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Express Office, 112 Broadway. DITED BY THEODORE DWIGHT, JR. /

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New York, SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1846.

Dwiq ur, JR. į


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AN ARTIFICIAL SKATING POND. This is one of the numerous new devices for s not heard, is used as a substitute for ice ; and, being harmless and useful amusement, and, from what we } spread out in a smooth surface, endures all changes can learn, one of the most ingenious and success { of temprature without alteration. It is smooth, slipful. Some substance, whose composition we have ? pery and hard, yielding sufficiently to an edge of

{ $1 a Year, in Advance, by mail. I PRICE 3 CENTS, SINGLE, OR

No. 49.



especially if it is obtained with ease and skill by one's own immediate agency. Ad. ded to this, skating is pleasant and graceful, and has, to the eye of a spectator, much to excite admiration, sometimes with the apprehension of danger.

Skating is an old exercise, and has been practised for centuries in some countries for business of importance. In Holland especially, where the canals are almost the only roads, multitudes of market people transport themselves and their provisions to the towns on skates. In our country, it is nothing but an amusement, exclusively confined to boys and men, females never using skates as in some parts of Europe.

hard steel, to enable the skater to find re- ; sistance in a side direction at his will, and yet of such a nature as to present no im. pediment to the motion of the skate-iron forward or backward. These qualities, hitherto discovered only in ice, are now, it appears, combined in some matter, newly formed or newly converted to use. That it should be free from that other distinguishing characteristic of ice-solubility at a moderate temperature, is remarkable; and this fits the artificial skating pond 10 be used alike at all seasons of the year. Whether this new amusement is likely to be practised after the novelty is over, we are harlly able to decide, for it strikes us at first thought, that the peculiar associations of winter, or at least the exhiliration of its chilly air, and the freedom of nature, have much to do with the pleasures of the skater. If shut up within the enclosures of the Rotunda of London, where the

s artificial Skating Pond was originally form, ed, we should hardly expect a person to experience the same enjoyment which is found on one of our American rivers or lakes, especially if it were in the heat of summer, to which the nature of this athletic exercise is but little appropriate.

Our print represents a wild, mountainous ? region, depicted on the opposite side of the skating surface, wearing the garb of winter, while the spectator looks from under the shelter of a rude hut, apparently erected for protection from the biting air of Jan. uary, with isicles dependent from every point. These devices are ingenious, and doubtless may produce a momentary effect. The vfsiter may fancy himself on the shore of a picturesque lake in Switzerland, and the performers on the mimic ice may for a time wear the aspect of bona-fide skaters: but we should hardly expect the amusement to be much longer lived than it is in regions where it depends on natural ice and the changes of the weather.

Skating, next to balloon-navigation, is perhaps the most attractive kind of motion, to men in the vigor of youth and activity. We have a natural love of rapid motion,


The author of the “ City,” a new London book, lets us into the whole secret of the management and organization of “ pigeon er. presses," a species of communication adopted by the Stock speculators, both in the English and continental markets, for gaining early intelligence :

" Among the various plans adopted of late years for securing early intelligence for Stock Exchange purposes, none have proved more successful than that of pigeon expresses.' Till within the last seven or eight years the ordinary courier brought the news from the continent; and it was only the Rothschilds, and one or two other important firms, ibat • ran’ intelligence in anticipation of the regu. lar French mail. However, about ten years ago the project was conceived of establishing a communication between Paris and London by means of pigeons, and in the course of two years it was in complete operation. The training of the birds took considerable time before they could be relied on; and the relays and organization required to perfect the scheme not only involved a vast expenditure of time, but also of money. In the first place, to make the communication of use on both sides of the Channel, it was necessary to get two distinct establishments for the flight of the pigeons-one in England and another in France. It was then necessary that persons, in whom reliance could be placed, should be stationed in the two capitals, to be in readiness to receive or despatch the birds that might bring or carry the intelligence, and make it available for the parties interested.Hence it became almost evident that one speculator, unless he was a very wealthy man, could not hope to support a 'pigeon' express. The consequence was, that the project being mooted, two or three of the speculators, including brokers of the house, joined themselves, and worked it for their own ben. efit.

