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be able to move it quick enough. He was and old man, who knew the channel, and was consequently well aware how much depended on the skilful management of the helm. The Indians pass these rapids in canoes: a few years since one was upset, and several persons drowned-a circumstance which will not surprise any one who has once gone down them : it is far more surprising that any who attempt to pass them in such a manner should do so in safety.

“This route will probably become very popular, as all idea of danger has already nearly vanished. At present, it takes about tweniy-four hours to perform the distance (200 miles;) but with boats of greater power, it must be done in nearly half that time.”

JUVENILE DEPARTMENT.

them into different things. In the autumn, the Institute have their great Fair and Exhibition at Niblo's, when there is a splendid show of manufactures, vegetables, &c.

The way to form a society is this : One boy or one man must begin it. He must find another who is willing to join him, and they must talk to others. If they meet with some who do not care about it, or who laugh at them, they must not be discouraged, but say to one another : “ It is a good thing to join together to learn, and all our friends will think so too by and. by.” Then they must invite all who are friendly to it, to come together, and make one chairman and another secretary. They should have a constitution written, and by-laws to keep everything regular; then appoint officers, and committees on different subjects, determine when to meet, and have reports made, papers read, &c.

One of the first things that each should determine to do is, to try to prevent any disagreement; for many a society has been broken up by one or two conceited, impatient, or meddlesome members. It is just as it is in a family, a neighborhood, a town, a state, and a conntry: all should mind the Bible rules—“ Let none think more highly of himself than he ought to think," and "Do unto others as ye would that they should do unto you."

I shall tell you next week how some boys began to make such societies some years ago.

SOCIETIES OF LEARNED MEN.

Some of the boys and girls who read the last Penny paper will expect to hear about scientific and useful societies, or companies of men, who meet and talk about curious stones, plants, animals, &c.

In New York we have several. The Historical Society was formed about thirty years ago, and was very small for a long time; but now they have many thousands of books, placed in a large room in the Univer. sity, where they meet on the first Tuesday evening of every month, to hear something of what the white people or Indians did many years ago. You might often see piles of books which have been sent to them, or carved stones, Indian pipes, arrow-heads, and other curiosities on the table.

The Lyceum of Natural History has thousands of stones, seeds, shells, insects, mammoths' teeth, &c. from different coun: tries. There is not a stone you could pick up, or a leaf of a tree, or any strange bird, fish, or butterfly, that you could carry to them, but some of the members of the society could tell you what it was, what it was food for, where it came from, &c. Then they could go to their library, and take down books that would tell you all about it. They get all the books and papers which are print

ed in other countries about such things, and 3 read them, and grow more learned every week.

Then we have the American Institute, which has a large room in the Park, where 3 are always to be seen many curious mas chines and tools, with seeds of useful plants,

and many other things. Here the Farmers' Club meet, to talk about raising different crops, cattle, &c.; and the manufacturers, artizans, and scientific men, to talk about melting iron and other metals, and making

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How they get Tar and Turpentine.

Extract of a Letter to the Editor. The principal pursuit of the inhabitants, in many places near the sea coast of the southern states, is that of getting turpentine. It is made from the pines which there abound, almost to the exclusion of every other forest tree. Many persons have no other means of a livelihood than this employment, especially those of the poorer classes.

As soon as the sap begins to run in the season, a notch is made near the root of the tree, to catch the turpentine. This is called boxing the tree. Then it is dipped out, generally with a simple gourd, into buckets, which are emptied into the barrels on the spot. These are ready for market as soon as they are filled. .

Another small portion of the tree is then pared off, and the sap again descends freely into these receptacles. Under this opera. tion a pine will usually live for six or seven years, and is used in this - manner

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until it is thus deprived of its bark and a small portion of its trunk, to the height of ten or fifteen feet.

One man, it is calculated, will attend to 7000 boxes in a season, and will collect from 100 to 130 barrels of turpentine in a year.

The old trees, when they can yield no i more turpentine, are cut up into small

pieces, and then piled in heaps to make tar, which is only turpentine heated and smok. ed. The whole is then covered carefully with dirt, and a smothered fire is kept up beneath. As the wood slowly burns out, the tar runs from beneath into gutters pre.pared for its reception.

