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latitude. It trends south-east to renæi and Rabanei; probably among wards the Emodian hills for four the Monguls of Kalkas :—for, imdegrees, when it receives a second mediately below them, occurs the arm thence descending. In their district Asmiræa, at the foot of farther progress, they bend towards the mountains so named. Below the mountain Ottorokorra, and these extends to the Kasian moun. pass into an eastern unknown coun- tain the great nation of the Isse. try. The Hoang-ho, or Yellow dones. There can be no doubt river, can scarcely be more clearly that, by this name, Herodotus described from mere reports. Its meaned 'Monguls. Beside them northern arm Olanmuren arises in are Throani, near a town of this Koshotey, near to the desart of name; and below them, on the Kobi, and from the same moun. east, Thaguri.

east, Thaguri. Farther to the tains as the Erzinch. Its course is north-east, Dahuri.

Among the south-eastward, when it receives a Issedones dwell the Aspakaræ, southern branch Haramuren ; which who have their name from a city, from the mountains of Thibet, Near these, the Batta; and the takes a crooked north-east course. most southerly are the Ottokarræ* Of its northern bend Prolemæus mountaineers. These three nations say's nothing : but he appears to occupy the province of Shiensi : pre suppose it, as he assumes ano. Ptolemæus knows nothing of the ther bend to the east; which, if he more easterly parts. supposed the stream to flow straight, The cities of Serica and Damna, would be needless.

at the west end of the Oichardes, The rivers Psitaras, Cambari, and at some distance northward and Lanos, which Pliny assigns to from the river: Piada, on the sou. the Seres, probably belong not here, thern bend of the Selenga, here but to the Indian coast east of che called the Itsch? : Asmiræa, near Ganges.

the mountains so named: Throa. The people of Serica are diyid:d na, on the east side of the Onghen, into the Anthropophagi, (or, ac- in the region in which the ruins of

( cording to Ammianus, XXIII. 6. Karakorum, once the metropolis Alitrophagi), of the north, and the of the Mongul sovereigns, are Annibi, who dwell contiguous to usually sought. The tribes above these. Between the latter and the mentioned are probably named from Aszak mountains are the Sisyges, these towns, The cannials are placid in the Issedon Serica is' contradistin. north of Siberia, of which nothing guished from Issedon Scythica, was known; of the other two, which lay more to the north-west. who to have divelt near This Chinese town, which Prole. the sea of Paikal, he m:y have maus nimes after the great nation heard. Abore the Vichardes are of the 1s:edones, was situated northa the Damua and the Piadz, and near Cast from the source of the Erzioeh, to the river the Oichards.

and consequently on the borders of Again, in the north, but east of the disart of Shamo: he places, in the Annibi, are situated the Ga. fact, no town beyond it. Aspak

SE em

* Perhaps Pliny, VI. 17, alludes to these by the name Attacora.



ara, which gives name to a tribe, Historienl. Account of Sculpture Prix lay near to the northern-Bautisus, Falconer's Chronligical Tables and eastward from its source; on begirning with the Reign of Sale. the Olanmuren river, therefore, mon, and ending with the Death and probably in Koshotey. Kho. of Ak xander the Greai. soche lay much farther east in the ALL the ancient writers have same latitude. I know not where agreed in dividing it into cwo pe. to seek it. Paliana and Abragan riods, the latter of which begins were both on the barks of the with the age of Phidias. Surabo northern Bautisus and in Kosholey. ascertains these ages very exactly, Togara and Daxata were both in thorather foreign to his subject; the middle of the province Shiensi, for, in describing the temples of and probably near the Hva.ho; for Ephesus, there are some which be all these places were in a south.eass calls ancient, and in these wers fine towards the bend of the Bau. dezemice Franse antique wooden figures. tisus, and towards Sera, the med In the other emples, built, ku tropolis. Orosana lay near the dà taas üFepoi, in after-zimes, be transsource of the southern Bautisus, or gresses from his usual form, and the Haramuren. Outorakorra along describes three statues in particuthe course of the same river near lar, which were probably of the its easterly bend, and to the north age of Phidias and Scopas. Piiby of the district to which and to and Pausanias abound in examples whose inhabitants it gives its name. of this division of the periods. Solana was more eastward: I know The former, when discoursing of not where.

