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pable, to a certain degree, of volition, and raged in cherishing a friendship for of the simplest operations of intellect. He others besides their husbands. This is able to distinguish between two ob.
cause is advocated by Nubilia's father, jects, and in distinguishing, to determine their respective worth, relatively to him. who, in reply to a letter from a friend, self; accordingly, if one be presented to expostulating with himn on his intihim he is pleased; if the other, he is dis. macy with Julia (a married woman) pleased. The moment reason has advan- exclaims: ced thus far, that moment, I say, the mo “ Does the human heart undergo a meral education should commence; and in tamorphosis after the ritual ceremony of nine cases out of ten, I have seen this pro the church? Is the ring a magick circle, gress of reason take place before the whose properties are potent enough to cighth month. 'Then begins our work; it is confound all feeling, to hoodwink the for us to determine what shall be granted mind, to corrupt the natural sentiments of and what denied, and to erect a barrier the bosom? Is there, in the words wife against the influence of caprice; to wrestle and husband, some invisible spirit that with the first contentions for mastery pierces through our nature, and curdles which betray themselves in every peevish the genial current of human affection ? Is tear that follows a refusal. Mothers and the wide extended love, the sweet play of nurses, I know, will exclaim against the the heart, the general delight we take in cruelty of denying the poor little dear in our species, the natural emotions of the fant; pronounce you hardhearted, unfeel soul; are all these to vanish before the ing. Mind it not. Let the storm rage, but magical incantations of the altar? Are we proceed steadily in your path, and be as to turn away from the world, and the sured, that every tear your infant sheds world's concerns; are we to crush the waters a bed of roses, which will bloom kindling warmth, to forego the most en. with captivating beauty; while every smile dearing intercourse of life, to tear from that succeeds the completion of capricious our hearts the sweet band of union that desire, is a hot and fecund sun which linked us to our kind, to choak up the liyripens into maturity the nettle and the ing stream of rich delight that gives unweed.”
fading verdure to the path of life; must we In the superintendence and ma shrink back with fear and horrour, and nagement of their offspring, parents well disciplined disgust, from the mutual should make a point of having their
intercourse of the sexes, without which yea, to be indeed yea, and their nay its highest pleasures only sullen cares?
this world were but a barren desert, and to be unalterably nay. Here we ap- Must all this be done the moment two beprove what the author before us has ings consent to strengthen the intimacy written.
of a partial connexion! It is a vulgar and “Let your word be to your child as a debasing idea, and it is degrading to the wall of brass, impregnable to all assaults. heart of man.” What you have once asserted or command
Of such rant we are not enamoured, let no entreaties, no tears, no prayers ed, nor can we perceive the utility move you to retract. It is thus only that that is likely to spring from its public you can do justice to your offspring and cation. Nubilia, who is wiser than her yourself. If a child once succeed in ma. king you go from your word, or alter parent, confesses that he assumes as your opinion, farewell to all future obe a principle a greater moral purity dience from that child! Ile will always than is usually found in mankind; cherish the idea, that by imploring, he can and she calls the picture of married induce you to retract; this idea will make liberty, for which her father contends, him careless as to what you say, and in
a sublime one. When Nubilia is metime generate even a contempt for your will. But remember, if you lift your hand ditating on her entrance into the holy in wrath against that child, you violate the state, and on the charac:er of a wife, rights of justice and humanity; for the dis- she admits that “in her breast there obedience you would chastise, you have is no room for effective friendship; fostered by your own inconsistency." that it would draw her from the more
From the disquisition on educa. important duties of her state; that tion, we pass to one in which, under nature providentially foresaw this, the idea of removing the shackles of and ordained that she should fix her the married state, wires are encou. whole soulonthemon and their mutual
offspring."-Though, however, the night recall its wandering thoughts, and I young lady, in this respect, appears awake to life, to misery and the world !" to have more prudence than her fa
If this be a specimen of that “ elether, and unites herself to a virtuous vated English prose," which we are young man, the sentiments of whose promised in the preface, we shall mind and the qualities of whose heart, only say, that it is much too elevated were excellent, yet, at times, she is represented as very romantick; espe
In Cælebs. little in the shape of cially when contemplating the beau- courtship occurs; and here also the ties of nature. One extract will suf- parties show their predilection for fice:
each other by none of those little at“At other times softer and more ethe. tentions which usually discriminate real images arise. When I have beheld lovers. No frivolity marks Mr. distant clouds strongly tinged with the Vaughan's character, and he becomes sun's rays, and floating, as it were, in the
the object of Nubilia's preference in whiteness of surrounding ether, steadily imagined, that resting on their fluid bor- of a husband, “ had the latter, and was I have fixed my eyes upon them, and consequence of “dignity of mind.”