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Through this medium several of the dealers have made large sums of money; but the trade is scarcely so profitable as it was, because the success of the first operators has induced others to follow the example of es. tablishing this species of communication. The cost of keeping a 'pigeon express' has been estimated at £600, or £700 a year; but whether this amount is magnified with the view of deterring others from venturing into the speculation, is a question which never seems to have been properly explained. It is stated that the daily papers avail themselves of the news brought by these expresses; but, in consideration of allowing the speculators to read the despatches first, the proprietors, it is understood, bear but a mini. mum proportion of the expense. The birds generally used are of the Antwerp breed, strong in the wing and fully feathered. The months in which they are chiefly worked are the latter end of May, June, July, August, and the beginning of September; and though the news may not be always of imporiance, a communication is generally kept up daily between London and Paris in this manner.”

At the time of the death of Mr. Roths. child, one was caught at Brighton, having been disabled by a gun-shot wound ; and be. neath the shoulder feathers of the left wing was discovered a small note with the words, . Il est mort,' followed by a number of hieroglyphics. Each pigeon establishment has a method of communication entirely their own; and the conductors, if they fancy the key to it is in another person's power, immediately vary it. A case of this description occurred not long ago, The parties interested in the scheme fancied that, however soon they received intelligence, there were others in the market who were quite equal with them. In order to arrive at the real position of af. fairs, the chief proprietor consented, at the advice of a friend, to pay £10 for the early perusal of a supposed rival's pigeon express.' The express came to hand-he read it, and was not a little surprised to find that he was in reality paying for the perusal of his own news! The truth soon came out somebody had bribed the keeper of his pigeons, and were thus not only making a profit by the sale of his intelligence, but also on the speculations they in consequence conducted. The defect was soon remedied by changing the style of characters employed, and all went right as before.”Lond. pap.

their straw hats, and a few signs of mourning such as are sometimes worn by the poor who struggle between their povetty and their afflictions.

The girl soon began planting some of her wild flowers around the head of the grave when the stranger addressed them :

" Whose grave is this, children, about which you are so busily engaged ?"

“Mother's grave," sir, said the boy.

" And did your father send you to place these flowers around your mother's grave ?"

“No, sir, father lies here too, and little Willie and sister Jane."

“ When did they die ?"

“Mother was buried a fortnight yesterday, sir, but father died last winter; they all lie here."

“ Then who told you to do this ?".
“ Nobody, sir," replied the girl.
“ Then why do you do it ?!"

They appeared at a loss for an answer, but, the stranger looked so kindly at them that at length the eldest replied as the tears started to his eyes :

“Oh, we do love them, sir ?”

Then you put these grass tutts and wild ffowers where your parents are laid, because you love them?

“Yes, sir," they all eagerly replied.

What can be more beautiful than such an exhibition of children loving the memory of deceased parents? Never forget the dear parents who loved and cherished you in your infant days! Ever remember their parental kindness !-Honor their memory by doing those things which you know would please them were they now alive, by a particular regard to their dying commands, and carrying on their plans of usefulness! Are your parents spared to you? Ever treat them as you will wish you had done, when you stand a lonely orphan at their graves. How will a remembrance of kind, affectionate conduct toward those departed friends, then help to soothe your grief and heal your wounded heart !-Del. Gazelte. ,

DR. HOUGHTON. -At the time of the ad. venture which closed Dr. Houghton's eveniful eareer, in the waters of Lake Superior, he had with him in his canoe his faithful little dog, so often described in the papers by the letter-writers of that region. About an hour after the upsetting of the boat, the dog came into Eagle river, much bruised by being dashed against the rocks, and his strength nearly exhausted, in which condition he remained for several days, and yet would frequently bobble along the banks of the lake to the place of the fatal catastrophe, and there howl for several hours, as though he would call forth his master from the depths below. -Buff Com. Adv.

Mills Stopped. They have had snow, instead of rain, in Illinois, since winter set in. The streams are therefore unusually low, and the grist mills have had to stop.-Sun.

Jesuits Honoring Parents. As a stranger went into the church-yard of a pretty village, he beheld three children at a newly made grave. A boy about ten years of age was busily engaged in placing plants of turf about it, while a girl, who appeared a year or two younger, held in her apron a s few roots of wild flowers. The third child, still younger, was sitting on the grass, watching with thoughtful look the movement of the other two. They wore pieces of crape ons

From the Richmond Enquirer.

golden horse-shoe, with the inscription on it, AN OLD VIRGINIA MANSION.