Myron, says, “capillam non e Sera, the capital, was at some mendatios fecisse quam redis artj. distance from the sound band of the grutes instiruisset." This " sudis Bautisus. If Ptolemæus means, antiquitas" means what is termed by this south ixipo=;, the conti. the age of Dedalus and bis schaguous river, tbis Sesa can lars, who improved but little on the be no other than Singan-fu, wbich mock:ls brought from Egypt. How. is at soine distance froru its south ever, as we have some dates in ern evolution :-but, if he knew of Pliny, which tix the progression of the bow of the Hoog-bo, it must this are with tilerable accuracy, be placed more eastward at Hlonan, we shall briefly touch on the his The first seems to be more proba. tory of this period from the earliest ble, as Prolemæus appears igaordia eircea ; though the rague, and of the eastern course of the riser, Dearly fabuloua relations of Deand may well have uniscaken a part di'us form some embarrassicas in of the Hoa-bo for a coniuntion fixing the commencement of this of his Bautisus ; and also is Sin. ara, Diodorus Siculus and Pac. gan.fu is nained as a former me!. sünias agree in supposing there was polis of the gorib-west parts of an artist of that came who worked Chipi. Sera was ibe easieronous for Minos in Crete, and built a rescut of the merchants i alued ben taby risib at Grossus, of which na yond ic. Probatus boys Tobing, veacige was left in the time of

Augustus, Homer, in his 18th
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formes dalas

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ned a dance for Ariadne ; but, religious and antiquarian enthu. s he uses the same word, •a few siasın, could find in them some. nes after, adjectively, to signify thing divine ; but what it was he rtificially made, he might mean does not explain. Some other of 'y the former no more than what these statues were plated with gold, he word imports, an ingenious and their faces painted red, viz.. reist. Eustathius interpreis Hoe two of Bacchus, in the forum of ner as meaning that Dædalus only Corinth; which gives us but an nvented the dance itself, and not indifferent idea of the taste of that hat he worked it in either wood, period. The l'enus of Delos had stone, or metal.

only a head and arms, with a qua. The statues of Dedalus, men. drangular basis instead of feet; rioned by Pausanias, were all of which shews that these sculptors wood, and resembled, as we may had improved but little on the rude suppose, the Egyptian; for Philo. ages of Greece, when unhewni stretus says, that the statue of stones, or at best cut into a quadranMemnon was formed with the feet gular form, were the only em. joined together, and the arnts rest. blems of their divinities. Yet even ing on the seat, after the manner these figures, I think, were not of cutring figures in the age of introduced into European Greece Dædalus. Such was probably the till after the days of Homer. The figure of Minerva in Troy, men. name of Dedaius was, we know, tioned in the 6th Iliad, which seems given to artists long after the Atheto have been in a sitrins posture. nian Drdalus is supposed to have We have no remains of these rode Hourished. Pausanias himself men.

forms of the Juno of tions one of Sicyon of chat nam, Samos, carved by Smilis of Ægioa, which he seems to confound with said to be contemporary with Dæ- the Dedalus mentioned by Hoiner. dalus, and that of the Diana of Dipanas and Scyllus, according Ephesus, by the hand of Endæus, to Pliny, were the founders of the or Endyus, a pupil of Dædalus, school of sculpture in Sicyon, and are preserved the medals were the first who were celebrated of their respective cities. These for carving in marble. They representations gave a very un- flourished, says the same author, favourable idea of the Dedalean in the oth Olympiad, which is age ; yet we have no reason to very probable : for at that period, doubt their authenticity, for the the states of Greece were begin. artists of polished times would ning to cultivate their talents, and never have disgrac d their coinage 10 settle a form of government, with such uncoutk ngures, had Pausanias, by a strange anachro. they not been exact resemblances nism of above 400 years, says, that of objects made venerable by su. Dipænus and Scyllus were the sons perstition. Some more of these of that very Diedalus who lived so wooden statues are described as long in Crele. Piiny indeed says, existing at Thebes, Lehaden, Deios, they were Cretanis luy bitih, but and Crete, to the reign of Hadrian. that they settled at Sicyon. Is it They were nearly destroyed by not, then more likely that they age; and yet Pausanias, fired by were instructed long after by Dæ.

ages ; but



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dalus Sicyonius, and that the iden. in the reign of Polycrates, and tity of names was the source of the practised the art of casting statues error ?

