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not, he believes, be desirable to attempt improvement upon a Grammatical System, long established in general and well-nigh universaluse among English Schoolmasters. At the same time, however, he wishes to avoid, as far as possible, all unnecessary discrepancy between the arrangements of this work and those of the ‘Latin Primer.' On this account, in the Declensions, he has everywhere placed the Vocative and Accusative cases next to the Nominative; and he will be prepared, in future editions, to carry this principle to a further extent, if recommended so to do by competent judges. In other respects, too, communications made to him (through the Publishers), with a view to the improvement of the Primer, will be thankfully received and carefully considered.

It has not been thought necessary to add a Vocabulary, as it is hoped that every Teacher who makes use of this manual, will have in his possession a copy of the complete Grammar, from which (pp. 145-162) he can select examples for the exercise of his Pupils.

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ps και μέγα Omega | o great (a) Sigma is the only letter that has two forms besides the capital. When it occurs at the beginning or middle of a word it is written thus, o; when at the end of a word thus, s: as in oopòs a wise man.

(6) When the letter y comes before y, k, X, &, it is pronounced as v, as in ãyyelos a messenger, OvYKOT Syncope, 'Αγχίσης Anchises, Σφιγξ Sphinx.

(c) The syllable cu before a vowel, as in Talaria Galatia, is, contrary to the Latin usage, pronounced hard.

The Letters are either Vowels or Consonants.

2. There are seven Vowels :a, e, n, b, o, v, w, which may be divided into three classes, viz.

€, 0, short, as něvns poor, Tóvós labour.
n, w, long, as tiun honour, TúrTW I strike.

( σώμα α body, ημέρα α day. a, 1, v, either short or long, as Médi honey, kpíris a foundation.

( γλυκύ sweet, όμνυμι I swear. When two vowels come together and the latter of the two is either 1 or v, they form a proper diphthong. Of these there are eight:-ai, av, El, ev, oi, ov, vi, nu.

To these may be added the three improper diphthongs, ą, n, q, that is, with 1, the latter vowel (unless when capital letters are used) written underneath, and not at the side; so that although they have the power of diphthongs, the latter of the two vowels appears to be omitted.

A vowel or syllable is called pure, when another vowel or diphthong immediately precedes it, as in oopia wisdom, a is pure; in dikalos a just man, os is pure.

§ 3. Consonants are of two classes, Simple, and Double or Compound.

(a) There are fourteen Simple.
1. Four liquids, or half-vowels, A, M, v, p.

(three, thin. kq. 2. Nine mutes, that is three, middle B y 8

( three, aspirated 0 x 0. One, a kind of half-vowel or aspirate, o, s.

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