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SKETCH OF THE JESUITS. Among the events of the year 1845, which we have just seen brought to its close, some of the most important in Europe have been brought about by the Jesuits; and, among those which the new year is to present to our view, it is to be pre. sumed that they will have a considerable share. “The Society of Jesus," from which hey as members derive their name, is so peculiar in its origin, plan and his. tory, that long study is necessary fully to understand them; while there is so much in them that contradicts the observations and experience of our countrymen, accus. tomed only to American Protestant society, that it is a difficult thing to bring a common mind to believe some of the simplest and best authenticated truths relating to the subject.

The figure on the preceding page is an accurate representation of a Jesuit, and in a most charaz:eristic position. He has a ter. restrial globe before him, with both continents thickly marked with crosses, to in. dicate the points occupied by institutions or members of his Order, either openly or secretly. With the dress and aspect of a man educated from childhood by those in

sidious, and too successful misleaders of } the human mind, and perverters of the { human soul, he stands lost in deep medita

tion, on some project for an extension of that system of corruption and ruin to which he is devoted.

We wish to give the present number of our magazine a somewhat general charac

ter, while we enliven it with an unusual 3 variety of prints; and have chosen our

frontispiece as one of the most appropriate, considering the importance to which the Jesuits have again risen among the principal actors on the scene of the world. Our print is one from the late work of Eugene Sue, which first appeared a few months ago in France, and has been extensively read on both sides of the Atlantic, with such effect among his countrymen, indeed, that the expulsion of the Jesuits is generally attributed to its influence. Beings

a work of fiction, although containing many truths, we have never read “The Wandering Jew;" but, having been struck with the figure we have inserted, we were gratified to procure the fine cut to present our readers with the best portrait of a Jesuit we have ever met with.

It will be recollected that we have be. fore given some important facts illucidating the influence swayed by the Jesuits in Rome, their measures for gaining and keeping up their surprising influence over the young, (see American Penny Magazine, pages 524, 548, &c.,) and in the successive extracts we have given from the work on St. Filumena, we flatter ourselves, we have given to some of our readers important light on their modes of imposing upon the poor crcdulous people of different nations, whom they dupe by millions.

We will add here a few extracts from the " Secreta Monita," or " Secret Instructions of the Jesuits,” their private manual, which, in spite of all their precautions, became known to the world after their con. duct had been so long known, that they scarcely needed such evidence.

In a work in the British Museum, printed at Venice, in 1596, and entitled, Formula diversarum Provisionum a Gaspare Passarello summo studio in unum collecta, et per Ordinem in suis Locis arnotata these SECRETA Monita are found, in manu. script, at the end, and appear evidently to have been entered therein by a Jesuit for his own private use. They contain the solemn caution, at the close, that they be carefully guarded, and communicated but to few, and those only the well-tried members of the Society; and also the injunction, that they must be denied to be the Rules of the Society, if ever they should be imputed to it.

There was an English edition of this work printed in 1658. The statement prefixed to that edition affirms, that when Christian, Duke of Brunswick, took possession of Paderborn, in Westphalia, he seized on the Jesuits' College there, and gave their Library, logether with all their collection of manuscripts to the Capuchins, who discovered the Sccreta Monita among the archives of the Rector, and that other!

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The learned and excellent Dr. Compton, Bishop of London, published an English } translation of the work, in 1669. The well 3 known character of that prelate is a suffi. cient pledge that he would never have given the sanction of his name to a work of doubtful authority, or which was adapted to mislead the public.

The Editors of the Christian Observer," who are well known to be learned and { pious members of the established Church

of England, in the 14th Vol. of their
work, pages 168, and 169, speak of this

work in the following language :-" It has > already been intimated, that had the crimes

charged upon the Society of Jesuits, been chargeable rather upon the spirit of the times than upon the institution ; had they originated rather in the vices of a few individuals, connected with this Society, than in the genius of the Order itself; had they been rather the accidental than the neces. sary fruits of its constitution, we might have deemed it right to say less on the

subject.—But the fact appears to be, that, s taking human nature and the state of so

ciety as they are, we cannot conceive that such an order could exist in the world, and such consequences not arise. But this is a matter of proof rather than of assertion ; and we will, therefore, begin by laying be. fore our readers some account of the Society, drawn partly from accredited his. torical authorities, and partly from the “ Secreta Monita," or the hidden Rules of the order ;-rules carefully concealed du.

ring that long period, in which men felt the s blow, without seeing the hand which struck

it ;-rules the discovery of which, at once armed all Europe against the Society. The first copy of the “Secreta Monita" was discovered in the Jesuit's College at Paderborn, in Westphalia ; and a second at Prague. A Preface directs that they

shall be communicated, even to the initiated, { with the utmost caution ; and as the result

of personal experience, not as the written
rules of the Order. And in the case of
their falling into the hands of strangers,
66 they must be positively denied to be the s
rules of the Society." The Rules of the
Order were not completed by the foun.
der of the institution : they were enlarged
and perfected by some of the most distin-
guished followers of Loyola; and, in par.

ticular, Lainez is supposed to have been 3 the author of the “Secrela Monita."

