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Treaty of Peace between the French powers shall furnish to the enemies

Republic and the King of the Treo of the other, any succours of troops, Sicilies.

ships, arms, warlike stores, proTHE French republic and his visions, or money, under whatmajesty the king of the Two Sicilies, ever title or denomination that equally animated with the desire may be. to make the advantages of peace 3. His majesty the king of the succeed to the miseries inseparable Two Sicdies shall observe the most from war, have named, viz. the strict neutrality towards all the belExecutive Directory, in the name ligerent powers; in consequence, of the French republic, the citizen he pledges himself to prevent inCharles Delacroix, minister for discriminately access to his ports to foreign affairs; and his majesty the all armed ships of war belonging king of the Two Sicilies, the to the said powers, which shall exprince Belmonte Pignatelli, gen- ceed four, according to the regu. tleman of the chamber, and his lations acknowledged by the said envoy extraordinary and minister neutrality. All stores or mercbanplenipotentiary to his Catholic mac dise, known by the name of con. jesty, to treat, in their name, the traband, shall be retused them. clauses and conditions proper to re- 4. All security and protection establish good understanding and shall be granted against all persons friendship between the two powers, whatever, in the ports and roads of who after having exchanged their the Two Sicilies, to all French respective full powers, have agreed merchantmen, of whatsoever numon the following articles :

ber they may be, and to all the Ari. ,1. There shall be peace ships of war of the republic, not friendship, and good understand. exceeding the number specified ing, between the French republic in the above article. and his majesty the king of ibe 5. The French republic and the Two Sicilies : in consequence, all king of the Two Sicilies engage to hostilities shall definitively cease, take off the sequestration from all reckoning from the day of the effects, revenues, goods seized, conexchange of the ratification of the fiscated, and kept from the citizens present treaty. Mitanwhile, and or subjects of both powers, in conzill that period, the conditions siin sequence of the present war, and pulated by the armistice concluded to admit them respectively to the on the 17th Prairial of the 4th year legal exercise of all cıvıl rights that (5th of June, 1796) shall continue, may belong to them. to have tuil power and effect.

6. All prisoners made on 2. Every interior act, engage. side or the other, comprising mament, or convention on the one riners and sailors, shall be recipropari or the other of the two con. cally restored within a month, tracting parties, which are cone reckoning from the exchange of Irary the present treaty, are the rautication of the present revoked, and shall be regarded as trealy, paying the debts which null, and of no effect ; in conse- they may have conrracted during quence, during the course of the their captivity; the sick and present war, neither of the two wounded shall continue to be taken

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care of in their respective hospi. 11. There shall be negotiated tals, and shall be restored upon and concluded, without delay, a their recovery.

treaty of commerce between the 7. To give a proof of his friend.

two powers, founded on the basis ship for the French republic, of mutual utility, and such as shall and of his sincere desire to main. insure to the French nation ad. tain the most perfect harmony vantages equal to all those which between the two powers, his ma- are enjoyed in the kingdom of the jesty the king of the Two Sicilies Two Siciles by the most favoured consents to set at liberty every nations. Until the completion of French citizen who may have been this treaty, the commercial and arrested and detained in his stales, consular relations shall be recipro. on account of his political opinions cally re-established on the respecting the French revolution; footing as before the war. all goods and properiy, moveable 12. In conformity with the or immoveable, which may have sixth article of the treaty concluded been sequestrated on the same ac- at the Hague on the 27th Floreal, count, shall be restored to them. in the third year of the republic

8. From the same motives which (16!h of May, 1795, old style,) the dictated the preceding articles, same, peace friendship, and good his majesty the king of the Two understanding, that are stipulated Sicilies engages to cause all proper in the present treaty between the search to be made for discovering, French republic and bis majesty by legal means, and for giving up he king of the Two Sicilies, shall to the rigour of the laws, the per, subsist between his majesty and the sons who stole, in 1795, the papers Batavian republic. belonging to the laie minisier of 13. The present trea!y shall be the French republic.

ratified, and the ratifications ex9. The ambassadors or ministers changed, within forty days from of the two contracting powers shall the date hereof. enjoy in their respective states, the Done at Paris 1911 Vendemiaire, same prerogative and precedence in the 5th year of the French which they enjoyed before the war, republic, one and indivisible, excepting those which were allowed

corresponding with the 10th them as family ambassadors.

