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BATTLE OF LAKE CHAMPLAIN.
THE assaults on Plattsburgh and on the American fleet by the British were simultaneously made by land and water, on the 11th of September. At eight o'clock in the morning, the British fleet was seen approaching; and, in an hour, the action became general. It is thus described by Macdonough, in his official letter:
"At nine," he says,
"" the enemy anchored in a line ahead, at about three hundred yards distant from my line; his ship opposed to the Saratoga; his brig to the Eagle, Captain Robert Henley; his galleys-thirteen in number-to the schooner, sloop and a division of our galleys; one of his sloops assisting their ship and brig; the other assisting their galleys; our remaining galleys were with the Saratoga and Eagle.
"In this situation, the whole force on both sides became engaged; the Saratoga suffering much from the heavy fire of the Confiance. I could perceive, at the same time, however, that our fire was very destructive to her. The Ticonderoga, Lieutenant Commandant Cassin, gallantly sustained her full share of the action. At half-past ten, the Eagle, not being
able to bring her guns to bear, cut her cable, and anchored in a more eligible position, between my ship and the Ticonderoga, where she very much annoyed the enemy, but unfortunately, leaving me much exposed to a galling fire from the enemy's brig
•Our guns on the starboard side being nearly all dismounted or unmanageable, a stern anchor was let go, the bower cable cut, and the ship winded, with a fresh broadside on the enemy's ship, which soon after surrendered. Our broadside was then sprung to bear on the sloop, which surrendered about fifteen minutes afterward. The sloop which was opposed to the Eagle had struck some time before, and drifted down the line. The sloop that was with their galleys had also struck. Our galleys were about obeying with alacrity the signal to follow them, when all the vessels were reported to me to be in a sinking state. It then became necessary to annul the signal to the galleys, and order their men to the pumps. I could only look at the enemy's galleys going off in a shattered condition, for there was not a mast in either squadron that could stand to make sail on. The lower rigging being nearly shot away, hung down as though it had just been placed over the mast-heads.
“The Saratoga had fifty-five round shot in her hull; the Confiance, 105. The enemy's shot passed principally over our heads, as there were not twenty whole hammocks in the nettings, at the close of the action, which lasted without intermission two hours and twenty minutes.
NEW ENGLAND'S DEAD.
BY I. M'LELLAN, JR.
New ENGLAND'S DEAD! New England's dead !
On every hill they lie;
By bloody victory.
Its red and awful tide,
With slaughter deeply dyed.
And on the southern plain,
And by the roaring main.
The land is holy where they fought,
And holy where they fell ;
The land they loved so well.
O, few and weak their numbers were
A handful of brave men ;
And rush'd to battle then.
They left the ploughshare in the mould,
And where are ye, O fearless men ?
And where are ye to-day ?
That ye have pass'd away;
In Trenton, and in Monmouth ground,
Above each soldier's mound.
Shall muster them no more;
And they heed not its roar.
The starry flag, 'neath which they fought,
In many a bloody day,
For they have pass'd away.
WHAT CONSTITUTES A STATE.
What constitutes a State ?
Thick wall or moated gate ;
Not bays and broad-armed hosts,
Not starr'd and spangled courts,
No:-men, high-minded men,
In forest, wake, or den,
Men who their duties know,
Prevent the long-aim'd blow,
These constitute a State.