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those who thought that motion was a thing; and that he will also explain a little more clearly why, though motion and rest are only conditions, they must necessarily be similar conditions. But what an acute philosopher must Mr. L. be not to see that he is adopting the very fallacy that Zeno was refuting; who "clearly saw" that space and time are one and continuous, and not really divisible, as in human conceptions of them, into points and instants. After this the reader will not be surprised to find that Mr. Lewes defends the Sophists, whom he considers "a very calumniated race," and thinks that Socrates must have been a 'prodigious bore" to them! Had he lived in the age of Pericles he would doubtless have been a Sophist himself, though, perhaps, not a rich one.

We are sorry to have wasted the reader's time over this book ; but it is one of a class which deserves to be exposed, and this we could not do without entering into some little detail. We are by no means confident that we have selected the richest specimens. We never before so strongly experienced the embarras de richesses; and felt something like a boy in a pastrycook's when told to "take what he likes."

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GREEK PHILOSOPHERS, SOCRATES AND PLATO. By the Rev. J. Phillips Potter, A.M. (London: Parker, 1845.)

THIS is the first of three little volumes, in which Mr. Potter proposes to consider the character of Socrates under the aspects of religion, politics, and dialectics. The book consists of a series of papers, several of which have already appeared in periodicals. But though in the eyes of some this circumstance may confer a stamp of value upon Mr. Potter's labours, we must confess that we think his work would have gained unity and strength had he been at the trouble of re-casting it into a less desultory shape. Many of the views are so good as to deserve this labour. At present, small as the volume is, it has almost the appearance of book-making, so unconnectedly are some of the papers introduced, e.g. that "On the Connection between Religion and Philosophy," and perhaps, too, that "On Dr. Burton's Estimate of Gnosticism;" which latter, though it might fairly form an appendix to a view of the Platonic philosophy, scarcely belongs to the subject proposed in the preface-a view of the character of Socrates. The form of reviews, too, in which some of the papers originally appeared, sometimes gives them too controversial a tone for a substantive and original work; and in defending Socrates, the author speaks, we think, with

some unnecessary depreciation of Bacon. The book, however, possesses the valuable, and now-a-days rather rare, recommendation of common sense. One of Mr. Potter's chief points is to distinguish the moral and religious tenets of Socrates, as they may be gathered from the Memorabilia of Xenophon, and the earlier dialogues of Plato, from those which Plato has put into his mouth in what have been called his Monologues, such as the Republic and Laws; as to the value of which latter class of works Mr. Potter is at direct variance with Schleiermacher and Professor Sewell.

Βιογραφοι. VITARUM SCRIPTORES GRAECI MINORES. Edidit A. Westermann. Brunsvigae, 1845. 8vo.

PROFESSOR WESTERMANN here presents us with another volume of those useful collections which have engaged his attention for the last six or seven years. In 1839 he published the Greek IIapadotoypapoi, or Scriptores rerum mirabilium Graeci, containing (Aristotle's) Mirabiles Auscultationes, Antigoni, Apollonii, Phlegontis Historiae Mirabiles, Michaelis Pselli Lectiones Mirabiles, and various other minor works of the same kind. That volume was followed, in 1843, by his Muloypapo, or Scriptores Poeticae historiae Graeci, containing the Bibliotheca of Apollodorus; Conon's Narrationes; Parthenius' Narrationes Amatoriae; the Novae Historiae of Ptolemaeus, the son of Hephaestion; the Metamorphoses of Antoninus Liberalis; the Catasterismi of Eratosthenes; Palaephatus de Incredibilibus, and various other works of the same class. The present volume contains all the minor Greek biographies of literary men, that have come down to us, excluding of course those of Plutarch, Diogenes Laertius, and Philostratus, who may be regarded as majores vitarum scriptores. In executing his task, Westermann has availed himself not only of the best editions of separate lives, wherever there were any, but has consulted and collated a variety of MSS.; in many cases, however, no remedy could be found, and passages here appear again in their corrupt state, as incurable. The work is divided into eight books, each embracing the lives of a particular class of writers: viz. book 1. lives of epic poets (including the life of Homer, formerly attributed to Herodotus, and the 'Ayr 'Oμýpov kaì 'Høιódov); II. of lyric poets; III. of tragic poets; IV. of comic and bucolic poets; v. of historians; VI. of orators and sophists (including the lives of the "ten orators," commonly ascribed to Plutarch); vII. of philosophers; and VIII. of medical writers. Many of these lives are the productions of unknown grammarians, and many are taken from the Lexicon of Suidas, and are of course of very different value.