October, 1796, (old style). 1. Every French citizen, and (Signed) CHARLES DELACROIX. all persons belonging to the house

The Prince of BELMONTE hold of the ambassador or minister,

PIGNATELLI or to that of the consuls and other authorised and acknowledged Offensive and Defensive Treaty of agents of the French republic, sball Alliance between the French Reenjoy, in the states of bis majesty public and Spain. the king of the Two Sicilies, the THE executive directory of the same freedom of religious worship French republic and his Catholic as is enjoyed by the individuals of majesty the king of Spain, ani. those nations, not Catholics, which mated by the wish to strengthen are the most favoured in that the bonds of amity and good un. respect.

derstanding happily re-established between France and Spain by the ment of the requisition, the power treaty of peace concluded at Basle called on shall hold in readiness, on the 4th Thermidor, and the and place in the disposal of the third year of the republic, (July power calling, 15 ships of the line, 22, 1795) have resolved to form an three of which shall be three offensive and defensive treaty of deckers, or of 80 guos, twelve of alliance for whatever concerns thc from 70 to 72, six frigates of a advantages and common defence proportionate force, and four sloops of the two nations ; and they have or light vessels,


all equipped, charged with this important nego- armed, and victnalled for six tiation, and have given their full months and stored for a year. powers to the under-mentioned These naval forces shall be aspersons; namely the Executive sembled by the power called on in Directory of the French republic to the particular port pointed out by citizen Dominique Catherine Pe. the power calling. rignon, general of division of the 4. In case the requiring power republic and its ambassador to his may have judged it proper for the Catholic majesty the king of Spain ; commencement of hostilities to conand his Catholic majesty the king fine itself to the one half the succour, of Spain, to his excellency Don which was to have been given in Manuel de Godoi, prince of peace, execution of the preceding article, duke of Alcudia, &c. &c. &c. who, it may, at any epoch of the camafter the respective communication paign, call for the other half of and exchange of ther full powers, the aforesaid succour, which shall have agreed on the following be furnished in the mode and

within the space fixed. The space Art. 1. There shall cxist for ever of time to be reckoned from the an offensive and defensive alliance new requisition. between the French republic and 5. The power called on shall in his Catholic majesty the king of the same way place at the disposal Spain.

of the requiring power, within 2. The two contracting powers the space of three months, reckonshall be mutual guarantees, withing from the moment of the reout any reserve or exception, in the quisition, eighteen thousand inmost authentic and absolute way, fantry, and six thousand cavalry ; of all the states, territories, islands, with a proportionate train of arand the places which they possess, tillery, to be readily employed in and shall respectively possess. And Europe, and for the defence of the if one of the two powers shall be colonies which the contracting in the sequel, under whatever pre- powers possess in

the Gulf of text it may be, menaced orattacked, Mexico. the other promises, engages and 6. The requiring power shall be binds itself to help it with its good allowed to send one or several offices, and to succour it on its commissioners for the purpose of requisition, as shall be stipulated in assuring itself whether conformathe following articles :

bly to the preceding articles, the 3. Within the space of three power called on has put itself in a months, reckoning from the mo- state to commence hostilities on the

articles :

day fixed with the land and sea furnishes, which may be lost by forces.

accidents of war or of the sea. It 7. These succours shall be en- shall also repair the losses the troops tirely placed at the disposal of the it supplies may suffer. requiring power, which may leave 11. If the aforesaid succours them in the ports and on the ter- are found to be, or should become ritory of the power called on, or em- insufficient, the two contracting ploy them in any expeditions it may powers shall put on foot the greatest think fit to undertake, without be- forces they possibly can, as well by ing obliged to give an account of sea as by land, against the enemy the motives by which it may have of the power attacked, which shall been determined.

