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600 slaves. Afterwards, however, this sum. These promises are likewise restriction was annulled, and the held forth to such slave or freeman company was permitted to employ as shall discover those who conceal as many slaves as it should think pro- diamonds. If a slave discover his per, on paying 600 crusadas (about master, the king grants him 200,000 752. sterling) for every miner. By reis, besides his liberty. Those who the two contracts, the court reserves act contrary to this law, not only lose for its own use every diamond which the diamonds which they purloin, shall be found to exceed a certain and their slaves, but often are put to weight. A law, which forbad, under death. The punishments inflicted on pain of death, any infringement on the slaves-are, commonly, whipping, this privilege, did not appear suffi- condemnation to the gallies for life, cient to ensure compliance with it, or immediate death. but rather tended to depopulate the The diamond seekers are obliged places adjacent to the spot, and to to render an exact account to the turn the surrounding country into a king's commissary of all such diavast desart. Within the space of 100 monds as they or their slaves discoleagues, there is only one village to The commissary deposits the be seen, and this is inhabited by the diamonds in a case covered with iron, agents and slaves of the company ! and secured by three locks. He has
The agent of this privileged body possession of one of the keys, the in Europe, was no other than the go- viceroy has another, and the Provavernment itself. Prior to the emido de Hazienda Real, has the third, gration of the court of Portugal to This case is put into a second, on the Brasils, whatever the produce of which are placed the seals of the the mines might be, government three personages already mentioned; delivered to one contractor, dia- the three keys being closed within it. monds to the amount of 5,000,000 The viceroy is not permitted to view crusadas or 1,125,0001. sterling, and the contents of the cases, but merely no more, annually, in virtue of an consigns the whole to the third strong express agreement to that effect, box, upon the lock of which he places which has ever been held sacred. his seal. The opening of the treasure The price of the diamond was rated takes place in the presence of the advantageously to the contractor. king, who makes choice of such diaThese precious stones are bought in monds as he approves of, paying to a raw state by us, or by the Dutch, the finders a price which is regulated and after being cut, are dissemina. by the law already mentioned. ted throughout Europe, but especial. 66 There never has been found a ly France, where this gem was most diamond," says the abbé Raynal, eagerly bought up. They are less “ which could be put in competition hard, pellucid, and brilliant, than with that sent from Brasil to the those of the East Indies; but they king of Portugal; its weight being are far whiter. Their value is about 1680 carats or 12 oz. Although 101. per cent. under that of the for- there is no mode of ascertaining its mer. The law, which ensures to the value, yet an English writer has been king of Portugal, the exclusive pos. bold enough to compute it at the session of the largest diamonds found enormous sum of 224,000,0001, sterin Brasil, ordains that the slaves who ling!!-If, however, as some lapida. find them shall be granted their free. ries assert, this reputed diamond be dom, and that the king shall pay their a topaz, the above computation must master 400,000 reis. If a freeman be egregiously erroneous." be the finder, he is to have a similar
A very extraordinary incident is related in the history of Sweden, written in Swedish,
by Dalin. It took place at the representation of a mystery of the Passion, under John II. in 1513.
THE actor who performed the leaped on the stage and struck off part of Longinus, the soldier who his head. The spectators who had was to pierce the Christ on the cross, been delighted with the too violent in the side, was so far transported actor, became infuriated against their by the spirit of his action, that he king, fell upon him in a throng and really killed the man who personated massacred him. This may stand as the Christ; who falling suddenly, an example of the power of dramatick and with great violence, overthrew representation ; but it argues lille in the actress who represented the holy favour of the moderation and solemnimother. King John who was present ty inspired by such sacred subjects. at this spectacle, was so exceedingly They much more certainly gratified enraged against Longinus, that he curiosity than devotion.
Remain of Druidical Practices. THE southern part of Devonhirse This done they return to the house, is remarkable for its cider. In order the doors of which they are sure to to ensure a good fruit harvest, the fol. find bolted by the females, who, be lowing custom is generally kept up in the weather what it may, are inexothat quarter. On the eve of the Epi. rable to all entreaties to open them, phany, the farmer, attended by his till some one among them has guessworkmen, with a large pitcher of cider ed what is upon the spit, which is goes to the orchard, and then, encir. generally some nice little thing difficling one of the best trees, they drink cult to be hit on, and is the reward the following toast three several times. of him who first names it. The Here's to thee, old apple tree;
doors are then thrown open, and the When thou may'st bud, and when thou lucky clodpole receives the tidbit as may'st blow!
his recompense. Some are so super. And when thou may'st bear apple enow?
stitious as to believe, that if they neHats full! caps full ! Bushel-bushel-sacks full!
glect this custom, the trees will bear And my pockets full too !
no apples that year. Nuzza! Hazza! Huzza!
