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tion: “ Most of the deputies,' said the and persuade him to give me his assist. king, ‘might have been easily purchased.' ance. This is a strange commission for a

What, sire, could have been your rea. philosopher : but were you in my situason for not doing it? Were the means tion, how should I wish you to think like wanting?-No; I had the means; the me! I repeat it to you, my friend, that money was lent me; but it must, one day, religion comforts in a very different manhave been repaid from the publick stock. ner from philosophy.'- Šire, replied I, could not prevail upon myself to use it

• this commission is not so pressing's for corruption. The funds of the civil list, * For me, nothing is more pressing,' said being the substitute for the funds from he. Some days after the king showed my own domains, left me, perhaps, more me his will and a codicil, both written by at liberty ; but the irregularity of the pay. his own hand. His majesty allowed me ments, and my necessary expenses, would to take a copy, on which there are some not allow of it.'

corrections in his own writing. I took “Another day, the king mentioned to these papers away with me, and sent me the total want of money in which he them out of France, and I have heard of had been kept since his imprisonment. their safe arrival.

Your two colleagues,' said he, ‘have de. “From the first of my going to the voted themselves entirely to my defence. temple, the king had expressed a wish to They give me all their time and attention, read some journals. I took the earliest and, in the situation in which I am, I have opportunity to gratify his desire. I often not the means to remunerate them. I witnessed the coolness with which he thought of leaving them a legacy; but read the motions that were made against would it be paidIt is paid, sire. ..! him in the tribune. However, among the By choosing them for your defenders, you many epithets bestowed upon him, that of have immortalized their names.'

tyrant always hurt him. I a tyrant !! Finding, in this conversation, that the said he. The whole concern of a tyrant king was very much affected at not having is for himself. Has not my concern been it in his power to bestow the slightest always for my people ? Do they or I hate bounty on any person whatever, I went to tyranny most? They call me tyrant; yet the temple, the next day, with a purse full know as well as you what I am. I like. of gold. Sire,' said I, presenting it to wise carried him a copy of the ballad him, 'permit a family, whose riches are composed at that time and sung in every partly owing to the bounty of yourself and part of Paris. It was called : Louis XVI. of your ancestors, to lay this offering at to the French, and was a parody of the your feet.' The king, at first, refused it; passage in Jeremiah, beginning, Popule but yielded to my entreaties. I have since meus ! quid feci tibi ....? O my people ! learned that, after his death, the purse

what have I done to you .

.? In the peru. was found unopened among his effects. sal of it, the king experienced some moHe had taken the precaution to affix to it ments of consolation. a label, on which was written, in his own “One morning, as I was waiting in the hand, Money to be returned to M. de council-room till I could be admitted into Malesherbes. A notice that was not at. the tower, I looked over some periodical tended to.

papers ; on which a municipal, addressing “One day, when I went to the temple, himself to me, said: 'How can you, a after having passed, with scarce any in- friend of Louis, think of showing him pa. termission, six-and-thirty hours in several pers in which he is always so ill treated }' committees of the convention, the king -Louis XVI.' I replied, “is not a man reproved me. My friend,' said he, 'why like many others. This municipal had exhaust yourself thus ? Even were this been a gentleman. labour sure to gain my cause, I would for. “ The king saw, with a rixture of sur, bid it, though you would not obey me. prise and pain, persons of noble descent But when I am convinced that it is una- meanly serving the enemies of the throne vailing, I beg you to be more prudent and of the nobility. That men,' said he The sacrifice of my life is doomed ; pre to me, who are born in an obscure con, serve yours for a family that love you.' dition, that even they who were nobly de.

The king was so persuaded that he scended, but who had never had an opporwas to die, that on the very first day I tunity of knowing me, should have trusted was admitted to him, he took me aside, and blindly followed the enemies of my and said: 'My sister has given me the authority, does not astonish me. But that name and place of abode of a non-juring men placed about my person, and loaded priest, whom I wish to assist me in my with my favours, should have increased last moments. Go and see him for me, the number of my persecutors, is what I

VOL. II.

