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Situation of the French Nntion and Government, and Views of the Diree-

tory.--Difficulties to le encountered ly France at tul Close of 1795.-
State of Parties in England. - Tenper of the British Nation. - Assem-
blies for the Purpose of a Parliamentary Reform, and Peace with France.
- great and dangerous Scarcity of Provisions. Meeting of Parlia-

-
ment.--Insults and Outrages of an immense Mob against the King, on
his Way to the House of Lords. The regret of all People of Sense at
this Treatment of the King.--Speech from the Throne. Debates
thereon.- In the House of Commons.---And in that of th: Lords

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CH A P.

II.

twenty
makes

seven to twenty-eight Millions sterling.- Debates concerning the
Terms of the Loan.-Vote approving the Condolt of the Minister on

012
this Subject.– New Taxes.-Debates thereon Mes age from the King,
intimating his Disposition to enter into a Negotiation with the present
Government of France.-- An Address moved, expressing the Readiness
of the House lo concur in such a Measure. - Amendment thereon, moved
by Mr. Sheridan.--This rejected, and the Address carried.Motior
for Peace by Mr. Grey.-- Negatived

47

C

CH A P. IV.
Free Negroes in the Island of Jamaica. - Hunted by Blood-Hounds.-Mo-

tion by Mr. Grey, in the House of Commons, for an inquiry into the
State of the Nation.-- Negatived. Further Taxes.-- For paying the In..
terest of an additional Loan.-Mortality among the Troops sent against
the French West-India Islands.- Neglect and Distresses of the Troops.

-Motion for Documents on these Subjects by Mr. Sheridan.- De-
bates thereon.- Mr. Sheridan's Molion agreed to.- Motiori, in the
House of Peers, for the Production of Papers respecting a Vote of Par-
liament, in 1783, recognizing the Necessity of certain Pulilie Reforms,
-Delates thereon.— The Molion negatived. Report of the Committee
of Supply on the liesolution for granting a Subsidy to the King of Sar-
dinia. Conversation on that Subject. ---Charges laid against Mi-
nistry by wr. Grey, as Ground of Impeachment; and a Motion or that
Subjeci. - Negatived.-Motions, in loth Houses of Parliament, against
the Continuation of the War.- Negatived.-Motion, ly Mr. Wilter-
force, for the Alolition of the Slave-Trade, on a certain Day.-- Negee
tived. The Session of Parliament closed by a Speech from the
Throne

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CH A P. V.
First Cares and Employment of the French Directory.Determination to

keep alive the Martial Spirit of the French Natio;2.- And to extend
their Victories as far as possille.-But, at the same Time to make a
Shew of Pacific Inclinations.- Preparations for War on the Part of the
Allies. Attempt towards Negotiation letu'een the French and the
Allies at Basle, in Switzerland.-Ruptire threatened letu een the
French und Swiss Cantons.-Prevented. —Plan of the Directory for Mi-
litary Operations. Manifesto of Charette.- Revival of the lar in Le
Vendie.- New Completion of this.- Total Defeat of the Insurgents. -
Capture and Erecution of Charette and Stsfiet.- Manifesto of the Di-
Tectory for Restraining the Cruelties of their Soldiers.-Lenient Mlece
sures.-Good Ejects of these

75

C H A P. VI.
CH A

Address of the Directory to the French Armies.-Determination to carry

the War into Italy.- Difficulties to le encountered in carrying this Plan
into Execution.-Buonaparte.-The French Army, under his Command,

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CH A P. VII.

Exultation of the French at the Successes of their Armies. Their Army

in Italy animated ly the Praises of their Countrymen, and the Conver.

sation as well as the Proclamations of Buonaparte, to a high Passion for

Glory.--Enter the Duchy of Wodena.- poliation of Monuments of

Antiquity and Art.- dbhorrence of the Italian Mobility and Clergy to-

wards the French greater than that of the inferior Classes.--A general

Insurrection ready to break out, quashed ly the Vigilance and Prompti-

tude of Buonaparte.-The Austrians, under General Beaulieu, witz

the Connivance of the Venetians, take Possession of Peschiera.--Bicona.