Jerusalem, 24 Oct. 1808. cause. From thence the flames deIN the night between the 11th scended upon the choir of the Greeks, and 12th instant, after the Francis- and from thence to the floor of the can monks, who reside in the Holy church. The fire now assumed a Sepulchre, had retired to rest, they most awful appearance, and threatenheard an
uncommon noise in the ed the elevated wooden cupola of the church. They immediately hastened Temple with immediate destruction. to the spot, and, upon their entering The Franciscans used their ut it, they discovered the wooden altar, exertions to stop the progress of the together with the wooden cells of the flames; but they were too few in Armenian ecclesiasticks situated over number. They also wanted the necesthe columns of the gallery, in flames, sary implements for that purpose ; without their being able to divine the and when they at last succeeded in
alarming the ecclesiasticks of the ad- and images in bas relief that decorated jacent church of St. Salvator, and of the chapel containing the Holy Sepulacquainting them, as well as the po- chre, situated in the centre of the lice, with what had happened, the church. Shortly after, the massive flames had already reached the cu columns that supported the gallery pola.
As soon as the alarm was fell down, together with the whole of given the whole of the Roman Catho- the walls. Fortunately no lives were lick youth of the city rushed imme- lost; only a few persons were hurt, diately to their assistance, and exert or scorched by the fire. It is remarked themselves with the greatest zeal able that the interiour of the above and intrepidity; but it was impossible mentioned chapel containing the to stop the fury of the devouring Holy Sepulchre, and wherein service element; and, between five and six is performed, has not been in the o'clock in the morning, the burning least injured, although the same was cupola, with all the melting and boil- situated immediately under the cuing lead wherewith it was covered, pola, and consequently in the middle fell in, and thereby gave this exten- of the flames. Even after the fire sive building the awful appearance of had been extinguished, it was found a burning smelting house. The ex that the silk hangings, wherewith it cessive heat which proceeded from is decorated, and the splendid paintthis immense mass of liquid fire, ing, representing the Resurrection, caused not only the marble columns placed upon the altar at the entrance which support the gallery, to burst, of the sepulchre, had not sustained but likewise the marble floor of the the least injury. church, together with the pilasters
DISCOVERY OF ANTIQUITIES. AT the villa of count Moroni, the shell of an egg; an oil bottle ; & near Rome, were lately discovered broken mirror; and a lamp. Upon the tombs of the ancient Roman fa- this lamp was represented Tarquimily of Manlia. They were found nius, son of the seventh and last king to contain two statues, five busts, and of Rome, carrying a dagger in his an urn; all of them in a tolerable hand, at the moment that he was good state of preservation; and dis- going to violate Lucretia. Baron de tinguished with the name of Manlius. Hasselin, minister from his majesty Two skeletons, which have been dug the king of Bavaria to the Holy See, up at the feet of the abovementioned has purchased those valuable antiquistatues, had still rings on their fin- ties, which are at least 2000 years gers. Next to the skeleton of a wo old. man, named Agathonia, was found
ANNA SEWARD. ANNA SEWARD, a poetess man of taste and learning, and of conof distinguished elegance, born about siderable talents for poetry and polite the year 1745, was daughter of the literature. Anna's infant mind was reverend Thomas Seward, rector of nourished by her father with the Eyam, in the Peak of Derbyshire, a vivid and sublime imagery of Milton,
and her early education amid the occasion, por that her partiality, and wild and Alpine scenery of the Peak, probably, also, her political sentienhanced the enthusiasm of feeling ments at that period, led her to exto which she was naturally disposed. press warm indignation against those In her seventh year, her father being who inflicted a disgraceful punishmade a canon-residentiary of Litch- ment upon her hero.
