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a powerful Republick, whose Suffrage is always of great Weight in the Balance of Europe. Insinuations, Carefies, Menaces, all are try'd: And so much for the Court of Vienna.

JV. Then as to Spain, on what Footing does the propose to maintain the Peace happily established in Europe ? On the foot of joyning all her Forces to those of the Emperor, in order to revenge the least Disturbance, the lean Molellation, in the free Navigation of Ojiend, as an Infraétion of Treaties : On the foot of improving this Concert, this Refolution taken betwixt the two Courts, to look upon as common Enemies all that are so to his Imperial Majesty ; that is to say, to treat as such all that shall oppose this Commerce established contrary to the Faith of Treaties; On the foot of facrificing to this plan, those Terms on which the Em. peror was put in Poffeffion of the Netherlands: On the fuot of facrificing a Republick to it, which has exhaufted itself for the sake only of his Imperial Majejesty ; or in Case the Republick was disposed to consent to'a ruinous Accommodation; on the foot of forcing it to accept of a Mediation offered at the Sword's Point, and in a Manner that is used only from a Sovereign to his Subjects. From hence those violent Parties form'd in Spain, which would inevitably have proceeded to Blows, had any Thing less offer'd to hinder it, than the paci. fick Temper of a truly religious King

During this, an Alteration happens at that Court in which all others are concern'd. The Minister, who was the Depositary of that Prince's Power, and all his Secrets, falls all on a sudden into Disgrace; he takes Refuge with an Embassador of a Foreign Power, from whence he is taken by Force, and clapp'd up in a CaAtle, but for what Crime no body knew. The other Mi. nifters, except that of Vienna, complain of it as a Violation of their Rights. The King of Spain himself thinks it a Matter of sufficient Importance for publishing a Manifesto to justify his Conduet. It was expected that this Alteration would make a considerable one in Affairs, but the Spanish Ministry still pursue the same Plan. Six Months were not elapsed, but a second Change happens likewise to the Liking of the Imperial Embassador, and even the King's Confessor was difplacid to make Room for his. This Minister is the Sole Poffefior of the moft entire Confidence of the King, and

Queen ;

Queen; and so complaisant are they, that they are only govern'd by his Views. By that means, the Union of the three Powers, the Empire, Rusia, and Spain, is become more striệt, and almost inviolable.

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All this while, there was a constant Talk of a Reconciliation between France and Spain, upon Account of sending back the Infanta. The Court of Rome, at least, labour'd it by their Nuncio's at the two Courts; and it was thought in the greater forwardness, because the Office of Prime Minister being at that Time suppress'd in France, this Alteration was look’d upon as a Satis: fa&tion given to Spain in the Person of the Prince who had disgusted her. But the King quickly explain'd him. self to his Ministers at Foreign Courts, that it was not from any Diffatisfaction with the Duke of Bourbon that his Majesty did this. And in short, this young Mo. narch being already Great by his fine natural Parts, when he had an Inclination to take the Reins of Goo vernment into his own Hands, had no longer Occafion for a Brime Minister; in which he acted like his Great Grandfather Lewis XIV. whom he proposes in all Things for his Model.

Another Thing made it be conjectured that there would be an Accommodation betwixt France and Spain : And that was, the Emperor's Complaisance in consenting to the Promotion of a Prelate to the Dignity of a Cardinal, whose Councils were to aflift the young King in supporting the Weight of Affairs. The Declaration fince made by the King in favour of the Constitutions of Alexander VII. and Clement XI. which he requires to be regarded throughout the Extent of his Kingdom, and to be observed as Laws equally binding both the Church and State, was looked upon as an Acknowledge. ment for that Promotion. But how much fuever the Courts of Rome and Vienna might flatter themselves with hopes of detaching France by that Means from her Engagements with the Allies of Hanover, that same Prelate, who, they imagined, would break those Engagements, has only contributed to cement them the faster, and at the same Time that he declared to the Pope's Nun. cio, that he had no Account to render him for what par. sed in that respect, he gave Afsurances to the Powers concerned, that the King would not depart from his Engagements.

VI. The

b . ib . VI." ..., : The King of Great Britain, that Monarch who weighs the Interests of all Europe' in the Balance of Equity, knew it well; his own Penetration made him Master of the vast Designs of those three Powers ; he determined to prevent them, and for HIM to propose and execute is but one and the fame Thing. He saw a for: midable Navy in the North, threarning to cover the whole Baltick Sea, and to disturb the Neighbouring States; but he only ftretched out his Arm, and this Flest being pent up in its Harbours, lay without any Motion, as if it had been becalmed by Inchantment. He looked towards the South, and there he saw another Power fitting out Ships, making considerable Levies, and only waiting for the Arrival of his Treasure from the West, to put his Allies in Motion ; upon which ke did but extend the other Arm, and those Ships wee nailed up, as it were, in their Harbour, as if they had been under the Power of fomo Spell; those Treasures gathering Rust in the very Mine, became of no Manner of Service to the Persons who expected so much from them. The British Monarch knowing Money to be the Sinew of War, binds up the Sinew, and the whole Body becomes inactive. To speak without a Figure, three Squadrons sent a propos to the North, the South, and the Welt, make his Power respected there, and every Tongue filent in their Presence : Thus has GEORGE baffled the Efforts of the three United Powers in the Year, which is expressed by this Chronogram: · Caesaris, AVGVSTÆ, REGIS CONAMINA · RIDET ET PRÆVERTIT GEORGIVs.

