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ments of a man in a paroxysm of rage against | Seneca his style, and as full of notable morathe whole world. Towards the close of his litie, which it doth most delightfully teach, and days, he seems to have repented of his so obtain the very end of poesie: yet, in truth, excesses; for in a pamphlet called Christ's it is very defectious in the circumstances; Tears over Jerusalem, he writes thus: "A which grieves me, because it might not remain hundred unfortunate farewells to fantasticall an exact model of all tragedies. For it is faultie satirisme. In those vaines, heretofore I mispent both in place and time, the two necessary commy spirit, and prodigally conspired against panions of all compositions." good hours. Nothing is there now so much in my vowes as to be at peace with all men, and make submissive amends where I have most displeased. To a little more wit have my increasing yeeres reclaimed mee than I had before; those that have been perverted by any of my workes, let them reade this, and it shall thrice more benefit them. The autumne I imitate, in shedding my leaves with the trees, and so doth the peacocke shead his taile." Nash was peculiarly successful in satire; in an old copy of verses he is thus spoken of;
A Doctor of medicine in great practice towards the end of Elizabeth's reign. He acquired considerable extra-professional reputation, both as a poet and a wit. His dramatic works are, Wounds of Civil War, 1594, and A Looking Glass for London and England, 1594. Judging from these compositions, the writer seems to have been most happy in satire; there is a playful smartness about his jokes, which is highly agreeable and amusing.
"Sharply satiric was he, and that way
He went, that since his being, to this day
Nash composed three p.ays; among them was Dido, Queen of Carthage. Copies of this drama are uncommonly scarce. Malone gave 167. 16s. for one at Dr. Wright's sale.
THOMAS SACKVILLE, LORD
This author, the most popular writer of his times, was born about 1553. He studied first at Oxford, but latterly at Cambridge; being off good family, he followed the court, expecting to be appointed master of the revels, but he reaped nothing from attendance on Elizabeth but disappointment, the usual wages of cour SOIG tiers. He died in the prime of life, 1597, universally regretted and respected. His dramas are nine in number: Alexander and Campaspe, 1584, and Mother Bombie, 1594, are the best; but his claims on the notice of posterity are referable to the two following works, of which we shall give the titles at length, as he therein made the praiseworthy attempt to reform and purify our language from the unbarbarous, and obsolete expressions by which it was then overrun :-The Anatomie of Wit, verie pleasant for all Gentlemen to
One of the most illustrious noblemen of an age when titular honours were bestowed, not merely as nominal distinctions, but as the best rewards for great and virtuous actions. He is mentioned here on account of his having been concerned in the composition of Ferrex and Porrex, the first regular tragedy ever performed on the English stage. Of this drama, surrep-couth, titiously printed under the title of Gorboduc, 1565, and with its present designation 1571, Norton wrote the first three acts, and Lord read, and most necessary to remember: where Buckhurst, then Mr. Sackville, the last two. in are contayned the Delyghts that Wit followeth It was acted by the gentlemen of the Inner in his Youth by the pleasantnesse of Love, and Temple, at Whitehall, before queen Elizabeth, the Happiness he reapeth in Age by the Per on the 18th of January, 1561, many years fectnesse of Wisdome, quarto, bl. lett. 1581. prior to the appearance of Shakspeare. Sir-Euphues and his England, containing bised Philip Sidney, in his Defence of Pocsie, says, Voyage and Adventures, mixt with sundrie Our tragedies and comedies, not without prettie Discourses of honest Love, the Decause cried out against, observing rules neither scription of the Countrie, the Court, and the s of bonest civilitie, nor skilful poetrie, excepting Manners of that Isle, delightful to be read, and Gorboduc, which, notwithstanding as it is full nothing hurtfull to be regarded: wherein there of stately speeches, climbing to the height of is small Offence by Lightnesse given to the
Wise, and less Occasion of Loosenesse proffered | Tho. Nah, or John Heywood.” lo 1608, to the Wanlon, quarto, bl. lett. 1582. this same ager maintained at Oxford, a thesis,
Lyly has committed many extravagancies in that it was lawful for husbands to beat their these productions, and they were, no doubt, wives; so that his elaborate Latin dramas have much overrated; but the excellencies which small chance of finding favour with the blues of they unquestionably contained are now as un- the nineteenth century. jusily overlooked; for is, on the whole, Lyly's attempt must be considered a failure, on such
PRESTON. mn occasion even failure was glorious, and enbilies him to be remembered with respect.
