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Fairfax, B. xvi. St. xxix.,

“His noble spright awaked at that sight.Drayton, Idea, Æglogue vi. (I have the quotation from the Variorum Shakespeare, vol. ii. p. 204),

“Who would not die, when Elphin now is gone,
Living that was the shepherd's (shepherds'] true delight,
With whose blest spirit (attending him alone)

Virtue to heaven directly took her flight ?
Spenser, Faery Queen, B. i. C. xii. St. xxxix., -

“ Yet wist no creature whence that hevenly sweet
Proceeded, yet each one felt secretly
Himselfe thereby refte of his sences meet,

And ravished with rare impression in his sprite.” • In Spenser it is evidently used as a license, after his manner. In Shakespeare, at least, I know not how to conceive the possibility of such cacophony. The pronunciation must have varied between the two, but spright evidently predominated. Perhaps some poets (and even speakers) used them indiscriminately, as convenience dictated. Sprit. Harrington's Ariosto, B. xüi. St. xlvi., —

“But all your sprits and forces all assemble.” Sidney, Arcadia, B. ii. p. 222, 1. 33,“The flying sprits [i.e., winds] which trees by rootes vр

teare." Sprit. This is not very frequent. Bishop Hall, Easter Anthems, supplemental volume to his works, 1660, and Chalmers, vol. v. p. 348, col. 2,

“What state ? attendance of each glorious sp'rit ;"

66 The second folio spells the word spreete, but Walker probably follows Todd, who, I fancy, printed from the first quarto.-Ed.

rhyming to light. Lord Brooke, Alaham, ii. 3, Works, 1633, p. 31,

“With shaking thoughts no hands can draw aright:

True hearts, to do unnobly, have no sp’rit.” Sonnet ciii. p. 251, sprit rhymes to infinite. lxxxiii.p. 229, unites-sprits. v. ad fin., p. 163, delights-sprits. Note by the way Alaham, ii. 4, init., p. 33,

“Who ever have observ'd the work of spirits," rhyming to delights; and so Sonnet lxv. p. 210, spiritlight; so also in the play of Tancred and Gismund, i. 2, near the end, Dodsley, vol. ii. p. 176, rites--spirits, alternate rhymes. Dubartas, i. vii. p. 61, col. 2,

I hope to cancel quite
This profane thought from your unsettled sp’rit."
Butler, Hudibras, P. iii. C. iii. 153, ed. 1716,-

“ Quoth he, I know your constant rate,

And frame of sp'rit, too obstinate.” Note Lord Brooke, Sounet xcix. p. 246,

“For on this sp’rituall cross condemned lying." Butler, Satire on the Age of Charles II., 1. 176,

“In sp’ritual and carnal ignorance." Hudibras, P. iii. C. q. 73,

“But by their sp'ritual attaints

Degraded from the right of saints." Also Golding's Phillis, Introduction, St. ii., as quoted in the Variorum Shakespeare, vol. ii. p. 253,

“Oh you high spirited paragons of witte." An additional argument might be drawn, if it were necessary, from the numerous passages in which the dissyllabic pronunciation of spirit renders a line positively unme

trical, or inharmonious to a degree beyond what the poet's ear could possibly have tolerated. Examples : Shakespeare, M. for M. i. 1,

't were all alike
As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd

But to fine issues."
Antony and Cleopatra, i. 2,-

“There 's a great spirit gone!-thus did I desire it.” Sonnet, lvi.,

“To-morrow see again, and do not kill

The spirit of love with a perpetual dulness." No one, who is familiar with Shakespeare's Sonnets, and has an ear, can tolerate this. Daniel, Civil Wars, B. vii. St. xxxiv. ed. 1623, p. 182,

“For, other motions, other int’rests heere,

The acting spirits vp and awake doe keepe.” Hymen's Triumph, iii. 4, p. 300,

" Ah worthy Thirsis, entertaine that spirit

Whatever else thou doe;" contrary to the “monosyllabo-teleutic” flow of this poem. Drummond, ap. Dyce's Sonnets, p. 95,

“If my spirit with itself holds lasting strife.” Rowley, Noble Spanish Soldier, iii. 1, 1634, 3rd page of the act,

being only daughter To such a brave spirit as the duke of Florence." Dubartas, ii. iii. i. p. 154, col. 1,

“The Spirit, whom all good spirits in spirit adore.” Drayton, Polyolbion, Song xii. ed. 1753, p. 893,

“The most redoubted spirits that Denmark here addrest.”

xxii. p. 1074,

“Who with words full of spirit his fighting soldiers cheer'd.” 16., p. 1072,

“Which in his mighty spirit still rooted did remain." So, too, Chapman in his Iliad frequently concludes the former division of his long line with this word, e.g., xiii. Taylor, vol. ii. p. 24, 1. 25,

for she that brought thee forth not utterly left me Without some portion of thy spirit, to make me brother thee.” xv. p. 55, 1. 14,“ Be strong, said he, for such a spirit now sends the god of

breath.” Spenser, Faery Queene, B. iv. C. č. St. xxxiv.,

through infusion sweete Of thine own spirit which doth in me survive,” &c. No Spenserian ear can tolerate this, if spirit be taken as a dissyllable. And so C. ii. of Mutabilitie, St. xxii.,

with subtill influence
Of his thin spirit, all creatures to maintaine

In state of life.”
B. ii. C. xii. St. li., last line, -

That still it breathed forth fresh spirit and wholesome smell." B. vi. C.iv. St. XXXV., —

“ This little Babe, of sweete and lovely face,
And spotlesse spirit in which he may enchace

Whatever formes ye list thereto apply," &c.
Ford, Love's Sacrifice, ii. 4, Moxon, p. 85, col. 2,-

you will say I was a good, cold, easy-spirited man,” read in conjunction with the entire scene. Massinger, Roman Actor, iv. 2, p. 159, col. l. ult.; here spi-rit would be unmetrical, Massingero judice,

“But for Augusta so to lose herself,

That holds command o'er Cæsar and the world,

Were poverty of spirit. Thou must-thou shalt, &c.” Beaumont and Fletcher, Custom of the Country, ii. 1, ad fin.,

“Nor will I curb my spirit ; I was born free,

And will pursue the course best liketh me." Herbert, Temple, Church Porch,

“Sink not in spirit: who aimeth at the sky,

Shoots higher much than he that means a tree.(Compare for the sentiment, Sidney, Arcadia, B. ii. p. 120, 1. 24,—“Who shoots at the midday sun, though he be sure he shall never hit the mark, yet as sure he is, he shall shoot higher, than who aims but at a bush.") Herrick, Clarke, vol. ij. cccclxviii.,

“Ravish'd in spirit, I come, nay more, I fly

To thee, blest place of my nativity!” Spi-rit would raise a ripple on the smooth surface of Herrick's verse. Note by the way the word to sprighten, Marston, Malcontent, 1604; I quote here from the Variorum Shakespeare, vol. xiv. p. 67, “— he is the most exquisite in forging of veins [qu.?] 67 spright’ning of eyes, dyeing of hair, sleeking of skins, blushing of cheeks," &c. And sprightful. King Richard II. i. 3,— “The Duke of Norfolk, sprightfully and bold,

Stays but the summons of th' appellant's trumpet.”

67 Possibly the corruption is not in veins but in forging, which seems a misprint for purging. A little before we have, “it purifieth the blood, smootheth the skinne, inlifeneth the eye, strengthneth the veines," &c.-Ed.

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