language of natural signs.

Aller remaining sonje time in Sicily during the revomion, and travelling through lialy, amidst scenes of war and contusion, which prevailed in 1821, he spent several months in the middle countries of Eur. ro, e. then and at several subsequent visits to the Old World, devoting his time to the rollecting of information on education, and especially malerials for b-grograpy. He fornied the acquaintance of many of vie most literary, scientific and philanthropic men of Europe, whose respect he enjoyed; and he mave, al different times valuable communications to sever. al torrign Magazines and other publications, chiefly

on topics connected with the Uniled Sales. With ? his return from his first foreign travels, we may dat:

he commencement of the operations for the im s rovement of Common Schools in this country. For,

although he had before aroused much interest in Raron Fellenberg's institution at Holwyl, in Switz. eiland. by the publication of a series of letters wri!. It n on the spot, and which contained a most every. thing that our collitrymen have ever read on that subject, no cons derable attempt was made to produce any general cioperation for the benefit of com mon educati.', until he made know.. his plans and commenced his onerations.

The American Annals of Education, which he conducted in Boxton for a series of years under many dillicullies, abunded in facts and suggest ons of the sound: 8l kind; which were the ground work, as well as the excling cause of the movemonts succes. sively made by the legislatures of dill-rent States, and the friends of education who gradually arose in all quarrers of the country. The conventions of trainers and others, in ruunties and larger districts, owed their plan and first impulsrs in a great mea. sure to Mr. Woodbridge; as did the innumerable lyceums and other popular literary societies. He was one of the hrst in foresee op noriunities to act in Mass ichusells for he advantage sus distribution of the inonay appropriated in the schoo's. and the most energetic in taling measures for that purpose. At every meeting held for the promotion of this favorite cause he was personally present, or represented by some valuable es ay or oth r communiration, and most of ibe enlightened and liberal proposals nflered came from him or received his ardent support. He wrole the first letter on popular education in music, and incited and aided Nerfte. Mason & Ives to allempt the introduction of that important science and all on modern principles. It is needless to re. mark on the extent to wh ch their exaa ple has since been followed.

Mr. Woodbridge moved the first resolution, ever offered, recommending “The study of the Bible as a classic." The first Literary Convention in New York placed him at the head of a commitee on that subject, and he not only drew up, but gratuitously published and w dely circulated the report, whuch embraces, in a most distinct and forcib'e manner, the grand rguments in favor of that object, in a style which no man can read without admiration.No writes before or since has exceeded i!; and in all th- discussions which have since taken place, it would be as difficult to discover any new thought or argument, as t, point at any other commencement of ihe steps which has led lu them,

While thus engaged, through years of ill health, and all the difficulties ard viscouragements arising from very limited pecuniary means, Mr. Woodbridge, not only found strengih to perform numerous journies, to carry on an extensive correspondence, to hold innumerable interviews wiih inteligent persous, udio devole money with a liberal hand for the public lenebil, but his heart and hand were ever open at the calls or philanthrophy. Few mnen, it is believed, have ever been more noble in giving, in proportion to their means.

Yet, strange as it now appears, when, as the result of his long, arduous and disinterested exertions, public interest was excited, and ois plans were adopt. ed. nd men were called for to carry inem into effect, he was never found in an ollice with a sa. ları; but places of all soils, created for the improvement an exten-ion of common education. were filed by mel, whose faces were whoily siravge 10 him and the small bond who had long labored in the parched field, who had gone to the war, and carried iu brough, at their own charges.” But those who value general results will not on this account, br dis. nose to depreciale the judicious, disinterested and persevering labors of Mr. Woodbridge, We hope our readers will do justice to his memory, and that young men especially, who read this brief memoir, which we have hastily written, with many a mournful recollection of a dear departed friend, will be encournged to im tale an example, so full of duty 10 God, and love to man, -(N. Y. Express.) THEO. DWIGHT, JR.


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