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ing slavery. What remains for The same resources are likewise you to do, in order to avoid all offered the children of the the misfortunes which are inse- whites, and of the coloured peoparable concomitants of idleness ? ple; for the primary schools, which Nothing, but to devote youre will be established, will be open selves to the culture of the rich to all individuals, born in the coproductions of the colony you in- Jonies,of whatever colour they may habit! Many of you have been 10 be. ALL

ARE EQUAL IN France; they will tell you, that RIGIITS. the people are there constantly To you, Citizens, whom a baroccupied at useful labours, and barous custom had made formeriy agriculture in particular Imitate proprietors of slaves, we shall obthat acuve people, who adopts you serve, that in consequence only of as breibreng and you will esiablish, the most strange subversion of what by that means, a trade of exchange is know under ibe name of justice with them, which will cement and humanity, the most sacred and strengthen your brotherly re. rights of man had been forsaken lauons.

in the former order of things, Insiruction is as useful to you as

which allowed them to be reduced labur; by it you will transmit to the most insufierable and abject , your righis 10 your children; by slavery ; we shall tell you that a it you will learn how to fultil the state so contrary to paiure, though duly of good citizens': finally, by apparently favourable to your ininstruction you will altain that de. terests, was of too violent a nature gree of morality, which distin- to last long. How could the masguishes the civilized from the sa- ter shake off the thought of the vage man, the honest from the per- dangers with which he wa sincesVerse citizen.

Sanuy threaiened? Does not the The government will omit no- experience of ages and nations, thing to attain an object so inte transmitied by history, inform us, resting, and so worthy of its sulin that tyranny bas always fallen a citude. Public schools will be victim to iis own crimes ? Un. established throughout all the co- doubtedly, six hundred thousand lodies ; your cliildren shall there slaves, unjustly and cruelly tortured receive instruction ; imbibe a taste in almost every instance of their for labour and morals, which are lives, could not afford a great de10 accomplish their full generation. gree of security to the small numThe republic will extend farther ber of their masters. They were ber cares for your children, for she most assuredly disturbed by the wishes that a certain number of most cruel enormities. those who shall have produced a

Instead of the violent state in greater disposition and zeal for in- which lingered the late proprietors structon be sent to France, with of slaves, liberty and equality, the consent of their parents, there which fiow from the constitution, to study in a more perfect degree offer to them nothing but true enthose sciences or arts, to whicb joyments and perfect security to they may bave shewn a more de- their lives and fortunes. cided inclination,

In addressing those formerly dis.


tinguished as whites, and people of business to expel the enemies of colour, without possessions, we the republic from the territory they would say to them, that in a free have invaded, and soon to repair state, all hands ought to be employ- the eviis and devastations woich ed ; that every one ought to make have been occasioned by batred, a choice of a kind of labour which, passion, and cwi war. in coi curring to the general wel. Done at the Cape, the 25th Flo. fare, would procure to the labourer real (May 15) ihe fourth year not only existence, but the conve- of the French Republic ; one niencies of life ; that the colonial and indivisible. system being altered, they must no The president of the commission, more establish their hopes of for

SANTHONAX tune on SLAVERY, for it is FOR The general secretary, EVER ABOLISHED on the whole

PASCHAL territory of France. Let every one, therefore, make the best of his in- Proclamation of the Executive Di. dustry, devote himself to agricul. rectory to the Armies of the Sam. ture. Let

not any ill founded dre and Meuse. shame keep bim in inactivity,

New cries of war

are heard on which is as dangerous to himself, the banks of the Rhine. What as it is ruinous to the commen

rage is it thus goads on our cruel weal. Let bim be convinced, ibal enemy, who, amidst bis disasters no occupation de bases man ; let and our triumphs, has the temerity him know, that with ihe wisest of breaking an armistice which he pecple of antiquity, agriculture himself demanded, and you granted was considered as the first of all hiin, in hopes of a speedy peace ? occuparins. Let them, therefore, -Guided by the ferocious English, Jenounce thict state of vagrancy he receives their gold and conwhich the laws of the republic wil tempt as the price of his submission, punish.

