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This period presents several illustrious names, and accelerated pro-

gress in every department of literature. In poetry, the period was

pre-eminently distinguished, and is the only one which challenges

comparison, in any degree, with the brilliant Elizabethan age. In

fiction, or imaginative invention, the name of Scott is inferior only

to that of Shakspeare; in criticism, a new era may be dated from the

establishment of the Edinburgh Review ;' and in historical composi-

tion, if we have no Hume or Gibbon, we have the results of valuable

und diligent research. Truth and nature have been more truly and

devoutly worshipped, and real excellence more highly prized. It has

been feared by some that the principle of utility, which is recognised

as one of the features of the present age, and the progress of mechan.

ical knowledge, would be fatal to the higher efforts of imagination,

and diminish the territories of the poet. This seems a groundless

fear. It did not damp the ardour of Scott or Byron, or the fancy of

Moore, and it has not prevented the poetry of Wordsworth from

gradually working its way into public favour. If we have not the

poetry and romance of the Elizabethan age, we have the ever-living

passions of human nature and the wide theatre of the world, now ac.

curately known and discriminated, as a field for the exercise of ge..

nius. We have the benefit of all past knowledge and literature to

exalt our standard of imitation and taste, and a more sure reward in

the encouragement and applause of a populous and enlightened na-

tion. The literature of England,' says Shelley, 'has arisen, as it

were, from a new birth. In spite of the low-thoughted envy
which would undervalue contemporary merit, our own will be
a memorable age in intellectual achievements, and we live among

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PAGE.

PAGB, Leigh Hunt (1784-1859)........... ....319 From “ The Kitten"...............366 Lines on the Birth of the Princess

From “ Address to Miss Agnes Royal ................

Baillie"............

.367 May Morning at Ravenna..........322 The Shepherd's Song...

.369 Description of a Fountain...

322

William Knox (1789-1825)......... 369 Funeral of the Lovers in “Rimini”.32: Thomas Pringle (1788-1834)...........369 To T. L. H., Six Years Old..........323 Afar in the Desert ........ .......370 Dirge-To the Grasshopper........324 Robert Montgomery (1808-1855)......372 Abou Den Adhem and the Angel...324 A Maniac......

......372 John Clare (1793-1864)................324

The Starry Heavens...........

ry Heavens...............372 Sonnet to the Glow-worm ..........327 | William Herbert (1778-1847).. .....373 Ballad Verses- What is Life?......327 Extract_from · Helga "_Musings Summer Morning-The Primrose

on Eternity

.373 -The Thrush's Nest............328 Ebenezer Elliott (1781-1849)..........374 First Love's Recollections..........329 To the Bramble Flower—The ExDawnings of Genius......

cursion .....

.......375 James Smith (1775-1839)..............330 Pictures of Native Genius........ .377 Horace Smith (1779-1849).... ..330 A Poet's Prayer...

.......378 Extracts from "Rejected Addresses” Thomas Haynes Bayly (1797-1839)... 378

-Crabbe, Wordsworth, Scott...334 Address to a Wife...... Address to the Mummy in Belzoni's Oh no, we never Mention Him......379 Exhibition......

.........337 Rev. John Keble (1792-1866)..........380 John Wilson (1755-1851). .............339 Extract from " The Christian A Home among the Mountains.....340

Year”........................ Lines to a Sleeping Child...........341 Twenty-first Sunday after Trinity..380 Address to a Wild Deer.......

Noel Thomas Carrington (1777-1830)..382 Lines written in a Lonely Burial

The Pixies of Devon....

...382 Ground ......

.343

Archdeacor "rar gham (1769-1843)...383 Mrs. Hemans (1793-1835).... .....343 Henry Frs ary (1772-1844).......383 Sunday in England.....

.344 Franc

imini...............384 From "The Voice of Spri

.345
Ugc

Sons....
The Homes of England ..

346 Will

Rose (1775-1843).....3-6 The Graves of a Household.... .346

............ Bernard Barton (1784-1849)..... .347

Translation To the Evening Primrose....

348 Power and Gentleness .... ....34

cor (176) Bryan Waller Proctor (1790-187

Address to the Ocean ...
Marcelia ...
Invocation to Birds ..
Songs--King Death, The Nights
Twilight...

.390
Death of Amelia Wentworth..
Rev. Henry Hart Milman (1791-1
Jerusalem before the Siege..

James
Summons of the Destroying
The Fair Recluse..

The Day of Judgment...
Rev. George Croly (1780-19

Pericles and Aspasia..
The French Army in R
Satan.-From a Pict

Lawrence .......
Letitia Elizabeth Lan

Change--Last Vers Jane Taylor (1783

lor (1782-1866 The Squire's Pe

Song of the Te Joanna Baillie (1

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CYCLOPÆDIA

OF

ENGLISH LITERATURE.

