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TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

Could any of your readers tell me side, and the other opposite the par. the origin of the phrase: “ He does liament house, old palace yard, Westo it under the rose ?

minster. Here the retainers and ser.

J. HALL. vants of the noblemen attached to the Under the rose we speak it."'*.

duke of York and Henry VI. used to And at a venture, also, we take it, meet. Here, as disturbances were that the expression “ under the rose,” frequent, measures either of defence like that which says, “ he that is

or of annoyance were taken, and every hanged need fear no colours,” arose

transaction was said to be done from the wars. It may be asked :

“ UNDER THE ROSE;" by which the What wars engendered the former most profound secrecy was presumed. phrase? To which we reply, the From this, we believe, the phrase wars betwixt the houses of York and spread, and became a term of general Lancaster. These, it is well known, acceptation : and it is curious to obobtained, for

ages, the popular appel. serve, that in the time of James I. the lation of “ The contention betwixt the

authors whom we have quoted in our two roses.” In this conflict, the oppo- motto, put it, as a colloquial expres. site adherents wore as badges, the sion, into the mouth of Vandunke, the cognizances of their different parties. governour of Bruges : intending, perThey swore by the red or the white haps, to intimate, that it was in use in rose; and these opposite emblems Flanders, which, we need not hint to were displayed as the signs of two

our friend Mr. H. was part of the taverns ; one of which was by the dominions of the dutchess of Bur.

gundy, daughter of Richard, duke of *Beggars' Bush, comedy, Beaumont and York, and sister to Edward IV. Fletcher, act ii. scene 3.

EDITOR.

IMITATED.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, CLASSICAL EXPLANATION OF THE PHRASE "UNDER THE ROSE." SIR,

YOUR explanation of the phrase, to the following epigram for his 56 under the rose," in your last authority : number, is extremely ingenious and Est rosa fios Veneris, cujus quo facta latenovel. It is indeed so plausible, that

rent, I should incline to trust to it, had I

Harpocrati, matris dona, dicavit amor:

Inde rosam mensis hospes suspendit amicis , not always imagined that phrase to

Conviva ut sub ea dicta, tacendo sciat. have been derived from an ancient custom, observed at Grecian festivals,

The Rose, the flower of Venus ! sweetly The learned Potter thus describes it:

veils, ** The rose, being dedicated by Cupid And furtive loves, and secret joys, con10 Harpocrates, the god of silence, to ceals. engage him to conceal the lewd ac "My mother's gift, thou god of Silence tions of Venus, was an emblem of And be the emblem thine !" So Cupid

take, lence; whence to present, or hold it

spake. up to any person in discourse, served Hence o'er his TABLE, the wise host susinstead of an admonition that it was pends time for him to hold his peace. And The Rose, that hints its silence to his in entertaining rooms, it it was cus

friends,

And what beneath the Rose those hours tomary to place a rose above the table, to signify that what was there spoken, The guests in sacred silence may conceai.

reveal, should be kept private." Potter refers

z.

IN your last number, your corres must have been frequently chosen pondent, Mr. J. Hall, expresses a for such purposes; and that, in time, wish to be informed, what is the the expression, “under the rose,' origin of the phrase, under the rose. might be figuratively applied to every The wild rose tree [Rosa sylvestris] thing, in which secrecy and fidelity it is well known, abounds in solitary were required ? places, and at a distance from the This account may probably not be haunts of man. Now, as such retired deemed satisfactory, by many of your spots are well suited, not only as pla readers. To such I can only say, in ces of rendezvous for lovers, but for the words of the Roman poet : others engaged in transactions that

Si quid novisti rectius istis, shun the light of day, and where they

Candidus imperti ; si non, his utere me. can unbosom themselves in perfect

Nemo. confidence to each other, is it not London, June 19, 1809. natural to suppose, that these places

cum.

POETRY.

