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ted almost entirely in ouiline, which is occa. S
In connection with drawing and the imi.
magnifying the real dimensions of a piece ¿ of land, by a proper disposition of the ob- 3 į jects intended 10 embellish its surface; for
this purpose tall and luxuriant trees of the 3
taken ; while those in the distance gradual-
The effect of intricacy and concealment
Chinese. At Yuen-ming.yueli a slight 1
wall was made to convey the idea of a
In sculpture, understood as ihe art of cut-
It remains only to say a lew words rela. } tive to the Chinese art of music. On this point Mr. Hiilner, who was attached to Lord Macartney's mission, was of opinions that “their gamut was such as Europeans } would call imperfec', their keys being inconsistent, that is wandering from Aals to sharps, and inversely, excepi when directed by a bell struck to sound the proper potes. The Chinese in playing o. instruments discovered no knowledge of semitones, nor did they seem to have any idea of counterpoint, or parts in music.
THE MERCHANTS AND THE AP.
“ To do good is a privilege and guerdon."
Touching instances of disinterested feeling and manly generosity occasionally occur in the ordinary walks of life--instances calcu. lated to show that much genuine benevolence and brotherly regard still exist between man and man.
Ten or fifteen years ago, an active and sensible lad occupied an humble position in a store in Philadelphia, which, from the nature of the business transacted, was the daily resort for a short time, of a large number of merchants and wholesale dealers. In the course of business, the lad alluded 10, made very favorable impressions upon a number of the visiters, and this was manifested in va. rious ways. Frequently they tendered him small sums of money, which he invariably declined, and at the same time expressed bis thanks for the kindness and regard that from time to time were exhibited. Affairs continued in this way for a considerable time, until the lad bad concluded his apprenticeship, and was twənly years of age.
At this time, a highly favorable opportuni. ty presented, by which the youth could commence business on his own account. But he was poor- very poor, being one of nine orphan children, and it was necessary for him to have at least seven hundred and fifty dollars, to pay off a few obligations contracted by his mother, and to purchase the fix.
tures and good will of the establishment then S offered for sale. What could he do under the
circumstances ? Without a dollar in the } world—one of a large and needy family, with s younger brothers and sisters looking up to s him in some degree for assistance and sup? port !- And yet, without a struggle, he would
certainly fail in life. The chance 100: So excellent. He might never have another like it.-He summoned courage and confidence, determined at least to make one effort. Perhaps some of his merchant friends might assist him! They had been kind very kind, and he thought that he could designate several whose proffers of good-will had a deeper source than the lip. He pondered thoughtfully for an hour or two, and bis resolution was formed. He remembered two gentlemen who had won his heart by their frankness and kindness when he was lille more ihan a child. They were not rich, but were engaged in active aud prosperous trade, and, if so disposed, might venture to loan a few hundred dollars, even lo a poor young man who possessed little of worldly wealth
beyond correct habits and an upright charac3 To call upon them with such an object resquired no lule nerve. But the case was a
crilical one-the cold world on one side, ?with á helpless family looking to one of its
feeble members for assistance, and on the other a cheering prospect of comparative in. dependence. Could the dreams of friendship, and benevolence which had relieved and brightened many an hour of toil, be realized ? But his resolution was taken ; he called first upon one and then upon the other of the merchants, slated his ca se frankly and with. out disguise, and asked a loan of three hun. dred and seventy-five dollars from each, of fering to give bis notes at stated periods, onder the belief that by patience, perseverance and economy, he would not only be able to carry on his business and assisi his family, but to pay the money at the time specified. The merchants listened with interest-nay wilb pleasure. They did not falsify the estimale that had been made of them, but, responding fully to the feelings of the young man, they yielded to his request promptly and cheerfully.
The result was most gratifying. The subject of our sketch prospered a bundantly, and was able, not only to provide for bimself, but 10 assist and protect the younger members of the family. As his promissory notes became due, they were taken up and paid fully and promptly.
It so happened. however, that before the last amount was liquidated, a change took place in the feelings and position of the young man, by which it became necessary for him to take to himself a better half. He called upon one of his friends for the purpose of paying the final instalment of the loan, 10gether with the interest, and at the same time he announced his intention of becoming a husband that night. The interest was generously refused, and a few words of friendly, kindly and proper advice were given under the circumstances.
“You have started well in life," said the merchant"you have by your recent conduct strengthened and confirmed the impression made during your boy hood — and if you should ever need assistance or a friend come to me."
The same evening the marriage took place. But while the ceremony was in progress, a messenger appeared at the dovr, and inquired for Mr. S , the groom of the occasion. le obeyed the summons as speedily as pos. sible, and was handed a noie. Somewbal confused and surprised, he broke the seal with awkward haste, and lo! a letter of congratulation, from his friend, the merchant, enclosing a note of one hundred dollars—"10 assist the young couple in their housekeeping arrangements."