“ Mr. Vaughan,” says the lady in search ders, or rolled within their fleecy folds, wholly exempt from the former. angels sit hymning to the Great Creator;
“Towards my own sex, his manners and, with heavenly voices, joined to the
were far removed from that exuberant dulcet melody of harps, sing their chorus. I fancy that the aerial strains reach devotion, which is a compound of decep. my ears; and for a moment I am transport dropped her glove, he exhibited no agonies
tion, meanness and imbecility. If a lady ed among them. Then heaven opens on
till it was restored to her, nor did he rush, my eyes ! I see transparent forms, whose milk-white wings fold, like a cincture, might be the happy individual who was to
with impetuosity, to the spot, that he round their dazzling loins; they lean on golden harps; the blazing floor, spangled be gifted with powers adequate to the
perform that duty. He believed a lady to with stars innumerable, beams like a furnace; pendent, from vaulted roofs, hang avoided carrying her parasol for her, ei
task. If he walked out with a female, he starry lamps, burning sweet incense, ther over her head, or under his own arm; whose odours, wafted through the balmy air, fill the delighted sense with gladness. He always declined the distinction of at
to this labour also, he thought her equal. Angelick shapes glide through Dorick columns inwreathed with many a spiral tending them to a mercer's, a milliner's, or fold of Aaming cressets, which, circling in (great ones they undoubtedly are in the
a linen draper's; and for all these offences magick dance around, reach a nameless height supporting roofs of fretted gold; censured. For my own part, I considered
eyes of many) I have heard him severely these, as they move along, hold mutual
them as evidences of a mind and character discourse sweet, and look such dewy mild. ness from their eyes, as heavenly spirits than what is essential to the composition
compounded of something more dignified wont when they, of old, descended to converse with man, swift messengers of God's
of a lady's man, as such animals are em. eternal word; still, as my fancy works, phatically called. When, however, I be. methinks I'm led, to softly breathing
hold the one sex offer, and the other measures from viewless harps by airy min. receive, such unmeaning attentions, such strels played, along
the space of heaven; vapid courtesies, I know not on which my odorous perfumes from ten thousand fan: contempt should fall most heavily. It is
difficult to decide which is the most ab. ning wings are wafted round me: trembling I stand, even at the throne of God himself
, ject, the, fool who pleases, or she who is whence angels turn, with softened gaze,
pleased.” away, so bright the effulgent glory which
After all, it is fair to ask, whether irradiates from the clouds that dwell, for dignity of mind be inconsistent with ever, round the Omnipotent! The lost soul attention to little things ? “ Man,” as is lapped in ecstacy and big with unuttera lord Bacon says, “ is a trifle, and his ble feelings: mysterious visions sweep be- life is a trifle.” And, in the interfore my sight; and, in an ocean plunged creative mind that formed them, it dies, of pleasures tempered to its state by the change of social duties, especially be
tween the sexes, a number of trifles dissolves away, and conscious only of must attract our notice. Civility and amazing bliss. The shadows ofapproaching politeness are made up of trifles; and
we cannot perceive that a gentleman convey. He talks also of “ a niggard is degraded by carrying a lady's para hand"-of" an antepast of heaven”. sol, because she can carry it herself. of “throwing custom to his feet”. On this principle, he ought not to cut of “ Nature's kindly law,”-of “the. up a chicken for her at table," for to tinet native to their sphere"--of“ im. this labour she is equal."
pregning every emotion”-of 6 The author speaks of his having generous superstructure”-of constructed his language with a short while," &c. greater latitude of rhetorical embel In our judgment, this work, though lishment than is usually thought to far from being a flimsy, and inferiour be consistent with English prose; and production, will not afford much sawe have given a sample of these his tisfaction to either sex. It is barren Aights into airy regions. Besides of character; and the heroine sustaing which, we have detected occasional an unnatural part, when, instead of be. incorrectness, and an affectation of ing shown the world before she makes employing terms which are not in her choice, she is presented to us as common use. At p. 19, he exclaims: the sage moralist and the learned “How few are the authors whose critick. Quodcunque osterslis mihi sic, works can be read through without
&c. receiving contamination." According ·. Like most moderns, the author to the construction of this sentence, misquotes the couplet of Hudibras, works receive contamination in con. which should be: sequence of being read; a meaning
“ Ile that assen's against his will which the author does not intend to Is of the same opinion still."
