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Thee therefore, still blame-worthy as thou art, with all thy loss of empire, and though squeez'd by public exigence till annual food fails for the craving hunger of the state, thee I account still happy, and the chief among the nations, seeing thou art free! my native nook of carth! thy clime is rude, replete with vapours, and disposes much all hearts to sadness, and none more than mine ; thine unadult rate manners are less soft and plausible than social life requires, and thou hast necd of discipline and art to give thee that which warmer climes receive from NATURE's bounty, that humane address and sweetness, without which no pleafure is in converse, either ftaru'd by cold reserve, or flush'd with fierce dispute, a senseless brawl; yet being FREE, I love thee. For the sake of that ONE FEATURE, can be well content, disgrac'd as thou hast been, poor as thou art, to seek no sublunary rest beside. But once ENSLAVED, farewell! I could endure chains no where patiently, and chains at home, where I am Free by birthright, not at all.
I should then with double pain feel all the rigour of the fickle clime, and if I must bewail the blesting loft, for which our HAMPDENS and our SIDNEYS bled,
I would at least bewail is under skies
THERE are two great tyrannies, the tyranny of a despot, and that of a multitude. Of these the most dreadful is republican tyranny. The despot may receive the just blow, and fall from his high elevation, nothing is required but the arm of a Brutus: but the destruction of the many headed monster
headed monster is an Herculean labour. In despotic states, as well as in republics, the downfal of the ministers of government is usually effected by the death of the parties. In the former, they quietly yield up their breath ; in the latter, the struggle is attended with a dreadful convulsion, and the superiour faction gains the ascendancy after a mighty carnage.
Situated between the two stands, the MIXED FORM of GOVERNMENT, à GOVERNMENT nicely poised between THE EXTREMES of TOO MUCH LIBERTY and TOO MUCH POWER, where an unsuccessful and improvident minister is displaced without the loss of life, and the murder of his friends, and where the feveral parts of the CONSTITUTIONS are fo framed, that Ś D 2
they they ferve as a check to each other ; a CONSTITUTION, where the king is clothed with a power, that enables him to do all the good he has a mind to; and wants no degree of authority, but what a good prince would not, and an ill one ought not to have : where he governs, though not absolutely, yet gloriously, because he governs men, and not flaves; and, is obeyed by them cheerfully, because they know that, in obeying him, they obey those laws only which they themselves have had a fhare in contriving.
It is undoubtedly very natural for men to think that form of government the best, under which they draw their first breath, and to propose it as a model and standard for all others. : But, if any people upon earth have a juft title thus to boast, it is we of this island; who enjoy a CONSTITUTION, wisely moulded, out of all the different forms and kinds of civil government, into fuch an excellent and happy frame, as contains in ir all the advantages of their several forms, without sharing in any of their great inconveniencies. Our MIXED FORM of GOVERNMENT is authorized by lawyers, admired by Atrangers, recommended by divinęs, acknowledged by politicians, acquiesced in, nay passionately cherished, by the people in general; and all this during a period of at least a hundred and eighty years. This general consent surely, during so long a time, must be sufficient to render any constitution legal and valid: if the origin of all power be derived, as is alledged, from the people a here is their consent in the fullest and most ample terms that can be derived or imagined. We must be all sensible that the plan of liberty is settled ; its happy effects are proved by experience; a long tract of time has given it stability. We must be sensible, that public liberty with internal peace and order, has flourished almost without interruption : trade and manufactures, and agriculture, have increased : the arts and sciences, and philofophy, have been cultivated. Even religious parties have been necessitated to lay aside their mutual rancour: and the glory of the nation has spread itself all over Europe; derived equally from our progress in the arts of peace, and from our valour in war. So long and so glorious a period no nation almost can boat of: nor is there another instance in the whole history of mankind, that so many millions of people have, during such a space of time, been held together, in a manner so free, so rationable, and so fuitable to the dignity of human nature.
As I was betwixt sleep and waking, methought on a sudden I perceived one of the most shocking figures imagination can frame advancing towards me. drest in black, her skin was contracted into a thousand wrinkles, her eyes deep funk in her head, and her complexion pale and livid as the countenance of death. Her looks were filled with terror and unrelenting severity, and her hands armed with whips and scorpions. As soon as she came near, with a horrid frown, and a voice that chilled my very blood, she bid me follow her. I obeyed, and she led me through rugged paths, beset with briars and thorns, into a deep solitary valley. Wherever the passed the fading verdure withered beneath her steps; her peftilential breath infected the air with malignant va