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July, 1779. The farce of “ Who's gant numbers, we find inequalities, the Dupe," was performed at Drury, which prove that our fair authoress lane, in the month of April preceding, had been more intent upon seizing and it was received with that ap- the pictures of those images, which, plause, which, whenever performed, in the enthusiasm of genius, crowded it now never fails to obtain.
upon her mind, than in polishing what The Belles Stratagem, came out she had written. at Covent Garden, in February, 1780, This objection, indeed, may be ap. and it was received with such loud plied to most of her poems, and and boundless acclamation, that it those passages which abound in ani. had the honour of being patronized mated and impressive imagery, throw by the queen, before whom it was into stronger contrast the few lines performed once every season, for which appear in harmonious and pro. twenty years after its first appear saick.
It must still, however, be allowed, This play, when published, was by notwithstanding these objections, that express permission dedicated to her nothing can exceed the charms of majesty.
the poetry, in many of the passages; Stimulated by her favourable re. thus, in the Maid of Aragon, the ception with the publick, Mrs. Cow. Old Aragonian King, the Fair Os. ley continued to cultivate her ac- mida, the Moorish Prince, and the quaintance with the dramatick muses, French De Couci, are so many disand the Belles Stratagem was suc tinct portraits, coloured by the vivid cessively followed by the comedies pen of genius; whilst in the tragedy of“ Which is the Man,” “ A Bold of Albina, the characters of Old Stroke for a Husband," &c.
Westmoreland and Gondibert, are The limits of this article will not portrayed in the grandest style, and permit us to dwell upon the merits of display an intimate acquaintance with several beautiful pieces of fugitive the age of chivalry. poetry; such as her specimens in The wonderful facility of this lady's imitation of Cowley, Monologue on pen, and the rapidity with which, if the death of Chatterton, the verses we may be allowed the term, the occasioned by lady Manners's Ode to flashes of her genius were transferred Solitude (which produced an intima- to her paper, is not less remarkable cy between the two ladies] her poem than the strength and variety of its entitled, Edwina, inserted in a late powers. Her productions, indeed, history of Cumberland, with some from that sprightliness and ease, by beautiful little poems,
which they are characterized, exhibit ed in the newspapers of the day, those
pontaneous coruscations of and which raised newspaper poetry genius, which all the laboured exerto an eminence it had never before tions of art must despair to accomattained. We proceed to notice her plish. flights in the higher regions of epic
Ipse volens facilisque sequetur, poetry.
Si te Fata vocant; aliter non viribus ullis Her productions in this line, which Vincere, nec duro poteris convellere ferro. have yet been published, are the Maid In all the walks of the legitimate of Aragon, the Scottish Village, and drama, Mrs. Cowley has left ample the Siege of Acre.
specimens, to entitle her to rank with The poems which we have above the first dramatick authors of the day. alluded to, abound with beautiful and Scorning to attempt ephemeral fame, glowing imagery; but in critical jus- to administer to the perverted taste tice it must here be admitted, that of the times, to court the acclamaamidst the most luxuriant descrip- tion of the galleries, and implore the tions, and the most smooth and ele. aid of the grimacer, the painter, or VOL. II.
the machinist, Mrs. Cowley, like the quently within four and twenty hours veteran Cumberland, has never de after the event which had given birth serted those banners of legitimate to it. comedy, under which she first en. Her dramatick ħabits had given a Nisted.
dramatick hue to all her composiEqually at home in the sublime tions; and we find her occasionally and pathetick, as in the humorous, assuming a fictitious signature, and she entered at once into the feelings answering or addressing some loveof a hero, or a monarch, with as: sick youth, or despairing maid, where much suceessas into those of a slop- existence to her was merely ideal. seller, or a coquette. Doiley, in the In this lady's conversation (and farce of Who's the Dupe, is perhaps the writer of this article has had the unrivalled on the stage; whilst Gra- pleasure of having been occasionally dus, Doricourt, Flutter, Hardy, lord present) there was nothing of that Sparkle, and the Pendragons, are proud superiority which persons all distinct and highly coloured pore possibly of more learning, but less. traits.
genius, sometimes assume to awe We must also here, in justice to and intimidate. Easy and affable in departed merit, notice her peculiar her manners, it was ever Mrs. Cowexcellence in colouring the female: ley's endeavour to raise to a level character. For proof of this we can with herself, those whose timidity safely rest our appeal to her Miss would have placed below it. Hardy in the Belles Stratagem, and Sometimes, indeed, she wouldenOlivia in the Bold Stroke for a: Hus- liven the topick under discussion band.
