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twithstanding the ill-founded tion in any measure, which has no ipes held out by the combined certain and consistent object. swers, he prosecured the most (Signed) The Prince or Peace. gorous and most expensive war. Note sent by Baron de Budberg,

was no sovereign bus the Chargé d' Affaires from Russia, at ing envieavoured prevail Stockholm, to the Foreign Minisjon, by the most ters, relatire to the non-admission oposals, to join his Majesty; of M. de Schwerin, who went to a withstanding this requiel was Petersburg for the Purpose of nutidressed to the Empress at ditter. Jying the Marriage about to take it tiines, since ibe last monihy of place between his Swedish Majesty 91, and during the year 1792, and the Princess of Alecklenburgh M. de Galvez, Spanish minister Schwerin.

Russia, and M. de Zinonier, THE Empress having given hresided in the same quality at orders to M. the Count d'Osterladrid, but especially in Octuber mann, to acquaint the Swedish 712, and December 1793, when ambassador, that the mission of M. I. de Amal, then Spanish cbarg de Schwerin not being agreeable atarres ai Petersburgh, and soon to her Majesty, he could not be ada fra: M. de Oris, minister of his mitled ; the chargé d'affairs (M. de at solic Majesty, had long confer- Budberg) has received orders to ac's on this subject, the former declare that the motive of this re. itt count Osterman, and the lat. fusal was founded as much on the with count Besborodko. Nato unfriendly proceeding of the Remill.standing ail this, there did not gent, as on the principles of his xit the least circumstance which political conduct with regard to romised an active co-operation on Russia. Both the one and the ho part of the Empress, nor does other being diametrically opposite t appear that the occupation of to those lies of affection, of friend. Poland could have prevented her ship, and of good neighbourhood, from co-operating in favour of the which originally have been the common cause.

It was under these basis of this sort of missions, and circumstances that the King, my which have never been adopted Daster, no doubt from fear and ap- between courts that were not unitprehension of sinister consequen- ed by similar ties, or being so, ces for his kingdom, resolved to have not taken care to cultivate make peace, convinced, that if he and fulfil the duties of them. That were left without assistance in the this was the situation, as to Russia, war, that support, which might in which Sweden had been placed, be promised him for the attain- since the Duke de Sundermania, ment of peace, would prove still who holds the reins of government,

This is the true not content with having formerly situation of Spain, and his Catho. insulted her Majesty the Empress, lic Majesty obliges himself to ful- in endeavouring to surprise her by fil whatever he has promised for insidious and delusive overtures the benefit of the common cause, and propositions, entered into a in which, at the same time he must, public treaty with the French asfor the future, decline participaa sembly, with those who


less efficacious.



solemnly insulted the memory of from the troubles and misfortunes the late King, by erecting a mo- of war; that is 10 sav, as far as nument to the memory of his exe- these states will, on their part, accrable assassin. Thai her Majesty cord with our intention, which the Empress was neither ignorant are of general utility. To this end of the motives nor the object of negociations have already been enthose creaties. That it was noto- tered into with the French govern. rivus that the Regent had recently ment, relative to a

ine of received from the French a sum of neutrality, and in order to be able money to be employed in arma- with the more efficacy t» assure ibat menis, and that he was now in neutraliiy, and to afford protecfull negotiation with them fur a tion and safety to the staies com treaty of alliance, the principal sti- prised within it, we, the King, pulations of which are directed are ready to march a considerable against Russia; so ibat her Majesty army; and we, the Duk, have the Empress bad every reason to ex- also taken a resolution to reinforce pect an approaching rupture on the that army with our troops, the part of Sweden, unless the King's Electoral Court of Brunswick Lus coming of age (which, happily for denburg having also manifested the the repose of that kingdom and of the same intenwons. These combined north, was an event not far distant,) troops being therefore to protect should put a stop to it, and thereby the neutrality of the north of Geravoid this lamentable extremity. many, it is as just as it is absolutely Tenor of the Letters of Convocation indispensable, that they should be

addressed by the King of Prussia, provided and provisi ned by the as Duke of Magdebourg, and of states which shail enjoy this advaná the Duke of Brunswick, as Co. tage, and that each, individually Director of the Circle of Lower should hasten in proportion to its Saxony, to the different States means, to procure them the necesdestined to enjoy the Advantages of sary provisions.

