Ilya Mechnikov: His Life and Work

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The Minerva Group, Inc., 2001 - Biography & Autobiography - 212 pages
A biography of Nobel laureate Ilya Mechnikov (1845 - 1916), a Russian biologist and a founder of the science of immunity. Mechnikov is one of those famous Russian scientists who, like Mendeleyev, Butlerov, Sechenov, Pavlov, the Kovalevsky brothers, and Timiryazev, are the pride of Russian science. He was a Darwinian scientist who had theories of cellular immunity, applications of phagocytic theory and the biological doctrine of inflammation.Mechnikov was born in Kharkiv Oblast (now Ukraine) on May 15, 1845. He was educated at the University of Kharkiv and, in Germany, at the Universities of Giessen, Gottingen, and Munich. Mechnikov lectured in zoology and comparative anatomy at the University of Odessa from 1870 to 1882. In he 1904 became a subdirector of the Pasteur Institute in Paris.He began his career with studies of the process of intracellular digestion in invertebrates. Later he established the destructive effect of certain white blood cells, which he called phagocytes, on harmful materials in the bloodstream. In 1884 Mechnikov announced a theory of phagocytosis, which formed a basis for the theory of immunity. He also advocated consumption of lactic acid bacteria for the prevention and remedy of intestinal putrefaction.For his research on immunity he shared the 1908 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with the German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich.
 

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Contents

Foreword
5
Childhood Youth and First Works
11
First Period of Independent Research Mechnikovs Stay Abroad
21
Mechnikov Returns to Russia Work in Odessa and St Petersburg
27
Mechnikov and Evolutionary Embryology
40
Author of the Theory of Metazoa
58
General Application of the Phagocytic Theory Biological Doctrine
69
Immunity in Infectious Diseases Theory of Cellular Immunity
85
Mechnikov at the Pasteur Institute Study of Cellular Toxins
118
Mechnikovs Study of Old Age and Death The Theory
132
Last Years of Mechnikovs Life His Illness and Death
150
Mechnikov as a Darwinist His Views in the Sphere of Theoretical
157
Mechnikovs Outlook
165
Mechnikovs Social and Political Views Mechnikov the Patriot
179
Mechnikov the Man and Teacher
196
Copyright

Fight for the Phagocytic Theory of Immunity
107

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