In the case of Homer there are no less than eight lives, and, as the student has them here all together, he has at once all the materials before him, and can compare the various statements with one another, without much trouble. The work is particularly useful to those who are engaged in the study of Greek literature, and it is only to be regretted that the editor has not accompanied the biographies with some sort of historical comment. Critical notes relating to the text are added at the foot of the page, and copious indices enhance the convenience and utility of the work.

XIX.

WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED IN ENGLAND.

ARNOLD, Dr. T., History of Rome. Vol. III. 2nd edition. London, Fellowes, 1845. 8vo.

Archæological Journal, published under the direction of the Central Committee of the British Archæological Association. Oxford, 1845.

8vo.

8vo.

Akerman, J. Y., Ancient Coins. Part IV.-Hispania, Nerii to Ebu-
sus; Gallia, Averni to Cassio. London, Smith, 1845. 8vo.
Becker, W. A., Charicles; or, Illustrations of the Private Life of the
Ancient Greeks: with Excursus and Notes. Translated by the
Rev. F. Metcalfe. London, Parker, 1845. Post 8vo.
Blackie, J. S., De Latinarum Literarum Praestantia atque Utilitate,
Oratio Academica. London, Taylor and Walton, 1845.
Donaldson, J. W., Constructionis Graecae Praecepta in usum Schola-
rum. London, Longman and Co., 1845.
Dressner, A Treatise on the Genuine Pronunciation of the Ancient
Romans. Dublin, 1845. 12mo.
Dunlop, J., The History of Fiction; being a Critical Account of the
most celebrated Prose Works of Fiction, from the earliest Greek
Romances to the Novels of the present age. 3rd edition. London,
Longman, 1845. Medium 8vo.

12mo.

8vo.

Folio.

Haigh, D. H., An Essay on the Numismatic History of the Ancient
Kingdom of the East Angles. Leeds, 1845.
Hessey, Rev. James A., Schemata Rhetorica; or Tables explanatory
of the Euthymeme of Aristotle. Oxford, 1845.
Horace, The Sapphic Odes of. Translated into nearly corresponding
English verse with the Original Text. By the Rev. John Peat.
London, 1845. 12mo.

Lewes, G. H., A Biographical History of Ancient Philosophy.
London, Knight, 1845. 2 vols. 12mo.

Liddell, H. G., and R. Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, based on the German work of Francis Passow. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Oxford, 1845. 4to.

Parkhurst, J., Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament. New edition, by the late H. J. Rose, B.D., and J. R. Major, D.D. London, 1845. Royal 8vo.

12mo.

Potter, Rev. J. Ph., Characteristics of the Greek philosophers, Socrates and Plato. London, Parker, 1845. Scriptores Monastici. Chronicon Anglia Petriburgense. Iterum post Sparkium cum Cod. MS. contulit J. A. Giles, LL.D. London, 1845. 8vo. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. II., Part 3 (Part XII.). London, Taylor and Walton, 1845.

School Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, abridged from the larger Dictionary, with numerous engravings. London, J. Murray, and Taylor and Walton, 1845. Small 8vo. Thirlwall, C., Bishop of St. David's, The History of Greece. New edition, with Maps and Plans. London, Longman, and J. Taylor, 1845. Vol. I. 8vo.

Welsford, on the Origin and Ramifications of the English Language. London, Longman, 1845. 8vo.

Zumpt, Professor, Grammar of the Latin Language. Translated from the 9th edition, and adapted for the use of English students. By Dr. L. Schmitz, with new additions by the Author. London, Longman, 1845. 8vo.

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AESCHYLUS, Eumeniden. Deutsch, mit Einleit. u. Anmerk. von G. F. Schoemann. 8vo. Greifswald. 5s.

Aristophanes, Ranae. Edit. F. Fritsche. 8vo. Turici. 13s. 6d. Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea. Ex recens. I. Bekkeri. 2nd edit. Berlin. 8vo. 3s.

Babrii Fabulae Iambicae cxxIII. J. F. Boissonade recensuit. 2nd edit. Paris. 12mo. 18.

Babrii Fabellae Iambicae cxxIII. a Minoide Mena in monte Atho nuper repertae. Ex edit. Boissonade, ed. Orelli et Baiter. Turici. 12mo. 1s. 6d.