with some sprightly sallies; but these The last hurried effort of this lady's were bright without being dazzling, pen was in unison with the excel- the spontaneous effusions of genius, lence of her heart. It was a little emanating from an excellent heart, poem in aid of benevolence; an act and corrected by a well regulated of charity to one who moved in the mind. humble sphere of sexton of the pa The same ease and affability which rish, and whose little property had distinguished her conversation, chaBeen swallowed up by the late floods. racterized her epistolary correspon
This little poent gives a pathetiek dence, where the ease and familiarity picture of the poor, man's efforts, of the style soothed any sense of inwhilst his cottage was overwhelmed; feriority, and rendered her letters describes his losses ; and delicately probably not the least perfect of her claims attention towards one whose compositions, pride was in conflict with his pover Mrs. Cowley was married at a ver rv ; one whose situation claimed that my early period to a gentleman who assistance which he could not bring. died in India, a captain in the compahimself directly to beg.
ny's service, and brother to Mr. Cow. From her habits, Mrs. Cowley ley, an eminent merchant of Cateamight truly be termed a most disin ton street. rerested votary
of the muses. Her She has left a sön, now at the bar, pon was not guided by mercenary and a daughter, married in India to. views. She wrote merely for the the Rev. Dr. Brown, provost of the pleasure she felt in writing. Tlie magnificent college of Calcutta poem of the Siege of Acre, was given The following is a list of her prin to a respectable bookseller', who ask cipal known publications, vizi ed for it. She-reserved none of her Epic poems-The Maid of Aramanuscripts, ner did she wait to cor. gon ;, Scottish Village; and Siege of rect them.
Thus her newspaper Acre. poetry was written and sent off, free Tragedies-Albina, Fate of Sparta
Comedies,The Runaway ; Belles These, as they have individually Stratagem; Which is the Man; A passed the ordeal of criticism, and Bold Stroke for a Husband ; More would be an acquisition to the fibraWays than One; A Day in Turkey ; ry, we hope to see republished in * Both Ends of the Town ; Second collective shape. Thoughts are Best ; with the farce of, Who's the Dupe.
ANECDOTES. ROLF KRAGE, with a party of ed to a vicarage ; bart feeling tro inhis warriours, once entered a house clination for the church, he resigned, in Sweden. The Swedes, who hated and was made a justige of the peace him, lighted a fire according to the for the province of Lower Rommerige, custom of those days, in the middle which situation he filled during twenof the room. But they gradually add ty years. As he resided always in ed so much fuel to the fire, that the the country, agriculture soon became heat became intolerable. When the principal object of his attention. Rolf perceived there was no passage He carried it on diligently himself, for a retreat from the upper part of and encouraged others to follow his the room where he and his friends example. It was his delight to hus. sat; and that the Swedes, who occu- band uncultivated lands, and improve pied the lower part, might go out those already cultivated. He, there wherever they thought proper, he fore, greatly promoted fertility and calmly inquired into their motives for opulence among his neighbours and such conduct? “ We mean nothing others. To increase this benefit, he at all,” said the Swedes in a scoffing bestowed great pains, particularly in tone. “ Rolf and his men are known his latter years, in the improvement not to dread either fire or steel!” of agriculture, and in encouraging " True!” said Rolfe, “ we will there- and rewarding industry. He was & fore-show you that we even dare to gentleman of independent circumadd fuel to the fire, and then to pass stances, had no children, lived frugalthrough it." Rolf, and his followers, ly, and daily increased his store. He then threw their shields into the fire, was, therefore, able to render serby which the flames were, for a vices to others, in a manner which moment subdued; when they leaped did him honour. Many benevolent over it, and chastised the wanton traits of his life have either been formalignity of the Swedes, Hardihood gotten, or not remarked. Some, howwas at that time a quality so requisite ever, are recorded, which deserve in a hero, that Rolf could not have tice here. solicited them to spare his life, with In the year 1748, when the anhaout disgrace. This happy thought bitants of Lower Rommerige were saved both his life and honour. distressed for seed corn, le lent them
eighty quarters of oats of his own IN the diocese of Aggershuus, growth, on condition, that it should in Norway, lived many years ago a
be paid, as circumstances might gentleman, whose life was remarka- make it convenient. Part of it re. ble, though it has not excited much mained unpaid at his death, in 1750, publick curiosity. He had been a and he never attempted to enforce student, and was afterwards appoint- payment during his life time
In the preceding year, he pur.