The incident, although simple, is not with. out its moral. Il at least deserves to be held up to others by way oi example. The brief story was detailed io us by the party befriend. ed, whose voice trembled with emotion as he spoke. “And there,” said he turning 10 INO rosy boys who were sporting in his parlor, “are my earliest born-hey bear the panics of my benefactors."
Our apprentice is now a master workman. He enjoys a thriving and successful business, is independent in worldly circumstances, and has been the means of assisting several of his brothers and sisters to positions of usefulness and respectability. Would that there were more of the generous and benevolent spirit of the two merchants in the world! Would that merit and industry were more frequently singled out and assisted ! In this case, a whole family has been in some measure redeemed, advauced and placed in the path of usefulness and prosperity. The field is still a wide one. Opportunities of a like character are constantly presenting themselves. May they--and all the good and the gentle-hearted will join us in the prayermay they be more frequently embraced. May the wealthy discover in such instances, means not only of doing good unto others, but of creating for then selves a source of elevated, virtuous and truly delightful reflection and enjoyment.— Inquirer.
RUINS IN CENTRAL AMERICA.
BY B. H. NORMAN.
“ These ruins," says Mr. Norman, “are situated as near as I could calculate, with the primitive instruments constructed for the occasion, in longitude 98 deg. 33 min. west, and latitude 22 deg. 9 min. norih, covering a space of several miles square, and have every appearance of being the remains of a single iown. The whole place is completely cover. ed with trees of the largest growih, so ihickly interspersed with the rankest vegetation, that even the sun, or daylight iiself can scarcely find its way among them. So very dense and dark is the foresl, so constant and extensive the decomposition of vegetable maller going on beneath, it impregnaies the whole region with a humid and unwholesume atmosphere. It is true that these circumstances have, in a greal degree, hastened the dilapida jon of the works of human skill around; but nevertheless they furnish indis. putable evidence of the great antiquity of ihose works.
Among these ruins I found a remarkable head, which, with various other relics of an. liquity from the same interesting region, I bad the honor of depositing in the collection of the New York Historical Society. This head, or raiher face, a drawing of which I bave the pleasure of here presenting to the reader, resembles that of a female. It is beautifully cut from a fine sandstone, of a dark reddish bue, wbijen abounds in this vi. cinity. The lace, which is of the ordinary lite size, stands out in full relief from the
rough block, as if it were in an unfinished stale, or as if desigred to occupy a place among the ornamental work of a building. In several of its features the lines are deci. dedly Grecian, and the symmerry and beauty of its proportions have been very much ad. mired. How and where the artist may have obtained his model, and how far the existence of it may be deemed to confirm the statements of Plato and Aristotle, and favor the conjecture of an early sertlement on this continent by the Phænician navigators, I shall not now stop to inquire.
This striking figure I found lying among vast piles of broken and crumbling stones, the ruins of dilapidated buildings, which were strewed over a vast space. li was in a remarkably good stale of preservation, except ibe nose which was slightly mutilated; not suflicienily so, however, to lose its unitormily or destroy the beautiful symmetry of its proportions. The fillet or band of the head dress, which conceals the frontal developemenis, is unlike any thing found among the sculptured remains in this country, or worn by any of the native tribes.
On discovering this remarkable piece of sc pture-remarkable, considering the place where it was found—I immediately commenced making a drawing of it. Before completing the sketch, I was so struck with its singular beauty and perfection, that I determined to lay violent bands on it and bring it away with me, fearing that a mere drawing would not be a sufficient evidence to the incredulous world of the existence of such a piece of work among the ruins of places which had been built and peopled, according to the commonly received opinion, by a race of semi-barbarians. It was a work of no lille labor and difficully to secure it. But I finally succeeded in giving it a comfortable and safe lodging on the back of my inule, and so brought it to the bank of the river, where I embarked it in a canoe. It had several narrow escapes by the way, but was at lengil safely landed in New York."
Among the most interesting discoveries made by our traveller in his pilgrimage, was ibat of the American Sphinx, of which we will allow him to speak for himself:
"The next object which arrested my ate tention was one, the sight of which carried back my imagination 10 ages of classic interest, and to the marvels of buman art and power, on the banks of the river of Egypt. It was not perhaps a Sphinx in the language of the critical and fastidious antiquarian: but sure I am that no one, however scrupulous fur the horor of oriental antiquities, could ever see it without being strongly reminded of the fabulous monster of Thebes, and secretly wishing that he was so far an Edipus as to be able to solve the inexplicable riddle of its origin. li was the figure of a mam. moih turtle, wich the head of a man boldly
proiruded from under its gentle shell. The ? figure of the amphibious monster measured
ments of various kinds and of every size and
over six feet in length, with a proportional, width, and rested upon a huge block of concrete sand-stone. The back was correctly and artistically wrought, displaying the exact form and all the scale lines of the turtle in good proportion. There were also in many parts, distinctly visible, fainter lines to show that the peculiar arabesque of that ornament, al shield had not been overlooked by the art. ist.