Babrii Fabulae Aesopeae. C. Lachmann et amici emendarunt, ceter. poet. Choliamb. ab A. Meinekio collect. emend. Berlin. 8vo. 4s. Bake, J., Scholica Hypomnemata. Tom. III. Lugdun. Bat. 12mo. 9s. Bergk, Th., Animadversiones Criticae in Babrii Fabulas. In the Marburg Program for the summer course of 1845.

4to.

Brevis Explicatio Fabularum Babrii ad secundam edit. Boissonadii. Paris.

12mo.

Bock, C. W., Die ältesten Bewohner Aegyptens, deren Sprache, Hauptgottheiten, &c. Berlin. 8vo. 1s.

Boeckh, A., Manetho und die Hundsternperiode. Berlin. 8vo. 5s.

Bröndsted, P. O., Reise i Graekenland. Two vols. Copenhagen.

8vo. 15s.

Bunsen, Beschreibung Roms. Ein Auszug aus dem grössern Werke von Platner u. Urlichs. Stuttgard. 8vo. 12s.

Burnouf, E., Introduction à l'Histoire du Buddhisme Indien. Tom. I. Paris. 4to. 30s.

Brunet de Presle, W., Recherches sur les Etablissements des Grecs en Sicile. Two vols. 8vo. Paris.

Capelle, A. G. van, Commentatio de Regibus et Antiquitatibus Pergamenis. Amsterdam. 8vo. 7s.

Ciceronis Cato Major et Laelius. Edit. C. F. Şüpflle. Manheim. 8vo. 1s. 6d.

Ciceronis Epistolae Selectae. Ed. C. F. Süpfle. 2nd edit. Karlsruhe. 8vo. 58. 6d.

Claudiani in Probini et Olybrii fratrum consulatum Panegyris. In Rufinum libri II. Edit. J. C. Orelli. Turici. 4to. 2s. 6d.

Demosthenis Oratio in Aristocratem. Edit. E. G. Weber. Jena. 8vo. 12s.

Dübner, F., Animadversiones Criticae de Babrii Mythiambis. Paris. 8vo. 28.

Dufrat, P., Essais Historiques des Races Anciennes et Modernes de l'Afrique Septentrionale, &c. Paris. 8vo.

Flavii Philostrati quae supersunt. Ed. Kayser. Pars. I. Turici. 4to. Subscript. price for both parts, 278.

Gradus ad Parnassum Latinum. Ed. F. A. Friedemann.

4th edit. Lipsiae. 8vo. 7s. 6d.

Pars II.

Herodotus, Ctesias, Castor, Eratosthenes. Edit. C. Müller. Graece et Lat. cum indicib. Paris. 8vo. 21s.

Hertz, M. Sinnius Capito, eine Abhandl. zur Gesch. der Röm. Grammat. Berlin. 8vo. 1s.

Hitzig, F., Zur ältesten Völker und Mythengeschichte. Vol. I. Leipzig. 8vo. 78.

Jahn, O., Archaeologische Aufsätze. Greifswald. 8vo. 5s. 6d. Inscriptiones Graecae ineditae. Colleg. ediditque L. Rossius. Fasc. III. Berlin. 4to. 9s.

Jongh, A. de, Pindarica, Traject. 8vo. 5s.

Kayser, W. C., Historia Critica Tragic. Graecorum. Göttingen.

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Lettre à M. Schorn. Supplement au Catalogue Raoul-Rochette, des Artistes de l'Antiquité Grecque et Romaine. Paris. 8vo. 29s. Lobeck, C. A., Technologia Verborum Graecor. Regiomont. 8vo. 98. Lysiae Orationes Selectae. Edit. I. H. Bremi. Gotha. 8vo. 4s. 6d. Mahne, G. L., Miscellanea Latinitatis. Lugdun. Bat. 8vo. 78. Mörner, Th., De Orosii Vita ejusque Historiarum libris vII. adv. Paganos. Berlin. 8vo. 4s. 6d.

Pausaniae Descriptio Graeciae. Recogn. et praefatus est L. Dindorfius. Graece et Latine, cum indice locupletissimo. Paris. 8vo. 20s. Plautus, Trinummus, Lat. und Deutsch, mit Einleitung über die Betonung der Verse u. die Einrichtung der Röm. Bühne, von C. E. Geppert. Berlin. 8vo. 3s. 6d.

Polybius, ex recensione I. Bekkeri. 2 vols. 8vo.

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