Wherever he found industry, chased a large, but neglected, and it was always sure of meeting his badly cultivated farm in the parish of countenance. The female peasants Hoeland, which he improved in such in the neighbourhood never exhibita manner, that the annual seed in- ed to him their work but he immecreased from 15 to 35 quarters, and diately made purchases ; and comthe crop from 35 to from 2 to 300 mending their diligence, paid them quarters. Having thus established a higher price than they demanded this farm, he presented it to a poor for their goods, although he might farmer's boy (not related to himself) have bought them better and cheaper whom he had brought up in rural elsewhere. From the poor cottagers, economy; and thinking him like. who were capable of manufacturing ly to become an able manager, he wooden ware, he bought ploughs, further
harrows, and other implements of He also purchased a fourth part of husbandry, even when he did not a farm, which she improved greatly, want them. Beneficent as he thus and presented it to an old and faithful proved himself to the industrious, he servant, whom he had also brought was inexorable to vagrants, whom up to the study of agriculture. he not only denied his assistance, but
Independent of these estates, he even made it a point to see them conhad three others in the parish of Fend, veyed to places where they would be as well as other lands; and, in order forced to labour. to be certain that these lands, by In domestick life, he proved himself being well cultivated, might yield a virtuous and considerate man ; paid benefits to those who had inclination, the highest regard to religion ; and without means, to become purchasers, acted in his situation according to he made known, that he would dis- the dictates of conscience. He dresspose of them to young and industrious ed and lived frugally ; it was pleasing poor people, on such conditions, as to him to gain in an honest way; but would suit their circumstances. He it was still more agreeable for him proposedl, that they should pay him to lay out what he had gained to real a small sum annually during his life; advantage. Whenever he received and, at his decease, the property to rents, or any other certain, or uncer. belong to them and their heirs, with. tain revenue, he said : “ This shall out any further payment. But before be planted in the ground, and bear this noble intention was effected, he fruit." died; and many young people had to When his publick or private conregret their having lost such an ex cerns afforded him moments of lei. cellent opportunity of establishing sure, his chief amusements consisted their future welfare,
in reading and musick. He sang The people in the neighbourhood songs of his own composition, and zealously followed his worihy exam accompanied himself on the guitar. ple, which induced Lembak to confer He read good books, particularly the on them silver medals in testimony works of the immortal Holberg, on of his high sense of their exertions. which he placed the highest value,
He also distributed rewards for the as he had been personally acquainted extermination of ruinous animals, with the author. and birds of prey.
In Lembak's country, the fruit of Thus this generous patriot sub- his individual industry, which difstantially proved, how near the wel- fused its wholesome spirit among the fare of his country clung to his heart, inhabitants, is every where conspiby encouraging and assisting the far- cuous, and presents the noblest mers; but Lembak's zeal was not memorial of his existence. It was a confined to that particular class of clause in his will : That he should
dition a par
be born to his grave hy twelve of he intended to station his outposts, the most diligent farming peasants, and was completely deceived by her to whom he bequeathed a present for replies. He ordered his horses to their trouble. His wish was accord- be kept in readiness at the door; but ingly indulged ; and each peasant she contrived to make the grooms expended the sum allotted to him, drunk, upon which she put the hor. on a piece of plate, which their de ses in the stable and locked the door. scendants preserve
in memory of Her next object was, under the plea the beneficent and honest Niels of compassion, to obtain permission Lembak.
of the colonel to light a fire in the
yard to comfort his men. This fire When Charles the Twelfth inva- she insensibly increased to such a ded Norway, in the year 1716, the degree, that it served as a beacon to main body of his army advanced to guide the Norwegians to the spot. wards Christiana, whence a detach. For she had informed her country. ment was sent to destroy the silver men that a fire would be the signal works at Konsberg. On this expe- for them to advance. Every thing
of 800 horsemen, com succeeded to her utmost wishes, and manded by colonel Loeven, passed her address and intrepidity were rethrough a narrow defile in the Hares. warded by the arrival of the Norwe. tue wood, and quartered for the night gians at her house without discovery. at Norderhoug, in the neighbourhood They took the Swedish colonel priof which a small detachment of Nor; soner, and either cut to pieces or wegian dragoons had been stationed put to fight the whole of his party. to watch the motions of the enemy. Upon which they sat down to the en. The Swedish commander, who put tertainment which Mrs. Colbioernsen up at the parsonage, soon after his had provided for their enemies. arrival received information that the The next morning she went out, Norwegians were only at the dis. in company with another female, to tance of three miles, and altogether view the field of battle. The Swedes, ignorant of his arrival. Mrs. Anna who had fled during night, in the Colbioernsen, the wife of the clergy- mean time, rallied, and being still man, who was confined at the time to superiour in numbers to the Norwehis bed, happened to overhear a con- gians, they resolved to attack them; sultation among her guests, in which but, being ignorant of the force of it was resolved to attack the Norwe. the enemy, they sent out a reconnoi. gians by break of day, and then to tring party, who, falling in with Mrs. march against Konsberg. She im- Colbioernsen, the corporal rode up to mediately determined to apprize her her, and pointing his carabine to her countrymen of their danger. In the breast, demanded instant information mean time the greatest attention as to the position and numbers of the was paid to her guests; and, while Norwegians. Her companion fainted she appeared wholly occupied in pro- away; but Mrs. Colbioernsen boldly viding for their entertainment, im- asked: “Is it the order of your king proved her information. She display- to shoot old women?” The corporal ed equal apparent benevolence to- abashed, removed his carabine, but wards the comforts of the private persisted in his first question. “ As soldiers; and, on pretext of wanting to their numbers,” she replied, “ that other necessaries to complete their you may easily find out, as they are entertainment, she despatched a ser this moment mustering behind the vant, as it were, to procure them. church in order to pursue you. More
The Swedish colonel, in the I cannot tell you, not having counted mean time, inquired of Mrs. Col. them. But this I know, they are as bioernsen the road to Steen, where numerous as the bees in a hive.” Re