LOVE ELEGY TO HENRY.

amuse,

[By Mrs. Opie.]
Then thou hast learnt the secret of my

soul;
Officious Friendship has its trust betrayed ;
No more I need the bursting sigh control;
Nor summon pride my struggling soul to

aid.
But think not banished hope returns again,
Think not I write thy thankless heart to

move; The faded form, that tells

my

tender pain, May win thy pity, but it can't thy love. Nor can I move thee by soft winning art, By manners taught to charm, or practised

glance; Artless as thine, my too, too feeling heart Disdains the tutored eye, the fond ad

While tender glances theiremotions speak,
And oft they heave and oft suppress the

sigh;
O, turn to me, behold my pallid cheek
Shrinking from thine, behold my down

cast eye!
While they by mirth, by wit, thine ear
And by their eloquence thy plaudits seek;
See me, the fond contention still refuse,
Nor in thy presence, Henry, dare to speak.
When asked to breathe the soul enchants

ing song,
See them o'erjoyed exert their utmost art;
While vainly I would join the choral

throng, Lost are those tones which once could

touch the heart.

[blocks in formation]

tide ray,

sense

pense.

Ah! no--in hopeless love thou canst not Alas ! the parsonage!“ Alas! the pine,

shame”Thou ne'er canst woo the brightest maid Methinks I hear some hoary swain exin vain;

claim, For thee love's star midst cloudless skies “ A time there was, when yonder moulwill shine,

dering dome And light thy graceful steps to Hymen's Was Peace and Charity's selected home. fane:

How cheerful to the eye its front arose!

There crept the woodbine, and here While I, as hope, and strength, and life

bloomed the rose, recede, Far, far from thee shall waste the languid There drooped the virgin lily's pensive

head; day :

And here carnations glowed with streaky Blest, if the scroll that speaks thy bliss I

red. read, But far more blest to feel life's powers

There stood of ancient elms a stately row, decay:

Now by the unrelenting axe laid low :
And here, as gently sloped the smiling

lawn,
Started at every breeze, the trembling

fawn. *TIE DESERTED PARSONAGE.

Methinks, e'en now, in yon sequestered

way, [By J. Lynch, esq.]

Where hazel clumps exclude the noon. MARK* where yon steeple rcars its simple spire,

Our lost, lamented, pastral friend I view, Whate all the village train, with awe rc

As wont, some pious reverie pursue. tire,

O! what a man was he?

-what charms of To lift their grateful orisons on liigli, Go bim, whose awful midate rules the

Could round such tranquil happiness dissky. I love to see the long procession glide Each sun, that on his works delighted Across the mead, or up the green bill's

shone, side,

Saw him neglect, for others' ease his own: To that plain edifice, whosc folding door

Each liberal sentiment that warmed his Expands admissible to rich and poor:

breast, The house of Ilim, who no distinction A friend in every luman form confest; knows,

No narrow, selfish prejudice confined, But that which Virtue's sacred power be

llis noble, free, disinterested mind. stows,

To every sect alike his bounty flowed; Behindt the church a tottering mansion

His love for all mankind unceasing glowed: bends,

For as the sun its genial warmth imparts, Whose mouldering wall a sudden lapse Alike to barren and to fertile parts, portends;

So would he dedicate to all his care, Rank weeds enclose its entrance; and And portion of his love to all a share : each stone

Good, without pride; and learned without Is with excrescent damps and moss o'er

conceit;

Skilled to check riot, or suppress debate; grown : Its garden waste, its lawn o'errun with No match declared-no contract was bebriar;

gun, Its once pellucid fount a bed of mire: Nor mother gave her maid, nor sire his There desolation reigns-no human sound SON; The long deserted, lonely rooms resound: Till first their pastoral friend the choice No guest, with champing steed and hasty

approved ; hoof,

His sanction was the prize for those that Approaches now the hospitable roof;

loved. That rifted roof, wide opening to the sky; Beneath his care dark melancholy smiled, Tutters at every blast that blusters by: By soothing arguments of wo beguiled :

Despair grew calm, and sorrow's rankling

dart * From poems about to be published.

Was blunted by his soft persuasive art. + The author has seen a parsonage The wretch by persecuting conscience house in Yorkshire, which answered this

stung description.

Drank peace and hope from his enlivening THE SQUEAKING GHOST. tongue;

A tale, imitated from the German, according That tongue whosh harmonizing sounds

to the true and genuine principles of the would flow

horrifick. A magick talisman for every wo.