This persc. wrote about 1561, A lament
able Tragedie, mixed full of pleasant Mirth ; GREEN.
contayning the Life of Cambises, King of
Persia, from the beginning of his Kingdome This highly talented, but most immoral unto his Death; his one good Deede of Execuattbor, was celebrated, in his day, for a broad tion after the many wicked Deeds and tirranous and coarse, but spirited and characteristic vein | Murders commilled by and through him; and of humour, which runs through all his produc- last of all, his odious Death by God's Justice bons. His dramas are very numerous, and appointed; doon on such Order as followelb. many plays are ascribed to bim on mere sup- Which Shakspeare is supposed to ridicule, psilion ; but he undoubtedly wrote The His- when he makes Falstaff talk of speaking in king lary of Friar Bacon and Friar Bongay, 1594; Cambyses’ vein. The Comical History of Alphonsus, King of Arragon, 1594; and The Scottishe Story of
WHETSTONE. James the fourthe, slaine at Flodden, interm'ied with a pleasant Comedie presented by Oberon, King of the Fairies, 1599. Or this Cassandra, a play of wbich Shakspeare has
This writer is only known by his Promos and last play, Shakspeare seems to have made some
undoubtedly availed bimself in his Measure for use in bis Midsummer Night's Dream.
Measure. It appears that Whetstone first lried
his fortune at court, and dissipated his patriGASCOIGNE.
mony in vain expectation of preserment. Des
titule of subsistence, he became a soldier, and This author translated The Supposes, from served with so much credit that he was rewarded Anuslo, and Jocasta, from Euripides; besides with additional pay. Honour, however, is a shich, be wrote the Glass of Government, bad pay-master, and he was compelled to con1366, and, The Princely Pleasures of Kenil-vert his sword into a ploughshare. His farming Birth Castle, 1587. The Supposes is among concerns proved unfortunate, and in his nethe earliest regular dramas produced on our cessity he tried the generosity of his friends. staze; and Gascoigne, both in this translation This he found was “a broken reed, and worse and his original compositions, has displayed than common beggary of charity from strangers. very superior endowments.
Now Craft accosted him in bis sleepe, and
tempted him with the proposals of several proGAGER.
posals of several professions; but for the knavery
or slavery of them, he rejected all; bis muniA profoundly learned man. His composi- ficence constrained him to love money, and his tos are in the Latin longue, and we should magnanimity to hate all the ways of getting it.” fint have noticed him but on account of Anth.
He now sought fortune at sea ; but sir Humphrey a Wood's singular panegyric of his genius: Gilbert's fleet, in which he had embarked, was
He was an excellent poet, especially in the ruined by an engagement with the Spaniards. Latin language, and reported the best comedian Poor Whetstone was thus reduced to write for bis time, whether it was Edward, ear! of bread. Ascham tells us, that “rits live obOxford, Will. Rowley, the once ornament for scurely, men care not how, and die neglected, vil and ingenuity, of Pembroke Hall in Cam
men mark not where." And where or in what bridge, Richard Edwards, John Lylie, Tho.
manner this amiable man breathed this last, we Landge, Geo. Gascoigne, Will. Shakspeare,
are lolally ignorant.
A native of Warwickshire, much celebrated for a metrical chronicle of British history, called Albion's England, which is written throughout with great ability, and occasionally evinces a highly poetical spirit. Percy says of Warner: -"To his merit nothing can be objected, unless, perhaps, an affected quaintness in some of his expressions, and an indelicacy in some of his pastoral images." The following account of his death is extracted from the parish register of Amwell:-" 1608-9. Master William Warner, a man of good years, and of honest reputation; by his profession, atturney at common plese; author of Albion's England; dyinge suddenly in the nyght in his bedde, without any former complaynt or sicknesse, on Thursday nyght, being the 9th daye of March, and was buried the Saturday following, and lieth in the church at the upper end, under the stone of Gwalter Sludes." Warner also wrote Syrinx, or, a Seaven told Historie, handled with varietie of pleasant and profitable, both comicall and tragicall Argument, 1597.