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cannot comprehend. God is my witness, Joseph II. her brother, that calumny did that I cherish no hatred towards them, not attack. At first, it was whispered, and even, that if it were in my power then printed in several journals, and, at do them any good, I still would.

last, confidently asserted in the tribune “ I have not yet spoken to you,' said of the national assembly, that the queen M. de Malesherbes, upon a cruel sub- had sent to Vienna, and given to the em ject, which went to the king's heart; the perour innumerable millions. An atroinjustice of the French towards the queen.' cious assertion, which the abbé Maury

Did they know her value,' has he often clearly refuted. repeated to mė, did they know to what “ The factious, continued the king, perfection she has exalted herself since are thus inveterate in decrying and our inisfortunes, they would revere, they blackening the queen, only to prepare would cherish her; but, even before the the people to see her perish. Her death period of our adversity, her enemies and is determined. They fear that, if she lives, mine had the art, by sowing calumnies she will vindicate me. Unfortunate prinamong the people, to change to hatred cess! My marriage promised her a throne, that love of which she was so long the Now, what a prospect does it offer her!" object.' Then entering into a detail of Saying these words, the king pressed my the things that were imputed to her, he hand, and shed tears. defended the queen.

“ The day before this, the king asked “ You saw her,' said he to me, ' arrive me, if I had met the white woman in the at court. She was little more than a child. temple. “ No, sire,' answered I. 'What,' My mother and grandmother were both replied he, smiling, do not you know dead. She had, indeed, my aunts ; but that, according to vulgar tradition, when their rights over her were not of the same any prince of my house is going to die, a nature. Placed amidst a brilliant court, woman, dressed in white, wanders about and having before her eyes a woman the palace?' maintained there by intrigue, the queen, “ When, in spite of the exertions of then dauphiness, was the daily witness of my colleagues and myself, the fatal senher pomp and prodigality. What must tence was pronounced, they entreated me not she, who united in her own person so to take upon me the mournful commission many advantages, have conceived of her

of breaking it to the king. I see him still. own power and rights !'

His back was turned to the door: his el“ To have associated with the favour- bows rested on a table: and his face was íte, would have been unworthy of the dau- covered with his hand. At the noise I phiness. Compelled to enter into a kind made in entering, his majesty rose. For of retirement, she adopted a mode of life two hours,' said he, looking stedfastly at exeinpt from ceremony and constraint, me, I have been endeavouring to recoland continued in the habit of it after she lect if, in the course of my reign, I have came to the throne. Those manners, new willingly given my subjects any just cause at court, were too suitable to my own of complaint against me: and I protest to taste to be opposed by me. I was not, at you, from the bottom of my heart, that that time, aware how dangerous it is for I do not deserve any reproach from the sovereigns to allow themselves to be seen French. I never had a wish but for their too nearly. Familiarity banishes the re happiness.' spect which is necessary to those who “I then disclosed to the king the sengovern. 'At first, the publick applauded tence passed by the convention; and, rethe dropping of the old customs, and af- pressing the grief with which I was peneterwards made it a crime.

trated — One hope,' said I to him, ' yet “ It was natural for the queen to wish remains-An appeal to the nation. A moto have friends. She distinguished the tion of his head expressed to me, that he princess de Lamballe most. Her conduct, expected nothing from that. His resignaduring our misfortunes, has fully justified tion and his courage made a very strong that choice. The countess Jules de Po- impression upon me. The king perceiv. lignac pleased her; she made her also ed it.

