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I. T HE life of JOHN WICK. 79. again appointed Chancellor, 36.
1 LIFF. View of the state of his death, 90. account of his will, England, at the period in which he 91. his character, ibid. appeared, 11. his birth, 21. his ap- IIT. The life of JOHN GOWER. plication to his studies, ibid. his ra. His education, 95. intimacy between tional method of studying the Scrip. him and Chaucer, 96, the moral tentures, ibid, his contest with the bega dency of his works, 97. makes a ging Friars, 22. chosen Warden of confiderable figure in his profeffio!, Canterbury-Hall, 23. opposes the 98. his character vindicated, 99. Pope's claim of tribute-money from icres his fight, 101. his death, ibid. England, 25. elected Divinity Pro- account of his works, 104. feffor at Oxford, ibid. opposes the IV. The life of GEOFFREY errors of Popery, 26, 27. is protected CHAUCER. His birth, 109. his by the Duke of Lancaiter, 28. fent education, 110. travels through on an Embassy to the Pope, 29. is France and the Low Countries, made Rector of Lutterworth, 30. ibid. enters himself of the Middle the Pope sends five Bulls into Eng. Temple, ibid. appears at Court, 111. land against him, 32. articles exhi- his marriage, ibid. is made Gentlebiced against him, 34. his opinions man of the King's Privy Chamber, condemned, 40. his death, and cha. and has a pension assigned him, 112, racter, 42. account of his opinions, his manner of living at Woodstock, 43. and his works, 52.
113. goes to Genoa, to negociate 11. The life of WILLIAM or with the Doge and Senate, ibid. is WYKEHAM, Bishop of Winchef- made Comptroller of the Customs in ter. His birth, 53. his education, 54. the port of London, ibid. attacks employed by King Edward ill. sj. the vices of the Clergy, 115. falls his numerous preferments, 56, 57. into misfortunes, 117. account of made Bishop of Wihchester, 59. and his sons, ibid. is obliged to fly into Lord Chancellor, 60. his speech to Hainault, 118. returns into England, the Parliament, 61. removed from 119. is imprisoned, ibid. but released the Chancellorship, 62. founds his foon after, and retires to Woodstock, Colleges, 66. articles of impeach. 120. has several grants from the ment brought against him, 69. pro- King, 123. his death, 124. description hibited from coming within twenty of his person, 125. his character, 126, miles of the Court, 71. takes his account of his works, 131. place at the convocation, 73. re- v. The life of Sir JOHN OLDceives his pardon, 74. his attachment CASTLE, Lord Cobham. His birth, to the worship of the Virgin Mary, 138, has marriage, 139. makes some
attempts towards a reformation of and Pontoise, 208. raises the fiege of
the Church, ibid. disperses the works Crotoy, 209. ravages Picardy, and
of Wickliff among the common pec- takes reveral towns in Normandy,
ple, 340, oppofes the tyranny of Ri. ibid. relieves the garrison of Meaux,
chard II, ibid. a prosecution com. 210. relieves the garrifon of Pontoife
menced against him for Heresy, 154. three several times, 211, is created
the King exhorts him to retract his Earl of Shrewsbury, 212. returns to
errors, 155. he waits upon his Ma. England, 213. appointed one of the
jefty with a confeffion of his faith, Plenipotentiaries for treating of a
156. is committed to the Tower, 157. peace with England, ibid. his brave
his examination before Archbishop attack upon the French troops at St.
Arundel and the Clergy, 15a. his fpi. Hillary, 215. appointed Governor of
rited behaviour, 160, sentence of ex. Guienne, 217. makes himself master
communication pronounced against of the city of Bourdeaux, ibid. 15
him, 163. escapes out of the Tower, killed, together with his son Lord
165. is hanged and burned, 167, his Lille, at the battle of Chaftillon, 219.
character, ibid. observations on the his character, ibid.
treatment which he received from the
VIII. The life of RICHARD NE-
Romish Clergy, 167.
