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northern winds by the ancient forest the day; behind which was a winding of Roseville. Many of these rocks passage, that led to a part of the rock are inhabited by peasants, whose toil different from that at which the count is recompensed by the vines which had entered. The faithful domestick, cover them.

Richard, then contrived, by cases As the count de Roseville, who filled with clay, serving as doors, so owned a great part of this beautiful to obscure the entrances as to prevent country, was one day hunting, he was all suspicion of the cavities within. suddenly overtaken by a violent Six weeks after the discovery, the storm, and forced to seek refuge in a count and his servant had managed, place which had formerly been a by the clay-doors, by matting, by old lime-kiln. Walking up and down, tapestry on the sides of the grottos, waiting the abatement of the tempest, and by the furniture which they had his dog conducted him through seve- secretly conveyed, to make this soural (urnings, to a vast cavity, which terrain habitable. The great cave was seemed to extend under the whole prepared for the chamber of the chain of the rocks. This incident oc countess, and one on each side for curred on the 30th of June, 1792, her two daughters. These were enwhen the noblesse were pursued and closed by doors covered with sheep's imprisoned, and when the terrible skins, to exclude the cold. A kitchen 10th of August, and first days of was at no great distance, with closets, September, were preparing; and, as containing necessaries of all kinds, the count lived in the constant appre- particularly oil and charcoal. Lamps, hension of being arrested, a thought disposed at proper intervals, gave naturally suggested itself, that this light in the dark parts of the rock; cavern, so providentially, as it were, and the rotunda was made a study, pointed out to him, might, during illuminated by a lamp, suspended the bloody convulsions of the revolu. from the roof, and furnished with a tion, serve for the retreat of himself, piano, a harp, a library of excellent his wife, and his children. On his re- books, port-folios of drawings, &c. turn to the castle, he communicated Well might the countess survey the scheme which he had formed, all these preparations with approbato his lady, and also to a faithful do- tion: but it is wonderful that two permestick, of whose service he availed sons should have executed them in himself in carrying it into execution. so short a time. Scarcely, however, On the following day, they visited were they finished, and the count had the spot, accompanied by their two returned to his castle, when, a few children. By the help of torches, days after the horribly memorable they discovered a dark passage, which 10th of August, he was arrested, in the count had not previously observe the name of the law, and dragged to ed, conducting to subterranean Paris, leaving his wife and children grotto, supported by four pillars of in the greatest agony and consterna. rock; and in the middle rose a foun- tion. The countess and her two tain, which, falling in a cascade into daughters, Gabrielle and Augustine, a basin, subterraneously passed away. were conveyed by Richard, the faith. A pleasant light entered through the ful valet, to the subterranean retreat, tissures of the rock. Further on, they together with the valuable property discovered several other grottos, which they could remove; and when which could easily be made habita- le had secured his charge, he proble; and in one of them was an open- posed to go to Paris, in the hope of ing between two huge stones, so being serviceable to his master, or at placed as to admit light and exclude least, of conveying him some money. rain. A long corridor ended in a Moved by this proposition, the counkind of lofty rotunda, inaccessible to tess herself resolved to fly to her


husband, and either to succour him, “O mes parens chéris! ô ma sensible or to share his fate. They then all

mère ! left the cave; and having disguised Languirai-je tonjours loin du monde et de themselves in the dress of peasants,

vous ?

