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ing Provinces (lays Clemens) in fome Places to
constitute Bishops; in others, to plant whole Churches;
and in other Places to ordain such into the Number
of the Clergy, as were signify'd to him by the Holy
Ghaft. Here is a sacred Example of Primitive
Bi Mops indeed, instituted (we may truly say ) by
the Holy Ghost itself, for who assign'd the Per-
fons ? 'twas that Holy Spirit (you fee) in this
Quotation, and Indufted by an Apoftle, for so
S. John plac'd them in their Chürches; and if our
learned Author meant such an Institution and In-
duction as this, deriv'd from this Original upon
all their Successors in the like Station in the
Church, we should differ but little about his
Words, when he calls the Bishops, the Prefented,
Instituted, and Inducted Ministers of his Diocesan
Parishes. [Eng. Pag. 57.] But then the Obligation
of the Presbyters, not to invade these Bishops Pla-
ces, would have something more in it, than he
thinks fit to allow ; for he will have it, that for
Peace, or Unity, or Order sake, they could not of
would not do it, as if it were meer Gentleness, or
Love of Peace in them, which with-held them
from invading a Bishop's Function, being as fully
qualify'd for it as the Bishops themselves ;
whereas here is an eminent Superior by God's
Institution ordain'd to preside over them; and
as I have prov'd above, with Additional Cleri.
cal Powers too, which were never imparted to
them; and as the Bishops were thus Apostolically
settled at the first, so the Orders of Presbyters
and Deacons (as distinct from them here) had
the like Institution and Induction into their re-
{pective Places in the Churches, so early as
S. John's time; for our Enquirer tells us, he be-

lieves, lieves, that by the Word Clergy, in the last Clause of this Quotation, both those Orders most probably should be understood. So that a Divine Right for each of them, in the Language and Acceptation of those Times, wherein Clemens and Eufebiws liv'd, is as clearly affirm’d here, as the venerable Clemens, in so few Words, could pof. fibly have said it.

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HE Fifth Chapter begins with the Order

and Office of Deacons, and 'tis a Comfort to hear || there's no great Controversy about them. I hope I shall occasion none, by barely using the learned Voffius's Authority for restoring a Negative Particle to a short Clause quoted out of S. Ignatius, here : The Enquiry leaves it out, (as fome Copies had done before) and by that means makes that venerable Father call this third Order in the Church, S The Deacons of Meats and Cups: of Whereas 'tis plain, S. Ignatius's Intention was to remove that meaner Character from them, and give them their pro


|| Eng. p. 79.
9 Βρωμάτων και ποτών εισί διάκονοι. Επq. p. 8ο.

* 'ου βρωμάτων και ποτών σε διάκονοι, αλλ' εκκλησίας enzancias @eš varnálou Haves čulpetreat way to

Πάντες Διακόνες. Ignat. Ep. ad Trall. P. 48. Edit. Volfi secunda Lond. 1680.

per Title of Servants, or Ministers, of the Church of God; (in Contradistination to it) and imme

! diately thereupon he requires all to reverence them accordingly: The Nature of the Period itself, and the Holy Father's ordinary Notion of the Deacons, agree with this Reading. The reft upon this Head I willingly leave as I find it, and wish I could have done the like to all that's

gone before.


Sub-deacons are briefly consider'd next; not for any Thing this learned Author thought material to say about them, but purely (one wou'd think) to give one plausible Turn more to what he seems to have so much at heart, The Equality of Bishops and Presbyters Orders. For all he observes of them is this, that the Orders of Deacons and Sub-deacons (in his || Opinion of them) were probably the same; the one intended only to aflit the other in the fame Ecclesiastical of fices, (common to them both) that so the Account he gave of the like Equality between Bishops and Presbyters might pass the better for being so directly parallel to these. Now all he could hope for from hence, amounts to no more than what Uncertainty and Supposition could afford him ; for he concludes it doubtful, after all, whether Deacons and Sub deacons Orders were the same, and of supposés it only upon this Presumption, that in no Church whatsoever it ipas usual to have more than seven Deacons, because of the original Number instituted by the Apostles; and therefore Subede acons were ordained to discharge their neceffary Ministrations for them in the greater and more numerous Churches. But that a Sub-deacon could not discharge the necessary Miniftrations of a Deacon, I think is plain enough, from what our learned Author himself knows, and * owns,


ll Enq. p. 81. + Ibid.

, a Deacon did in the Primitive Church; that is,

j ellist in the Celebration of the Eucharist, preach, and baptize; for what Monument of Antiquity ever affirm’d the Sub-deacons, could do all this? So far from that, that the Council of Laodicea (which the learned Dr. Cave observes was peculiarly held to revive the Discipline of the Primitive Church) assures us, & Sub-deacons were not suffer'd to have any Place in the Diaconicum, [or sacred Apartment of the Deacons] t nor fo much as to touch the Holy Vesels. ll That they might not mear the sacred Fascia, or Linnen Wreath (callid the Orarium) appointed for the Deacon's office; and for this very Reason, (as Zonaras notes upon it) - because every Sacred Order had their peculiar Habit. That Sub-deacons ministred to, and not for the Deacons, is observ'd by the inquisitive

* Suicer, from no less Authority than the first great


* Enq. p. 80.

In eo præcipuè id agebatur, ut collapsa primitiva ecclefiæ disciplina resarciretur. Hist. Liter. Part 2. p. 122.

Edit. Lond. 1698. + ου δ& υπηρέτας έχειν χώραν εν τω διακονικό, wej Polea au iepôv. ordãv. Conc. Laod. Can. 21.

ll où da u anpétny wederov popéir. Ib. Can. 22.

+ Εκάσω τερά τάγμαι απονενέμη3 και soλή οικία AUTY, &c. ' Zonar. in Can.

Suicer in voce υπηρέτης. Υπηρέτα in Ecclefia dicuntur subdiaconi, qui episcopis, presbyteris, & Din. conis miniftrant. At. Conc. Nic. 1. Par. 2. p. 172.

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Council of Nice. All this does little less than directly contradict the Hypothesis before us, of Sub.deacons being ordain’d to discharge the Deacons Ministrations in their stead ; and, one would think, were Evidence enough to prove their Orders to be different, unless some au. thentick Ordinal, within our Enquirer's Period of Time, were extant to demonstrate the con, trary : And lastly, As to the Primitive Churches, confining themfelves to seven Deacons only, from the Example of the first Institution in the Acts, I refer the Reader to the Judgment of the sixth general Council about it, where he will find (in their 16th Canon) f that that Original Precedent in the Afts, did not affect the Numa ber or Office of the Deacons who ministred at the Altar of the Church. And the Testimony of an OEcumenical Council about the sense of the Catholick Church, is of some Weight, (I think) tho' at a distance from the Three first Centuries of it.

But to pass from this, and all the other antiquated Orders in the Primitive Church, I proceed to consider the next general Head in this Chapter ; which is, the manner of ordaining Presbyters in use amongst them then.

And, in no Point is our learned Author more Curious and Particular than in this: He presents us with every Circumstance of the ancient Manner of ordaining Presbyters, in a more exact Method than any Author who liv'd



+ Tες Deseρη μύες επlα διακόνες μη από τους μυςηelais draxopo il we aadrele Conc. 6. in Trullo. Cane 16.

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