FROM THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. Memoir on Fiorin Grass, by W. Richardson, D. D. late Fellow of Trinity College,
Dublin. From Select Papers of the Belfast Literary Society. Fasciculus 1. IN laying before our readers an ly perhaps, inclined to derive from the account of this remarkable grass, words fave (grass) and reem [butter] and if it possessed but half the valu- observing, with respect to this etymo. able properties described by Dr. logy, that to his knowledge the term Richardson, it would still deserve the " butter grass" is most deservedly most serious attention, not only of applied to the Fiorin. But lest our individuals, but, even of the legisla- readers should be carried away by the ture, we shall make an indiscriminate idea that this grass possesses the use of the present and of a former properties of ihe Phulwarah, or memoir on the same subject, contain is butter tree” of India, it is right to ed in the sixth volume of the Com. inform them, that the butyraceous munications of the Board of Agriculo quality of the Fiorin does not show ture, and written by the same author. itself till the juice of the grass has The former memoir was communi. passed through the lacteals and mamile cated to the Agricultural Society at lary glands of the cow; and then not the request of Mr. Davy, who wito without the aid of a churn. The butter, nessed the remarkable characters of however, that is thus ultimately prothis grass on its native spot; and, we duced from it is remarkably excelare persuaded that this circumstance lent. The Fiorin is supposed to be will excite additional interest respecto the Agrostis stolonifera, of Linneus. ing its history.
But, as this point does not seem to The term Fiorin, by which the have been accurately ascertained, and native Irish distinguish this grass, as Curiis, in his Practical ObservaDr. Richardson is, somewhat fanciful. tiens, says, that he has experienced
more diflicuity in ascertaining the who commanded the British cavalry several species of the Agrostis, than in the late campaigns in the north of of all the others put together; we sub. India, as soon as he saw the Fioring join the following description of it. was struck with its exact resemblance
Each plant consists of numerous to the Indian grass, and was satisfied sirings [stolones) which are imme. they were of the same species. The diately connected with the root; and characteristick mark of the Dúb, acthese strings are knotted or jointed cording to colonel Macan, is this, at intervals, of from three to five that from each joint a root strikes inches. From each joini a thin, grassy downwards, and a sprout shoots upenvelope issues in the direction of the wards. It is propagated in India, not string; within which, lateral sprouts by seed, but by scattering its strings shoot forth, nearly at right angles, on the surface, and dibbling them in. to the joint. These sprouts, together in the rainy season it creeps along with the extreme point of the strings, the ground, and runs to a consideraare of a most lively green colour. The ble length, rooting at every joint; in strings themselves are much paler at the dry season it is much covered all times, and in March, are nearly by the dust and flying sand, whence white. The envelope withers as soon it derives its name, which, in the as it has discharged its obvious office, Persian language, signifies" hidden.” of protecting the advancing sprout Colonel Macan adds, that it is most from the effects of the weather, and industriously sought for, and presergives the whole a more decayed ap- red to all other grasses in India, ON pearance than might be expected account of its superiorly nutritive from its quantity, being itself a very quality, as food for cattle. thin membrane. The strings, which In sir W. Jones's catalogue of are the essential part, and constitute Indian plants, the Dúb is classed as nine tenths of the crop, vary in length a species of Agrostis; and the engraa from three to seven feet; but are ving of it, which is copied from Dr. usually between four and five feet Roxburgh, represents it as a knotted long. Their number is sometimes very or jointed grass, with fibres issuing great; and in one instance Dr. Ric from the lower, and sprouts from the chardson found one hundred and forty upper side of each joint; but the paissuing from one spontaneous root, nicle, or flowering part, is very difeach of which had six buds. If the ferent from that of the Fiorin, and joints touch the ground, or even the resembles that of the Panicum dacty. damp mat formed by the intertexture lon, or creeping Panick grass; exceptof the strings, a sprout shoots up- ing that the spikes, which are there wards, and fibres strike downwards four in number, spread horizontally and form a root. Each joint is, there- from the stalk. We shall take the fore, a set, from which the plant may liberty of extracting from sir W. be propagated. So that the sponta- Jones's Botanical Observations on neous root abovementioned, produced select Indian Plants, contained in the eight hundred and forty sets. * second volume of his works, the fol
The foregoing description corre- lowing account of the Dúrvá or Dub. sponds in many points, with the Dúr- " Nothing essential can be added to vá, or, as it is cominonly called, the the mere botanical description of this Dúb of India. And Dr. Richardson most beautiful grass, which Van says, that his friend, colonel Macan, Rheede has exhibited a coarse de * The panicle, or flowering part of tlie
lineation of its leaves only. Its flowFiorin, judging from a drawing of it which
ers, in their perfect state, are among accompanies Dr. Richardson's first me
the loveliest objects in the vegetable moir, reseinbles that of the festuca pra
world; and appear, through a lens, tensis or meadow fesçue grass.