The wind whistled loud ! farmer Dobbin's

wbeat stack Alas! one fatal eve, by duty led,

Fell down! The rain beat 'gainst his He sought with godly zeal the feverish bed door! Of fell disease-he sought to cheer the As he sat by the fire, he heard the roof hour

crack ! Of harpy Death's inevitable power ; The cat ’gan to mew and to put up her But can my faultering voice our misery

back! tell ?

And the candle burnt-just as before! A victim to his generous pains he fell ; The farmer exclaimed, with a piteous He fell (but rests in every heart inurned) sigh, Wet with the tears of all; beloved and “To get rid of this curs'd noise and mourned!

l'out, “Wife, gi'e us some ale.” His dame

straight did cry, Ah! sad reverse-a stripling of the

Hemed and coughed three times three, gown

then made this replyNow holds the vicarage, but lives in “I can't mun !" Why? 'Cause the cask's town,

out ? In scenes of

'gay voluptuousness he strays, And spends in revelry both nights and By the side of the fire sat Roger Gee-ho,

Who had finished his daily vocation, days.

With Cicely, whose eyes were as black as While yonder dome, slow mouldering into

a sloe, dust,

A damsel indeed who had never said No, Admits each pelting shower and vagrant And because she ne'er had an occasion!! gust.”

All these were alarmed by loud piercing

cries, Methinks I hear the swain—his deep And were thrown in a terrible state, drawn sigh!

Till opening the door, with wide staring I mark the rising sorrow swell his eye;

eyes, And as I bid farewell, and turn the vale, They found to their joy, no less than surReflection pondcrs on his mournful tale. prise,

""Tzas the old sow fast stuck in a gate!"

PHILOSOPHICAL AND ECONOMICAL INTELLIGENCE. M. DEGEN, a watchmaker of Vienna, drowned. The police of Vienna have pura has invented a machine for raising a per

chased a considerable number of these son into the air. It is formed of two kinds machines, with the view of assisting in of parachutes of taffeta, which may be bringing up drowned persons from the folded up or extended at pleasure, and the bottom of the Danube. person who moves them is placed in the centre. M.Degen has made severalpublick AEROSTATION-On the 22d August, experiments, and risen to a height of fifty- 1808, Messrs. Andreoli and Brioschi, of four feet, flying in various directions with Padua, ascended in a balloon, amid an the celerity of a bird. A subscription has immense concourse of spectators. Soon been opened at Vienna to enable the in- after leaving the ground, the barometer ventor to prosecute his inquiries.

having fallen to fifteen inches, M. Brioschi

began to feel an extraordinary palpitation BARON LUTGENDORF, long known of the heart; his breathing, however, was as a traveller and voyager, has contrived a not affected: the barometer, afterwards, machine by which a person may exist un

fell to twelve inches, and he was overcome der water, without fear of being drowned with a gentle sleep, which ended in a -It is a kind of cuirass, which admits of complete lethargy. The balloon continued the body assuming every possible position, ascending ; and when the barometer stood and which is said to be extremely useful at nine inches M. Andreoli perceived that in saving persons in danger of being the machine was completely inflated, and

that he could not move bis left hand. The DR. BREWSTER, of Edinburgh, has mercury continuing to descend, marked invented an instrument for determining eight inches and a half, and a violent de distances at one station, without measuring tonation was heard from the balloon, a base, without a portable base being at. which then descended with great rapidity, tached to the instrument, on without knowand M. Brioschi awoke. The aëronauts ing the magnitude of the object, the disalighred safely on the hill of Euganea, not tance of which is to be ascertained. A long far from Petrarcì's tomb and the city of base is actually created by the instrument, Argua, about twelve miles from Padua. without measuring it; and the distance is The voyage lasted from half past three obtained upon a principle, which, as far as until half past eight o'clock.

we know, has never been employed in tri. gonomical instruments.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. ♡ COMMUNICATIONS for this head, from authors and booksellers, post paid, will be inserted free of expense. Literary advertisements will be printed upon the covers at the usual price. RECENT AMERICAN PUBLICATIONS.

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