Le ciel ouroit-il doric borné votre carrière ! they proceeded by the ordinary con

Et la terre déjà nous contient-elle tous? veyance to Paris. Here Richard disappeared ; and the count was disco “U toi de qui les soins ont guidé notro vered through the grating of a mise

enfance, rable prison. Almost distracted, the

Toi qui nous as donné de si tendres parens;

Toi que touchent toujours les pleurs de countess left her lodging, and, having Pinnocence. first sewed money in the corsets of Grand Dieu ! sauve mon père, et rends-lui her children, and instructed them ses enfans. how to pass the barriers, she counselled them, if she should not return

“ Et toi, ma scur, ma fille et mon unique

amie, to them in two days, to travel back,

En partageant mes maux, tu sais les adou. as poor children, to the retreat in the

cir; rock. Having effected her purpose T'aimer est le seul bien qui m'attache à of forcing her way into the prison, la vie; in which her husband was confined, Augustine, sans toi, je n'aurois qu'à the children were left orphans; and,

mourir." no mother returning to protect them,

The sisters fainted at the sight of they obeyed her injunctions, and, by the charitable aid of innkeepers, mas

strangers; but, when they recovered

from their affright, a pleasing expla. ters of voitures, &c. these two infantine sisters made their way from

nation took place. Gabrielle and AuParis to Tours; took possession of the

gustine found an uncle and a cousin

in the obtruding visitants; who, being grotto; and supported themselves in

now in possession of Roseville castle, this retreat for the long term of six

removed them from the souterrain years. At last they were traced to the rock; and a fine muslin handkerchief,

to their original residence. They then marked G. R. was picked up. Curi

accompanied their uncle to Paris, in

search of their parents; and on the osity, in conjunction with the admi

road, they rewarded those who were ration of female beauty, operating on

their benefactors, when, as poor chil. a young man, he discovered the clay

dren, they required the aid of the cloors, and the mode of opening them;

keepers of inns and coach-drivers. and, entering with his uncle, they

On their return to Roseville, love surprised the recluses, when Gabrielle

began to exercise its power, and marwas singing the following air:

riages were meditated. The anniver“ Sous ces sombres rochers, impénétrable

sary of their being found was hoasile,

noured with a most splendid fête; J'élève, en gémissant mes accens vers les when the count and countess, who cieux;

had been sentenced to exile in CaySans crainte et sans remords, on y vivroit

enne, had been shipwrecked, and hatranquille; Mais loin de ses parens, pourroit on vivre ving passed through St. Domingo, heureux ?

Jamaica, and England, returned to

their own castle. Thus the misfor"Orpheline, et sans guide, au printemps tunes which the revolution had occade ma vie,

sioned, were terminated in a joyful Jamais je n'ai vu luire un rayon de bon- interview of all the parties;. for even

heur, La fleur de mes beaux jours sera bientôt

the missing Richard is added to the Aétrie.

groupe. Les soupirs et l'attente ont desséclié mon

The dramatick conclusion of this

piece induces us to believe, that fick 30



tion has lent her aid, with no sparing tude, the severest trials, and aiding hand, to complete the effect. All the us to perform our duty under them, characters are amiable, and all have are pictures which are always useful reason to be satisfied with their con- to man, and are of peculiar imporduct. Virtue, under the aid of divine tance to the rising generation. The Providence, not only combating with seeds of those moral qualities which misfortune, but, at last, triumphing form the character, are sown much over it; and the power of religion, in more early in life than we generally bracing the mind to meet, with sorti. suppose.

TROM THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. Memoirs of William Paley, D. 1). By G. II. Meadley. pp. 216. To which is added an

Appendix. pp. 168. 1809. THIS biographer appears to be a friend of religious toleration; and also plain sort of a person, not mightily to make us believe that he wished to gifted, indeed, with the talent of wri. abolish, or to relax, subscription to ting; but sufficiently so to tell a com the articles of our established church. mnon story, and make common re. However, we are by no means dismarks. He comes forward with no posed to quarrel with Mr. Meadley, great pretensions, telling us that he and are glad to glean from him some knows his work is very imperfect, little account of Dr. Paley's life. and that his motive for undertaking it It is pleasing to trace the progress was the desire of doing justice to the of a distinguished character to emimemory of Paley. We can believe nence, by the natural buoyancy of that this motive may have been a merit, without any underhand arts, or principal one; but we suspect that mean atlachments to party, or servile one or two others have been acces- cringings to great people. Paley, sory. We surmise that he was partly born in 1743, was the son of a counswayed by a certain desire of making try clergyman, schoolmaster at Giga book; which same desire has further gleswich, in Yorkshire. Educated impelled him to spin out his memoirs, under his father, he gave promise by introducing needless repetitions, rather of fair abilities, than of distinand dwelling too much on trivial cir- guished excellence. His mind was, cumstances- also, to fill up half of a from the first, remarkably active and goodly octavo, by cramming in ana- inquiring. In bodily movements he lyses of Paley's sermons, tracts for- was always singularly clumsy. merly published, &c. In fact, a me