" Sic juvat transcendere montes." But it is,

perhaps, not so well known, that the British I visited during the last spring, C- , an

government shabbily refused to re-imburse old seat on the Mata pony, in the county of

the party engaged in that expedition for their King William. Near ihe house I found a

expenses. This fact is stared by Chalmers, tombstone with the following inscription :

in the early part of the second volume of his “ Here lieth the body of Mary the wife of

“ Introduction to the History of the Revolt oi Mr. Augustin Moor, who departed this life

the American colonies." the day of , 1713.” He was the first settler of the place, and from the exten- S

A novel called the “ Knights of the Horse

shoe," by Mr. Wm. A. Caruthers, was writ. siveness of his landed possessions, or, rather, of his “clearings,” acquired the soubriquet

ten in celebration of this achievement of of - Old Grub." Among the relics of a for

Spo:swood. A new edition of this work is

about to appear. mer age, I found there some old engravings,

To return 10 C- , some time since, a “ printed for John Bowles, at the Black-horse in Corn-hill, anno 1745"—the views taken

sort of vault was discovered in the yard, and

in it several bottles with a horse-shoe stamp chiefly from London and its vicinity. Of the

upon them ; supposed to be wine bottles with family portraits there is one of Bernard Moore

the Governor's stamp. and his sister Lucy ; he about fourteen years of age in scarlet coat, cocked hat, powdered

Governor Spotswood was styled (by old wig and sword. He married Anne Catha.

Col. Byrd) “ the Tubal Cain of Virginia."rine Spotswood, a daughter of the Governor.

He was indeed the first person that ever es. Lucy Moore rather elder than her brother,

tablished a regular iron furnace in North

America (Westover, MSS., 132) and Chalwas by tradition a great beauty in her day.

mers in the work already referred to, vol. 2, She is represented as holding in her hand a rose of a species said to be found only at this

page 78, says, that the Virginians “ ought to old seat, and accordingly named after it. --

have erected a statue to the memory of a ru

ler that gave them the manufacture of iron." She was married in the room where the portrait now hangs, to Speaker Robinson, so

In 1739, Sir Alexander Spotswood was apgraphically described by Wirt in his life of

pointed to the command of forces raised Patrick Henry. Pleasant Hill, the residence

against Florida, but he died when on the of the Speaker, stands in view on the oppo.

eve of embarcation, on the 7th of June, 1710, ? site side of the Matapony, at a considerable

at Annapolis, Maryland. Whether he lies distance, however, owing to the extraordi

buried there, and if so, whether there is any nary tortuosity of the river. The house was

tomb-stone and inscription to his memory, I built for him by his father-in-law, Austin

have not been able to ascertain. Moore. Speaker Robinson lies buried in the garden there; the spot is marked by two


The anecdotes of the early visit of the But the most interesting portrait at C

King of the French to this country, and his is a full lengil of Governor Spotswood, and

characteristic attentions to our countryman, I could not help regretting that no engra Mr. Cailin, reported in the following letters ving had been made from it to appear in our

from the Boston Allas correspondence, cannot “ National Portrait Gallery ;" for, of the

fail to interest our readers : long roll of our colonial Governors, none has

PARIS, Nov. 15, 1945. cume down with a more unsullied lustre than that of Spotswood.

Mr. Catlin excited so much interest at? There is also in the same collection a por

Court when he accompanied the Ioway and trait of Dolly Spotswood, a daughter of the

Ojibbeway Indians, that he received, a few Governor. She married, I believe, Captain

days after the last visit, an invitation to break Nathaniel West Dandridge, of his Majesty's

fast with the Royal family at St. Cloud. He navy, a son of Captain William Dandridge

was most kindly welcomed, and after the re of Elson Green. An old lady once mentioned

past the King entered into a long conversation to me, that she remembered, when a very

with him on the indigenous races of America young girl, seeing Capt. Dandridge, the naval

and the scenes of the West," displaying a officer just referred to, going on board of his

fair knowledge of both; the interest of the ship-and the mariners, with their velvet 3

conversation being heightened by several aneccaps, saluring him as he stepped upon the

doles of his own adventures among them,

one of which I cannot refrain from appropria gangway. There is also at C- a likeness of a go.

ating. Mentioning that he heard several Inverness in Spotswood's family, that came over

dians speak of the King's having travelled from England, and named as is believed,

among them Mr. Carlin alluded to one in Clarke.

particular, who had told him that his majesty It is well known that Spotswood, with a

bled a white man who was thrown from a company or volunteer horse, having made wagon. the first successful exploration of the Blue "No, no," said the King, "he had a bad Ridge of mountains, was knighied on thats memory, it was myself that I bled. We account, and presented by the King with a ) were travelling in an open wagon, drawn by .