Judge now, which of the two Parties was most fincere for preserving the Peace, whether the Party that armed itself on every Sides, or That'which rendered all those Arinaments of no Effect.

VII. • But as it is not enough only to think of the Present without making Provision againft Futurity, that Wife King, who sees all Things at one View, resolves to strengthen his Alliance. Being sure of France, which a natural Interest had pressed to joyn with him for maintaining the Balance of Power in Europe, he was inclined to bring in a Republick more interested than any in the Preservation of Tuch Balance. That Republick per

ceived

ceived that the Hanover Alliance had no other View than to procure the Safety of her Commerce, and the Redress of all her Grievances. Being hemmed in by that Power of which he had most Reason to be diffident, she studies to engage those Powers for her that are nearest at Hand, to take effectual Care of her Security. She perceives the Necessity of fixing the Balance between the great Powers which are able to throw in Forces either to her Danger or to her Safety. She aims to be the Center of this Balance, by making a Choice of that Power from. which Me has moft to hope or most to fear. The Neighbourhood of that Power, the Subjects of Controverfy actually depending, Pretensions which are liable at every Turn to be revived, especially the Stipulations with respect to Commerce, with which the Trea. ties of Vienna are swell’d, do not permit her to hesitate long.

What's the Result of it ? At the very first Rumour, of an Alliance on foot which was to make the Republick sure of Satisfaction, the Imperial Court, 'till then unmoveable, rouses and sends a Minister in all haste to thwart it. Which Way does he go about it? Why, by declaring, that if the Ostend Company was again to be establised, perhaps it should not be done ; but that considering the present Posture of Affairs, and that it “ is inconsistent with the Imperial Dignity to retract what had been done in that Matter, it was more proper for the Republick to accede to the Treaty of Vienna, And then, to make this Prologue the better relished, this Minister adds, that he is only the Forerunner of another Minister coming from a remoter Country, with such Proposals as would make the Republick' ample Amends for the Ostend Company. Mean time, this Republick, fill disposed to hear what his Imperial Majesty had to propose for a real Reparation of its Grie. Vances, no sooner discovers its firm Resolution, that its Deliberations, on the Accesfion to the Hanover Treaty should not depend on a Crawn that had nothing to do in the-Affair, then the Imperial Minister on a sudden changes his Note, and lets fall fuch Expressions as shew.. ed what would be the fatal Consequences of a Naviga.; tion, from which the Court of Vienna expects such an. Increase of Power, and for the Support of which, Spain, and all the waft Dominions of the House of Austria, would take Arms, and the Fire of War be kindled over, all Europe. mi . . i : i . .. gosió

'Tis true, that the Imperial Minister foon recolleeted that he had said too much. He return'd again, and begged their High Mightineses to consider, how much more whole foime, more safe, and more glorious it would be for them to accede to the Treaty of Vienna ; and that if, in the mean Time, they were inclined to defer it for a while, they would be pleased to sufpend'any Resolution upon the Treaty of Hanover, at least 'till the Arrival of the Marquess of Śt. Philip. This Minister arrives, preceded by a menacing Letter from the Court of Spain. He fpends nine Days in going from Brussels to the Hague, to avoid his being under a Necellity of presenting this Letter, which hc foresaw would be attended with ill Success. · He was a consuminate Minister, bred up in the old Maxims of Spain, and not very averse to the new Scheme which prevails there at this Day. He frankly declar'd, the iittle Effect he promised himself from all the Measures that had been employ'd 'till then, to divert the Republick from acceding to the Hanover Treaty. But instead of discovering any Anguish for the ill Success of the Letter that came from Madrid on purpose to retard the Resolution of the States of Holland, he proposes to enter into a Conference without Delay; and the very Day that he fets his Foot into the Territories of the Repubdick, he defires, that a Full Power might be sent to the States Embaffador at Madrid, in order to transfer the "Negotiation thither.

The firinness of the Republick in reje&ting fo dangerous a Negotiation, convinc'd the Spanish Ministers. that the Republick was still of some Weight in Europe ; and therefore they are excused from acceding to the Treaty of Vienna, provided that, on the other Hand, they don't engage in the Alliance of Hanover. Offers are made to them of a seeming Consent to Expedients, by which the Commerce of his Imperial Majesty's Subjects to the Indies, might be regulated on such a Footing, as if por: fible, might satisfy their High Mightinesses, and put a Stop to all Cause of Complaint on both Sides : But what Remedies could possibly be thought of in a Commerce, which the Business in Hand is to abolish ? 'The well known Prudence of their High Mightinesses, which has foi often been display'd, did not permit them to be misled by. Propofals of this Nature ; and one would rather think, it must allist them to see the Rupture which was ready to break out in the South, and in Lower Germany, and which they could not fail to resent without Delay. It

was

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