' The queen and my sister,' said her friend. At the request of the queen, he to me, 'will not show less fortitude I bestowed upon the countess, since and resignation than I do. Death is pre. dutchess of Polignac, and her family, fa ferable to their lot.' vours that excited envy. The queen and “ In spite of the king's opinion,' contibrer friend became the objects of the most nued M. de Malesherbes, I had still unjust censure.

some hope in an appeal to the nation; but * There was nothing,' added the king, his majesty knew his implacable enemies not even her aflection for the emperour better than I did. I depended, likewise,

upon some favourable commotion. In re- hand, do not weep. We shall meet in turning with my colleagues from the as a better world. I grieve to part with such sembly, where we had been to give notice a friend as you. Adieu! When you leave of the king's appeal, several persons, with my room, restrain your feelings. You must. whom I was acquainted, surrounded me Consider that you will be observed.in the lobby of the hall, and assured me, Adieu !

-Adieu !' that some faithful subjects would rescue " I left the temple with a broken heart. the king from his executioners, or perish An Englishman of my acquaintance, meetwith him.. 'Do you know them” said he. ing me the day before the sentence was ' No, sire; but I may meet them again.' passed by the convention, said to me: • Do endeavour to find them out; and tell . Good citizens have yet some hope, as them, that I thank them for the zeal they the most unfortunate of kings has a de. show for me, but that they must repress fender in the most virtuous of men.'— If it. Any attempt would expose their lives, Louis XVI. falls,' I replied, “the defender without saving mine. When the use of of the most virtuous of kings will be the force might have preserved my throne most unhappy of men.' My reply has been and life, I refused to resort to it; and realized.” shall I now cause French blood to be shed? The translation is not well execu.

“ After this painful interview, I had the ted. There are many errours of honour of one more conversation with the king. In taking leave of him, I could not grammar and inelegancies, such as restrain my tears. • Tender hearted old justest, p. 25, and “ had broke up" man,' said his majesty, pressing my for broken, p. 62.

FROM THE MONTHLY REVIEW.

Memoirs of Maria Antoinetta, Archdutchess of Austria, Queen of France and Navarre, including several important Periods of the French Revolution, from its Origin to the 16th of October 1793, the Day of her Majesty's Martyrdom ; with a Narrative of the Trial and Martyrdom of Madame Elizabeth; the Poisoning of Louis XVII. in the Temple; the Liberation of Madame Royale, Daughter of Louis XVI. and various subsequent Events. By Joseph Weber, Foster Brother of the unfortunate Queen, formerly employed in the Department of the Finances of France, and now Pensioner of his Royal Highness the Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen. Translated from the French, by R. C. Dallas, Esq. Vol. I. 8vo. pp. 472, sewed.

VERY different accounts have enthusiasm seems to acknowledge been given of the conduct and cha no bounds, his relations have a siin. racter of the exalted but unfortunate plicity and a consistency which speak subject of the present work. Some strongly in favour of their authentihave charged her with gross and open city. In his pages, the actions of the profligacy; others have been con ill fated princess prove her to have tented to impute to her those irregu- been compassionate, placable, benefilarities only which were but too com cent, and generous ; an affectionate mon among the higher ranks in wife, a tender parent, and a gentle France; while a few have contended for mistress. The attachment shown to the correctness of her private deport- the queen in adverse fortune, by those ment. In this class stands the writer who had shared her protection in her now before us; who, it cannot be prosperous days, is urged by the audisputed, had means of information thor as a proof of the fidelity of the not inferiour to those of any of her picture which he has drawn of her; panegyrists, or of her accusers, A and in support also of this represengreat part of his life was spent near tation, he addresses to his readers her person ; he appears to have been the following interrogatory : honoured in a considerable degree