While burning, the kiln is carefully watched, day and night. One hundred barrels of tar are usually made at one burning. When the kiln is burned out,

the charcoal still remains from the wood, , and becomes also an article of use and value,

How wisely are the provisions of Provi. dence adapted to the good of man ! Thus pine, growing as it does on the poorest of lands, affords support to thousands of per. soors,

How useful is the tree! It produces the s turpentine, and, when worn out for this purpose, tar and coal are obtained from it ;

from the wood are made, also, the barrels > to convey the tar and turpentine to market. | The whole process is carried on in the very

forests where nature has planted this beau. difal tree.

The road in those regions often runs for miles through these pine woods; and I know of no sight more singular, than for the eye to rest upon these trees, thus rising up on every hand, and naked, and stripped for many feet from the ground.

In their resemblance, the imagination figures many things. I have often beheld them silent and majestic, and thought they resembled an immense army, drawn out in columns, and at rest. At night, especially

by clear moonlight, the scene becomes im. ( pressive. There they stand, naked, and · white, and solemn, like the tomb-stones of

some vast grave-yard, impressing the mind with serious and profitable reflections.

to prepare and strengthen you to encounters with a becoming temper and spirit, the trials and vexations of the day.

Accustom your children to make prayers and praise to God, the giver and preserver of life, the first employment in the morning and the last at night. Remember that the duties of a mother are untransferrable; therefore, except in cases of unavoidable necessity, never suffer the devotional exercise of your children to be superintended by another.

See that your daughters rise early, and that they employ themselves about such domestic affairs as are suited to their years and capacities.

Never suffer your children to require services from others which they can perform for themselves. A strict observance of this rule will be of incalculable advantage to them through every period of life.

Let all the young members of your family be regularly washed and combed before breakfast; never permit them to treat you with so much disrespect as to appear at your table in a slovenly condition. It should ever be remembered that the highest respect which a child can pay is due to its parent. This respect may be insured by forming correct habits in youth. “Resist in time - all medicine is but pay, "

When the disease has strengthened by delay." Never overload either the plates or the stomachs of your children ; give them sufficient and suitable food. Recollect “milk is for babes, and strong meat for men."

Selected.

I

So The Unicorn Discovered. - A recent number

of the “ Journal Asiatique" (published in Paris,) states that Mr. Fresnel the profound Orientalist, now French Consul at Jedda, in Arabia, has published a notice of the existence of the real Unicorn in the wilds of Hadra. maut. This strange beast has a single horn attached to its head by a joint, through which it can elevate or depress its horns at pleasure; remarkably confirming Psalms 92, 10, where it speaks of the "horn being exalted like the horn of the Unicorn."

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Good Sayings and Short Maxims. "

For the Use of Young Mothers. Rise so early in the morning that you may į be able to secure at least half an hour for

reading the Scriptures and prayer before your domestic concerns require your attention. You will find this exercise admirably adapted

A fortune-teller died recently in Paris, leaving a large property and many letters written to her by persons of rank. The letters were 3 burnt at her request. Superstition is a natural companion of ignorance and vice.

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POETRY.

LACONICS.
Ladies of fashion starve their happiness

to feed their vanity.
Ancient Poetry-on Monastic Life.

A Christian profession saves many a good Was it for this the breath of Heaven was blown

name in this life, but never a soul in the next. Into the nostrils of this beavenly creature ?

Working men-let your sweat-drops wash Was it for this that sacred Three in One Conspired to make this quintescence of nature ?

all dishonesty from your gains. Did Heavenly Providence intend

Of much speaking cometh repentance, but So rare a fabric for so poor an end ?

in silence is safety. Was man, the highest masterpiece of nature,

On the heels of folly treadeth shame. The curious abstract of the whole creation,

He who hath found a virtuous wife, hath Whose soul was copied from his great Creator,

a greater treasury than costly pearls. “She Made to give lighi, and set tor observation,

openeth her mouth in wisdom, and on her Ordained for this : to spend his light

lips is the law of kindness.” In a dark lantern, cloistered up in night?

The tears of the compassionate are sweeter Tell me, recluse monastic, can it be

than dew drops, falling from roses upon the A disadvantage to thy beams to shine?

bosom of the earth. A thousand tapers may gain light from thee:

Industry and economy will get rich, while Is thy light less or worse for lightning mine? If, wanting light, I stumble, shall

sagacity and intrigue are laying their plans. Thy darkness not be guilty of my fall?

A bankruptcy of moral principle is the

worst bankruptcy that can be imagined. Make not thyself a prisoner, that art free:

Trust him litile who praises all, him less Why dost thou turn thy palace to a jail ?

who censures all, and him least who is indifThou art an eagle; and befits it thee

ferent about all.-- Selected. To live immured like a cloistered snail !