The water poet, he having been a sculler on the Thames. He was once mad enough to venture himself, with a companion, in a paper boat to Rochester, when they were both nearly drowned. He seems to have been very illiterate; but in spite of the most disheartening obstacles, he applied himself to composition, and his productions are far from contemptible. Taylor was a violent royalist. At the commencement of the rebellion he retired to Oxford, but that city being surrendered to the parliament, he returned to London and kept a public-house in Long Acre. At the king's death, he set up the sign of the Mourning Crown, which, giving offence, he substituted his own effigy, inscribed with this distich :
"There's many a king's head hang'd up for a sign, And many a saint's head too. Then why not mine?"
SIR WILLIAM DAVENANT.
Born at Oxford, 1605, and supposed by some, though on very slight grounds, to have been a natural son of Shakspeare's. At Ben Jonson's death he was chosen laureate; and in 1643, having distinguished himself on a variety of occasions, he received the honour of knighthood
from Charles I. After the judicial murder of
Herof 72 2.3;།
SIR PHILIP SYDNEY.
A hero, in whom the chivalrous virtues which we read of in romance, and which we are accustomed to treat as fabulous, were realized. His person was the perfection of the humanform; he was brave to a fault; his munificence was princely; and his courteous manners won the hearts of all that approached him. In the presence of monarchs his humility was that of an equal; but when the poor and miserable surrounded him, his countenance beamed with welcome and kindliness. To all these amiable qualities, were united a depth of learning and a felicity of genius, which entitled him to rank with the best writers of his age. He was the darling of England and the admiration of Eur rope. He was born at Penshurst in Kent, 1554; he remained at Oxford till his 17th year, and then set out on the grand tour. At his return, in the pride of his youth and the full ad vigour of his intellect, queen Elizabeth ap pointed him her ambassador to the friendly: German powers; but when the fame of his! valour and genius became so general, that he was put in nomination for the kingdom of Poland, she refused to sanction his advancement lest she should lose the brightest jewel in her crown. His life was one continued course of glorious,
actions, and he died the death of a hero, being her pen being nothing short of his, as I am
Wanstead, in Essex; but his noblest work is leave the world her epitaph, in which the au-
« Underneath this sable hearse
Lies the subject of all verse; MARY HERBERT, COUNTESS
Sydney's sister, Pembroke's mother;
Death, ere thou kill'st such another,
Fair, and good, and learn'd as she,
Marble piles let no man raise
To her fame, for after days dedicated his Arcadia. This lady was a gene
Some kind woman, born as she,
Reading this, like Niobe, mous friend of learning and genius, and her own
Shall turn statue, and become ndowments were of the first order. Francis
Both her mourner and her tomb." Osborne, in his Memoirs of King James, says of her, “She was that sister of sir Philip
And these were Sbakspeare's contemporaries; Sidney, to whom he addressed bis Arcadia, and and a few brief pages is all we afford to the of whom he had no other advantage than what fame of those, who, while living, filled the be received from the partial benevolence of world with their genius. Melancholy reflection! fortune in making him a man, which yet she-this, if anything can, must teach us the did, in some judgments, recompense in beauty, nothingness of earthly honours.
Original Actors in Shakspeare's Dramas.
This personage, who appeared at the head of The brother of the poet, was a performer at he King's Servants, in the royal license of the Globe, lived in St. Saviour's, and was buried 1603, has escaped the notice of the historian of in the church of that parish. The entry in the ar slage; and, in truth, we know scarcely register runs thus“ 1606, December 31, (was anything of him. Fletcher was, probably, of buried] Edmond Shakspeare, a player, in the St. Saviour's, Southwark, where several fa- church.” Nothing more is known of him; wides of that name resided, as may be learnt stimulated, most probably, by bis brother's sucfrom the parish register. He was placed be- cess, he came to the metropolis and attached fore Shakspeare and Richard Burbadge in king himself to the theatre; but he died young, and James's license, as much, perhaps, by accident seems to have made litlie progress in bis pro33 design. Augustine Phillips, when be made fession. bis will, in May, 1605, bequeathed to his fellow, Laurence Fletcher, twenty shillings.