and of the blood of his bravest In fine, we would repeat to warriors. Let then the republican them, that as all the inhabitants of bayonet reach the tottering thrones the colony from this instant will of the monsters coalesced against form but one clas', every citizen the human race, and strike terror will have the same righis, and into their bosoms ! let your irresisenjoy the same advaniages; and tible valour within a few days put that the republic establishes a period to that struggle of tbe lia other distinction among them, berty at the people against tyranny, than those of virtue and vice, of which has lasted but too long; and talents and ignorance.

let the haughty despois, who skill In the name of the republic, in dare to fight against that liberty, the name of humanity, in the name

at last bow submissive at the aspect of the sacred love of our country', of the republican banners! we invite all citizens

May 29. with us in the restoration of order and arriculiure; we invite them 10 Proclamation by General Buonasarte forget their respective wrongs and and commissury Salicetti, dlated quarrels, to make it now their solc t'me 30th of Floreal (19th May).




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THE French republic, while it from which they are separated; has sworn hatred to tyrants, has

they ought to find then ihese in #worn fraternity to nations. Lombardy, where they are making

This principle, sanctioned by the their conquests. The rights of war constitution of the republic, is as give them security for obtaining much a principle of the army. them, and friendship ought to be The des pousm which for so long a

eager to offer ibem. time has held Lombardy under its Twenty millions of French money yoke, has been the cause of great are imposed as a contribution for calamities to France ; but the this purpose ; the division will be French know ibat the cause of made among the different prokings is not the cause of the people. vinces of Austrian Lombardy. The The victorious army of a mo

terms of payment, which admit of narc'i are ins lent, and spread ter- the least possible delay, will be for amoig ihe nations where they fixed by particular instructions. It carry their victories; but a repub- is certainly a moderate contribulican army, ihough forced to carry tion for so fertile a country, partion a deadly war against the kingscularly when we reflect upon the with whom it contends, promises

advantages which must result from friendship to the people whom its it. The division mighe have been victories deliver from tyranny. setiled by agents of the French goRespect for the persons and pro. vernment, and this mode would perty, and respect for the religion certainly have been reasonable ; of the people, are the sentiments but the French republic, uyt wishwhich actuale the government of ing to reserve to itself inis right, the French republic, and their vic. has left it to the local authorities, torious army in Italy. Of this the and to the assembly of the state. good order which they have ob- It only points out to you, as the served from the first moment of basis upon which you ought to levy their entry into Lombardy, is no this contribution, that it ought to unequivocal proof.

be proportionably divided among It the victorious French consi. those provinces which formerly der the inhabirants of Lombardy paid imposts to the tyrant of Aus- . as brethren, de latter ougtit to tria, and that it ought to fall upon entertain a reciprocity of affection. the rich and the ecclesiastical boThe army musi pursue its victories; dies, who too long thoughi themand drive entirely out of Italy that selves privileged, and withstood all despotism which was held Lom. taxation; do not oppress


poorer bardy in chains. The indepen- class. .

requisitions be dence of this country, and its good made in kind, the general in chief, fortune, depend upon the success and the cominissary of the governof the French enterprizes.

Lom. ment, declare, that there shall be bardy hen ought to second them nu surcharge upon the contribuby all the means in its power. To tion. They will afterwards settle assure the march of the troops the price of the articles required, provisions are necessary, which

which they will pay to the venders they cannot receive from France, with the produce of the contri

bution !

If some

bution fxed as above, or with the composed of thirteen members, to receipts which they willgive, instead whom the government of all Lomof ready money.

bardy is committed, is provisionally

retained in the functions alloi. Proclamation of CommissarySalicetti. ted to it by its institution. It shall

exercise these functions in The Art. 1. THE council establish- name of the republic of France, ed on the 9th May last by the under the inspection and controul archduke, at the moment of his of the military agents to wbom it Bight, on which he devolved, by shall be accountable. an edict, the exercise of the su- 6. The municipal administrati. preme power, is suppressed. The ons are also retained in all be compresident of the supreme tribunal, munes of Lombardy. the two presidents of appeal and of 7. The municipal assembly existthe first instance, and the president ing at Milan, composed of thirteen of the magistracy, who were ap- members and a syndic, is also propointed by the archduke to com- visionally retained under the name pose this council, are probibited of the municipality of the town of from continuing their functions. Milan.