Let toys seek corners; things of cost
Gain worth by view; hid jewels are but lost.

APPOINTMENT BY THE CHRISTIAN ALLIANCE.

- At a meeting of the Board of Councillors My God! my light is dark enough at lightest;

of the Christian Alliance, held in the Metho. Increase her flame, and give her strength to shine: 'Tis frail at best; 'tis dim enough at brightest;

dist Buildings, No. 200 Mulberry street, New But 'lis her glory to be foiled by thine.

York, January 16th, 1845, the Rev. WashingLet others luik; my light shall be

ton Roosevelt was unaninmously appointed Proposed to all men, and by them to Thee.

Financial Secretary of the Society.

SPENCER H. CONE, V. President, Chairman. A Prayer.

EDWIN Holt, Corresponding Secretary.
O God! how high and bright a throne

THOMAS S. SOMERS, Recording Secretary.
Is that thou bidst me seek in prayer!
Though friends desert and leave me lone,

Tever find a refuge thcre.
A peaceful refuge : sadness, pain,

Or present want, or coming gloom,
Can never in despair enchain,

While there I find the humblest room-
Room but to bow with downcast eye,
And dust enough my face to hide,

Oncota, or Red Race of America,
With strength to raise a feeble cry:
“Unclean! Restore me, purified!"

A series of Pamphlets, by Henry R. Schoolc afi, Esq.
Nos. 1 to 5, (lo be continued,) for sale at this office.

This is an original valuable, and highly interestin Receipts from an old Cookery Book.

work, superior to anything before published. Twenty: Soft Gingerbread.5 cups of flour, 3 of mo üve cenis eact number, or one dollar for five. lasses, 1 of sour milk, 1 tea-spoonful of pearlash, 1 table spoonful of ginger, and a few · THE AMERICAN PENNY MAGAZINE cloves.

AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER, Hard Gingerbread.-1 lb. of butter, 1 lb.

Is published weekly, at the office of the New York of sugar, 1 pint of milk, 4 eggs, 1 tea-spoon

Express, No. 112 Broadway, at 3 cents a number, (16 ful of pearlash, and flour enough to make it pages large octavo,) or, to subscribers receiving it by stiff.

inail, and paying in advance, $1 a year. The postage Ginger Snaps,-3 lbs. of flour, 1 lb. of su is one cent a number for all parts of the State, or within gar, 1 pint of molasses, 3-4 lb, of butter 1

100 miles of the city, and one and a half cents for tea-spoonsul of pearlash, 1-4 lb. of ginger,

greater distances. Personsi orwarding the money for

five copies, will receive a sixth gratis. Editors known and a little spice at choice.

to have published this advertisement, with an editorial Muffins.-1 lb. of four, 1 pint of milk, 2 notice of the work, will be supplied with it for one eggs, 1 gill of yeast, 2 ounces of butter-beat

year. By the quantity, $2 a hundred. The work will them well-bake them quickly,

form a volume of 832 pages annually. Crullers.-2 lbs. of flour, 3-4 lb. of butter,

Postmasters are authorized to remit money with

out charge. 8 eggs, leaving out half the whites. Sponge Cake.--. lb. of flour, 1 lb. of sugar,

UY NO MONEY IN ADVANCE 01 10 eggs, some lemon-peel, and the juice of half

Except to the Editor or Publishers! a lemon. Boil the yolks and whites of the

We particularly request the public 10 renjember that

no person is authorized to receive money in advance eggs separately.

or this paper, except the Editor or Publishers. wwwvou

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SHIPS AND SEAMEN. This print of a fine merchant ship, under man arts. It enables man to triumph over the ful sail, is an appropriate as well as an ele greatest obstacles which our globe presents to gant emblem of the interesting subjects which his progress from country to country, and his we have wished to present in a distinct view intercourse with a large portion of his speto our readers. We are aware, however, at cies. It is connected with most of the great the outset, of the too limited space offered by features in history, from the launching of the { our pages; and regret that we shall be Ark by Noah to the semi-conquest of China obliged to omit many details which we would by Great Britain. A ship naturally first be glad to insert, and to compress more close strikes the eye with inexpressible admiration, ly than we could desire, those for which we 3 awe, and pleasure. It excites a high regard may not otherwise find room.

for that human intelligence, of which it is Ship-building is one of the noblest of hu- s the product; it presents the most noble ex.

