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HUMANITY.-What-to attribute the sacred sanction of God and NATURE to the massacres of the Indian scalping knife !mto the cannibal savage torturing, murdering, roasting, and eating, literally, my lords, eating the mangled victims of his barbarous battles ! --Such horrible notions shock every precept of religion, divine or natural, and every generous feeling of humanity: and, my lords, they shock every sentiment of honour ;

- they shock me, as a lover of honourable war, and a detester of murderous barbarity. - These abominable principles, and this more abominable and shameful avowal of them, demand the most decisive indignation, - I call upon that right reverend bench, those holy ministers of the gospel and pious pastors of our church :I conjure them to join in the holy work, and vindicate the religion of their God! I appeal to the wisdom of this learned bench to defend and support the justice of their country :- I call upon the bishops to interpose the unsullied sanctity of their lawn :-- upon the reverend judges to interpose the purity of their ermine, to save us from this pollution.—I call upon the honour of your lordships to reverence the dignity of your ancestors, and to maintain your own: I call upon the spirit and huinanity of my country to vindicate the national cha


racter :- I invoke the genius of the constitution, from the tapestry that adorns these walls, the immortal ancestor* of this noble lord, who frowns with indignation at the disgraces of his country.-In vain he led your victorious fleets against the boasted Armadas of Spain; in vain he defended and established the honour, the liberties, the religion, the Protestant religion of this country against the arbitrary cruelties of Popery and the Inquisition; if these more than Popish cruelties and inquisitorial practices are let loose among us.- To turn forth into our settlements, among our ancient connections, friends, and relations, the merciless cannibal thirsting for the blood of man, woman, and child ! To send forth the infidel savage-against whomn ? Against your Protestant brethren !-To lay waste their country; to desolate their dwellings, and extirpate their race and name, with their hell-hounds of savage war! Hell-hounds I say of savage war. Spain armed herself with blood-hounds to extirpate the wretched nations of America :--and we improve on the inhuman example even of Spanish cruelty. We turn loose these savage hell-hounds against our brethren and countrymen in

* Lord EFFINCHAM HOWARD, Queen ELIZABETH's Lord High Admiral.


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America, of the fame language, laws, liberties, and religion :-endeared to us by every tie that should fanctify humanity.

My lords, this awful subject, so important to our honour, our conftitution, and our religion, demands the most solemn and effectual enquiry: and I again call upon your lordships, and the united powers of the state, to examine it thoroughly and decisively, and to stamp upon it an indelible stigma of public abhorrence: and I again implore those holy prelates of our religion to do away these iniquities from among us. Let them purify this house, and this country, from so great a sin.

My lords, I am old, and weak; and at present UNABLE to say more : but my feelings and my indignation were too strong to have said less. I could not have slept this night in my bed, nor reposed my head upon my pillow, without giving this vent to my eternal abhorrence of such preposterous and enormous principles.




Curæ leves loquunter, ingentes ftupent.


NOTWITHSTANDING a negative had been put upon every proposition and motion made by Lord CHATHAM concerning America, yet he resolved to perfevere in the same line of conduct. To his zeal in this cause he fa. crificed his life. He had not strength of frame sufficient to bear the exertions he made. He was now advanced in the seventieth year of his age, and suffered the severest attacks of gout; but although debilitated by infirmity, and enervated by anguish of body and mind, still he refused to yield to the calls of his disorder, or to mitigate his pains by the indulgence of a bed—while his country was bleeding, he felt for her and not for himself. Her honour and splendour had been his glory and his pride her debasement and adversity were now the only subjects of his concern and anxiety.

On the 7th day of April, 1778, the Duke of RichMOND having moved to present an address to the king on the subject of the state of the nation, in which the necessity of admitting the full INDEPENDENCE of America was hinted, Lord CHATHAM, for the last time, rose to speak in the House of Lords.


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My lords, he said, I rejoice that the grave has not closed upon me; that I am still alive to lift up my voice against the dismemberment of this ancient and most noble monarchy! Pressed down as I am by the hand of infirmity, I am little able to assist my country in this most perilous conjuncture; but, my lords, while I have sense and memory, I will never consent to deprive the royal offspring of the house of BRUNSWICK of their faireft inheritance. Where is the man that will dare to advise such a measure? My lords, his Majesty succeeded to an empire as great in extent as its reputation was unsullied. Shall we tarnish the lustre of this nation by an ignominious surrender of its rights and fairejt podelions ? Shall this great kingdom truckle to the house of BOURBON? Shall a people, that seventeen years ago was the terror of the world, now stoop so low as to tell its ancient inveterate enemy,

66 Take all we “ have, only allow us peace ?” Is it possible ! --I wage war with no man, or set of men. I wish for none of their employments ;-nor would I co-operate with men (alluding to the Duke of Richmond) who instead of

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