“ She was,” he tells us, « the bosom with her regard, and to have mixed

friend of that princess so virtuous, mild, in her private societies ; and though and pure, who seemed to be an angel, he writes under a strong bias, and his stationed by Heaven amidst the royal fa

mily to console them in the hours of af. the appearance of a general mourning, infliction; the bosom friend of madame Eli. stead of the hilarity of a marriage. Alas! al. zabeth, in whose face were united the ready was the day marked in futurity when queen's beauty with the benignant fea that mourning was to be a dreadful one! tures of her august brother. That prin. “Every tribute of respect, all the charms cess, of unblemished morals and exem. of hope, all the intoxication of publick plary piety, that celestial mind was at love, attended the entrance of the daugh. tached with the tenderest affection to ter of MARIA THERESA, the young and MARIA ANTOINETTA. Will it ever in beautiful dauphiness of France, on the future be believed, that this adorable wo. French territory. On her way, she every man could have vowed and preserved the where captivated all hearts. Nature, as uualterable attachment she manifested for was said by madame Polignac, had form. the queen, had there been the slightest ed MARIA ANTOINETTA for a throne. foundation for the least of the charges A majestick stature, a noble beauty, and that have been advanced or insinuated

by a manner of holding her head difficult to her enemies against her conduct? The describe, inspired respect. Her features, constant friendship of madame Elizabeth without being regular, possessed, what would be an answer to every calumny, a was far superiour, infinite grace. The refutation of every libel, were it necessary clearness of her complexion set them off, to answer or refute them.”

and gave a dazzling lustre to her counteThe author's account of the origin nance. The most engaging manners still and progress of the revolution is heightened all these charms; and, in the given in a neat and luminous manner;

bloom of youth, the elegance and viva. but we discover in it no new facts. lively expression of a good heart and nas

city of her motions, with the frank and We shall therefore pass it over, and tive wit, were particularly calculated to confine our attention to a few of the delight the French of those days. She incidents which are stated as occur

charmed her husband, she charmed the ring in the prosperous days of the king and all his family, the court and the queen, and which preserve some of town, the high and the low, each sex, all

ranks, and all ages." her characteristick traits. In the subsequent extract we are

The ensuing anecdote indicates

elevation of mind, as well as a forinformed of the interest which her

giving temper: departure excited in her native city, and of the enthusiastick welcome with

The marquis of Pontécoulant, major

of the life-guards, had been so unfortunate which she was received in her adopt- in the lifetime of Louis XV. as to incur ed country :

the displeasure of the dauphiness. The « The archdutchess left Vienna. The cause was not a very serious one ; but the people all flew to the way she was to princess, resenting it with the hasty viva. take; and at first their grief was dumb. city of youth, declared she would never She appeared ; and was seen, her cheeks forget it. The marquis, who had not him. bathed in tears, lying back in her coach, self forgotten this declaration, no sooner covering her eyes sometimes with her beheld MARIA ANTOINETTA seated on handkerchief and sometimes with her the throne, than he conceived himself hands; now and then putting her head likely to meet with some disgrace, and out of the carriage, to take another look resolved to prevent it; for which purpose, at the palace of her ancestors, which she he directly gave in his resignation to the was never more to enter; and making prince of Beauveau, captain of the guards, signs of regret and acknowledgment to at the same time frankly giving him his the truly worthy people, who were press reasons for so painful a procedure on his ing in crowds to bid her adieu. They part, adding, that he would greatly regret now no longer answered with silent tears; being under the necessity of quitting the the most piercing cries arose from every king's service ; but if his majesty would quarter. Men and women expressed be pleased to employ him in some other their grief alike. The avenues as well as way, he should be very happy. The cap. the streets of Vienna resounded with their tain of the guards perceiving the distress cries; nor did they return home till the of the major's mind, and well acquainted last horseman in her suite was out of with his merits, took upon himself to presight, and then but to bewail with their sent his resignation to the king; but, prefamilies the common loss. The melan. viously waiting upon the queen, he reprecholy impression lasted for a long time; sented to her the affliction with which the and long did the capital of Austria wear marquis of Pontécoulant was overwhelm.

ence.