with success. However celebrated these artists Hence, I think, the schools of were for marble sculpture, yet the Sicyon and Chios divide this period most noted performances from their into two parts. The Dædalean, hands were cut in ebenus, a sort of or barbarous age, ceases in the lignum vitæ, with pieces of ivory50th Olympiad the middle age, interspersed; a practice much in which gave better forms to the tu. proved afterwards. Tectæus and man tigure, but noi the last po. Angelion were the scholars of Di. lish, nor an exact representation of pænus ; they carved the Apollo at the minuter parts, may be extended Delos, and Calion, their pupil

, the to the 8 3d Olympiad; when the statue of Minerva Sthenias, in the great genius of Phidias broke out citadel of Athens, about the 63d at once in full lustre in the Jupiter Olympiad. The other memorable at Olympia, and the Minerva at pupils of this school were Theocles Athens. Pausanias has described and Doriclydas, both Lacedemo. the former of these with great ac. nians, whose works · were to be curacy; and Liry, the historian, seen, as Pausanius informs us, in with a sublimity of expression alhis time at Elis.

most equal to the ideas of the as. The school of Chios, formed by tist, points out, in a few words, its Malas, about the same time with effcct' on the beholder. Paulos that of Sicyon, or probably before, Æmilius, says that invaluable was still more noted. Bupalus and writer, travelling through Greece, Autherinus carved well in the both entered the temple to survey the Olympiad ; some of whose works colossal statue ; when Jovern velut had a place in the palace of Augus. præsentem intuens, motus aniono tus Cæsar. Yet even in this period est.- It is generally known that

uncertain wheiher the this figure was composed of ivory, Greeks krew the art of casting and ornamented with gold, a prac. statues in metal. The oldest brass tice of great antiquity in the East; statue known in Greece was cre of bot sew consider the difficulty of Jupiter, in the Chaloso cos and execuring a grand idea with so Laconia, in which she limbs had minuse materials. If any other been separately formed, and then graces were still wanting in sculpnailed together; yet this imperfet cure, the skill of Praxiteles and essay was ascribed to Learchus, a Lysirpus gave those finished touches scholar of Dipænus, who must have wiich produced sublimity in small lived about the 534 or 54th Olym- figures without diminishing their piad. So little was this art k nown elegance. Such was sculpture in in the school of Sicyon, when it the days of Alexander. Some was celebrated for marbie sculp- specimers of this æra are most proture. About the 634 Olympiad, bably even now to be seen at Rome we find the name of Khæcus and and Florence, viz. the Medicean Theodorus, both of Sainos, the Venus, the Hercules Farness, and same who built the temple of Juno, the Belviderian Apollo. The great



genius of Michael Angelo was un. to you concerning my taking the equal to the imitation of these seals from the chancellor, of which figures; and should we conceive you must needs have heard all the them to be the production of a

passages, as he would not suffer, it later age, as that of Augustus, or to be done so privately as I intended even later, 'as that of the Anto. it. The truth is, his behaviour nines, it will only raise our ideas of and humour was growne so insupthe age of Alexander, to find that portable to myself, and to all the the best artist of modern times was world else, that I could not longer inferior to those sculptors who by endure it, and it was impossible the general consent of antiquity, for me to live with it, and doe were themselves below the merits those things with the parliament of a Phidias or Praxiteles.

which must be done, or the government will be lost. When I

have a better opportunity for it, Letter from King Charles 11. 1o the you shall know many particulars

Duke of Ormond, upon his taking ibat have inclined me to this rethe Seals from Chancellor Claren- solution, which already seems to don. Copied from the Origiual in be well liked in the world, and to the King's even Hand, and indorsed have given a real and visible in the Duke of Ormonds.. amendment to my affairs. This The King's

is an argument too big for a letter ; so I add but this word to it, to as. sure you, that your former friend.

ship to the chancellor shall not doe at Kilkenny.

you any prejudice with me, and Answered, - OX. 67.

that I have not in the least degree Whiteball, 15 Sept. diminished that value and kind. I SHOULD have thanked you ness I ever had for you ; which I sooner for your melancholly letter thought fit to say to you upon this of the 26th August, and be good occasion, because it is very possible counsel you gave me in it, as iny malicious people may suggest the purpose was also to say something contrary to you:

Rec. 2} Sept.

15 24

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