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WHEREAS, by the third article in its operation it may not interfere of the treaty of amity, commerce,

with the due execution of the said and navigation, concluded at.Lon- third article of the treaty of amily, don on the nineteenth day of No. commerce, and navigation: and it vember, one thousand seven hun- being the sincere desire of bis Bridred and ninety-four, between his tannic majesty, and of the United Britannic majesty and the United States, that this point should States of America, it was agreed be so explained as to remove all that it should at all times be free doubts, and promote mutual sa. to his majesty's subjects, and to tisfaction and friendship : and for the citizens of the United States, this purpose his Britannic majesty and also to the Indians dwelling having na med for his commissioner, on either side of the boundary line Phineas Bond, esq. bis majesty's assigned by the treaty of peace to consul general for the middle and the United States, freely to pass southern states of America (and and repass, by land or inland na. now his majesty's charge d'affaires vigation, into the respective terri- to the United States); and the tories and countries of the two president of the United States bav. contracting parties on the conti. ing named for their commissioner nent of America (the country Tiinothy Pickering, esq. secretary within the limits of the Hudson of state of the United States, to Bay Company only excepted), and whom, agreeable to the laws of to navigate all the lakes, rivers, the United States, he has entrust. and waters thereof, and freely to ed this negotiation : they, the said carry on trade and commerce with commissioners, having communi. each other, subject to the pro- cated to each other their full pow. visions and limitations contain- ers, have, in virtue of the same, ed in the said article: And and conformably to the spirit of whereas, by the eighth article of the last article of the said ireaty of the treaty of peace and friendship, anity, commerce, and navigation, concluded ai Grenville, on the entered into this explanatory ar. third day of August, one thousand ticle, and do by these presents exseven hundred and ninety-five, be- plicitly agree and declare, that no tween the United States, and the stipulations in any treaty subsenations or tribes of Indians, called quently concluded by either of the the Wyandots, Delawares, Sha- contracting parties with any other wanoes, Ottawas, Chippewas, Pu- state or nation, or with any

Indian tawatimies, Miamies, Eel River, tribe, can be understood to dero. Weeas, Kickapoos, Piankashaws, gate in any manner from the rights and Kaskaskias, it was stipulated of free intercourse and commerce, that no person should be permit. secured by the aforesaid third arti. ted to reside at any of the towns or ticle of treaty of amity, commerce, hunting camps of the said Indian and navigation, to the subjects of tribes as a trader, who is not fur- bis majesty, and to the citizens of nished with a license for that pur- the United States, and to the In. pose, under the authority of the dians dwelling on either side of the United States; which latter sti- boundary line aforesaid ; but that pulation has excited doubts whether all the said persons shall remain at


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full liberty freely to pass and re- observed with punctuality and the pass, by land or inland navigation, most sincere regard to good faith into the respective territ ries and on the part of ihe. United States, countries of the contracting parties, I hereby make known ihe preon et her side of the said boundary mises ; and enjoin and require all lire, and freely to carry on trade persons bearing office, civil or miand commerce with each other, lilary, within the United States, according to the stipulations of the and all others, citizens or inhabisaid third article of the treaty of tants thereof, or being within the amity, commerce, and navigation. same, to execute and observe the

This explanatory article, when said explanatory article accord. the same shall have been raufied ingly. by his majesty and by the president In testimony whereof I have of the United States, by and with caused the seal of the Uniled the advice and consent of their States to be aftised to these senate, and the respective ratifica

presenis, and signed the samic tions mutually exchanged, shall with my hand. be added to and make a part of the Given at the city of Philadelsaid treaty of amily, commerce, phia, the fourth day of Noand navigation, and shall be per- vember, in the year of our manently binding upon his majesty Lord one thousand seven and the United States.

hundred and ninety-six, and In witness whereof we, the of the independence of the said commissioners of his ma. 'United States of America the jesty the king of Great Bria

twenty-tirst. tain and the United States of America, have signed (L. S.) EO. WASHINGTON. this explanatory article, and By the President, thereto affixed, cur seals.

TIMOTHY PICKERING, Done at Pniladelphia, this

Secretary of state. fourth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thou- Treaty between his Britannic Majesty sand seven

hundred and and the Landgrave of Hesse ninety-six.