to

ed, recounted the usefulness and number feelings, she nevertheless succeeded most of his former services, and then concluded effectually in manifesting them to all, for not by asking what orders she would be pleas a gesture escaped her, not a tear fell from ed to give, with respect to what was to be her eye, that did not contribute to augdone with the resignation. The sight alone ment the enthusiastick ardour with which of the prince of Beauveau was sufficient to her every motion was attended to. Her excite generosity in the heart of another, brother, and the princes of the royal faand that of Maria ANTOINETTA already mily, bowed by turns to the audience, ac. fostered the principle in its fullest influ- knowledging the justice of their allusion ;

"T queen,' said she, remem and then, irning to the queen, congratu. bers not the quarrels of the dauphiness, lated her upon the splendid triumph she and I now request that the marquis of enjoyed, professing themselves delighted Pontécoulant will no longer recollect what at the idea of adding to it by their preI have blotted from my memory.”

sence. Along the passages, upon the Another incident shows with what stairs, and to the very door of the theatre, favour she was regarded at that time

was this chorus repeated ; every place by the fickle Parisians :

rang with those favourite words,

Chantons, célébrons notre reine. “ The queen came to Paris to see the

What a moment must this have been for play of Iphigenia in Aulus. The empe

MARIA ANTOINETTA! How deep must rour sate next to her at the theatre, and

she have drunk of the cup of joy!” the royal family filled up the box. The audience received them with the liveliest

A domestick scene next presents testimonies of joy; but all this was trifling itself: when compared to the transport which was “ Three hours after the birth of the excited by an incident in the piece. At dauphin, three hundred couriers set off that part in which the young and beaute from Versailles, to bear the news ous Iphigenia passes in triumph through every part of the kingdom, and to all for the midst of the Grecian camp, a chorus reign courts. The capital was very soon of Thessalians exclaims,

informed of it. Scarcely was the cry of a Que d'attraits ! Que de majesté! dauphin, a dauphin, heard in the palace, Que de grâces ! Que de beauté !

ere it echoed through Versailles, made Chantons, célébrons notre reine.

its way along the publick roads, and reBehold her beauteous and majestick form! sounded in every corner of Paris. What grace divine our youthful queen “The shops were instantly shut; every displays !

one rushed to the places of worship to Loud swell the strain to celebrate her offer up thanksgivings to Heaven ; dances praise.

were formed in the open streets; alms Scarcely were these words uttered when were delivered to the poor ; and prison, the allusion struck the minds of all. Not ers were set at liberty. The king, trans. only were the eyes of the whole theatre ported with joy, gave the most ingenuous turned towards the young and beautiful proofs of it to the court and all his peoMARIA ANTOINETTA; not only was eve ple. Like Henry IV. he appeared at the ry applauding hand directed towards the windows with the child in his arms, showplace she occupied, but even the chorus ing him to the crowd that flocked in re. was encored, a thing unheard of in this peated multitudes to shower their blessdrama. The actor, who performed the ing's upon it and the father. He received part of Achilles, overjoyed at seeing him the deputations of sovereign courts, of self all at once made the organ of the sen. municipalities, and of all the trading comtiments of the French people, pointed di- panies.* High and low, rich and poor, rectly to the queen's box, repeating to his Thessalian followers,

*“ The king was very fond of mecha. Chantez, celebrez notre reine. nicks, and his usual work of recreation The people in every part of the theatre was making of locks. The company of stood up, and joined their voices with locksmiths, belonging to Versailles, came those of the actors. The queen, who was upon this happy occasion to pay their dustanding, leaned upon her brother, en tiful congratulations, presenting him at tirely overcome by her sensibility, and the the same time with a production of their grateful pleasure that filled her breast. trade, which they denominated a master. She endeavoured to withdraw herself from piece. It was a secret lock. The king dethe homage so eagerly pressed upon her; sired that he might be left to find out the and, although amid the confused sensa secret himself. This he did; but at the tions that rushed in upon her at once, she instant that he touched the spring, there was incapable of giving expression to her darted, from the centre of the lock, a

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