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For upwards of an hour, the gifted son of Wyoming thus recounted a succession of stirring anecdotes only interrupted by the comments and questions of the King; and when a want of light closed the examination, his majesty took his leave, with a promise to come again-accompanied by a strong expression of thanks and praise.

Mr. Catlin will, I learn from the Director of the Museum, receive an order for pictures 3 from the King-probably a series illustrating his journey in the Western States, or the life of La Salle, the discoverer of the Mississippi, and victim to Jesuitical intrigues.

All this should be a source of gratiffcation to every American. A single fellow-citizen has, without fortune and patronage, created from an original and national source, such a collection. But I regret to be forced to add that ihis collection is not likely ever to leave the Louvre-and that our descendants will be forced to visit France, to study the peculiarities of our national ancestry, blotted from the face of their beautiful land by the rolling tide of civilization.—Nat. Intelligencer.

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two free horses, and in descending a hill at a rapid pace, came to a high stump in the centre of the road. One of the horses chose to pass on one side of it and his fellow on the other, so that in spite of all the driver could do, the wagon was dashed against the stump and we were ihrown out with great violence. Stunned by the fall, I lay for some moments insensible, but on recovering, managed to bind up and draw blood from my arm-was carried to a neighboring cabin-and in a couple of days found myself able to proceed. A few hours previous to my departure, however, I received a visit from the Squire and several other important personages of the neighborhood, who had come to endeavor to persuade me to remain and practice medicine amongst them. They offered to guarantee me a good living, feeling certain, to use their own words, that a man who could doctor himselt was well calculated to heal others, and were quite disappointed when I declined their proposition.” Mr. Catlin having, on his return, taken full notes of the conversa. tion, I shall not repeat any more of it except the close. “Bring all your collection to the Louvre, where orders will be given 10 place a hall and every facility at your disposition, and we expect to derive much pleasure and instruction in carefully examining it.

The hall chosen by Mr. Catlin looks upon the grand court, and was formerly known as the Salle du Parlemente, as it was there that the Chambers used to assemble, their sittings opened by an addiess from the King. One of its spacious sides was covered with the collection of portraits-between the windows opposite were the sketches of Indian villages and ceremonies—in the centre, a Crow wig. wam, twenty feet high, was pitched upon poles brought from the Rocky mountains, while upon numerous tables were dresses, weapons, pipes, &c., all arranged by Mr. Catlin, with great taste, and filling the spa. cious hall, whose noble proportions gave a grand effect to the collection, which can be imagined by those who have seen it, with interest, in a more circumscribed space.

All was arranged on the morning of the elevenih, and the King being informed, came to visit it, in the afternoon, looking in better health and spirits than I have ever seen him. He wore a grey Tweed wrapper, over a black cloth suit, without any mark of decoration, and walked erect, with as firm a tread as any of the numerous suite of brilliant officers who followed him. Expressing his regret at the Cabinet Council having prolonged its session

to so late an hour, that he had declined s bringing his family until some future day,

when they could have more time, he commenced a careful inspection. Almost every picture and object was examined with marked interest, evidently heightened by Mr. Catlin's vivid descriptions of the original scenes; the

force and evident truth of which could but > bring the whole detail of Indian life before 3 those who heard him, in eloquent reality.

Greece in 1844, or a Greek's Return to his

Native Land-Chap. XI. An unpublished work, edited by Theodore Dwight Jr.

ICONTINUED FROM No. 19, PAGE 292.] After my return from Eubea, I spent some time longer in Athens, making daily observa. tions on a variety of subjects highly interest. ing to me, and conversing with persons of different nations, as well as with Greeks from almost every part of the country.

Among the foreigners then in the capital was Mr. Cochran, nephew of the celebrated Lord Cochran, who took so active a part in the revolutionary struggles in South America. as well as in the latter part of the Greek war. The two handsome volumes published by the nephew since his return, do credit to his observation and amiable character, while they afford much information concerning some events in the war, during which he accompanied his uncle, and respecting the character and habits of the Greeks, whom he regards with very friendly feelings. His super. ficial views on certain important points, however, lead us to regret the frivolities of fashionable life, to which he has been somewbat a devotee. He however was the first to propose to establish steam-packet communications between Greece and the west of Eu. rope, and had formed a contract with the Greek government to undertake it, when his plan was frustrated by the French.

How different an aspect was presented to me, by one particular branch of study here and in America! And how strange it seemed to me that such a difference should still ex: ist! There are many things, here and there, which seemed to betoken the same hand of improvement. Wherever I turned, as I walked through the streets and passed the


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