employ the aforesaid forces, either 8. The demand of the souccours by combining them, or by causing stipulated in the preceding articles, them to act separately, and this made by one of the powers, shall conformably to a plan concerted suffice to prove the need it has of between them. them, and shall bind the other 12. The succours stipulated by power to dispose of them, without the preceding articles shall be its being necessary to enter into any furnished in all the wars the condiscussion relative to the question tracting powers may have to mainwhether the war it proposes be tain, even in those in which the offensive or defensive ; or withont party called on may not be directly any explanation being required, interested, and may act merely as which may tind lo elude the most a simple ausiliary. speedy and exact accomplishment 13. In the case in which the moa of what is stipulated.

tives of hostilities being prejudicial 9. The troops and ships de- to both parties, they may declare manded shall continue at the dis- war with one common assent against posal of the requiring power during one or several powers, the limitathe whole duration of the war, tions established in the preceding without its incurring in any case articles shall cease to take place, any expence. The power called and the two contracting powers on shall maintain them in all shall be bound to bring into action places where its ally shall cause against the common enemy

the them to act, as if it employed them whole of their land and sea forces, directly for itself. It is simply and to concert their plans so as to agreed on, that during the whole direct them towards the most conof the time when the aforesaid venient points, either separately or troops or ships shall be on the terri. by upiting them. They equally tory or in the ports of the requiring bind themselves, in the cases pointpower, it shall furnish from its ed out in the present article, not magazines or arsenals whatever to treat for peace unless with one may be necessary to them, in the common consent, and in such a same way and at the same price as way as that each shall obtain the it supplies its own troops and satisfaction which is its due. ships.

14. In the case in which one of 10. The power called on shall the powers shall act merely as an immediately replace the ships it auxiliary, the power which alone


shall find itself attacked may treat conformable to the instructions, for peace separately, but so as that plans, and memoirs, which shall 10 prejudice may result from thence be communicated through the mea o the auxiliary power, and that it dium of the plenipotentiarics who nay even tiirn as much as possible 'negotiate the present treaty. to its direct advantage. For this 18. England, being the only purpose advice shall be given to the power against which Spain has luxiliary power of the mode and direct grierances, the present alliime agreed on for the opening and ance shall not be executed unless equel of the negotiations.

against her during the present war ; 15. Without any delay there and Spain shall renain nenter with hall be concluded a treaty of com. respect to the other powers armed nerce on the most equitable basis, against the republic. ind reciprocally advantageous to 19. The ratifications of the prehe two nations, which shall secure sent treaty shall be exchanged o each of them, with its ally, a within a inonth from the date of narked preference for the produc- its being signel. ions of its soil or manufactures, Done at Ildephomo, 2 Fructidor, or at least advantages equal to (Aug. 19) the 4th year of the those which the most favoured pa- French republic, one and inions enjoy in their respective states. divisible.

The two powers engage to make (Signed) PERIGNON, and the instantly a common cause to repress

PRINCE of Peace. and annihilate the maxims adopted The executive directory resolves by any country whatever, which

on and signs the present offensive may be subversive of their present and defensive treaty of alliance with principles, and which may bring his Catholic majesty the king of into danger the safety of the neu. Spain, negotiated in the mame of tral flag, and the respect which is the French republic by citizen Do. due to it, as well as to raise and minique Catherine Perignon, gere-establish the colonial system of ncral of division, founded on Spain on the footing on which it powers to that effect by a resolution has subsisted, or ought to subsist, of the executive directory, dated conformably to treaties.

90 Messidor, (Sept. 6) and charged 16. The character and juris- with its instructions. diction of the consuls shall be at the Done at the National Palace of same time recognized and regulated the Executive Directory, the by a particular convention. Those fourth year of the French reanterior to the present treaty shall public, one and indivisiblc. be provisionally executed.

Conformable to the original. 17. To avoid every dispute be- (Signed) tween the two powers, they shall REVEILLIERE LEPEAUX, presi. be bound to employ themselves im- By the Executive Directory, mediately, and whout delay, in LAGARDE, secretary general. the explanation and developement This treaty was ratified on the of the 7th article of the treaty of 26 Fructidor, (Sept. 12) by the Basle, concerning the frontiers Council of Elders.



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