VIL, Earl of Warwick. His hirth,
VI. The life of HENRY 221, accompanies his father, the Earl
CHICHELY, Archbishop of Can of Salisbury, into Scotland, ibid. bis
terbury. His birth, 169. his educa. marriage, ibid. liis magnificence and
tion, ibid, is made Bishop of St. Da, hospitality, 225, takes up arms in fa
vid's, ibid, is sent on an Embassy to vour of the Duke of York, 226.
France, 170. is made Archbishop of commands the vanguard of the York.
Canterbury, 171. his speech to en- ists at the bactle of St. Alban's, ibid,
gage Henry V. to undertake a war he is made Governor of Calais, 228.
against France, 174, goes over into and High Admiral of England, ibid,
France, 178. returns to England takes some fhips at fea, 230. defeats
again, and exercises the power of and destroys one of the King's feets,
ecclesiastical censures against Lord 273. enters London with a large
and Lady Strange, ibid. appointed army, 234. an instance of his gallant
one of the Commissioners to treat of behaviour, 238, appointed to treat of
a peace between England and France, a marriage between King Edward
180. distinguishes himself by his zeal IV, and the Lady Bona of Savoy,
against Heresy, 181, founds a Cole 241, is disgusted, 242., has an inter,
lege at Higharn Ferrers, 187, falls view with the King of France, 244,
under the displeasure of the Papal takes up arms against King Edward,
See, 189. a dispute between him and 246. takes him prisoner, 247. has an
Cardinal Kemp about precedency, interview with him in Westminster,
193. founds All Souls College, 194. Hall, 248. causes Henry VI. to be
his death, and character, 196. . proclaimed, 252. releases him out of
VII. The life of joÁN TAL- his confinement in the Tower, 254,
BOT, Earl of Shrewsbury. His appointed Regent of the kingdom,
birth, 197. his fummons to Parlia in conjunction with the Duke of
ment, ibid. his marriage, ibid. com. Clarence, 254. killed at the battle of
mitted to the Tower,' ibid. made Barnet, z60. his character, ibid.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, ibid, is IX. The life of Sir JOHN FOR.
present at the siege of Caen, 198. TESCUE, His birth, and education,
recovers the city of Mans from the 262. is made Şericant at Law, 264,
French, 199. takes the town of La. and Chief Justice of the King's
va, and goes to the fiege of Orleans, Bench, ibid. is obliged, in conie.
ibid. distinguishes himself there, 200. quence of his attachment to the
his intrepid behaviour at the battle of House of Lancaster, to retire out of
Patay, 204. is taken prisoner, ibid. is England, 265. his return, 267, his
exchang'd for Xaintrailles, 205. re- death, 270. account of his works,
sumes his command in France, ibid. 266, 268, 271.
makes himself master of several X. The life of Sir THOMAS
sowns, ibid, takes St, Dennis, 206. LYTTLETON, 273. Is made one of
the Judges of the Court of Common 338, made Bithop of Rochester, ibid,
Pleas, ibid. and a Knight of the preaches and writes against Luther,
Bath, 274. his death, 277.
339. he is twice in imminent danger
xi. The life of' 'ANTHONY of his life, 344. adjudged guilty of
WIDVILLE, Earl RIVERS, 279. misprifion of treason, for concealing
He is made prisoner by the Earl of the speeches of Elizabeth Barton,
Warwick, and carried to Calais, 279. 348. condemned for refusing to take
his marriage, 280, his solemn en- the oath required by the act of suce
counter with the Bastard of Bur. ceffion, 354. for which he was be.
gundy in Smithfield, 281. attends headed, ibid. his character, 356. ac.
King Edwa:d to Holland, 283. made count of his works, 358.
Governor of Calais, 284. is put to XVII. The life of Dean COLET,
death at Pontefract, 290.' his charac: 361. His birth, ibid. his education,
ter, 291. account of his works, ibid. 362. enters into holy orders, ibid. tra.
Xií. The life of MARGARET, ve into France and Italy, 363. his
Countess of Richmond and Derby, temperance and moderation, 365.