“ I was never a good horseman," he moir of Paley's life might have been used to say of himself, “and when I folproperly attached to some edition of lowed my fither on a poney of my own, on his works; but is far too scanty of my first journey to Cambridge, I fell off matter for a separate publication.

seven times. I was lighter then than I am We surmise, moreover, that another now, and my falls were not likely to be mnotive, operating on our biographer, would turn his head half aside, and say:

serious. My father, on hearing a thump, was a desire of professing, before the "Take care of thy money, lad."--p. 5. publick, the sanction of Dr. Paley's

His father, at this time, perceived name, for what he is pleased to call

, the germ of his future distinction. the cause of civil and religious liberty. Certain it is, that he takes no

Ny son," he said, “is not gone to common pains to impress upon us,

college--He will turn out a great man

very great indeed-I am certain of it; for what is undoubtedly true: That this he has, by far, the clearest head I ever excellent man was always the warm

met with in



Ile appeared at the University as digested and prepared his great work, a raw, uncouth, unformed sizar, sin- the Principles of Moral and Politigular in dress and manner, not re cal Philosophy, which appeared in markable for regular, studious habits, 1785. His Horæ Paulinæ followed in but recommending himself by his 1790, and his Evidence of Christianity good humour, social talent, and gene- in 1794. After the latter publication, ral ability. He obtained the publick preferment, the well earned fruit of distinction of senior wrangler, on ta his services and talents, poured fast king his degree, and had afterwards a upon him. In the space of one year, bachelor's prize adjudged to him for he was presented by different patrons a latin dissertation.

to a prebendal stall in St. Paul's; the For a short time subsequent to his subdeanery of Lincoln; and the vafirst degree, he underwent the drudg- luable rectory of bishop Wearmouth. ery of acting as usher, at a private The latter place was the scene of his school, at Greenwich. Fortunately, declining years. His Natural Theohe soon quarrelled with the school. logy, which appeared in 1802, was master, and, having been elected fel. the only literary work in which he low of the college to which he be- afterwards engaged. He made himlonged, fixed his residence in the self practically useful, by carefully university. He spent about ten years performing the offices of a parish of his life engaged in the business of priest; discharging the more active academical tuition. His reputation in duties of a magistrate; and guarding this situation rose extremely high. the moral conduct of his neighbours. He was remarkable for the happy A painful disorder, which visited talent of adapting his lectures singu- the close of his useful life, marked larly well to the apprehensions of his him to be, in the hard task of suffer. pupils. He was considered as belong- ing, as well as in acting, a firm, sincere ing to what was called the liberal Christian. In 1804, the respect, and party in the university, in politicks the regret of all good men, followed and religion. In 1772, he was invited him to the grave. to sign the petition for relief in the Paley was, in private life, a cheermatter of subscription to the articles, ful, social, unassuming character; of then presented to parliament. His an equable temper, satisfied with his refusal was conveyed in the jocular present lot, devoid of restless, craving terms, that “he could not afford to ambition. He entered with great zest keep a conscience.” His biographer into the common enjoyments of life. acts, we think, no very friendly part, He never assumed an austere charac. when he attributes this refusal to ter of sanctity and stiffness, but was prudential motives, acting in opposi. anxious to promote good humour tion to his real sentiments. Paley was and harmless mirth on all occasions. a man of the most unvarnished ho- His conversation was free and unre. nesty. We are convinced, that his served, wholly untainted with that refusal must have been founded on a pedantick gravity and cold supercilireal disapprobation of the measure ousness, in which superiour talent is itself; of the means adopted in fur. too apt to clothe itself. He was rethering it; or of the persons engaged markable for an extensive acquainin promoting it.