"All the other parts were equally true to nature. It was much broken and mutilated, especially the buman protuberance; but not sufficiently so to destroy the evidences of the skill wiib which it bad been designed, and of
the masterly workmanship with which it had ? been wrought. This head must originaily I have been an unusually fine specimen ot an
cient American art. Like all the others found in this region, it has the Caucasian outline and contour, and in its finish and ex. pression is strongly marked with the unmisakeable impress of genius. It is rare among these works to meet with an entire head like this. They are generally half buried in the S rock from which they were hewa, as if de. signated to be placed in some very conspicuous position, in the facade or interior wall of a building. This work gives the head complete, and the posterior developements of the cranium, as the phrenologist would say, are those of an intellectual and moral cast--that is to say, they are quite subordinate to the frontal developemenis, The forehead was originally high and broad, though the mutilated appearance of the upper part, as given in the place, would leave a different impression. The nose, as far as it remains, is beautifully shaped and finely chiselled, as are also ihe lips, the chin and the ears.
The probable history and design of the · American Sphinx '--for such I have taken 3 the liberty to name it--will, I trusi, be made
a matter of more sober and successful inquiry by some fuiure traveller, more skilled than Í can profess to be in antiquarian researches.
It is an ample tield, strewn on every side > with subjecis of the deepest interest. And
he who shall first, by means of these only s records that remain, scallered, disconnected,
and crumbling into hopeless decay, decipher
some legible iale of probability, and unravel s a leading clue to the history of these inex.
plicable relics, will win and deserve the ad.
miring graliiude of all who were curious 10 s investigaie the ever chanying aspects of human society.
I had scarcely met wiih any thing in all my ranıbles inore full of interesi ihan the field I was now exploring, and I never so much regretted being alone. For a well read anti. 3 quarian to tak with-for a curioso in hieroglyphical lore to trace out the mystic lines, and give an intelligent signification to the grotesque images about me[ would have given my last maravedi and the beller balf of iny humble stock of provisions. Frag. 3
in the immediate vicinity of ibis • American Sphinx,' affording in their shapes, though mutilated and imperfect, and in the lines of sculpture suill traceable upon many of them, satisfac:ory prima facie evidence of having once composed the ornamental decorations of immense and splendid edifices which now lay in uller ruins at my feet.
The place where I stood had evidently been the site of a very large city, ibronged witb? busy multitudes of human beings, whose minds were cultivated and refined, whose hearts throbbed with human affections and human hopes, and who doubtless dreamed, as we do, that :neir works would make their names immortal. But where are they? A thousand echoes from the hills and walls around answer-where ?"
Travelling in the midst of wonders he ar. rived at Papuco.
“ Several days were employed in exploring this neighborhood, our loils being lightened occasionally by the discovery of Things new and strange. Among the rest there was one which I deem a very remarkable curiosity so much so that I shall satisfy myself with presenting that to the reader as ihe sole representative of the ruins of ibis interesting spot. It was a bandsome block or slab of stone, measuring seven feet in length, wiib an average of nearly iwo and a half in widib, and one foot in thickness. Upon iis face was beautitully wrought in bold relief the full lengih figure of a man, in a loose robe, with a girdle about his loins, his arms crossed on his breast, his head encased in a close cap or casque, resembling the Roman helmet (as res presented in the elchings of Pinelli.) without The crest, and his feet and ankles bound with the ties of sandals.
The edges of this block were ornamented with a plain raised border, about an incli and a half square, making a very neat and ap- ? propriate finish to the whole. The execu- ? tion was equal to that of the very best. ihal I have seen among the wonderful relics of this country, and would reflect no discredit upon the artis's of the old world. Indeed I doubt not that the discovery of such a relic among the ruined cities of lialy and Egypt, } would send a thrill of unwonted delight and s surprise through all the marvel-hunting ciro ? cles and literary clubs of Europe, and make } the for’une of the discoverer. I he figure is ibal of a tall, muscular man, of the finest proportions. The face in all its feaiures is of the noblest of the European or Caucasian race. The robe is represented as made wild full sleeves, and, falling a livile below ibe knees,
"This block, which I regarded with un. usual interest, and would by all nieans have brought away with me, if it had been in my power, I found lying on the side of a ravine, partially resung upon the dilapidated walls,
regions. We cannot conclude ibis notice, without congratulating the author upon the able fulfilment of the duty he owed bis country, of making public his interesting researches. The work cannot fail to attain to a popularity at least equal to that of the author's previous “ Rambles in Yucatan."
