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feelings of his heart, when he knelt that nighis in grateful prayer, than were ever those of him who laid low cities,'or destroyed nations !

The most important question, after the one 3 we have just been speaking ot, in which Mr. 3

Wilberforce took a leading pari, was that of
christianizing India. In the year 1793, at the
renewal of the charter of the Eası India
Company, he had endeavored to carry a bill,
for diffusion of religious instruction through

that benighted country ; but, owing in the S resistance of the Directors of the Company,

it was lost. Since then his abolition busi? ness prevented any further movement in the

matter; but now that that had been finished he again turned his attention to it. This question concerned the welfare of twenty millions of his fellow creatures, (together with millions yet unborn,) who ignorant of the existence of a true God, were,' as they thought, under the kind protection and providence of Brahma.

Here, indeed, was a dark and extensive tract of idolatry and Superstition, into which not a ray of Christian light had ever shone. Mr. Wilberforce was not the man to remain idle, while anything could be done in such a case. He accordingly set himself to work, with all the energy and alacrity he had exhibited in the abolition question. But I will not enter into details. As in the slave case, so here, Parliament was opposed to the movement. The feelings of the country must therefore be excited. This was soon done; and “ nine hundri.d petitions, a nnmber wholly unprecedented on such a subject," praying that the heathen might receive the blessings of the Gospel, were soon before the House. The effect was as desired. They could not be resisted ; and in this second holy undertaking was he crowned with success.

The Biography of Mr. Wilberforce, which no one can read without deriving from it great benefit, will exhibit many other acts of benevolence in which he was concerned, but which need not be mentioned here. A few words respecting his character will finish all I have to say.

If there ever was a Christian man upon earth, Mr. Wilberforce was one; and he evinced, both in his life and in his character, that degree of perfection in spiritual things to which the true follower of Christ can at. tain in this world. As we have seen his character, in early childhood, underwer a cbange. He had become deeply impreseed with the sinfulness of his past life, with the thought of the danger in which he had been living, and in which all who follow not God do continually live, and of his Maker's boundless and undeserved mercy toward him ; and he resolved to amend. From that time his chief care was for his own soul, over which he kept a strict and untiring watch, that he might conform his life to that of his Master. To aid him in this purpose, he kept a “ Journal of his Soul," with a view to make him

sell humble and watchful ; in which he recorded his different states of mind, his pro. gress or regress day by day, the difficulties which met him, the obstacles to overcome, the manner of life best suited to his new course : in a word, in which he noted every thing which might serve to promote his spi. ritual growth. This journal he continued to keep during his whole life ; and it served, as it were, as an index by which his whole character might be regulated. It gives an insight into the true character of the man, and is as useful to the reader as it is interesting.

Three traits of character stand prominent in Mr. Wilberforce :-deep humility, an overAowing gratitude to his Maker, and a boundless but discriminaling charity. The first of these, his humility, might be thought to amount almost to a depression of spirits, or a slavish fear of God. But it was not só. It arose from a consciousness of his own weakness, as well as from the commands of Scripture. However much good he did, to whatever extent he benefilted his fellow creatures, he attributed all to God: he was but the instrument. No one man, probably, that ever lived was the cause of more good to mankinder in general ihan he: yet he was ever condemning himself because he had so unprofitably employed his time; and when, after a career of forty-five years in Parliament, old age compelled him io resign his seat, it was with great reluctance, not from his unwillingness to retire from public life, but because he felt he had performed so little. And yet we cannot expect, that, with his deep humility, he had no inward satisfaction at the life he had led. No one can perform a single benevolent action without this feeling. It is the voice of the conscience within us of God within us, and cannot be kept down. He, then, could not have been a stranger to it.

His gratitude to God, the second trait which I have mentioned, must have been truly affecting, especially in his old age. Mercies surrounded him on every side. All the comforts of life, both bodily and spiritual, were his. His cup overflowed with blessings. But he did not receive these things without a thought of from whence they came. He perceived in them the goodness of God, and ever poured forth to Him the grateful feelings of hts heart. He knew noi why he, unde. $ serving as he was, sbould be the object of so many favors; and he received them with an habitual thankfulness. His soul was ever filled with the thoughts of God's love to man; ? and he was ever telling of and meditating 3 upon it. He beheld it in every thing around him. In the works of nature, as well as in the little comforts of life, and in the hours of sorrow and sickness, as in those of health and gladness, he never failed to perceive it.