Darmstadt, signed at Frankfort, P. Bond, (L. S.) the 10th day of June, 1790. TIMOTHY PICKERING. (L. S.)

Be it known to those whom it And whereas the said explana- may concern, that his majesty the tory article has by me, by and king of Great Britain, and his with the advice and consent of the serene highness the Landgrave of senate of the United States on the Hesse Darmstadt, in consideration one part, and by his Britannic of the strict ties which unite their majesty on the other, been duly interests, and having judged that, approved and ratified, and the ra- in the present situation of affairs, tifications have since, to wit, on it would contribute to the reciprothe sixth day of October last, been cal welfare of Great Britain, and of duly exchanged; now, therefore, the dominions of Hesse Darmstadt, to the end that the said explana- to cement and strengthen, by a new tory article may be executed and treaty of alliance, the connection which subsists between them, his vice a body of troops, to be employBritannic majesty, in order to re

ed wherever be may think proper, gulale the object relative to this excepting in the East Indies, or on treaty, has thought proper to nomi- board the fleet; and his serene Date Charles Craufurd, his envoy highness, wishing for nothing more at the imperial and royal armies; than to give his majesty this fresh and his serene highness has nomic proof of his attachment, engages, nated, on his part, for the same pur- by virtue of this article, to set on pose, the baron Charles of Bark- foot three battalions of infantry, haus, his privy counseilor, and di. forming a body of two thousand rector of the council of war ; who, two hundred and eighty-four men, being furnished with the necessary according to the annexed specificafull powers, have agreed to take tion. These troops shall be ready for basis of the present treaty, ibe to pass in review before his Britan. one formerly concluded between nic majesty's commissary the fourGreat Britain and He-se, the fifth · teenth day of July of the present of October, one thousand seven year, at Darmstadt, and to begin bundred and ninety-three, to adopt their march the following day for such parts of it as may be applica- the place of their destination. The ble to the present circumstances, general whom his Britannic majesor to settle, by new articles, those ly shall appoint commander in points which it may be necessary

chief in the countries where these to regulate otherwise : and as it is shall serve, shall have authority to not possible to specify each particu- employ them, either together or in lar case, everything which shall detachments, and even to disperse not appear to be determined in a them amongst the different islands precise manner, either in the pre- or districts of his command, in the sent treaty or in the foriner treaty, manner which he shall judge the sball be settled with equity and most advantageous for his majesty's faith, in conformity to the same service. It being, notwithstanding, principles which have been adopled well understood, that these troops in former instances.

shall always remain under the im. ART. 1. There shall be, there. mediate orders of their own chiefs. fore, in virtue of this trcaty, be- -The said corps shall consist of tween his majesty the king of Great men disciplined and exercised, and Britain and his serene highness the well armed and equipped. landgrave of flesse Darmstadt, 3. In order to defray the ex. their heirs and successors, a strict pences to which the serene Landgrave friendship, and a sincere, firm, and shall be put for the equipment of constant union, so that the one the said corps of troops, bis Britansball consider the interests of the nic majesty promises to pay to his other as his own, and shall strive serene highness for each man thir. to promote them with good faith ty crowns banco, the crown being as much as possible, and to prevent reckoned at fifty-three sols of Holo and remove all disturbance and in- land, or at four shillings and nineJury.

pence three farthings English mo2. His majesty the king of Great ney, of which payment shall be Britain desiring to have in his ser- made immediately after the review, Vol. XXXVIII.



and according to the effective state luments, as well ordinary as ex. as shall then be verified. All the craordinary, attached to every rank camp necessaries, as likewise all on the same footing that he allows the horses, waggons, draft-horses, them to his British troops in the dif valets de bat, and waggoners, who ferent places of their destination; may be necessary for the troops,as and for this purpose the statements well for transporting the equipages, of payment shall be annexed to the provisions, ammunition, utensils, present treaty. 2. Medicines and sick, and other objects of every sustenance for the sick and woundkind, as for the field-pieces, with ed, with a place and the necessary their irnplements, and artillery men, means of conveyance wherein they shall be furnished by his Britannic may be treated and taken care of, majesty wherever ihey may be precisely on the same footing as the wanted.