parte advances against Beaulieu, who retreats to the Tyrolese. - The

Venetians tremble bejore the French.--Dis miss from their Territories

the Brother of the late King and Claimant of the Crown of France.--

Buonaparte takes possession of Verona.-Blockades Mantua.- Pre-

pares to march in!o the Tyrolese.- Detained by Insurrections in the

Distriels, known under the Name of Imperial Fiefs. These being sup-

pressed, he carries his arms to the Southward. - Reduces Tortona, Bo-

logna und Urbino.-Menaces Rome; - Armistice between the Pope and

Buonaparte.- Suspension of Hostilities with Naples.-Buonaparte the

Friend and Patron of Men of Learning and Science --- Ambitious Views

of the French Republic.-I:surrection in Lugo.- Quelled, and the

City reduced by the French.-The Blockade of Mantua converted into

a close Siege.-raiscil by Niarshal Wurmser.- üllions between the

French Army and that of the Austrians, reinforced by Detachments

from Mantua.-Remarkable Instance of Presence of mind in Buona-

parte.-The Austrians driven back beyond the odige

95

CH A P. VIII,

Italian Mols excited against the French.-Suppressed ly a Terror of the
victorious French. Marshal Wurmset, pursued by Buonaparte, re-

treats

into the Tyrolese. The Siege of Mantua resumed.-Marsh-1 W'armur,
powerfully reinforced, makes Head against the French in the Venetiar Ters
ritories. But is defeated. The French take possession of Trent.Cortio
nued Success of Bronaparte.--Marshal Wurmser, with the Remains of his
Army, makes good his Retreat, and takes shelter within the Walls Min.
tua.--Corsica, evacuated by the English, returns under the Grueriam not
France.- Pacification betwen France and Naples. Including the Bata.

vian Republic.-- Religious Zeal of the Romans.-Awakened by ibe Cuart

of Rome into Rage, and avowed Preparations for War against the freach.

A new Republic, composed of several small States.- Prevalence of the re.

publican Spirit in Italy. -The Austrians, reinforced with Triops frons

Germany, advance against the French.-- Retale Trent.- B vit ari de.

feated wib pridigious Loss at Arcola.--The Austrians, though frequently

defeated, return to the Charge.- High Spirit ard Courage of ike T roli.

ans.--Devotion of the Army in Italy to the French Republic.- Patience of

she French Soldiers under manifold Privations

109

CHA P. IX.

Campaign in Germany. - Opposite Designs of the French and Austrians.

Successes of the French.They invest Ehrenbritsiein.-Driven back, by
the Archduke Charles, to Dilsseldorff.The Diviim of the French Army
under Mreau takes Post at Strasburg.-The Plan of Operations proposed
by this Genern.-Crosses the Rhine.-Roduces the Fortress of Kehl.-
Defeats the insirians, under Marsh..I Wurmser, near Philipsburg:-
Ard in various and successive Engagemints.The Austrians rttire, in crier
29 wait for Reinforcements, into the Interior of Germany:-Junction of the
French Troops under Jourdan and Kleber. --These united reduce Frank.

fort.Successes of Morrau in Swabir.-Cessation of Hostilities between

the French and the Princes of Wirtemburg and Baden.Conduet of Prussia,

A Prussian Arm, tak-s Possession of Nuremberg:---Implicy of ile Freneb

in the Mode of raising Contributi ns.Couse of this.- Depredations of the

French in Germany. -Operations of the French Armies aider Mreza and

Jourd in.Disasiers of the Austri '15.-The Emperor vi

represents the Site-

ation of Germany, and hos sw.. Situation, in an Appeal is his Bohemian sind

Hungrian Subjectsa- Diet of the Einfire.--Piriakes of the general Cis

sternation of Germ7y.-D te miration #9 open a Negotiatar for Peace

with Frunc.-The Tide f Success turned nigrinst the French by the Ger.

mans, under the Archduke Charles.-Obstinate Engagements.--Masterly

Retreat of the French drznies. Particilarly fibar under Mor:04.--Cone

sequences.--The Austrians occupied in the Sige of Kehl.--Sally of the Gar.

rison there.- Various AEions.- Armistice be: ween the French and Austri.

ans.The Diet of the Empire re-animated by the enterprising Spirit ard

Success of the Archduke Charles, solicitous to regair the Favour of the line

perial Court

126

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CH A P. X.

State of Parties in France.--A Revival of the Reign of Terror threatened in

the Sutera Departments by Freron.-The Directory deseri and oppose
the Facubin Inierest.---Conspiracy of Jacobins.- Discovered and defeated.

Arrangements respecting the Estates of Emigrants.--Influence of the non-
juring or refractory Clergy troublesome to Government.--Scandalous Neg-

lect of the Execution of Justice.-Criminal Trials.-Money and Fis

nance.-The same Impositions laid on the People of the Austrian Neiher.

lands as in those of France.--New. Plots and Insurrections:--- Law for re-

conciling the different factions in France, by the Extinction of Terror.

Proposal for repealing a Low which appeared to some to bear too hard

on the Relations of Emigrants.--Rejudied.-But an equitable Alteration

made in that severe Law.-This is a Matter of Triumph to the moderate

Party

147

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