And, being himself so highly favored, he made it a practice, from principle, to give to others of what he had so abundantly received. His fortune, until within a few years of his death, being large, his income was also large:

Phreno-Mnemotechny, or the Art of Memory," by F. F. GOURAUD.—This is one of the most remarkable books it has ever fallen to our lot to examine. In style, manner and matter, it will hereafter rank among the most curious of the curiosities of literature. Its great size is one of the smallest of its demands upon the attention of the learned world.” “It would be im. possible to characterize adequately the absurdities of the style in which these lectures are written. To call it Sophomorieal, would be doing the greatest conceivable injustice to the young gentlemen who are supposed to monopolize that particular man. ner; to speak of it as Theatrical, would be to libel the Crummleses of the stage. It is bombastic to the last degree of the ridiculous ; wordy to an inconceivable extent; vulgar in its tawdriness, and disgusting in its affectation and pretence." "A book so full of charlatanry as this, had it appeared in another civilized country in Christendom, would have instantly encountered a storm of ridicule and contempt. It could not have survived the day of its birth." -North American Review.

and one quarter of this, and at times even more, was set apart for charitable purposes. He acted on the commandment Let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth ;” and many were the unfortunate or needy who received his assistance, without knowing who was their benefactor. Besides his private charities, he contributed largely and constantly to the public charitable associations to which he belonged ; and wherever religion or morals were to be extended or purified, he was to be found a powerful friend, ever ready to assist, either with the heart or purse.

But it was at his home that his character s was more especially perceived; and here he

was ever the centre of a charmed circle.3 Possessing a most sociable disposition, his Ş house, both in the city and country, was al

ways open to his friends, who eagerly sought admittance, and readily found a hearty welcome.

His public life was grounded on those religious principles which formed the mainspring of his character. Possessed of talents and influence, and holding a responsible station in life, he knew that much would be expected from him by man, and required by God; and well he endeavored to perform his part. He entered upon his career as an independent man, and continued so throughout.Allied to no party, he supported what he thought would best promote the interests of his country. And to do this, he had no few or slight temptations to resist. Being unfettered by party shackles, he not unfrequently found himself arrayed against his most inti. mate friends, and those who had given him their powerful support in his own great movements. This always gave him pain ; and we may not unreasonably suppose, that it was the cause of many, and severe struggles in secret. Indeed his journal records his private meditations on such occasions. But duty was to be performed at whatever sacrifice. A higher authority than personal feeling was calling him on, and he obeyed it.

And, as he belonged to no party, so would he accept of no office during his whole life. He saw his equals placed in stations of high trust and responsibility which he might have occupied, and even his inferiors gradually rose above him : but still he steadfastly refused. He preferred to remain plain Mr. Wilberforce; and his life conferred a dig. nity upon this title far greater than was in the power of his country to bestow. And here I will close. Leading such a life, what must have been his latter end ? Inward calmness and peace of mind that blessed fruit of a righteous life, which the world can neither give nor take away-was his reward on earth, and he was at last called a way to share in the glories of that Heavenly King. dom for which he had so earnestly labored,

“Leaving us a bright example, that we should ? follow his steps.”

C. A. G.

AGRICULTURAL.

STORING CABBAGES. A very good and compact method of storing cabbage is, in the same manner that we have practised with the sugar bed. Select a dry piece of ground, cut the heads of the cabbage from their stumps, and place them in paral.) lel rows, with the top part down, and any desired length or width. Make these rows one less in width and length every layer, so that when the heap is made it will come to a point, and appear very much like a pile of cannon balls in an arsenal. Over this heap place first a covering of straw, and then put on the dirt sufficiently thick, the same as on a potato heap, to keep out the frost, and the work is done. The earth should be spatted down hard on the four sides, making the top sharp, s like the roof of a house, so as to shed rain well. If the ground where the cabbage is stored be of a heavy clay, it should be trench. ed round the heap so as to carry off the wa. ter, and a bed of straw or round logs six inches or a foot thick be made for it to rest upon, and as a drain for all moisture, it being quite importan: that vegetables of every kind be kept dry.(Selected.)

THE Silk BUSINESS IN CONNECTICUT.-The town of Mansfield, in Connecticut, was the first place in this country, we believe, in which the cultivation and manufacture of silk was attended to to much extent, and the town still continues to be engaged in that business : there being at this time no less than eight factories employed in it.-Selected.

S

THE AMERICAN PENNY MAGAZINE,

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Great Plan of Migratiou to America.