But this object the Neutrality.

requires, on account of the urgency We, by the Grace of God, Free of circumstances, the most speedy deric William, King of Prussia, dispositions. The most proper &c. Charles William, Duke of means for attaining this end is by Brunswick, &c.

the convocation of a common and The apprehension of a speedy extraordinary assembly of all ibe opening of a new campaign with Upper States of the Circles of France, and the new dangers to Lower Saxony, with the States of which Germany will be exposed by the Lower Rhine and of Westpba. the chance of a war that has al- lia, as well as of the other States ready been so fatal to her, have de. that shall be comprised in the line termined us, the King, in conse- of neutrality, in order that we may quence of our solicitude and pa. be able to deliberale upon this subtriotic attachment, and in conse- ject, and to regulate ihe distribuquence of the Pacific relations tion of the maintenance of the which we maintain with France, to troops upon an equitable footing; distribute as much as possible to our proportioned to the faculties of each co-estates of the north, the ipestimo state ; for, on the speedy furnishing able blessing of repose and security of the objects necessary for this

maintenance will alone depend the binet ministry, that we will per maintenance of the common safely mit such national Frenchmen, who of the north of Germany.

reside in our dominions as our temThose, therefore, whose terri- porary subjects, (Subditi temporarü) tory is comprised in the said line and who have real right to the proof veutrality, and which, conse- tection of the French nation, and quently, will enjoy the benefit of wish to preserve those rights, to this protection, being principally get their names inscribed in a implicated in this case, we have, in register which will be opened our quality of Prince and Director for that purpose by the said amof the Circle of Lower Saxony, bassador, but in such a manner, addressed to them conjointly the that all those subjects shall, the present letter of Convocation, in same as before, remain our temorder to unite them to assemble, porary subjects,(Subditi temporarii) by their deputies, furnished with that they likewise shall submit to the necessary instructions on the our laws, ordinances, and jurisdic20th of the month of June, in the tion, and not make the least pretown of Ilildeshein. We have no tentions to any immunities granted doubt that they acknowledge, in by the law of nations only to amits full extent, the urgency of the bassadors, and the persons actually case, and of the actual conjunctions, belonging to embassies. as well as of the importance it is We have further given orders to to procure to the north of Germany inform the said Caillard, that the security and repose ; and that in national Frenchmen, qualified as consequence they will adhere and above, are at liberty to wear the contribute every thing that can at- French national cockadein our dolain the common end, sufficiently minions, but the wearing of tho in time to avoid being surprised by said cockade is hereby rigidly furdanger.

bidden in all other persons. It We, the King, shall depute to therefore results from these prethe common assembly of the States, mises : our intimate Counsellor Von Dohm, 1. That the wearing of the directorial minister to the Circle of cockade shall be confined to Frencothe Lower Rhine and Westphalia, men of the afore-mentioned de and plenipotentiary to the Electoral scription, together with the amcourt of Cologne, furnished with bassador, and the persons belonge necessary powers; and we entreat, ing to the embassy. very ainicably, this assembly to give 2. That national Frenchmen from this time faith and confidence shall all be entitled hare to all ibat be may prepose on our their names registered, the regis. part, upon the subject of the affairs iering to relate only to their conin question.

necuon with France, and to leave April 22.

them subject, as before, to ROYAL PRUSSIAN Edict. laws, ordinances, and jurisdiction, Frederick William, by the Grace as our temporary subjects. of God, &c.

3. That all persons belonging to WE have signified to the am

the French colonies established in bassador of the French republic, our dominions ; farther, all FrenchCaillard, by a note from our ca- men in our service, by oath of


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allegiance and duty, even if they By his majesty's most gracious do nue belong to the above-menti- and special command. oned colonies; as likewise all those

HARDENBERG. in general who are described by Anspach, July 3d, 1796. this article as our perpetual sub.

