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SECT. XCV.

HUNTING WAR, AND GAMING,

Cards were at first for benefits design'd;
sent to amuse, and not enslave, the mind :
But from such wise end they must soon depart
from this principle of the human heart,
which not in pleasure's self can pleasure find,
unless it comes with agitation join’d;
which, balking warm in fortune's sunshine clear,
fighs for the shifting clouds of hope and fear ;
and tir'd with looking on the listless deep,
when lull’d by summer gales to filver Neep,
would rather far the tempeft's fury brave,
when danger rides on ev'ry foaming wave.

WHIST, A Poem.

If we contemplate a favage nation in any part of the globe, supine indolence, and sometimes violent exertions, will be found to constitute their general character. In a civilized state, every faculty of man is expanded and exercised; and the great chain of mutual dependance connects and embraces the several meinbers of society. The most numerous portion of it is employed in constant and useful labour. The select few placed by fortune above that necessity, can, however, fill up their time by the pursuit of ambition, by the improvement of their estate, by the duties, the pleasures,

5 S 2

and and even the innocent follies of social life. These, by reading and reflection, multiply their own experience, and live in distant ages and remote countries ; whilst the former, rooted to a single spot, and confined to a few years of existence, surpasses but very little bis fellowlabourer the ox, in the exercise of his mental faculties.

Their level life is but a mould'ring fire,

or if raptures cheer
on some high festival of once a year,
in wild excess the vulgar breast takes fire,
til), buried in debauch, the bliss expire.

And yet,

The lazy favage, destitute of every art that can last out the day, if his hunting has procured enough, passes his time in the animal gratifications of eating and sleep.

by a wonderful diversity of nature,” which could not fail to escape the observation of TACITUS, who has applied the science of philofophy to the study of facts, “ The same barbarians are by turns the most o indolent and the most restless of mankind. They de

light in sloth, they detest tranquillity. The languid • soul, oppressed with its own weight, anxiously re~ quired some new and powerful sensation ; and war

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66 and

The passion for war, in the favage breast, is strongly exemplified in the following history. When Constantinople was taken by the Turks, IRENE, a,

young

" and gaming were the only gratifications moft fuited to ☆ this temper of mind."

66 The found that fummoned the GERMAN to arms " was grateful to his ear. It roused him from his un" comfortable lethargy, gave him an active pursuit, " and, by strong exercise of the body, and violent emo" tions of the mind, restored him to a more lively sense " of his existence.

young Greek of an illustrious family, fell into the hands of MAHOMET II, who was at that time in the prime of youth and glory. His savage heart being subdued by her charniş, he shut himself up with her, denying access even to his ministers. Love obtained such an afcendancy as to make him frequently leave the army to stop with his IRENE. War relaxed, for victory was no longer the monarch's favourite passion. The soldiers, accustomed to booty, began to murmur, and the infection spread even among the commanders. The Balha MUSTAPHA, consulting the fidelity he owed his master, was the first who durft acquaint him of the discourses held publicly to the prejudice of his glory. The fultan, after a gloomy hilence, formed his resolution. He ordered MUSTAPHA to assemble the troops next morning ; and then with precipitațion retired to IRENE's apartment. Never before did that princess appear so charming ; never before did the prince bestow so many caresses. To give a new lustre to her beauty, he exhorted her women next morning to bestow their utmost art and care on her dress. He that morning took her by the hand, and led her into the midst of the army, and pulling off her vail, demanded of the þalhas, with a fierce look, whether they had ever be held such a beauty? After an awful pause, Mahomet, with one hand laying hold of the young Greek by her beautiful locks, and with the other pulling out his scimitar, fevered her head from the body at one stroke. Then turning to his grandees, with eyes furious and wild, “ This sword,” says he, when it is my will, knows how even to cut the bands of love." 3

In

“ In the dull intervals of peace, the GERMANS were “ immoderately addicted to deep gaming, and excessive “ drinking ; both of which by different means, the one " by inflaming the passions, the other by extinguishing “ his reason, alike relieved him from the pain of the “ want of employment. They gloried in paffing whole “ days and nights in this tumult of the passions, and the « blood of friends and relations often stained their nu

merous assemblies. The desperate gamester, who had “ staked his perfon and liberty on the throw of the die, “ such was the point of honour among these barbarians, “ or rather depraved obstinacy, as TACITUS more just

ly tłyles it (ea est in re prava pervicacia, ipsi fidem “ vocant), that they patiently submitted to the decision “ of fortune, and suffered themselves to be bound hand $6 and feet, and sold into reinote and cruel flavery by his so weaker and more lucky antagonist.”

SECT, SECT. XCVI.

LICENTIOUSNESS.

COLONEL GARDINER, a gentleman of fortune, who, to all the advantages of a liberal and religious education added every accomplishment that could render him mtoft agreeable, early entered into the army, and was soon called into actual service, at which time he behaved with a gallantry and courage, which will always give a splendour to his name among the British soldiery, and render him, in this respect, an example worthy of their imitation. But, alas ! amidst all the intrepidity of the martial hero, you see him vanquished by the blandishments of pleasure, and plunging into the most criminal exceffes. Before he had attained the age of twentytwo he fought three duels. In the battle of Ramillies, he was shot through the neck, and by a singular intervention, as it were, of Providence, when the strippers of the dead came to him, and had taken up an instrument wholly to abolish life, being faint and speechless from loss of blood, a friar interfered, and some spirits being given him, he was revived, and made prisoner.

He

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