298. Her birth, ibid, and marriage, cultivates an acquaintance with Eraf.
ibid, the measures taken by her in fa mus at Oxford, 367, made Dean of
your of her son the Earl of Rich St. Paul's, 376. account of some of
mond, 300, her piety, 304. and bene. his sentiments, 377. he founds St.
volence, 305. her munificent founda. Paul's school, 383. attempts made by
tions, 306, her death, ibid.
some of the Clergy to ruin him, 381,
XII. The life of WILLIAM 386, 388. his death, 391. his cha-
WARHAM, Archbishop of Canter. racter, 392. account of his works,
bury, 308. his birth and education, 396, and of his remarkable sermon,
ibid, sent on an Embassy to the Arch: preached before the Convocation, 397.
duke Philip, ibid. made Bishop of XVIII. The life of Sir ANTHONY
London, 312, translated to the See of FITZHERBERT, 403. Account of
Canterbury, 313. elected Chancellor his works, 404. and of two of his
of the University of Oxford, 314. descendants, 405.
his proceedings against Heresy, 315. xix. The life of JAMES BEA.
his contest with Wolsey, 317. his TON, Archbishop of St. Andrews,
death, 322. and character, 322--325. 408. His birth, ibid. is made Provost
XIV. The life of WILLIAM of Bothwell, ibid. High Treasurer of
GROCYN, 326. His birth and edu. Scotland, ibid. Bishop of Galloway,
cation, ibid. travels into Italy, ibid. ibid. and Archbishop of Glasgow,
teaches Greek at Oxford, ibid. his ibid. he is made High Chancellor of
Scotland, 409. joins the party of the
XV. The life of Dr. THOMAS Duke of Albany, ibid, is reproved by
LINACRE, 330. His birth and edua BiShop Douglas for wearing armour,
cation, ibid. travels into Italy, ibid. 410, is obliged to take thelter in a
created Doctor of physic at Oxford, church, 411. protected by Bishop
33i. applies himself to the study of Douglas, ibid. is made Archbishop of
Divinity, 332. and enters into holy St. Andrews, ibid, his castle plun-
orders, ibid. establishes the College dered, 413. is concerned in some per.
of Physicians, 333. his death and secutions of the Protestants, ibid.
character, 334, account of his works, his death and character, 415.
XX. The life of JOHN SKEL-
XVI. The life of JOHN FISHER, TON, 417. Account of his works,
Bishop of Rochester, 337. his birth 419.
and education, ibid. takes the degree XXI. The life of ALEXANDER
of Doctor in Divinity, ibid, appoint- BARCLAY, 421. Account of his
ed Chaplain to the Lady Margaret, works, 422,
The Life of JOHN WICKLIF F.
HE friends of truth, and of liberty, will ever hold in the highest estimation those illustrious men, who in times of danger and of difficulty, of ignorance, error, and superstition, have dared
to make a noble stand against the usurpations of Ecclefiaftical Tyranny, undaunted by the dangers which fur. rounded them. Amongst these worthies JOHN WICKLIFF deserves the most distinguished notice ; as his unwearied labours, and the manly spirit which he exerted, in opposing the numerous errors and corruptions of the Romilh church, aided by that superior penetration and sagacity, which he discovered in a bar. barous and unlettered age, first paved the way for that Refore mation, of which we now enjoy the happy effects.
At the period in which this juftly celebrated Reformer lived, the corruptions of the church of Rome were arisen to an amazing height. The condition of the greater part of the laity was such, in England, in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. that to those who live in a better and more enlightened age, it must appear amazing that mankind should ever have been funk into such a degree of ftupidity, ignorance, and superstition. The religion of Jesus, in itself plain, rational, and consistent, unincumbered with trifling and superstitious ceremonies, and calculated to promote the best interests of mankind, was so ob. scured and disfigured, that scarce any traces of its original beauty were discernible. Instead of being employed to advance those excellent ends, to which it was so admirably calculated, it was, by the artifices of wicked and designing priests, made an inftrumeņt of fraud, injustice, and oppression. B 2