The Editors of the Christian Observer then proceed to give large extracts from the work, as exhibiting, in a manner worthy of entire confidence, the real principles of the Jesuits.

The celebrated work, entitled, “ The Protestant," published in a series of peri. odical Essays, at Glasgow, in North Britain, in the years 1818, 1819, 1820, and 1821, in 4 Vols., octavo, is regarded with deep respect by all who are acquainted with it. The editor and author was a Mr. McGavin, a Ruling Elder, of distin. guished talents and information in that city. Of this work, the Rev. ROBERT HALL, whose praise for vigor of mind, eru. dition, and eloquence is in all the Churches of Great Britain, as well as of the United States-speaks decisively, as containing the fullest delineation of the Popish system, and the most powerful confutation of its principles, in a popular style, of all works he had ever seen. “Whoever," he adds,“ wishes to see Popery drawn to the life, in its hideous wickedness and deformity, will find abundant satisfaction in the pages of that writer." Among the numerous authorities quoted by Mr. McGAVIN, the " Secreta Monita" find a conspicuous place. He alludes to the fact, that the Jesuits themselves pronounce the work a forgery of their enemies ; but he considers the evidence in support of its authenticity as admitting of no reasonable question, and makes large extracts from it, in proof of his allegations.

CHAP. I. Hor the SOCIETY must behave themselves

when they begin any new foundation.

1. It will be of great importance for the rendering our menibers agreeable to the inhabitants of the place where they design their settlement, to set forth the end of the Society, in the manner prescribed by our statutes, which lay down, that the society ought as diligeutly to seek occasions of doing good to their neighbors, as to themselves; wherefore, let them with humility discharge the meanest offices in the hospitals, frequently visit the sick, che poor, and the prisoners, and readily and indifferently take the confessions of all, that the novelty of such uncommon and diffusive charity, may excite in the principal inhabitants, an admiration of our conduct, and forcibly draw them into an affection for us.

(To be continued.)

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THE PITCHER PLANT: The strange appendages of this plant are Distillatoria,) grows extensively in the East perfect cups, with well formed lids; and, filled Indies, and is an evergreen of some size.with water, may strike a casual observer as The leaf grows from the tree without a petione of the most curious and wonderful pro ole, or leaf-stalk, and the midrib is lengthens ductions of the vegetable kingdom. Yet ed into a tendril, six or eight inches, the lat. we can assure him, that a little attention ter part of which is enlarged and forms a may enable him to discover specimens of a cup, usually containing nearly half a pint of plant no less curious, and much resem pure water. Whether this is designed as a } bling it in these curious cup-like appen. reservoir for the supply of the plant with

dages, growing wild in many a marshy piece moisture, or for the benefit of animals or men, 3 of ground in our own land, and perhaps in it is not easy to ascertain : but the draught his own neighborhood.

of crystal drops which it seems to proffer to If we had the power, we certainly should

the thirsty passenger, is often accepted with have the disposition, to present to our read.

joy by the way-worn traveller, and by the ers, from week to week, some of the nume

wily monkey, who has sense enough to list

the little lid, and drink from rous beautiful and curious productions of the

his favorite earth, especially of our own various soils,

tankard. climates and situations, together with speci. The Pitcher Plant of our country is called mens from the other kingdoms of nature.

in some places the side-saddle flower, altho' But the spring will soon begin to approach ;

this name is less appropriate. It is known and we have more reliance on the attrac

in botany as the Saracenia, from Dr. Sarazin tions of the fields, than on our own abilities to of Quebec, who sent a specimen to Europe awaken interest, by the imperfect arts of de

about the year 1752. The plant is only about picting and describing.

a foot in height and bears a peculiar flower The Chinese Pitcher Plant (Nepenthes ? of a purple color. The leaves, which are

{ formed like inverted hollow cones, stand side And she is still and rapidly adding more 3 by side round the centre, and contain about a

ships to those already possessed, and multi

3 plying the number of those engaged in this gill of water or less, except when they have

warfare with the monsters of the deep. s been bored through by some insect. They

This business, with its rapid and prosperare probably filled by the rain and dew,

ous growth, brings to the city large numbers which may be received and directed in by the of sailors, and with them many of their vices. end of the leaf.

