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THE

Historical Register,

Containing
An Impartial RELATION

of all TRANSACTIONS, Foreign
and Domestick. :

WITH

Chronological Diary

:-: OF ALL' !?,
The remarkable OCCURRENCES,
- viz. Births, Marriages, Deaths, Removåls,

Promotions, &c. that happen'd in this
Year: Together with the Characters and
Parentage of Persons deceased, of emni-
nent Rank.

VOLUME XII.
For the Year 1727.

LONDON, ... *.
Printed and sold by R. NUIT in the Old Bailys

near Ludgate, where compleat Sets and single Parts may be
had, ac is, each Register. Sold also by E. Nutt at the
Royal Exchange, R. Gosling in Fleet-Areet, D. Browne with.
out Temple-Bar, C. King in Westminster. Hall, and as the SHB
Fire Ofice. Behind the Royal Exchange.

N. B. This Title is design'd for such Persons as think fit to bind the four Registers already printed, in one Volume. And for the same Rea. son a Table is also added, at the End

of the fourth Register, of the Prin·cipal Matters contain’d in that and

the three other.

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HIS Register, being the First for the Year $ 1727, shall begin with a short Recapitula» tion of the most material Events that hap

pen'd' during the Course of the Year

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1726.

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TF ever Alliances 'were made in this World prepara. story to a Rupture, such may those be call'd that have been made within a short Time past. The Parties therein concern'd, declarid, They had no other View but to maintain the Peace ; and yet, look where we would, we scarce faw any Thing but Preparations for War. The Year 1725 left us in total Suspense what all those Preparations would come to ; but the Year that is now expired, has almost let us into the Secret, and would infallibly have made us Master of it, if a King, who from his own Cabinet, views what is doing in the Cabinets of other Kings, had not taken proper Measures' in Time to prevent the Effect. Therefore the General Tranquillity was in Danger,' while repeated Asfórances were given, there was no other Design on foot but to preserve it. The Lauguage was the same every where, and all Alliances Teem'd to have one and the fame View, Mean time, while there was so great a clashing of Interests, it could not be otherwise, but while some were fincere, others must be deceitful. This could only be judged of by the Event, and this, tho Year 1726, has discover'd to us, . .

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1. The

I. , The Treaties of Vienna and Hanover, concluded as it were out of an Emulation the Year before, gave Motion to all the others, and form’d two Parties continually watching one another : Each Side thought itself under an Obligation to fortify itself by particular Alliances, and vy'd which should make the most advan. tageous, or the moft fpecious Offers to draw in more Powers to its Party. For this end, the Emperor, as the Primum Mobile, sends Ministers into Russia, Sweden, and Denmark. He prevents the two firft Powers, by ac-' ceding of his own Accord to the Treaty of Peace concluded between them in 1722, and to their particular Alliance made at Stockholm in 1724. All Europe is watchful of the Consequences of a Stepfo Jittle exo pected. Sweden wonders what could be the Motives of this fudden Acceflion of the Court of Vienna, after the had fo long desired it in vain. She ponders with her self, whether she is oblig'd for it to the Sense which that Court has of its own State, or to the Invitation made to Sweden by the contracting Powers engag'd in the Treaty of Hanover ; and to this Uncertainty 'tis owing that we still wait for the Swedes Resolution, Denmark has not made a formal Accession, but makes no Scruple to act in Concert with the Allies of Hanover. Ruffia, after having remain'd a long Time undetermin'd, or designing rather to leave the World in doubt of its League with the Court of Vienna, did not declare itself 'till the Month of August, by a Treaty fign’d on the 6th of that Month ; the View of which, as is therein expreffod, is, That the Peace happily established in Europe may be prefero'd and maintaina. Tis therein declar'da that the King of Spain will accede to this Treaty, and 'tis agreed to invite the King and Republick of Poland into it. A reciprocal Guaranty is therein promised of all the Dominions and Provinces poffeffed by the contracting Parties. The mutual Succours to, be fure nished in due Time and Place are therein ftipulated, and there's an Engagement to act in Concert against those who shall moleft the Parties in their Possessions. So far the Case is much the same, and the Treaty of Hanover is drawn up almost in the same Terms.

But upon what Footing do the Courts of Vienna and Russia engage to maintain the Peace happily established in Europe ? Let us judge of it by the Sequel of the

said

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II.

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said Treaty : ('Tis by obliging themselves to do what

the Duke of Sleswick Holstein defires, and by execue ting a particular Convention made thereupon between " the contracting Powers, which shall be deemed as in

serted in the present Treaty.' This Passage is explained by the Secret Article of the Treaty of Stackholm, which concerns the Restitution of Sleswick to the Duke of Holstein. Now, if we follow the Plan formed a long Time fince in Russia in favour of this Prince, whom the late Emperor had united to his Blood, we shall see that the Einpress acts upon the same Princi: ples. This is what the declared even before her Ace cellion to the Treaty of Vienna, by her Answers to the Letter from the King of Great Britain, and to the King of Denmark's Memorial on the Subject of her Armament, viz That according to the Example of the late Em6 peror her Husband, the was refolved to put herself (in'a Capacity to give her Allies the neceffary Suc. (cours, and to perform the Engagements into which

the was entered with them.' From hence that Armament of a formidable Fleet which seemed to threaten all the neighbouring Countries in the Baltick. So much for what relates to Rusia. ;.

On what Footing does the Emperor propose to maina tain the Peace so happily eflablished in Europe? Why, on the foot of preserving & Trading Company, whose Efablishment itself is a Violation of the moft folemn Treaties of Peace ; on the footing of certain Stipulations which proclaim the most extentive Views to draw this Commerce into the Auftrian Netherlands ; on the foot of assisting other Powers to revive obsolete Pretenfions, to renew Rights which have passed into other Hands, and to diveft other Rights, the Possession of which is guaranty'd to them by posterior Treaties ; on the footing; to speak more clearly, of procuring to the Duke of Horftein the Recovery of a Dutchy poffeffed by the King of Denmark, and to the King of Spain, Gi braltar and Port Mahon, poffessed by the King of Great Britain. For this purpose, as many Princes and States as possible are drawn into his Party. All the Electors of the Empire are follicited to come into it : And not content with engaging the powers of the same Communion in it, Attempts are made to draw in those of a different Communion. No Offers are wanting to dazzle the Eyes of Sweden, nor is any Complaifince (pared to

III.

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