national British troops, by their own 4. Besides the levy-money stipu- physicians and surgeons. The pay lated in the preceding article, his shall commence from the day of Britannic majesty shall cause to be the review, according to the effecpaid to every officer, as also to every tive siate in which the said corps one employed, not a fighting man shall be delivered, which shall be of equal rank, the sum of three verified by a table, signed by the months pay according to bis rank, respective ministers of the high #nd upon the same footing as his contracting parties, which shall national troops, in order to facili- have the same force as if it has tate the expence of his private been inserted word for word in the equipment, which payment shall present treaty. be made immediately after the sig. 7. As in the before-mentioned Dature of the present treaty.

table the strength of each compa5. His majesty the king of Great ny, of which four make a battalion, Britain engages himseli, in like amounts to one hundred and sixtymanner, to pay to the serene Land- three soldiers, it must be observed, grave an annual subsidy during the that in this number are comprised six years this treaty is to continue. seven men unarmed, intended, acThis subsidy shall commence from cording to the established custoin the day of the signature, and it in the Hessian service, to serve as shall be paid at the rate of eighty servants to officers, and it is agreed Thousand crowns banco per annuin. upon that these men shall never. The payment of this subsidy shall theless pass muster as soldiers in be made regularly, without abate every respect. ment, every quarter, to the agent 8. As it is to be feared that, not. of his highness in London.

withstanding the care made use of, 6. These troops shall remain in it will not be possible entirely to the service and at the disposition of prevent desertion until the arrival his Britannic majesty during six of the troops at the place of emyears, and bis majesty shall allow barkation, and his serene highness ibern during this ierm-1. Every promising to employ every means thing that is necessary for their in. his power that the said corps subsistence; namely, pay, bread, shall be embarked complete, it is forage, and, in general, all emo- agreed upon, that there shall be at


the said review ten supernumerary many, or at such place on the fronmen per company, to supply the tiers of the empire, as his majesty place of deserters on the march; may chuse for their reception. The so that, in case, on the arrival of form of their delivery shall be the corps at the port, the number deemed to be that of the new reof supernumeraries shall exceed view, and the total of the number that of the deserters, the remainder of effective men remaining, accord. may be distributed amongst the ing to the report of the month of battalions,and added to the amount, April, added to that of the recruits in order to increase, in such case, delivered to the British commissary, the levy money, pay, &c. and his shall be considered as the effective highness engages himself moreover state of the new period, and shall to cause the said corps to be escort- not vary until the review of the ed by a detachment of cavalry, in following year. order to pick up deserters, procure 11. There shall be paid, for each quarters, &c. &c. it being well un- recruit, armed, equipped, disciderstood that the expences, as well plined, and exercised, the sum of of the march as of the return of twenty crowns banco ; and bis the detachment of cavalry, shall be highness the Landgrave takes upon defrayed by his majesty.

himself the


of transport 9. All the objects of pay and to the place of embarkation, as maintenance shall be calculated ac- well as of escort, which are to be cording to the table of the annual reimbursed by his Britannic majesreview, so that the vacancies bap- ty. pening from one review to another 12. As during the continuance shall not make any alteration in the of this treaty, it will necessarily oce state of payment. His majesty cur, that officers or soldiers, either shall cause these objects to be paid for family reasons, on account of in advance from two three preferment, or for sickness, will be months, either by assignments pay- obliged to return home, his majesable in favour of the Hessian com- ty takes upon himself the expences missioner upon whatever chest of of their transport in the two former his majesty may be nearest to the cases, as far as the frontiers of the said commission, or in ready mo. empire, and in the latter to their ney to his serene highness's agent in own country ; his bighness pro

mises, in return, to replace the non10. A fresh review shall take commissioned officers and soldiers place regularly every year. His to whom he may give permission majesty shall give three months no- to return for any other reason than tice of the number of recruits ne. that of sickness, at his own expence, cessary to complete the corps, which and without requiring the considenumber shall be fixed according to ration for recruits fixed in the prethe official report of the first day of ceding article, reserving to himself April, so that the recruits shall be nothing but the transport from the ready to be delivered to the English frontiers of the empire unto the commissary the 1st day of July, at place of their destination.- More. the place of the first review, or one over, his highness will never recal month after, at sach port in Ger- an officer or soldier without urgent

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