of an ancient sepulchre, of which nothing now remains bui a loose pile of hewn stones. It was somewhat more ihan four feet below the present surface of the ground, and was brought to light in the course of excavacions, having accidentally discovered a corner of the slab, and the loose stones about it, which were laid open by the rnsh of waters in the rainy season, breaking out a new and deep channel to the river. The earth that lay upon it was not an artificial covering. It bore every evidence of being the natural ac. cumulation of lime ; and a very long course of years must have been requisite to give it so deep a burial.
"I caused the stone to be raised, and placed in a good position for drawing. The engraving on the opposite page is a correct and faithful sketch of this wonder of ancient American art, as I left it. Those of my readers who have visited Europe, will not fail to notice a resemblance between this and the stones that, cover the tombs of the Koighis Templar, in some of the ancient churches of the old world. It must not be supposed, however strongly the prima facie evidence of the case may seem to favor the conjecture, that this resemblance affords any conclusive proof that the work is of European origin or ol modern date. The material is the same as that of all the buildings and works of art in this vicinity, and the style and workmanship are those of the great unknown artists of the western hemisphere.
“ Accord ng to Gomara, it was customary with the ancient Americans to place the figure of a deceased King on the chest,' in which his ashes were deposited. Is it im. probable, when we take into view the progress which the arts has made among these unknown nations, as evinced by the ruins I have recently visited, and others scattered over all this region, that this chest was some. times, nay, generally, of stone ?-that it was, in fact, in the language of oriental antiquily, a sarcophagus? And is it not possible that the cablet which I have here brought to light is that of one of the monarchs of that un. known race by whom all these works were constructed ? I am strongly of opinion that it is so, and that a further and deeper explora. tion in the saine vicinity would discover other relics of the same kind, and open to the view of the explorer the royal cemetery of one of the powerful nations of Anahuac."
He thinks, that from the evidence pre. sented in this part ot his work, we would be justified in concluding that the people to whom they appertained, had derived their origin from Eastern or North-Eastern Asia. This conclusion, though constructed on ma
terials which would not fully sustain the > theory, is interesting and important from the s circumstance, that it is in precise accordance
with the opinions of Professors Rash and ERDAER, which were based upon extensive researches into the analogies of the lan. guages of these two remotely separated
ARRIVAL OF THE HIBERNIA. Failure of the Whigs to form a Ministry
Return of Sir Robert Peel to the Cabinet.
The Whigs have utterly failed to form a Cabinet, add Sir Robert Pell and his col. leagues, with two exceptions, are re-instated. The Whigs, in their failure to carry on the Government, received very little sympathy from the British public, while the return uf the Peel administration has been the cause of an immediate reaction in all branches of business. The money market at once became easier, stocks rose, and a general feeling of confidence was given by all classes. The Whig Cabinet was in all respects the old Melbourne Ministry over again, and its suc. cessful re-organization was only prevented by the obstinacy of Lord Grey, who refused to join it. Lord Palmerston was made Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Wilmer and Smith remarks:-
"When Lord John Russell threw up his card there was no alternative but to send for Peel, aud the inost extraordinary move in this drama of Cabinet-making is, that he felt as little apparent hesitation in resuming his old office, as he evinced prompiness in throwing it up. His resumption of power immediately made itself felt in every branch of trade. Confidence, which had been shattered by the railway panic, because paralyzed when it was known that Peel was out; the markets fell, the funds sunk, business was suspended, and a gloom, a misi, hung over the commercial and trading world. These evils are fast subsiding with the canses which called ihem into existence. Upwards of ten days have elapsed since it becarne known that Peel was again Premier and every day has shown im. proved symptoms in the produce, share, money and other markets. This change appears the more extraordinary from the fact that his future policy is as much a maller of speculation as the new comet-even more undefined, undeveloped. Nobody knows what Peel will do, but every one has confidence in Peel-a singular proof of the hold which one powerful mind has over the sympathies and The prospects of millions of people. The London Examiner willingly observes in reference to the prevaing feeling, “ The beauty of the present juncture is, that nobody knows what Sir Robert Peel is going to do, and yet every body is satisfied that he is the man to do nobody knows what."
The new ministry under Sir Robert Peel is thus oflicially announced by the Siandard.
Sir Robert Peel, First Lord of the Treasury, &c.