like minute rubies and emeralds in
constant motion from the least breath swampy throughout the year, being of air. It is the sweetest and most often submerged by the water of a nutritious pasture for cattle; and its spring, which rises at about the disusefulness, added to its beauty, in- tance of half a mile. It has been conduced the Hindoos, in their earliest stantly observed, that the earlier the ages, to believe that it was the man- spring sweils, the more plentiful is sion of a benevolent nymph.” Even the crop. The immediate soil of the the Véda celebrates it; as in the fol- meadow consists of a bed of small, lowing text of the Al’harvana: loose pebbles, which are all of a sili“ May Dúrvá, which rose from the cious nature, with a scanty covering water of life, which has a hundred of mould; and though the herbage of roots and a hundred stems, efface a the adjoining meadows is altogether hundred of my sins, and prolong my very exuberant, yet this exuberance existence on earth a hundred years!" may be traced, increasing ordeclining,
But the excellence of the Fiorin, according as the soil varies, niore or supposing it to be the Agrostis sto- less, from that of the principal mealonifera, is neither unknown nor un dow. The produce of the meadow celebrated in the annals of English consists of several grasses; the chief agriculture; although, from particu- of which are varieties of the Poa trilar circumstances, its history has been vialis, the Alopecurus pratensis, and hitherto involved in much obscurity. the Agrostis stolonifera. It is mowed It constitutes a considerable portion twice in summer, and, after a favourof the produce of a meadow in Wilto able season for watering, the first crop shire, the uncommon fertility of is nearly five tons from each acre; which was noticed by herbarists the second, about half as much. The more than one hundred and fifty years first crop consists principally of the since. This meadow, which is situa- Poa trivialis; the last, of the Agrostis ted near Orcheston, about twelve stolonisera. With respect to the grass * miles to the north of Salisbury, is of this celebrated meadow, it is obspoken of in Howe's Phytologia Bri- served, that all cattle eat it eagerly, tannica, which was published in the and that horses will eat the hay made year 1650; and in Merrel's Pinax, from it in preference to corn, mixed published in 1667. And references with chaff. are made to these authors respecting We have carried ihe foregoing obit, in bishop Gibson's additions to servations, on the Indian and the Cainden. It is again mentioned in Orcheston grass, further than to Stillingtleet's Miscellaneous Tracts. many may seem necessary; hoping "But no publick inquiry took place re- they may help to elucidate the subspecting it, till some years ago: the ject of the present memoir, of which Bath Agricultural Society, struck by we shall now give as short and conthe accounts of its remarkable ferti. nected an epitome as we are able. lity, employed agents for the purpose The testimonies in favour of the of ascertaining the nature of its pro- excellent pasturage of Ireland are duce. Since that time it has been vi- numerous, from Giraldus Cambrensis sited by several botanists, from whose down to the present day. That which accounts we have collected those cir- is most to our purpose we found in a cumstances of its history, which are letter, dated 1693, contained in a Namost applicable to the present occa- tural History of Ireland; which was sion. The meadow is situated in the published at Dublin in 1726. This lowest part of a very narrow, winding letter, in giving an account of the valley, sheltered on each side by gra- Giants' Causeway, and describing the dual, but by no means lofty, acclivi. neighbouring coast as elevated very ties of chalk. It is subject to frequent far above the sea, but rising gradually and continued inundations during the on the land side, to the edge of the winter, and is rarely otherwise than precipice, says, 66 that it is all covereil