RICHARD BURBAGE, And this fellor of Philips and of Shakspeare Fas buried in St. Saviour's church, on the i 21h The most celebrated tragedian of our author's of September, 1608. What plays of our author time, was the son of James Burbage, who was be performed in is uncertain, nor does it ap- also an actor, and, perhaps, a countryman of par whether he excelled in tragedy or comedy. | Shakspeare's. He lived in Holywell-street, in
from Charles I. After the judicial murder ol
that monarch, he retired to the Continent with A native of Warwickshire, much celebrated queen Henrietta and the prince of Wales. for a metrical chronicle of British history, called Being employed in their service, he was taken Albion's England, which is written throughout prisoner, confined at Cowes castle, and his life with great ability, and occasionally evinces a
threatened. Under these trying circumstances, highly poetical spirit. Percy says of Warner :
Davenant's courage was singularly conspicuous ; -“To his merit nothing can be objected, un
he was then writing his poem of Gondibert, less, perbaps, an affected quaintness in some of and notwithstanding the almost certain prospect his expressions, and an indelicacy in some of of immediate death, such was his fortitude and his pastoral images.” The following account self possession, that he was able to proceed of his death is extracted from the parish register with the work. A fact like this, is more boof Amwell :-" 1668-9. Master William nourableto Davenant than volumes of panegyric. Warner, a man of good years, and of honest At the intercession of Milton he was spared, reputation; by his profession, alturney at com- and received permission to open a theatre in mon plese ; author of Albion's England; dyinge Charterbouse Yard. When Charles II. ascended suddenly in the nyght in his bedde, without any the throne, Sir William received a patent to former complaynt or sicknesse, on Thursday act plays at the Duke's theatre, in Lincoln's Inn nyght, being the 9th daye of March, and was Fields; and here it was that he first introduced buried the Saturday following, and lieth in the the present mode of illustrating the drama by church at the upper end, under the stone or means of appropriate scenery and decorations Gwalter Sludes.” Warner also wrote Syring, Davenant died at an advanced age, admired or, a Seaven told Historie, handled with vad and beloved by all parties. Dryden, and we rietie of pleasant and profitable, both comicall cannot give nobler praise, estimated his talents and tragicall Argument, 1597.
very highly. TAYLOR,
SIR PHILIP SYDNEY. The water poet, he having been a sculler on
A hero, in whom the chivalrous virtues which the Thames. He was once mad enough to we read of in romance, and which we are acventure himself, with a companion, in a paper customed to treat as fabulous, were realized. boat to Rochester, when they were both nearly His person was the persection of the human drowned. He seems to have been very illiterate; form; he was brave lo a fault ; his munificence but in spite of the most disheartening obstacles, was princely; and his courteous manners won be applied himself to composition, and his pro- the hearts of all that approached him. In the ductions are far from contemptible. Taylor presence of monarchs bis humility was that of was a violent royalist. At the commencement an equal; but when the poor and miserable of the rebellion he retired to Oxford, but that surrounded him, his countenance beamed with city being surrendered to the parliament, he welcome and kindliness. To all these amiable returned to London and kept a public-house in qualities, were united a depth of learning and Long Acre. At the king's death, be set up the a felicity of genius, which entitled him to rank sign of the Mourning Crown, which, giving with the best writers of his age. He was the offence, he substituted his own effigy, inscribed darling of England and the admiration of Euwith this distich :
rope. He was born at Penshurst in Kent, « There's many a king's head hanged up for a sign,
1554; he remained at Oxford till bis 17th year, And many a saint's head too. Then why not mine ?"
and then set out on the grand tour. Al bis
return, in the pride of his youth and the full SIR WILLIAM DAVENANT. vigour of his intellect, queen Elizabeth ap
pointed him her ambassador to the friendly Born at Oxford, 1605, and supposed by some, German powers; but when the fame of his though on very slight grounds, to have been valour and genius became so general, that be 123 a natural son of Shakspeare's. At Ben Jonson's put in nomination for the kingdom of Poland, death he was chosen laureate ; and in 1643, she refused to sanction his advancement lest she having distinguished himself on a variety of should lose the brightest jewel in her crown. occasions, he received the honour of knighthood His life was one continued course of gloriow