But, the New York Commercial Advertiser

states, their moral condition is not neglected. New Ice Breaking Machine.--A machine

Able and faithful preaching is provided for 3 for the purpose of breaking the ice in our

them. The monthly concert of prayer for harbors and navigable rivers has been invent

them is always attended by numbers and with ed by Mr. P. Taber, of 44 Maiden Lane, interest. Almost every ship that sails from which promises to be extremely serviceable.

the place goes on strictly temperance princiIt is in the form of a cylinder, placed trans.

ples, and most of them are supplied by their versely across the bows of a boat, and armed,

owners, with choice and well selected libraS at regular intervals, with ponderous ham.

ries for the sailors. A “ sailors' home" alS mers of a peculiar construction, which, as the

ready is, or is soon to be provided for them. cylinder revolves, fall successively upon the

And an admirable custom is kept up by some ice in advance of the boat, crushing it suffi

of the ship owners “ of having divine serciently to admit a free passage. The ham

vice on board their ships the last Sabbath mers, which are intended to be made of

they remain in port, thus sending forth the wrought iron, and weighing several hundred

vessels with their hardy crews, on a voyage pounds each, are attached to flanges upon

of two, three or four years, consecrated by ihe cylinder by a joint or hinge, which pre

the prayers of the man of God, and hallowed vents the stroke from operating as a dead

by religious influences.”_Salem Gazette. stroke upon the machinery, and are calcula. 3 ted to make, by means of a chain band driven

There were giants in those days."— The -> by the engine of the boat, forly revolutions

Nashville papers give an account of the skele. 3 per minute. Immediately in advance of the

ton of a human being, eighteen feet in length, paddle wheels are another set of similar ham.

or heighi, when he was alive, and weighing mers, operating in the same manner, and with

about 1500 lbs. It was found in Williamson this apparaius Mr. Taber thinks he can pro

county, sixty feet below the surface of the gress, through ten inches thick, at the rate

earth, and is in perfect preservation. The of eight miles per hour. The plan seems a

bones of one thigh and leg measure six feet 5

six inches, the head capable of holding about > feasible one, and we learn that several scientific and practical genilemen have given it

a bushel, the eye-sockets about the size of a their decided approbation. The cost of affix

large coffee cup, and the teeth weighing from ing this machinery to a common boat is esti.

three and a half to six pounds. A doctor is mated at less than $6,000; and if it performs

engaged in putting the skeleton together, what Mr. T. is sanguine it will, the inventio

which will soon be ready for exhibition. will proye invaluable.-N. Y. News.

A bronze equestrian statue of Wellington

is in progress, and is soon to grace the west The Whaling Business. The completes end of London. A part of the horse is alrea. failure of the whaling business in our port

dv cast, and a pompous description of the is a misfortune much to be regretted. Some

operation is given in the English papers.other places, which commenced the experi

The metal ran into a large pit wherein the ment at the same tirne it was undertaken

mould was deposited. The whole seventeen here, have had almost unbounded success.-

tons, for this part of the horse, was run in The little town of New London has gained

half an hour, in an even flow. Five weeks in population sixty-five per cent. during the

are required for the mass to be sufficiently last five years. New Bedford and New Lon. ?

fixed and cooled, during which, it is said, the don, both engaged in the same business, are

artists will be in a constant state of suspense said to be the two wealthiest cities in the

as to the result of the operation. The two United States; their property and capital

principal workmen employed on the occasion being upwards of $1000 each to every man,

were Frenchmen ; and this, the English jour. woman and child of their population.' New

nals speak of as a “ curious" circumstance. London already ranks as the second whaling

“ They stirred up the liquid metal," they say, port in the world. In addition 10 her coasta

“ with perfect-nonchalance, apparently heeding tonnage, she has some ninety to one

less about its origina!ly having been cannon Shundred ships and tenders, many of which

taken from the armies of their country, in orare of the largest size, now engaged in this

der to form a statue of Wellington.” business. The united burden is not far from thirty thousand tons, which is twice that of The Government of the Duchy of Saxeeither Charleston, Savannah or Mobile ; and S Coburg has just published a decree, declaring their value together with their outfits and in that in future the sittings of the States will vestments is from $3,000,000 to $4,000000. be public. minuman.nervoaruvumw


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THE EYE. Although we have given numerous notices from Richerand's “ Elements of Physiology," of the eyes of animals, especially of the hu chapter 7, section 105, &c. man eye, in many of our magazines between “ The eyes, the seat of sight, are so placed numbers 22 and 30, we bardly need to appre- as to command a great extent of objects at hend that our readers can yet desire that we once, and enclosed in two bony cavities, should wholly abandon that important and I known by the name of orbits. The base of copious topic. Some of them may find it these cavities is forwards, and sloped obliqueuseful to examine themselves on the names, ly outwards ; so that their outward side, rot nature and uses of the several parts of that being so long as the others, the ball of the curious and complex organ, here exhibited to eye supported on that side only by soft parts view with great distinctness in a magnified may be directed outwards, and take cognisketch, referring to some of the passages zance of objects placed on one side, without above alluded to. Without repeating them, the necessity of turning the head.

we will add here a few remarks on the po. B. In proportion as we descend from man in 3 sition of the eyes, and certain other points the scale of animated beings, the shape of

worthy of consideration, which we extract the base of the orbits becomes more and more

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