2. The general council of de- 8. The commandant of the fort curions, concentrated into privia of Milan shall be president of the leged classes, whose functions were municipal council, and shall exerseserved for extraordinary occa- cise in it a military police, and sions, having become useless by also all the functions delegated by present circumstances, is also sup- the French laws to the commanpressed : and the same prohibition dants of forts in a state of siege. is extended to the nobles and pairi- 9. The members composing the cians who compose it.

municipality of Milan are Francois 3. The magistracy, known by Viscanti, Antoine Caccianini, Gathe name of magistrat politique de la leas Serbelloni, Felix Laticada, chambre, whose complicated func- Charles Bignami, Antoine Cor. tions having also become useless, betta, Fidelæ Sopransi, Gatean tend only to throw obstacles in the Porro, Pierre Verri, Joseph Violway of the simple course of go- tini, Jean Baptiste Sommarina, vernment, is likewise suppressed; Paul Sangiorgio, Antoine Crespi, and those who exercised the office Cæsar Pelagata, Charles Ciani, are forbidden to assemble, except Charles Parea. it be to replace, after receiving 10. The acts and deliberations other instructions, the members of of all the authorities created or prethis body, when their functions served by the present decree, shall shall be rendered subservient to be in the name of the French rethe happiness of the people. public.

4. The authorities thus suppressed shall be provisionally replaced by Proclamation by Buonaparte, Coma military agency, composed of mander in Chief of the Army of citizens Maurin, Reboul, and Pa

Italy, to his Brothers in Arms, train.

dated Ilead Quarters at Milan, 5. The assembly of the state, Prairial 1, (May 20.)


SOLDIERS, you have precipi. who have basely assassinated our tated yourselves like a torrent from ministers, and burnt our ships at the heights of the Appenines ; you Toulon : the hour of vengeance have routed and dispersed all

who and retribution is near at hand. have opposed your progress : Pied. But let the people remain tran. mont, delivered from Austrian ty- quil; we are friends to all the peo. ranny, displays its natural senti. ple, and more particularly the de. ments of peace and friendship for scendants of Brutus, of Scipio, and France. Milan is our’s, and the the great men we have taken for republican fiag flies over all Lom. our models. Re-establish the cabardy. The dakes of Parma and pitol, and place there, with ho. Modena owe their political exist. nour, the statues of the heroes ence to your generosity. The that rendered it celebrated; awa. army that with so much pride ken the Roman people ; debased by threatened you, has no barrier of many centuries of slavery: such protection against your courage : will be the fruit of your victo. the Po, the Tessin, the Adda, have ries; they will form an epoch been unable to stop you a single for posterity ; you will have the day; those boasted bulwarks of immortal glory of changing the italy have been insufficient to de. face of the finest country in Eu. lay your progress; you have sur. rope. The free French people, re. mounted them as rapidly as you spected by the whole world, will passed the Appenines. So much give to Europe a glorious peace, success has carried joy to the bo. which will indemnity them for the som of our country; your repre. sacrifices they have made during six sentatives have ordered a fête, years; you will then return to your dedicated to your victories, which homes, and your fellow.citizens soill be celebrated in all the com- will say, shewing you, this man was munes of the republic. Your fa. of the army of Italy. thers, your mothers, your wives, (Signed) BUONAPARTE. your sisters, your lovers,

will en joy your success, and boast with The Depuries rf the People of Albe, to pride that they belong to you. Yes,

Citizen Buonaparte, General in soldiers, you have done much; but

Chief of the French Army, to prodoes there remain nothing more to

cure Liberty to Italy. be done? Though we have known Citizen General, how to vanquis'ı, we have not LIKE Frenchmen we wish to be known how to profit of our victo. free. To live under no king or ries. Posterity will reproach us tyrant of any titie. We wish for with having termițaied our course civil equality, and that the feudal in Lombardy; but already I see you monster should be thrown to the run to arms; a slouhful repose fa- ground. tigues you. Let os depart! We For this purpose we have taken have yet forced marches to make, up arms at the approach of your enemies to subdue, laurels to ga. victorious troops, and we come to ther, injuries to revenge. Let implore your assistance, to break those tremble who have whetted the chains which have for a long the poniards of civil warin France, time retained us in bondage. VOL. XXXVIII.



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