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SECT. LXXVII.

OF TEMPORARY EXHAUSTION.

Just as the morning steals upon the night,
melting the darkness, so their rising senses
begin to chase away the fumes that mantle
their clearer reason. Their understanding
begins to (well, and the approaching tide
will shortly fill the reasonable thore
tha: now lies foul and muddy.

SHAKESPEARE.

To Thew the diminution of sensibility from increased action, if one hand be put into very warm water, and then immersed with the other into subtepid water, to the former this water will appear extremely cold, while to the other hand it will impart an agrecable warmth. For the same reason we feel a chillness on coming into an atınosphere of a temperate warmth, after having been for some time in a very close apartment. Hence we are unable clearly to distinguish objects, immediately after we have seen a bright flash of lightning pervade the gloom of night. Thus Milton, in describing the

light light and glory which flows from the divine presence and the majesty of God, says,

Dark with exceffive light thy skirts appeat, Here is an idea not only practical in an high degree, buc strictly and philosophically just. Extreme light, by overcoming the organs of fight, obliterate all objects, so as in its effects exactly to resemble darkness. Thus, after having looked at the setting fun for a short time, if we turn our eyes to a less fplendid part of the heaven, a dark fpot will be perceived exactly resembling the shape of that bright luminary.

That these phænomena depend upon the exhaufion of sensibility, may be proved also by looking steadfastly on a area of scarlet lilk of about an inch diameter spread on white paper, the scarlet colour will gradually become fainter, until it entirely vanishes, if the eye be kept uniformly upon it. Or if you look at a surface of light blue, and then place upon it a finaller surface painted of the ultramarine blue, the appearance of the light blue will be nearly obliterated. It is on this account that painters put in their first shades darker than a bye. stander ignorant of this law would imagine right, and produce the greatest effect by the contrast of shades.

That violent exertions of the mind fatigue the frame

as

as much, if not more, than bodily labour, every day furnishes abundant proof.

During the late war with AMERICA, when it was proposed to continue on hostilities, Lord CHATHAM, at the close of a very long and animating speech, said My Lords you cannot conquer. AMERICA. No man thinks more highly of my country than I do. I love and honour the English troops. I know their virtues and their valour, I know they can achieve any thing, except impossibilities. As to the conquest of AMERICA, I repeat, my lords, it is impossible. You may swell every expence and every effort ftill more extravagantly; pile and accumulate every mercenary affistance you can beg or borrow; traffic and barter with every little pitiful German prince that fells his subjects to the shambles of a foreign power : your efforts are for ever vain and impotent; doubly fo from this mercenary aid on which you rely: for it irritates to an incurable resentment the minds of your

enemies. To overrun them with the mercenary sons of rapine and plunder, devoting them and their possessions to the rapacity of hireling cruelty! If I were an American as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country, I would never lay dową my arms: NEVER-NEVER-NEVER.

Your army is infected with the contagion of these illiberal allies: the spirit of plunder and of rapine is gone forth among them. I know it, I am informed from the most experienced officers that our discipline is deeply wounded. Whilst this is notoriously our sinking fituation, AMERICA grows and flourishes : whilst our strength is lowered, their's rises and improves.

But, my lords, in addition to these disgraces and mischiefs of our army, the ministers have dared to authorize and associate to our arms the toinahawk and scalping knife of the favage! have called into civilized alliance the wild and inhuman favage of the wood! have delegated to the merciless Indian the defence of disputed rights, and to wage the horrors of his barbarous war against even brethren !

My lords, this enormity cries aloud for redress, and unless thoroughly done away, it will be a stain on the national character; it is a violation of the constitution ; I believe it is against the law.

It is not amongst the least of our national misfortunes, that our army is infected with the mercenary spirit of robbery and rapine, for, familiarized to the horrid scenes of cruelty, it can no longer boast of the noble and generous principles which dignify a foldier, no longer Vol. IV.

5 G

sympathize

sympathize with “ the dignity of the royal banner," nor feel " the pride, pomp, circumstance of glorious war,that make ambition virtue. ---What makes ambition virtue? A sense of honour : but is a sense of honour consistent with a spirit of plunder, and the practice of murder ? Can it flow from mercenary motives? Or can'it prompt to cruel deeds ?

My lords, the time demands the language of truth: we must not now lay the flattering unction of servile compliment or blind adulation. In a jult or necessary war, to maintain the rights or the honour of my country, I would strip the shirt from my back to support it: but in such a war as this, unjust in all its principles, impracticable in its means, and ruinous in its confequences, I would not contribute a fingle effort, or a single shilling. In this complicated crisis of danger, weakness at home, and calamity abroad, terrified and insulted by the neighbouring powers; unable to act in AMERICA, or acting only to be destroyed, where is the man with the forehead to say our affairs are in a hopeful situation! who has the forehead to promife or to hope success from such a situation, or froin perseverance in those measures that have driven us to it? But if in an obstinate and infatuated perseverance in

folly

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