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a fact that is traversed by the circumstance of some of them being terms that languages borrow of each other. On the other hand, the Sereres vocabulary contains Foulah words. Respecting both the Saracolet and Sereres, I consider that the only safe assertion that can be made at present is, that they are not wholly isolate. To call them absolutely Mandingo, absolutely Foulah, or absolutely Woloff, is to assume definitude for those groups which has not yet been made out.
6. The Bagnon vocabulary is believed to be unique.
7. The Feloop is practically unique. Park gives the numerals only.
Each of these languages has miscellaneous affinities; the Feloop being Foulah and Woloff in a slight degree more than it is Mandingo.
VI. ON THE LANGUAGES AND DIALECTS OF ABYSSINIA AND THE COUNTRIES OF THE SOUTH. By Dr. Beke.
DR. BEKE'S Vocabularies have the merit of being full, convenient, and, comparatively speaking, unincumbered with commentary. They are thirteen in number. Taken along with those of Salt, Krapff, Isenberg, and Tutschek, they form a full mass of materials for the study of the difficult Ethnography of Abyssinia, a point of contact between Asia and Africa, and an area where the Semitic elements of the Ethiopian complicate all the investigations of the philologist. Copious as is Dr. Beke's list of the tongues spoken in the region of his travels, it is scanty compared with that of D'Abaddie. Dr. Beke considers, however, that his own collection is exhaustive of the distinct languages. Definite classification is at present premature. Provisionally, however, the following may be found convenient.
1. The Agow group, containing Dr. Beke's three first languages, the Waag Agau or Hhamara, the Falasha, and the Agau of Agaumider.
2. The Gafat language.
3. The Gonga, Kaffa, Worátta, Wolaitsa, and Yangaro languages. These represent a group of which a specimen is now published for the first time.
4. The Shankalla group, containing Dr. Beke's Shankalla,
and probably the Darmitchegan Shankalla, the Tacazze Shankalla of Salt, and the Qamamyl of Caillaud.
5. The Galla group.-Dr. Beke gives only the Galla of Gudera. It coincides with the Galla of Krapff, Isenberg, and Tutschek. The affinities between the Galla and Danakil languages seem overstated.
6. The Tigré group.-All the questions relating to this group are complicated by the elements common to the Tigré, Amharic, old Æthiopian, and Arabic.
The tendency to exaggerate the differences between the languages of Africa, especially where there is any departure from the physical or psychological characters of the typical negro, is at present so strong, that the writer appends the following incomplete tables to shew that the Abyssinian languages form no exception to the doctrine of a fundamental unity at the bottom of all the African languages.