The Paris correspondent of the National Intelligencer (Mr. Walsh) writes under date of Oct. 15:

A visiter, likely to be well informed, men tioned to me yesterday the creation of a company in Paris, with a capital of twelve millions of francs, for the purchase and set. tlement of land in your West. From November last until June, one of my chief and most interesting avocations was the commu. nication of American statistics and prospects tò French, Swiss, Germans and Italians, men of small fixed incomes, or manufacturers, or artisans, who wished to emigrate to the United States. Inquiries begin again ; and it is no slight satisfaction to determine persons whose character, means, and callings, render them desirable for our country. While you keep at peace within and without, you may look to an indefinite accession of useful population from most parts of Europe, There is, every where, among the small proprietors, mechanics, and agricultural labor.

ers, a vague idea of the eligibleness of the 3 American Union for bettering their condition,

and founding prosperous families. In spite, too, of the declamations in journals and Legis.

latures about the turbulence and capricious S despotism of transatlantic democracy, the

European rich rather more believe in the stability and order in your system than in the safety, for any period, of iheir own institutions and public funds, or whatever outlays.

Canal Across the Isthmus. It is announced that M. de Castellon, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Representative of Nicaragua, one of the States of Central America, has concluded an agreement, at Paris, with an Anglo-French-Belgian company, conceding to the company, on very advantageous terms, the exclusive right of making a canal to unite the Atlantic with the Pacific Ocean by the Nicaragua Lake. The canal is to be eighty kilometres (twenty leagues) long, and to be facilitated not by the lake alone, but a very important navigable river, and not to cost more than fifty millions of francs. Three committees are already formed, who will soon meet at Brussels, in order to settle the commencement of operations. The French committee consists of Messrs. Garrella and Michel Chevalier, engineers, and Mr. de Romieu, Prefect of the Deparıment of the Upper Marne. Professor Chevalier has written much in the Journal des Debats in favor of the Nicaragua route.

PANTHER ABOUT.-The Newton, (N. J.) paper says:

A Panther has been prowling about in the vicinity of this village, during the past week, committing sundry slight depredations. On Wednesday a cow of the late Doct. Hedges was torn by the animal, within a mile of his house.

USING SINGLE OXEN.—Many farmers are not aware of the many uses to which a single ox may be put. If they had been to lose one of the yoke, they too generally let the other remain idle until they find a mate for him, or sell him to the butcher. But why not keep him to work ? In a single yoke they may soon learn to lead a team and perform all the operations which ? a single horse can.

A worthy old relative of ours once tried his experiment with complete success. Having lost one of his steers by accident, concluded to train the other to work alone. Accordingly he was put into a single harness-before other oxen-or in the fills of a single wagon. In the horse cart he was first rate; and he soon became familiar with the saddle and bridle, and many a good ride have we had in our younger days, a la mode de Hottentot, upon his back. He was no mean courser upon the turf, and if we had him now in his prime, we should not fear matching him with the best of the scrub sweepstakes, though backed and spurred by the veriest horse jockey, that can be found from Kittery to Calais.

Maine Farmer. Church bells can now be made of steel, as has been proved by an ingenious American mechanic in Ohio, from a suggestion in an English newspaper. A bell weighing fifty pounds, made of steel will cost only about $30, and can be heard two miles or more. The advantages of this invention are two fold, first, it is so cheap that every church may have a bell of a clear, brilliant and musical tone ; second, it is so light, and being stationary, that even a slight belfry will sustain it. This newly invented bell is rung by a crank, and any boy can do it as well as a regular parish bell-ringer.For about $200 a chime of seven bells can now be had.

A BIRD STORY. — According to the Montgomery (Ala.) Journal, an eagle of wonderful size and fierceness, has been killed in that neighborhood. He made himself excecdingly obnoxious to the people, by his frequent depredations-pouncing upon and carrying off geese, pigs, and even sheep, at length he seized and attempted to carry off a negro child! The inhabitants of that quarter could bear with his attrocities no longer, and a reward of $50 was offered for his destruction. He was killed, and mea. sured eight feet three inches from the ex. tremity of one wing to the other, and weighed sixty-seven pounds!

