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nities that encompass the magistrate, add dignity to all his actions, and weight to all his words and opinions; producing such effects, as job, in that chapter from whence my text is taken, hath thus elegantly described, « When I went out,” says he, “ to the gate through the city, when I pre“pared my seat in the street; the young men “saw me and hid themselves, and the aged arose ft and stood up: Unto me men gave ear and he waited, and kept silence at my counsel; after ♡ my words they spake not again, and my speech & dropped upon them: And they waited for me, * as for the rain, and opened their mouth wide as « for the latter rain,” Job xxix. 7,8, 21, 22, 23.
Finally, These external maaks of honour are therefore appropriated to the magistrate, that he might be invited from thence to reverence himfelf: that he may be led to remember, Whofe is mirge and superscription he carries; not only that of the community, over which he presides, and for which he acts, but the image even of God himself, by whom the powers thit be, are ordain. ed, and from whom they must ultimately derive their authority. The outward fplendor of his office, is the badge and token of that glorious aed sacred character which he inwardly bears : and the one of these, therefore, ought constantly to put him in mind of the other, and excite him to act up to it, throughout the whole course of his adminstration. He who thus efteems and reverences himself will not fail to take the truest methods towards pi ocuring esteem and reverence from others; he will exercise himself with pleafure, without weariness, in that god-like employ
ment of doing good, which is assigned him; and by reason of which even the title of God is in Scripture bestowed on him: He will do nothing that is beneath his high station, nor oinit doing any thing which becomes it: He will not prosti. tute his power to mean and undue ends ; nor stoop to little and low arts of courting the favour of the people, without doing them real service: He will stand his ground against all the attacks that can be made upon his probity ; no man's power shall scare him from doing his dury, no man's importunities shall weary him, no man's flattery shall bribe him, no by views of his own shall mislead him: He will arm himself perfectly in his integrity ;' Righteousness foall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins, Isa. xi. 5. He will know how to prise his advan. tages, and to relish the honours which he enjoy3, as they are the testiinonies of public esteem, and the rewards of merit : but he will not so far please himself with them, as to forget what I, under my
III. Third, and last general head, proposed to confider; That the chief honour of the magia strate consists, in maintaining the dignity of his character by suitable actions, and in discharging the high trust that is reposed in him, with inte. grity, wisdom, and courage.
Some magistrates are contented that their places should adorn them: and some also there are, who study to adorn their places, and to reflect back again the lustre they receive from thence; so that we may apply to them what was faid of Simon VOL. II.
the son of Onias, That, when he put on the robe of ponour, and was clothed with the perfection of glory, he made the garment of boliness honourable. Ecclus i. 11. .
To many such worthy magistrates as these, who have thus reputably filled the chief feats of power in this great city, I am now addreffing my discourte: and whom, therefore, if I detain with a short account of the preffing obligations of this sort which lie on the magiftrate, and of the best means of discharging them; I shall not, I hope, be thought so much to prescribe directions for the future, as to praise what is already past, and to give honour to those to whom honour is justly duė, for their public services.
To be very desirous of a good name, and very careful to do every thing, that we innocently and prudently may, to obtain it, is so far from being a fault, even in private persons, that it is their great and indispensable duty; but magistrates and ministers of justice are in a peculiar manner oë bliged to it : for they have more opportunities than other men have, of purchasing public esteem by deserving well of mankind; and such oppor. tunities always infer obligations."
Reputation is the great engine, by which those who are poffefsed of power, must make that pow.. er serviceable to the ends and uses of goverment. The rods and axes of princes, and their deputies, may awe many into obedience; but the fame of their goodness, and justice, and other virtues, will work on more; will make men not only obe. dient, but willing to obey,' and ready to come in to every thing that is done, or designed, for the public advantage, by those who (they are satisfied) fincerely mean it.
An established character spreads the influence of such as move in a high sphere, on all around and beneath them ; it reaches further than their own care and providence, or that of their inferior officers, can puffibly do: It acts for them, when they themselves cease to act, and renders their administration both prosperous and easy.
Besides, the actions of men in high stations are all conspicuous; and liable to be scanned and fift. ed. They cannot hide themselves from the eyes of the world, as private men can : even those, who attend on their state and dignity, and make up their honourable train, are, as it were, so many spies, placed upon them by the public, to observe them nearly, and report their character. Praise therefore or blame, being the necessary consequence of every thing they do, they have more reason to a& always, with an immediate regard to the opinion of the world, than other men have ; and to resolve to make all those actions worthy of observation, which are sure to be observed.
Great places are never well filled, but by great minds; and it is as natural to a great mind to seek honour by a due discharge of an high trust, as it is to little men to make less advantages of it.
On all these accounts, reputation becomes a signal, a very peculiar blessing to magistrates; and their pursuit of it is not only allowable, but laudable: so it be carried on by methods which are every way innocent and justifiable, and with a view of making a good use of a good character when established; so that it be not rested in, as an
end, end, but only employed as a means of doing still further good, and as an encouragement to proceed in doing it : In a word, so honour be not fought after by the violation of conscience, or the praise of men preferred in any respect, to the praise of God. .
Now, tho’all the several branches of the magic strate's duty, when faithfully performed, and all those good qualifications of mind, which enable him to perform it, do, in fome degree or other, tend to create a public eftecm of him; yet there are some points of duty, fome qualifications, that have a more direct and in mediate influence to Iliis purpose; They are fuch as follow.
A oud magistrate, who would endear himself to those whom he governs, must, above all things, be endued with a public spirit, that is, with such an excellent temper of mind, as leis him loose from all narrow felfth views, and makes him bord all his thoughts and endeavours towards pron oting the common good of the society which is committed to his care. The welfare of that is the chief point which he is to carry always in his eve, and by which he is to govern all his counsels, dilins, and actions; directing his zeal apaintt, cr for persons and things, in proportion as they do, ir do not interfere with it. To this good e dhe nuft facrifice his time, his cate, and his private advantages; and think all of them well iirt, in obtaining it. Nothing certainly can hier becchie a perton, invested with a public channel', ihn fich a public spirit; nor is there any sing ! \ lv to prout him larger returns of ei cui alid honour: The con mon acknowledge