tance with men and manners. He had İn 1776, he married, and retired to a strong relish of wit; a copious fund

mall living in Westmoreland; but of anecdote; and told a story with was soon advanced, successively, by peculiar archness and naiveté. He was his friend Dr. Law, then bishop of a particular admirer of theatrical perCarlisle, to a prebendal stall, the formances. Even in his latest years, archdeaconry, and chancellorship of he would place himself in a conspithe diocese. In this retirement, he cuous part of a provincial theatre,


when any celebrated performer ar. and grasping gedius, nor was he enrived in his neighbourhood.

dowed with a rich and sparkling He appears to have been, at no imagination. His mind was well intime, a regular, profound student. He formed, but not furnished with deep, was able to chain his attention closely extensive, ponderous erudition. We to any particular subject which he do not find him, like a Hoadley, or a had in hand. But his general habit Warburton, opening a vast battery of was, to engage in desultory reading, learning, and bringing forward a coto pursue any train of casual investi- pious store of illustrating matter on gation, and to enlarge his store of the point which he is discussing. His knowledge from every quarter. His distinguishing characteristick is a pemind, in fact, was never idle, always netrating understanding, and a clear, searching for matter of observation, logical head. What he himself comand laying up food for reflection. He prehends fully, that he details lumiwas peculiarly happy in the talent of nously. He never builds a conclusion gleaning information from persons of on unsound or insufficient premises. different habits and professions with He takes a subject to pieces with the whom he conversed.

nice skill of a master, presents to us Such was Paley in the private distinctly its several parts, and exwalks of life. Of his mental ialents plains them with accuracy and truth. and acquirements, of his publick prin- He illustrates his meaning with apciples and opinions, the estimate must posite remarks, and much various be drawn from his writings.

allusion. He makes great amends for One very prominent and very the want of abstruse erudition, by a amiable feature of character displayed large fund of various, common-place in his works, is a candid allowance of knowledge, and a thorough acquainthe errours, prejudices, and partiali- tance with men and manners. He has ties of others. A spirit of liberality, been taxed with a want of originality. fairness, and moderation, tempers all If it is merely meant that he has his opinions. He is never so blindly chiefly taken in hand, subjects in bigoted to what he himself approves, which others have preceded him, the as not to be aware that an opposing charge is obviously true. But still, in bias, or a different cast of thought, the line of discussion which he takes, may cause others to draw conclusions he strikes generally out of the beaten directly the reverse. He is every where track; he pursues new trains of inthe friend to enlightened policy and vestigation; places matters in a new free discussion. In some of his opi. light; lays down new principles, and nions on publick questions, it has been illustrates by new arguments. In fact, his fate to be censured by opposite he has the peculiar merit of being parties. He has gone too far for often truly original, where a common some, and not far enough for others. writer could only have been a tame All, we believe, with few exceptions, and servile imitator. " He is thought have agreed, that he has spoken less original than he really is,” says honestly, opinions weighed maturely; an ingenious writer, * “ merely bethat as he has sought his results cause his taste and modesty, have led coolly, so he has expressed them dis. him to disdain the ostentation of nopassionately; that he has always velty; and therefore, he generally aimed at advancing the great

t cause employs more art to blend his own of truth, and of lending the best sup- arguments with the body of received port to good government and social opinions, so that they are scarce to order.

be distinguished, than other men, in On his qualifications and talents as the pursuit of a transient popularity, a writer, we have touched already. He did not possess a comprehensive

# Mackintosh,

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