SEVENTH PERIOD,

- (1780—1830)--
REIGNS OF GEORGE III. AND GEORGE IV.

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such philosophers and poets as surpass beyond comparison any who have appeared since the last national struggle for civil and religious liberty. The most unfailing herald, companion, and follower of the awakening of a great people to work a beneficial change in opinion or institution, is poetry. At such periods there is an accumulation of the power of communicating and receiving intense and impassioned conceptions respecting man and nature. The persons in whom this power resides may often, as far as regards many portions of their nature, have little apparent correspondence with that spirit of good of which they are the ministers. But even whilst they deny and abjure, they are yet compelled to serve the power which is seated on the throne of their own soul. It is impossible to read the compositions of the most celebrated writers of the present day, without being startled with the electric life which burns within their words. They measure the circumference and sound the depths of human nature with a comprehensive and all-penetrating spirit, and they are themselves perhaps the most sincerely astonished at its manifestations, for it is less their spirit than the spirit of the age. Poets are the hierophants of an unapprehended inspiration; the mirrors of the gigantic shadows which futurity casts upon the present; the words which express what they understand not; the trumpets which sing to battle, and feel not what they inspire ; the influence which is moved not, but moves. Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world.'

SIR WILLIAM JONES. It is not Sir William Jones's poetry,' says Southey, that can perpetuate his name.' This is true: it was as an oriental scholar and judge, an enlightened lawyer and patriot, that he earned his laurels. His varied learning and philological researches—he was master of twenty-eight languages-were the wonder and admiration of his contemporaries. Sir William was born in London in 1746. His father: was an eminent mathematician, but died when his son was only three years of age. The care of educating young Jones devolved upon his mother, who was well qualified for the duty by her virtues and extensive learning. When in his fifth year, the imagination of the young scholar was caught by the sublime description of the angel in the tenth chapter of the Apocalypse, and the impression was never cffaced. In 1753 he was placed at Harrow School, where he continued nearly ten years, and became an accomplished and critical classical scholar. He did not confine himself merely to the ancient authors usually studied, but added a knowledge of the Arabic characters, and acquired sufficient Hebrew to read the Psalms. In 1764 he was entered of University College, Oxford Here his taste for oriental literature continued, and he engaged a native of Aleppo whom he had had discovered in London, to act as his preceptor. He also assiduously perused the Greek poets and historians.

In his nineteenth year, Jones accepted an offer to be private tutor to Lord Althorp, afterwards Earl Spencer. A fellowship at Oxford was also conferred upon him, and thus the scholar was relieved from the fear of want, and enabled to pursue his favourite and unremitting studies. An opportunity of displaying one branch of his acquirements was afforded in 1768. The king of Denmark in that year visited England, and brought with him an eastern manuscript, containing the life of Nadir Shah, which he wished translated into French. Jones executed this arduous task, being, as Lord Teignmouth, his biographer, remarks, the only oriental scholar in England adequate to the performance. He still continued in the noble family of Spencer, and in 1769 accompanied his pupil to the continent. Next year, feeling anxious to attain an independent station in life, he entered himself a student of the Temple, and, applying himself with his characteristic ardour to his new profession, he contemplated with pleasure the

stately edifice of the laws of England,' and mastered their most important principles and details. In 1774, he published ‘Commentaries on Asiatic Poetry,' but finding that jurisprudence was a jealous mistress, and would not admit the eastern muses to participate in his attentions, he devoted himself for some years exclusively to his legal studies. A patriotic feeling was mingled with this resolution. ‘Had I lived at Rome or Athens,' he said, 'I should have preferred the labours, studies, and dangers of their orators and illustrious citizens--connected as they were with banishment and even death-to the groves of the poets or the gardens of the philosophers. Here I adopt the same resolution. The constitution of England is in no respect inferior to that of Rome or Athens.' Jones now practised at the bar, and was appointed one of the Commissioners of Bankrupts. In 1778, he published a translation of the speeches of Isæus, in causes concerning the law of succession to property at Athens, to which he added notes and a commentary. The stirring events of the time in which he lived were not beheld without strong interest by this accomplished scholar. He was decidedly opposed to the American war and to the slave-trade, then so prevalent, and in 1781 he produced his noble Alcaic Ode, animated by the purest spirit of patriotism, and a high strain of poetical enthusiasm. He was appointed one of the judges of the supreme court at Fort William, in Bengal, and the honour of knighthood was conferred upon him. He married the daughter of Dr. Shipley, bishop of St. Asaph; and in April 1783, in his thirty-seventh year, he embarked for India, never to return. Sir William Jones entered upon his judicial functions with all the advantages of a high reputation, unsullied integrity, disinterested benevolence, and unwearied perseverance. In the intervals of leisure from his duties, he directed his attention to scientific objects, and established a society in Calcutta to promote inquiries by the ingeni. ous, and to concentrate the knowledge to be collected in Asia.

In 1784, his health being affected by the climate and the closeness

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