Plutarch's Lives, Volume 1

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Lackington, Allen & Company and Cuthell & Martin, 1803 - Greece

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Page 115 - Begin to cast a beam on the outward shape, The unpolluted temple of the mind, And turns it by degrees to the soul's essence, Till all be made immortal : but when lust By unchaste looks, loose gestures, and foul talk ; But most by lewd and lavish act of sin, Lets in defilement to the inward parts, The soul grows clotted by contagion, Imbodies, and imbrutes, till she quite lose The divine property of her first being.
Page 135 - There were not even to be found in all their country either sophists, wandering fortune-tellers, keepers of infamous houses, or dealers in gold and silver trinkets, because there was no money. Thus luxury, losing by degrees the means that cherished and supported it, died away of itself. Even {hey who had great possessions had no advantage from them, since they could not be displayed in public, but must lie useless in unregarded repositories.
Page 174 - Numa forbade the Romans to represent the Deity in the form either of man or beast. Nor was there among them formerly any image or statue of the Divine Being. During the first hundred and seventy years they built temples, indeed, and other sacred domes, but placed in them no figure of any kind, persuaded that it is impious to represent things divine by what is perishable, and that we can have no conception of God but by the understanding.
Page 269 - Tis true I never learned how to tune a harp, or play upon a lute, but I know how to raise a small and inconsiderable city to glory and greatness.
Page 134 - ... and consequently unfit for any other service. In the next place, he excluded unprofitable and superfluous arts. Indeed, if he had not done this, most of them would have fallen of themselves when the new money took place, as the manufactures could not be disposed of.
Page 139 - These would remain immovable, as founded in inclination, and be the strongest and most lasting tie; and the habits which education produced in the youth would answer in each the purpose of a lawgiver. As for smaller matters, contracts about property, and whatever occasionally varied, it was better not to reduce these to a written form and unalterable method, but to suffer them to change with the times...
Page 140 - As for the education of youth, which he looked upon as the greatest and most glorious work of a lawgiver, he began with it at the very source, taking into consideration their conception and birth, by regulating the marriages. For he did not (as Aristotle says) desist from his attempt to bring the women tinder sober rules.
Page xxiii - Assiduous and indefatigable application to reading made a considerable part of the Greek education ; and in this, our biographer seems to have exerted the greatest industry. The number of books he has quoted, to which he has referred, and from which he has...
Page 144 - As for learning,* they had just what was absolutely necessary. All the rest of their education was calculated to make them subject to command, to endure labour, to fight and conquer. They added, therefore, to their discipline, as they advanced in age, cutting their hair very close, making them go barefoot, and play, for the most part, quite naked. At twelve years of age, their under-garment was taken away, and but one upper one a-year allowed them.
Page 154 - Upon the whole, he taught his citizens to think nothing more disagreeable than to live by (or for) themselves. Like bees, they acted with one impulse for the public good, and always assembled about their prince. They were possessed with a thirst of honour, an enthusiasm bordering upon insanity, and had not a wish but for their country.

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