We are infield, she removed with the family formed that she afterwards became to that city, which thenceforth be sensible of the injustice she had done came her residence during the whole General Washington by her personal of her life. The fruit of her father's invectives on this melancholy occainstructions appeared in some early sion. These two elegiack pieces proefforts at poetical composition, which, duced the appropriate compliment however, met with discouragement from Dr. Darwin, of telling her that from her mother; and Mr. Seward she was « the inventress of epic was afterwards induced to withdraw elegy.” The death of lady Miller the countenance he had given to her was lamented by Miss Seward in a literary pursuits; so that several poem to her memory, published in years of her youth elapsed with only 1782, in the style of rich and florid stolen and interrupted attempts to imagery which marks her composicultivate an art of which she had so tions. Her poetical novel of Louisa," strongly imbibed the rudiments. As which appeared in 1784, displayed she grew to womanhood, she, of her talent of uniting narrative with course, followed more freely the bent description and sentiment, and proof her genius; she was, however, ved a popular production. As a mere long known only as the private orna novel its merit is not of the first rate, ment of Litchfield, and the object of and they who read for incident solely, much attachment and admiration in will probably find the vehicle redunher circle of friends. An acquaint- dant in ornament. It, however, conance with lady Miller, of Bathcaston, tains much to admire. In 1787, she induced her to become a contributor addressed an Ode of Congratulation to her poetical Vase. She repeated- to the victorious Elliott, on his return ly obtained the myrtle wreath which from Gibraltar. It is in the epic was its prize, and the publication of strain, and the writer has exerted the crowned pieces first ushered Miss every effort to render it worthy of Seward's muse to the world. In the the patriotick sentiment which inspi. following year, 1780, she published red it. her “ Elegy on Captain Cook," a In 1790, Miss Seward lost her aged performance of great merit, as well father, whose gradual decline she had from its harmony of versification, as solaced with the tenderest filial assithe beautiful and appropriate image. duity. Her muse had been long silent, ry with which it abounds, and the when in 1796 she published “ Llanforce and delicacy of its sentiments. gollen Vale, with other Poems.” Of The contrast between the different these, in general, the character is simourners on this event, queen Obe- milar to that of her preceding comrea, and the wife of the great naviga- positions, but it may be possibly tor, is peculiarly striking. The next thought that the authoress was now year produced her “ Monody on Ma. deviating more into that exuberance jor André.” With this lamented of words and excess of ornament young officer she was intimately ac which is the principal defect of her quainted, in the course of his long poetry. In this miscellany were some attachment to her amiable friend, sonnets; and three years afterwards · Miss Honora Sneyd. It is not, there she published a collection of a hun. fore, to be wondered at, that she dred compositions of this species, all writes with peculiar pathos on this of the legitimate form, anil many of
them beautifully descriptive and sen- property. The landed part of it, we timental. To these were subjoined hear, he has bequeathed to his ne“Odes paraphrased from Horace." phew, the Rev. James Pyle Ashe; In the latter she professedly indulged and a large part of his personal proher talent at amplification, in which perty to distant relations and others. she sometimes appears elegant and The character of Mr. Pyle has been splendid, but in general, one to whom singular. The property which he inthe originals are familar will think herited from his father was consider. their spirit much impaired by dilu- able, and during a long life it had tion. Soon after the death of Dr. been greatly increased by his parsiDarwin, Miss Seward, who at one monious manner of living. In the time of her life had been intimately early part of Mr Pyle's life, he lost acquainted with this distinguished a large sum of money by the failure philosopher and poet, published, in of a person 10 whom he had confided 1804, “ Memoirs of his Life." This it. From that time he became susis a desultory performance, written picious, and seemed unwilling to inin a style very deficient in correct. trust bis money with any one. Under ness and good taste, but full of en- this feeling, whenever he received his tertaining matter, and enriched with rents, he secreted the money. About some judicious criticism on Dr. Dar a twelve month ago Mr. Pyle was atwin's poetical character, and on other tacked by a paralytick affection, and incidental topicks. From her account it being known that he was in the haof the origin of the celebrated “ Bo- bit of hiding his money, it was judged tanick Garden,” it appears, that some prudent by his friends to search the admired lines in the exordium of the house ; and in one or two rooms, that first part of that poem were of her were visited only by himself for many composition, though unacknowledg- years, cash and notes were found to ed Indeed, the harmony of her ver. the amount of between 6 or 70001. sification, and her powers of brilliant secreted in every kind of way-some and picturesque description, enable tied up in pieces of paper-some put her lines to blend their tints with into the seats of chairs and indeed those of Darwin, without any percep- every expedient was used at concealtible change in the tone of colouring. ment. The money thus found was im
This lady died at Litchfield on the mediately taken to a banker's, on Mr. 25th of March, and we understand Pyle's account; but he never forgave that she has made Walter Scotl, Esq. this compelled discovery of his treaand Mr. Constable, of Edinburgh, sure. Mr. Pyle, though parsimonious her literary heirs.
to the extreme, was indulgent to his tenants, whom he granted long
leases without advancing the rent. His HAMPSHIRE.
character was that of being penurious Died At his house in Winchester, in trifles, while he suffered his thou. James Pyle, Esq. at a very advanced sands to lie unheeded and unemployed. age. He has left very considerable