ample of the combined powers of two of the s pointed, often with Sabbath schools, and great elements, cooperating harmoniously for sometimes with day schools attached, librathe advantage of men, and subjected, even in ries, reading rooms, &c. their wildest fury, to his power and his com

One of the most interesting of the plans of mand. Every step in the long series of in the Society was the last to be carried into vention and improvement is attractive and in effect. The boarding houses for sailors bad structive, from the log floating on the water long been dens of corruption, and systematic to the canoe hollowed out by fire, the skiff schemes were carried on in them for leading working with its oars, the raft moving before them into vice, and to rob them of their wages. the wind, with the aid of a sail, the sloop After many unsuccessful attempts to improve with its keel, the Greek polacca with its dol them, “ The Sailor's Home" has been erected phin-like form, the East Indiaman and Ameri. in this city, with the aid of money loaned by can packet with perfect symmetry of masts, the legislature, arranged, furnished and proyards and sails, the line of-battle ship with vided for on a plan calculated to secure, even its city-full of men and a thunder-cloud in its to the greatest strangers, comfortable lodg. magazine and artillery, to the steam ship ings, a good table, recreations, and respectafoaming through the ocean, and proclaiming ble society, books, papers, and other means the second triumph of man over the element of information. The success of this enterwhich now impels while it sustains him.

prise has been most encouraging, and many The machinery of a ship is a distinct sub of our leading shipping merchants have given ject of attention, well worthy of particular their strong recommendation of this and the study; and what laudsman has for the first other departments of the Society's great systime gained a view of the position, use, and tem of benevolence, so useful to commerce relations of each part, without a feeling of and so honorable to the country. pleasure such as a complete, useful and suc

A new application has recently been made cessful piece of complicated machinery alone to the legislature for a farther loan, of modecan produce. The names applied to ihe mi rate amount, with security ; and we cannot nor parts of the rigging, in different langua but expect their ready assent. ges, are naturally systematic: in English, particularly, they are highly so. The three masts proper are called the fore, main, and

STEERING BALLOONS. mizen masts; their upper sails are named, We witnessed, a short time since, a private as they rise above the lower, top, top-gallant,

exhibition which was made at the Alhambra, royal, and sky sails; above which are sometimes placed the moon-gazers, sky-scrapers,

by Signor Muzzio Muzzi, from Italy, of a &c. which are rather for show than use. The small model balloon, with his apparatus at. sails, and the yards, or timbers which extend tached for steering it in different directions. the sails, are named after the masts to which A large assembly of Italian gentlemen and they belong : as the main-sail, the fore-topsail, the mizen top-sail, the main top-gallant

some ladies were present, with a considerable sail, main-mast, fore top.mast, &c.

number of Americans, among whom we noIt will be seen that the foremast has three ticed the Mayor. The exhibition was looked outer sails on the right; they are called stud

for with considerable interest; for it was ding sails, and are supported by booms run

known that the modest and amiable inventor out beyond the yards. It is but a few years since an old hulk in

had some time since received the certificates the Thames was first used for a seamans' of several of his scientific countrymen in chapel; and now it is common, in many of Florence, where he had shown his experithe ports visited by American and British

ments. seamen, in all parts of the world, to see a ship with a flag inscribed “Bethel,” with a The balloon had three broad and thin fans dove and olive branch, displayed on Sabbath > attached, one of which was fitted like the tail morning, and the welcome invitation joyfully

of a fish, to steer it towards the right and accepted by masters, officers, and men, who glide in peace to the place appointed for the

left, and the other two were placed at the worship of God. In our own poris, also, the

sides, and easily movable, so as to lie at anpractice has long prevailed; and evening gles of about 45° to the horizon. meetings are often called by a light raised at The balloon, when inflated, (with hydrogen the mast-head, or on the rigging. Few as. semblies present scenes of greater interest.

we presume,) rose; and was made to take a Under the patronage of the Seaman's Friend

slanting direction till it touched the high ceilSociety, a similar practice has been exten ing of the saloon, sometimes inclining this sively introduced upon our great canals and way, sometimes that. Then, by changing the rivers, with many happy results. Nor are

positions of the fans, it was made to revolve these the only great improvements which they have effected. Bethel Churches for seamen

while rising vertically. It may also be made and their families have been erected in seve

to vary its direction somewhat, in other modes ral of our cities and towns, and pastors ap. s. while on its way. On the whole the success

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