Nuremberg, August 16. jects, (Subditi perpetui) shall wit Submission of the Imperial City of have a right to bave their names Nuremberg,to the King of Prussia. jnscribed in that register, or to OUR magisuates have, under wear the French national cockade. the present circumstances, applied Berlin, 16 July.

to the Prussian minister vf state, Declaration of the King of Prussia, Baron Von Hardenberg, testifying

put against the Gates of the City 10 bis excellency the general wish of Nurcmburg, July 5.

of the citizens to live in future unHiS majesty the king of Prussia, der the beneficent laws of his

most gracious Lord, makes Prussian majesty. His excellency known by this public notice to all did not hesitate to intercede for us magisterial persons, burghers and with the French commander in subjects, and most graciously de- chief, general Jourdan, to obtain clares, that in taking possession, by a fixed contribution in lieu of all viscue of the judgments of the requisitions, which has been grant. Aulic council of the empire, given ed accordingly until the pleasure in the years 1583 and 1587, re- of the French Directory shall be specting his territorial sovereignty, known. In other respects, Baron as far as the gates of the Imperial Von Hardenberg made answer to city of Nuremburg--all private our deputies, that it was beneath property shall reinain inviolaie : no the dignity of his sovereign to take person be opposed in the exercise advantage of our present situation, of his weli-acquired rights and that his majesty would defer mak. privileges, but that he rather shall ing known to us his real sentiments be precied therein by his Majesiy; till we shall be fully at liberty to anand every possession shall quietly nounce our wishes according to the remain in the enjoy ment of all tere forms of our present constitution. ritorial and feudai imposis and du. Declaration delivered to the Magis. ties.

trates of Nuremberg on the 29th of His Majesty will only exercise September, 1796, by the Prussian the rights of sovereignty to him be- Minister, Baron Von Hardenberg, longing, and grant farther in the relatire to the Proposal af its being inhabitants of the suburbs of Nu- united with the King's Dominions, remburg, bis sovereign assurance, THEundersigned has the honour, that they and those who belong to in the name of the king, his most grathem, shall be exempt from all ini- cious master, to declare lo ihe must litary duty and levy.

worshipful the magistrales and In other respecís, every one is burghers of the city of Nuremberg, hereby cautioned to demean bin that the proof of confidence and aiself quietly and calmly, and to tachment which it gave to bis ma. shew the more respect to the mili- jesty, by the voluntary offer of tary, as they will observe the best submitting to bis sceptre, made in discipline on their part, and avoid so solemn and decided a manner, every excess.

has been received by his majesty


with true pleasure and grateful chamber of war and of territory; approbation, and will be esteemed and we do publicly declare, that in its full value; but that his majesty we have never ceased, nor shall according to the situation of matters we ever cease, to interest ourselves cannot as yet resolve himself to ac- in behalf of our said subjects, by ceptofthat voluntarysubmission and the intervention of our envoy to to ratify the annexed agreement of the French republic; and that it subjection and exemption, but that is far from intention to dehismajesty will neveriheless find suf- part from the basis of the treaty of ficent motives in that unequivocal Basle respecting the civil or finanmark of the confidential attach- cial administration of those counment of the city, to make it expe- tries. rience, by preference, his favour In concluding the treaty, by and benevolence, and is already which the war between our state prepared to do every thing in his and the French republic was put power to promote the welfare and an end 10, it was never our intenfafety of the city; while his ma- tion to grant them more than a jesty, after a farther developement mere military possession of our proof circumstances and evenis, will vinces on the left side of the Ruine, also never have any objection to till peace should be concluded answer as much as possible to the with the emperor : and this inten. farther wishes of the city.

tion, which bas been taken as a The said minister delivered a basis in the negotiation is sufficie similar declaration to the cities of ently manifest by the tenor of the Weissenberg and Winsheim. 51h article, which expressly de

clares, so that the trops of the Rescript, published by Order of the republic shall occupy these coun

King of Prussia, respecting the tries belonging to us.”.
Prussian Territories on the left The difference between pro-
Bank of the Rhine.

vinces conquered from an enemy, Frederick William.

and those which belong to a power WE having been informed that in alliance, and which bave been an opinion has been propagated merely conceded for a temporary through a part of our state of military occupation, is sufficiently Westphalia, situated on the left evident, and it is obvious that they bank of the Rhine, 10 wit, the ought not to be trealed in the same provinces of Cleves, Meurs, and Gueldres, in the actual possession It is therefore impossible for us of the French troops, that sufficie to believe that the French governent remonstrances and protestations ment, considering the amicable had nol been made on our pari ties subsisting between us and it, against the various innovations will still oppose such evident reaand oppressions which the French soning. It cannot fail to colla commissaries and agents exercise ceive, that neither sequestration over our faithful subjects; we have nor confiscation of the goods of therefore thought it good to make the clergy, nor the projected sale this public declaration, by means of woods, nor the enormous con. of our regency, jointly with our tribution of three millions imposed



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