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A BRAZEN LAVER. The print represents one of the lavers in Preparations for Western Emigration. use in the Temple of Jerusalem, accord Some years ago a gentleman of impaired ing to the views gathered from ancient

3 fortune emigrated from the interior of Mass.

almost to the prairies of Illinois. He had writers. Oalmet says :

previously purchased a large farm and log. “ These were vessels borne by four che.

house, before he went out with his fashiona. rubims, standing upon bases or pedestals,

ble family of wife and three daughters. They

sent round by way of New Orleans, Sofas, and having handles belonging to them,

Centre Tables, Mirrors, Piano and such things, with the help whereof they might be drawn,

į but they were poor appendages in the log. and conveyed from one place to another, as house, where a pine table, and a few plain they might be wanted in the temple. These benches would have been more in taste and lavers were double : that is to say, com

keeping. They had a hard time of it for posed of a basin, which received the water

some months in getting accustomed to such ihat fell from a square vessel above it, from

things, especially when it was found that ar. which they drew water with cocks.

ticles of the simplest kind and of absolute The

necessity, conld not be obtained within ten whole work was of brass ; the square ves miles! Then there were an abundance of sel was adorned with heads of a lion, an hot tears shed, and gladly would fine furniox and a cherub, that is to say, of extraor ture, and glittering baubles have been ese > dinary hieroglyphic creatures. Each of changed for some little article which it was these lavers contained forty baths, or four next to impossible to live without. Unfortu. bushels, forty-one pints, and forty cubic

nately, they forgot to carry to their secluded inches of Paris measure.

home common salt, without which no food is

palatable. The log cabin was over-run with " There were ten made in this form, and rats, and having nothing to check their ravaof this capacity ; five of them were placed

ges, they threatened to eat the family out of on the right, and five on the left hand of

house and home. The disconsolate daugh

ters wrote to their friends that they had sent the temple, between the altar of burnt

three miles to borrow some salt, and that offerings and the steps which led to the

their father rode seventeen miles, on horseporch of the temple."

back, in pursuit of a cat or kitten.-Conn.

paper. A Frog imbedded in Coal.-In the Duke of 3 Hamilton's colliery, at Wallacetown, near Fal.

When the sea is ot' a blue color, it is deep kirk, Scotland, a living frog has been found water, but when green, shallow, and when imbedded in a small piece of coal about three white, still more shallow. inches long and two and a half broad, at a depth of 42 fathoms from the surface, and 300 > The flea jumps 200 times his own length, yards from the bottom of the shaft.

equal to a quarler of a mile for a man.

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THE GAPING SHELL, OR MYA. A few leading facts respecting the na- s only one, viz., that of a support to the frame. {ture of shells and shell-fish, as they are This is, indeed, one of its principal objects :

commonly called,) ought to be known to but, through the hollow which perforates

us all. We say as they are commonly it from end to eud, passes the spinal mar{ called, because the animals which inhabit row, which is the grand canal of sensation, 3 shells are not properly fish, and indeed re (if we may use such a figurative expres3 semble them only in one circumstance, viz., sion) and through it lies the communica3 the element in which they live. Certain tion between the brain and every other part

species want even this solitary point of simi of the body. The medulla (or marrow, as larity, being terrestrial. Some of the snails this Latin word signifies,) which fills the are even found on trees. And this wide hollow of the spine, branches off sideivays,

distinction between the whole of the shel. in different directions, through small holes, Śled animals and fish, is one of the facts bored in the sides of the joints, or verte3 which all persons of education should bræ, and subdivides beyond the reach 3 know, and distinctly remember. To view of microscopes. If we would satisfy our3 it in a strong light, we should go a little selves whether the ramifications extend to

farther back, and impress upon our minds every part of our own cheeks, arms, or the grand outlines of the animal kingdom. fingers, we can recur to a very easy and

simple test. A 3 The first grand division of animals is in

cambric needle, thrust 3 two classes : those with a vertebral column,

through the thin outer skin, will often de(that is, a spine or backbone,) and those

tect to our full conviction, what the highest

magnifying power of lenses much fail to without it. Now as fishes proper possess

render visible. { this part, and the inhabitants of shells do { not, they belong to different grand divisions Now the invertebrated animals, or those } of the animal kingdom. This is easily destitute of backbones, are also destitute of 3 understood: but it is not all. After care the spinal marrow, and their power of feel

ful study, many observations, and much re. ing must of course be dependent on another flection, we find a thousand other differ arrangement. Will not such of our reaences springing out of this fundamental ders as have never attended to these points, one: for the backbone, or vertebral column, seek to pursue them hereafter? Will they

serves several purposes beside that which 3 not, at least, reflect enough upon the na{ may seem, at first view, to be its chief or ture of the beasts of the field, the fowls of 3

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