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CONTENTS OF VOLUME THE THIRD
VII. On the Passage in Appian's Civil Wars (1. 8) which re-
1. Demosthenis de Falsa Legatione. By R. Shilleto. Cam-
1. Pindari Carmina ad fidem textus Böckhiani. Ed. G. G.
XXXII. On the Topography of Rome. With an Appendix
4. Introduction to a Grammar of the Language of Bur-
1. Mr. Lucas's Models of the Parthenon, and his Remarks
on the Parthenon. London and Salisbury, 1845.
Berlin, 1845. Largest folio.
ON THE USE OF THE TERMS ACANTHUS, ACANTHION, &c., IN THE ANCIENT CLASSICS.
GREAT confusion exists among the writers of antiquity in the use of the allied terms, "Ακανθος, Ακανθα, Ακάνθιον, Lat. Acanthus, Acanthium; and this confusion is multiplied tenfold by the critics and commentators, who have endeavoured to illustrate these terms by identifying them in the several instances where they occur, with plants known to the modern botanist. Nevertheless, I venture to pursue their steps, because some of the passages to be elucidated occur in the most favourite authors, and are, on other accounts, highly interesting and beautiful.
These names, agreeably to their etymology (AC, a point, and ANTH, flower), appear to have been given almost indiscriminately to any spinous flower, to any flowering plant which bore thorns or prickles. These may be conveniently reduced to five classes, each including plants which, though now accurately distinguished in botanical systems, have so many common properties that in ancient times they would all be comprised under the same denomination. I shall produce them according to their order in the Linnæan arrangement.
THE GENUS ACANTHUS.-Linn. (Didynamia Angiospermia. Nat. Order, Personatæ.)
This is the plant known in pharmacy and in the gardens under the name Brank-ursine. It appears to be accurately